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Hesham Sallam

Co-Editor

Quick Thoughts: Hesham Sallam on the Egyptian Presidential Election

[An Egyptian woman registers at a polling station in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia on 15 May 2014, the designated voting day for expatriate Egyptians. Voters in Egypt will head to the polls on 26 and 27 May. Image by Ahmed Yousri via Associated Press]

  [On 26-27 May 2014, Egypt will hold its second presidential election since the ouster of Hosni Mubarak in January 2011. Contesting the poll are Abdel-Fattah al-Sisi, the military strongman who engineered the coup that deposed the Muslim Brotherhood in July 2013, and Hamdeen Sabbahi, leader of the Popular Current. With the election widely expected to consolidate Sisi’s leadership of the Egyptian state, Jadaliyya asked Co-Editor Hesham Sallam to comment on the election ...

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Sisi, the Presidency, and the Officers

[General Abdel Fattah al-Sisi. Image originally posted to Wikimedia Commons.]

The military’s recent statement tasking General Abdel Fattah al-Sisi with taking steps toward a presidential bid appears to confirm the widely-held belief that de facto military rule over Egypt is here to stay. For many, this statement reflects the success of Sisi’smonths long efforts to pave the way for a decisive victory in a seemingly competitive national vote by liquidating his opponents and tilting the political field in his favor. The military’s ...

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Letting Go of Revolutionary Purity

Three years have passed since the outset of the January 25 Revolution. Egypt remains a nation wrongfully imprisoned. The year 2013 in particular has brought the believers in January 25’s promise even more disappointments than the previous year. An authoritarian military regime reasserted its openly harsh rule first by ousting President Mohamed Morsi on 3 July, and then by publicly massacring the deposed president’s supporters in the aftermath. Sectarian violence against ...

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Constitution by the People: An Interview with Egypt Parallel Constitution Co-Founder Sawsan Gad

[Egypt Parallel Constitution logo. Photo from Egypt Parallel Constitution official Facebook page.]

The ongoing process of constitution writing in Egypt has generated a wide-ranging set of critiques pertaining to the composition of the committee, the transparency and inclusiveness of the drafting process, and the perceived failure of the body to respond to the aspirations of Egyptians for a democratic, just political order. The Egypt Parallel Constitution initiative (EPC) stands out as one important voice in these emergent debates. Founded by a diverse group of concerned ...

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Misir’in Turk Modeli Takintisi

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Mısır’ın Türk Modeli Takıntısı [This article was originally written by Hesham Sallam, and published jointly by Mada Masr and Jadaliyya in English on 30 June 2013. It was translated into Turkish by Gülfer Göze.] Türkiye’deki Gezi Parkı protestolarının başlamasından hemen sonra Mısır halk forumları iki ülkenin durumları arasındaki benzerliklere dikkat çeken çeşitli yorumlara sahne oldu. Bu benzetme, uluslararası medya kuruluşlarının Türkiye’deki protestoları ...

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Greek Translation of Jadaliyya's 'Obsessed with Turkish Models in Egypt'

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[This article was originally written by Hesham Sallam and published jointly by Jadaliyya and Mada Masr in English. It was translated into Greek by Ariadne Alavanou and published by aristerOvima.] Η εμμονή με το “τουρκικό μοντέλο” στην Αίγυπτο Λίγο ...

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Down with Military Rule…Again?

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Millions of Egyptians are continuing to take to the streets. They are calling on President Mohamed Morsi to resign and to hold early presidential elections. At the same time many express concern about the army’s 1 July statement and the potential for a return to military rule at the hands of the Supreme Council of Armed Forces (SCAF). The statement said that SCAF would impose its own “roadmap” to exit the current impasse if no solutions surface in the next forty-eight ...

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Obsessed with Turkish Models in Egypt

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Shortly after the outbreak of Turkey’s Gezi Park protests, Egyptian public forums were flooded with a variety of expressions that drew parallels between the respective situations in each of the two countries. The trend reinforced the international media’s initial characterization of protests in Turkey as the manifestation of a region-wide backlash against ruling Islamist parties. Scholars and researchers immediately responded with meticulous explanations for why Turkey is ...

