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Christiane Gruber

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The Visual Emergence of the Occupy Gezi Movement, Part Three: Democracy’s Workshop

[Makeshift sign reading “Occupy Public Space,” Taksim Square, 10 June 2013. Photo by Christiane Gruber.]

[Part one of this series can be found here.] [Part two of this series can be found here.] Those who constituted the Occupy Gezi movement comprised an eclectic array of constituencies, each bearing its own list of grievances and demands. So while they came together for various social, cultural, political, and environmental reasons, it was largely their shared contempt for Erdoğan that brought them together initially. Offering witty commentary on these strange bedfellows, ...

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The Visual Emergence of the Occupy Gezi Movement, Part Two: Every Day I’m Capulling

[“I çapul, therefore I am,” graffiti on the ground, Gümüşsuyu, 6 June 2013. Photo by Christiane Gruber.]

[Part one of this series can be found here.] Early on, Prime Minister Erdoğan refused to refer to the Gezi Park protesters as a civil movement comprised of various demographics. Instead, he dismissed them as “marginal groups” and as misbehaving “çapulcus,” a term meaning marauder, low-life, riffraff, or bum. As with so many of Erdoğan’s bombastic edicts, both the terms “marginal” and “bum” went through the movement’s satirical machinery. In the process, the “marginals” came ...

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The Visual Emergence of the Occupy Gezi Movement, Part One: Oh Biber!

[“Oh Biber,” graffiti in Gümüşsuyu, 9 June 2013. Photo by Christiane Gruber.]

During June 2013, the Occupy Gezi Movement emerged as the greatest challenge to Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s decade-long rule in Turkey. In the streets and in Gezi Park, as well as through its widespread use of social media such as Facebook and Twitter, the resistance movement has produced images in both real and digital spheres. Much of the visual output strikes at Erdoğan’s hubris and verbal threats, his attacks on personal freedoms, his brutal crackdown against ...

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Bio

Christiane Gruber

 

Christiane Gruber is Associate Professor of Islamic Art and Visual Culture at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. She has authored two books and has edited several volumes on various topics, including Islamic book arts, ascension tales and images, and contemporary visual and material culture. Her most recently published volume, co-edited with Sune Haugbolle, is entitled Visual Culture in the Modern Middle East: Rhetoric of the Image (Indiana, 2013). Her published research can be accessed here.