From the Editors
The New York Times says Jadaliyya "Brings New Life to Arab Studies." Read about it by clicking here.
Contesting Narratives, Locating Power (Lund Conference)
In March 2011, as President Obama’s security advisers gathered in the White House
Situation Room to brief him on the possible use of military force in Libya, “the mullahs in Tehran” were a main concern. The NYT reported that “every decision—from Libya to Yemen to Bahrain to Syria—is being examined under the prism of how it will affect...the dominating calculus in the Obama administration’s regional strategy...,” that is the Islamic Republic of Iran.
A dominant paradigm in US national security circles, the media, think tanks, and the academy views the Arab Spring through a refracted lens that sees Iran as ascendant, Iran as meddling, Iran as reorganizing Middle East politics along sectarian divides. How did this view come to hold such sway over analysts—even as it elides complex histories, neglects significant political economic factors, erases the contours of power and resistance in the very diverse revolutionary movements currently underway across the Middle East? Understanding the roots and legacy of this paradigm, I argue, should be part of our overall teaching of the revolutions in the Middle East. It can be a powerful moment for teaching students on the imbricated nature of power and knowledge. What I argue for is a pedagogical approach that traces the genealogy of ideas that undergird US foreign policy on the Middle East.
The production of knowledge on the Middle East and U.S. policy on the region became increasingly entwined in the Bush years. The wars in Iraq and Afghanistan were carefully messaged through a nexus of influence in the media, think tanks and the administration. Middle East experts who appeared in the media, wrote editorials in leading newspapers, published influential books, and issued policy briefs at think tanks often reflected the Bush administration’s views. Countervailing arguments were systematically silenced and sidelined. My paper traces the history of neo-conservative involvement in shaping US foreign policy from the 1970s through the Bush years. I argue that the “war on terror” continues to skew US foreign policy analysis on the Middle East—with sectarianism and an ascendant Iran as key pillars of this narrative.
Following the 9/11 attacks, two books became bestsellers: the Quran and Bernard Lewis’s What Went Wrong? The Clash Between Islam and Modernity in the Middle East. Lewis’s book offered a compelling and brief narrative of Islamic decline that fuelled terrorist rage and hatred of the West. Lewis’ success continues to affect the field. Simple and evocative explanations of regional politics can result in profitable book deals, regular media appearances, and U.S. government consultancies. Increasingly, historical, political, and economic analyses of the region have become subsumed under monolithic Islamic explanations.
As the US’ war in Iraq went badly, highlighting sectarian narratives of regional politics allowed analysts to focus on what went wrong after the US invasion, rather than questioning the very validity of the war on terror itself. Pointing to Iran as the progenitor of Iraqi sectarianism further cleansed the Bush administration’s culpability for the aftermath of its war. Increasingly, for some analysts, Bernard Lewis’s question “what went wrong with Islam” seemed to shift to what went wrong with Shia Islam.
The sectarian argument led to another conclusion embraced by staunch critics and supporters of the Bush administration alike: the real victor of the U.S.’ wars was Iran. The rising spectre of an ascendant Iran—and a menacing Shiite crescent—became prominent and enduring themes in regional analysis, a leitmotif in Wikileaks documents of US government officials discussions with some regional leaders, and a decisive factor in determining the Obama administration’s policies on opposition movements across the Middle East.
Jad NavigationView Full Map, Topics, and Countries »
Bernstein aims to denounce HRW, but unintentionally helps explain the organization’s persistent shortcomings.click | email | tweet
Jadalicious / جدلشس
Call for Applicants--Doctoral #Dissertation Summer Workshop: Researching #Lebanon https://t.co/xSwDCCMhJX
11 hours ago
عبد الرؤوف أرناؤوط : إسرائيل في القدس الشرقية: من الحسم الجغرافي إلى الحسم الديموغرافي https://t.co/t18oe1MIQf
13 hours ago
البنك الدولي، تلاعب وتزوير من أجل تحرير الاستثمار https://t.co/1doiYMSQfE
14 hours ago
حواء القمودي: فلامنجو البنت الغريبة https://t.co/vsYFaGHbRM
15 hours ago
Letter by American Sociological Association Expressing Concern for Signatories of Academics for Peace Statement... https://t.co/CMdT2f3qbE
16 hours ago
Latest EntriesView All Entries »
- Call for Applicants--Doctoral Dissertation Summer Workshop: Researching Lebanon
- البنك الدولي، تلاعب و تزوير من أجل تحرير الاستثمار
- إسرائيل في القدس الشرقية: من الحسم الجغرافي إلى الحسم الديموغرافي
- فلامنجو البنت الغريبة
- Speaking Truth to Power: A Panel on Academic Freedoms and the War Against Kurds in Turkey (17 February, CUNY Graduate Center, New York)
- Egypt Media Roundup (February 8)
- Last Week on Jadaliyya (February 1-7)
- Awled Amreeka?
- !قَابَ قَلْبَيْنِ أَوْ أَدْنَى
- حلقة للوضع عن دورة الإنتاج الموسيقي في فلسطين: من عكا إلى غزة
- أوراق من الشعر الليبي: ملف خاص
- القصيدة العابرة للقلق
- Photography Media Roundup (February 5)
- Palestine Media Roundup (January 28 – February 3)
- المجتمع المدني في الخليج العربي: الواقع والاحتمالات. مقابلة للوضع بين انور الرشيد وفاتح عزام
- الحبّ هو الذي يحرّرنا
- Cities Media Roundup (January 2016)
- DARS Media Roundup (January 2016)
- New Texts Out Now: Mike de Seve and Daniel Burwen, Operation Ajax: The Story of the CIA Coup that Remade the Middle East