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Agnes Czajka


The Prime Minister as President?

[Left to right: presidential candidates Selahattin Demirtaş, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, and Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu. Images via Wikimedia Commons.]

On 26 July, Turkish citizens began voting in the first round of the first direct presidential elections in the history of the Turkish Republic. Voting began at Turkish embassies and at the forty-two polling stations set up at Turkish land crossings, harbors, and airports; it will continue until 10 August, when Turkish citizens residing in Turkey will cast their ballots. Following a 2007 referendum, direct presidential elections replaced the existing system, in accordance ...

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The Love Affair with Erdogan (Part 2)

[PM Tayyip Erdogan at the Annual Meeting 2006 of the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland. Image from Wikimedia Commons.]

[The following is part two of a two-part piece on Tayyip Erdogan.  Part one was posted Monday, 27 August.] How, then, has Erdoğan managed to escape with his international reputation relatively unscathed, and his domestic popularity only marginally diminished? One might be tempted to argue that although his domestic record leaves a lot to be desired, it is his impressive performance in the international arena that sustains his international reputation. “Sultan Erdoğan,” ...

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The Love Affair with Erdogan (Part 1)


[The following is part one of a two-part piece on Tayyip Erdogan.  Part two will be posted Monday, 3 September.] Since his election to the helm of the Justice and Development Party (AKP) in 2003, but even more so following the party’s reelections in 2007 and 2011, Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan has played the darling of the proverbial international community. Gradually relinquishing their fear of an Islamist agenda, European and North American governments ...

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Orientalising the Egyptian Uprising, Take Two: A Response to Rabab el-Mahdi and Her Interlocutors

[Image from]

Published by Jadaliyya on April 11 2011, Rabab el-Mahdi’s “Orientalising the Egyptian Uprising” precipitated a spirited discussion both in online comments on the article and offline discussions among Jadaliyya readers. While it is impossible to do justice to the article and the debates it has generated, the crux of el-Mahdi’s argument is that the Egyptian uprising – as distinguished from revolution – has been “orientalised” by international and local media, academics, ...

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Securing the People (or State?): Efforts in Governing Through Fear

[Image courtesy of 2011 Universal Press Syndicate.]

Traditionally conceptualised as pertaining to the state and achieved through its safeguarding against the interests (territorial or otherwise) of other states, security has become an increasingly and intensely contested concept. Two assumptions that structured the field of security studies – grounding the meaning of security and determining the mechanisms and strategies for its attainment – have been fundamentally challenged. The widening and deepening of the security ...

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Agnes Czajka


Agnes Czajka is Lecturer at the Department of Politics and International Studies at Open University, UK.