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Parties & Movements [Jadaliyya and Ahram Online]


Reform and Development Party-Misruna

[Reform and Development Party-Misruna logo. Image from]

Reform and Development Party-Misruna The Reform and Development Party (RDP) was established in 2009 by Mohamed Anwar Esmat Al-Sadat (commonly known as Esmat Al-Sadat), a nephew of late Egyptian president Anwar Al-Sadat. Egyptian authorities turned down RDP’s initial license application in July 2010, but the party was eventually legalized in May 2011 in the wake of Egypt’s January 25 Revolution. In June of this year, the RDP merged with Misruna [Our Egypt], a party founded ...

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Al-Adl Party

[Al-Adl Party logo. Image from unknown archive.]

Al-Adl Party Al-Adl Party was formally established in the wake of former President Mubarak’s ouster. The party declares that it seeks to protect the goals of Egypt’s January 25 Revolution and promote the country’s social and economic development. Al-Adl professes a liberal platform calling for a civil, free, and modern state though the party decided from the outset to not align itself with Egypt’s liberal or Islamist camps, calling instead for a “third way”. Before the ...

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Egyptian Tahrir Party

[Egyptian Tahrir Party logo. Image from unknown archive.]

Egyptian Tahrir Party The Egyptian Tahrir Party received its official license on 5 September 2011, though party founders claim that they were talking about forming a party before the ouster of former president Hosni Mubarak in February 2011. Sufi leader Mohammad Alaa Al-Din Abul Azayem called on followers to join the party, purportedly in order to counterbalance the influence of rival Islamist groups such as the Muslim Brotherhood (MB) and Salafist movements. Although ...

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Egyptian Bloc

[Egyptian Bloc logo. Image from unknown archive.]

Egyptian Bloc Coalition Members: Free Egyptians Party, the Egyptian Social Democratic Party and Al-Tagammu Party. The Egyptian Bloc consists of the Free Egyptians Party, the Egyptian Social Democratic Party and Al-Tagammu Party. The Bloc is often portrayed as a “secular-leaning” alliance that seeks to counterbalance the influence of the Muslim Brotherhood in the upcoming elections, specifically the Brotherhood led Democratic Alliance’s electoral coalition. Members of the ...

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Nationwide Vote for Party-Coalition Lists (Stage 1)

[Image from unknown archive]

Party/Coalition List Votes % Votes Freedom and Justice* 3565092 36.62321885 Al-Nour** 2371713 24.3639615 Egyptian Bloc 1299819 13.35268647 Al-Wafd 690077 7.088973018 ...

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Ghad Al-Thawra Party (Hizb Ghad Al-Thawra)

[Image from unknown archive]

Ghad Al-Thawra Party (Hizb Ghad Al-Thawra) The liberal Ghad Al-Thawra (‘The Revolution’s Tomorrow’) Party is most commonly associated with its founder, Ayman Nour, who famously ran against then incumbent President Hosni Mubarak in the 2005 presidential election. The party was originally licensed in 2004 under the name Al-Ghad Party, but it was sidelined from the political scene during Mubarak’s last years in office due to internal splits and legal battles. It reemerged ...

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Freedom and Justice Party

[Freedom and Justice Party logo. Image from unknown archive.]

Freedom and Justice Party The Freedom and Justice Party (FJP), the political party of the Muslim Brotherhood, could not have come into being without the 25 January revolution. Up to that time, the Muslim Brotherhood (MB), Egypt’s most powerful Islamist organization, was not only denied the right to form parties, but also barred – at least legally – from political life. As a result, the group had to pay a heavy price in detentions and repression to practice politics under ...

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Meet the National Democratic Party Offshoots

[What remains of the NDP Headquarters that was set ablaze during the January 25 Revolution. Image from unknown archive.]

The National Democratic Party (NDP) of ousted President Hosni Mubarak was dissolved on 16 April 2011 by the Supreme Administrative Court’s order. Since then, former NDP officials have established what are generally considered as offshoots of the disbanded party. Six such parties have been formed so far and at least four more are being planned. While there were court cases challenging the candidacy of individuals formerly affiliated with the NDP in the upcoming elections, a ...

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Revolution Continues Alliance

[Revolution Continues Alliance logo. Image from]

Revolution Continues Alliance [Note: The Revolution Continues Alliance has announced on 20 November 2011 that it suspended its election campaigns in protest of the recent clampdown against protesters in Tahrir Square.] Coalition Members: The Socialist Popular Alliance Party, the Egyptian Socialist Party, the Egyptian Current Party, the Egypt Freedom Party, Equality and Development Party, the Revolution’s Youth Coalition, the Egyptian Alliance Party. The Revolution ...

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Socialist Popular Alliance Party

[Socialist Popular Alliance Party logo. Image from unknown archive.]

Socialist Popular Alliance Party [Note: The Revolution Continues Alliance, of which the Socialist Popular Alliance Party is a member, has announced on 20 November 2011 that it suspended its election campaigns in protest of the recent clampdown against protesters in Tahrir Square.] The Socialist Popular Alliance Party (SPA)—founded immediately following the ouster of former President Hosni Mubarak—was the first Egyptian leftist party to be legally recognized after the ...