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أوهام ليبرالية

[الاسكندرية تصوير عمر علي]

فيما تزداد حدة الخلاف السياسي بين الحكومة والمعارضة في مصر، ومع التدهور الملحوظ في الوضع الإقتصادي، يستمر النقاد في إلقاء الضوء على ما يصفونه بإخفاق الثورة في  تحقيق نظام سياسي يستطيع أن يواجه التحديات السياسية والإقتصادية التي تواجه مصر في الفترة الحالية. وعبر عبد المنعم سعيد بفصاحة عن هذا الإجماع في عموده البارز دائماً في "المصري اليوم" في عدة مقالات متتابعة على مدار الشهر الماضي. وتحدث سعيد عن عجز النخبة التي برزت في أعقاب الثورة عن تخطي الإنتهازية التي ...

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Liberal Illusions

[A passerby in East Alexandria gives money to a beggar under the sign of freedom. Photo by Amro Ali]

With the deepening of a political stalemate between the government and the opposition in Egypt and the marked deterioration of economic conditions, critics of the January 25 Revolution continue to highlight what they view as the revolution’s failure to bring about a stable political order that can live up to the many political and economic challenges Egypt confronts today. In his always-illustrious column in Al-Masry Al-Youm, Abdel Moneim Saeed eloquently articulated this ...

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Morsi Past the Point of No Return

[Portrait of Muslim Brotherhood leaders, including Mohamed Morsi (third from the right), in a broken frame found at the group's headquarters in Cairo after they were stormed by protesters. Photo by Jonathan Rashad]

The events of 5 December 2012 mark an important shift in Egyptian politics in light of the violence that pitted Muslim Brotherhood members and partisans of President Mohamed Morsi against protesters opposed to the president’s recent moves to centralize power and allow the Brotherhood to dictate the terms of Egypt’s new political order. Dominant narratives in international media have implicitly or explicitly embraced the view that the clashes are the manifestation of an ...

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Morsy and the "Nationalization" of the Revolution: Some Initial Reflections

[Anti-Morsy protest in downtown Cairo on 31 August 2012. Photo by Gigi Ibrahim]

  President Mohamed Morsy’s recent decisions to prop up presidential powers and shield the constituent assembly from legal challenges, among other controversial steps, have raised the question of where Egyptian politics is heading today. At first glance these developments seem to hold the promise of vengeance for the revolution’s martyrs, whose families were granted an increase in their state pensions. Upon closer examination, however, these decisions are clearly ...

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Egyptian Workers and the Revolution: An Interview with Kamal Abu-Eita

[Image of Kamal Abu-Eita taken from interview.]

The following interview was conducted on 14 September 2012 with Kamal Abu-Eita, General Secretary of the Egyptian Federation of Independent Trade Unions (EFITU) and the head of the Real Estate Tax Authority Union, which was founded in 2008 as Egypt’s first independent union. In the first part of the interview, Abu-Eita recounts the lead-up to the January 25 Revolution and how workers’ long-standing struggle for social justice has provided the momentum that paved the way for ...

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مرسي والانقلاب والثورة: قراءة بين الأسطر الحمراء

[ثم تأخذ هذا الكرسي وتحطمه على رأسي، أوكي؟ رسم أنديل،

حاز قرار الرئيس محمد مرسي الأخير والقاضي بإحالة قادة عسكريين كبار إلى التقاعد على إشادة باعتباره خطوة كبيرة على طريق إنهاء عسكرة الدولة المصرية. يمثل هذا القرار بالنسبة لبعض المتفائلين نصراً للثورة على أعدائها داخل المؤسسة العسكرية. لا شك أن هذا الفعل سيكون تاريخياً وبأنه ربما يكون المقدمة لعهد جديد في العلاقات المدنية- العسكرية في مصر. في الوقت نفسه، ورغم الإثارة التي تحملها ترجمة الأحداث الأخيرة كانقلاب مدني على حكام مصر العسكريين، فإن هناك مؤشرات أن ما حدث كان نتاج حركة ...

