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Emanuela Dalmasso and Francesco Cavatorta


The Never Ending Story: Protests and Constitutions in Morocco

[King Mohammed IV casting his vote in the constitution referendum. Image from]

On 1 July 2011, Moroccans went to the polls in a referendum promoted by King Mohammed VI to approve a new constitution to replace that of 1996. A vote of over ninety-eight percent, in an official turnout of over seventy-two percent, unsurprisingly approved the new text. The new constitution supposedly represents a further step in the direction of establishing a liberal-democratic system and does indeed contain provisions to that effect. For instance there is now the ...

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Emanuela Dalmasso and Francesco Cavatorta


Emanuela Dalmasso is a post-doctoral fellow at the Department of Political Science, University of Turin, Italy. Her PhD focuses on civil society activism in Morocco and, in particular, on women's rights groups and how they interact with the Moroccan regime. She has previously published on the topic in the Journal of Modern African Studies and Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions. She is currently working on the internal dynamics of the February 20 Movement.

Francesco Cavatorta is Francesco Cavatorta is Senior Lecturer in International Relations and Middle East Politics at the School of Law and Government at Dublin City University, Ireland. His research focuses on processes of political change in the Arab world and on the role of Islamist parties and movements. He has published his work in a number of journals including Democratization, British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, Journal of Modern African Studies, Government and Opposition, Mediterranean Politics and Journal of North African Studies. He is also the author of four books, including Civil Society and Democratisation in the Arab World: the Dynamics of Activism, co-authored with Vincent Durac and  published by Routledge in 2010. Click here to visit his website.