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Morsy, the Coup and the Revolution: Reading between the Red Lines

[Cartoon by Andeel, published by Egypt Independent]

  President Mohamed Morsy’s recent decision to force Egypt’s most prominent military leaders into retirement has been lauded as a major step toward the demilitarization of the Egyptian state. For some optimists, his decision represents the triumph of the revolution over its adversaries inside the military establishment. There is indeed little doubt that this event will prove monumental and may be the prelude to a new era in civil-military relations in Egypt. At the ...

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Post-Elections Egypt: Revolution or Pact?

[Protesters in Mohamed Mahmoud Street, 19 November 2011. Image Source: Hossam el-Hamalawy, http://www.flickr.com/photos/elhamalawy/]

For many people, it is compelling, if not intuitive, to think of Egypt’s parliamentary elections as a logical extension of what Egyptians started on 25 January 2011. Elections, the conventional reasoning goes, are a critical step in Egypt’s transition toward a democratic form of governance that is poised to replace the decades-old rule of former President Hosni Mubarak’s now-defunct National Democratic Party. Seen from the inside, however, this reasoning seems fairly ...

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Elections in the Midst of Revolution

[Tahrir Square on 30 November 2011. Image Source: Hossam el-Hamalawy, http://www.flickr.com/photos/elhamalawy/]

The resurgence of mass demonstrations in Egypt, in Tahrir Square and beyond, has raised many question marks in the minds of outside observers about what has often been described as “Egypt’s democratic transition.” Many question how Egypt will be able to advance its so-called journey toward democracy when the persistence of demonstrations and extended sit-ins seems to be “stifling” Egypt’s first post-Mubarak elections scheduled to commence today and last for three months. ...

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An Excerpt from 'Remarking January 25 - A Series of Six'

[After privatization the Starch and Glucose Manufacturing Company in Turah is at a standstill. Cairo, Egypt, April 24, 2011. Image from Philip Rizk]

Months have passed since the uprising of 25 January and yet many of the struggles for transformative change that the protests that toppled former President Hosni Mubarak attempted to advance remain at best incomplete and at worst under attack. Immediately after Mubarak’s resignation, it was hard to imagine that seven months later Egypt would remain a country of emergency laws and military trials, and one in which labor strikes and demands for distributive justice are ...

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Roundtable on Post-Mubarak Egypt: Authoritarianism without Autocrats? (Part I: Sallam)

[Image from unknown archive]

[This is the first of seven posts associated with a Jadaliyya electronic roundtable on the future of Egypt. Click here to access the full roundtable. Participants include: Issandr Al-Amrani, Zeinab Abul-Magd, Nathan J. Brown, Jason Brownlee, Daniel Brumberg, Mohamed El-Menshawy, and Samer Shehata.] Introduction Almost six months have passed since former Vice President Omar Suleiman appeared on television to announce to the world that 30 years of Hosni Mubarak’s rule have ...

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الإنقضاض على العمال المصريين

[egyptworkersolidarity المصدر موقع]

  [ ترجمة يوسف حداد. نشرت هذه المقالة في مجلة "الميدل ايست ريبورت" الصادرة باللغة الانكليزية عدد رقم 239] تتمحور الطروحات السائدة المتعلقة بالثورة المصرية عام 2011، والتي ما زالت قائمة، حول "أزمة الدولة". من بين ركائز هذه الأزمة الفشل الكلي في تحقيق الإصلاح السياسي من رأس الهرم إلى أسفله، كما أظهرته بجلاء الانتخابات التشريعية عام 2010 والتي تم التلاعب بنتائجها بشكل فاضح، وتنامي الفساد والقمع، وبروز فرص للعمل الجماعي التي وفرتها مواقع الانترنت ...

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