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Islamist Bloc (Alliance for Egypt)

[Poster of Islamist Bloc (Alliance for Egypt). Image from unknown archive.]

Islamist Bloc (Alliance for Egypt) Coalition Members: Al-Nour Party, Al-Asala Party, Building and Development Party The Islamist Bloc is an electoral coalition formed by three Islamist political parties with the aim to integrate their efforts in the upcoming parliamentary elections. The Islamist Bloc is comprised of the Salafist Al-Nour and Al-Asala Parties, as well as the Building and Development Party, the latter of which was founded by the Islamic Group (Al-Gamaa ...

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Al-Nour Party

[Al-Nour (

Al-Nour Party Established in the wake of the 25 January uprising, Al-Nour (“The Light”) Party is the largest of Egypt’s three licensed Salafist parties (the other two being Al-Asala and Al-Fadila Parties). It was established by Al-Da‘wa Al-Salafiyya (“The Salafist Call”), Egypt’s largest Salafist group, commonly known as Al-Daawa Movement. Al-Daawa started in Alexandria where it now enjoys a considerable following. Al-Nour Party was officially licensed in June 2011. ...

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Egyptian Social Democratic Party

[Egyptian Social Democratic Party logo. Image from unknown archive.]

Egyptian Social Democratic Party The Egyptian Social Democratic Party was founded in the wake of Egypt's January 25 Revolution. Officially launched in March 2011, the party combines several groups sharing a liberal and social democratic outlook that were politically active in the years preceding the revolution. These groups include individuals who, prior to the revolution, were involved in an unsuccessful attempt to form a center-left party known as the Social Democratic ...

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Democratic Alliance for Egypt

[Press conference with background banner for Democratic Alliance for Egypt. Image from unknown archive.]

Democratic Alliance for Egypt Coalition Members: Freedom and Justice Party, Al-Karama Party, Ghad Al-Thawra Party, Labor Party, Al-Islah wal-Nahda Party, Al-Hadara Party, Al-Islah Party, Al-Geel Party, Misr Al-Arabi Al-Ishtiraki Party, Al-Ahrar Party, Al-Horiyya wal-Tanmiya Party. In early June, a group of twenty-eight Egyptian political parties joined forces to form the “Democratic Alliance for Egypt” for the purpose of coordinating their electoral strategies for Egypt’s ...

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National Progressive Unionist (Tagammu) Party

[Tagammu Party logo. Image from unknown archive.]

National Progressive Unionist (Tagammu) Party Together with the Nasserist and Al-Wafd Parties, the National Progressive Unionist Party (NPUP) (commonly known as Al-Tagammu) was considered one of the main three opposition parties in the pre-revolution era. It initially emerged in 1975 as a socialist platform in the Arab Socialist Union (ASU), Egypt’s only party at that time. Following President Anwar Sadat’s decision to transform Egypt’s one party system into a limited ...

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Egyptian Current Party

[Egyptian Current Party logo. Image from unknown archive.]

Egyptian Current Party [Note: The Revolution Continues Alliance, of which the Egyptian Current Party is a member, has announced on 20 November 2011 that it suspended its election campaigns in protest of the recent clampdown against protesters in Tahrir Square.] The Egyptian Current Party is one of many political parties founded in the wake of former president Hosni Mubarak’s ouster. Many of its leading members formerly belonged to the Muslim Brotherhood’s youth wing and ...

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Al-Wafd Party

[Al-Wafd Party logo. Image from unknown archive.]

Al-Wafd Party Al-Wafd Party is one of Egypt’s oldest liberal parties and is expected to play a significant role in the upcoming elections. With deposed President Hosni Mubarak’s ruling party officially disbanded, Al-Wafd has emerged as an influential player in the political arena. The party commands the largest network that any political party in Egypt possesses today, covering major cities in twenty-four out of twenty-six Egyptian governorates. With a distinguished group ...

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Free Egyptians Party

[Free Egyptians Party logo. Image from unknown archive.]

Free Egyptians Party Prominent Coptic-Christian business tycoon Naguib Sawiris, ranked number sixty on Forbes’ 2008 list of billionaires and owner of multinational enterprises throughout Africa and the Middle East, founded the Free Egyptians Party shortly after Egypt’s January 25 Revolution. The party's main objective, as stated on its website, is to promote the economic and social development of Egypt “and make it a nation in which civil rights and equality of duties ...

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Al-Wasat Party

[Al-Wasat Party logo. Image from unknown archive.]

Al-Wasat Party Al-Wasat Party was “formed” in 1996 well before Egypt’s January 25 Revolution. It was denied license four times until it was formally recognized as a legal political party by court order a week after Mubarak’s ouster in February 2011. The Al-Wasat Party has often been portrayed to be a moderate Islamist alternative to the Muslim Brotherhood. Before the Revolution Al-Wasat’s founders include several Muslim Brotherhood defectors, most notably Abul Ela Madi ...

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Al-Karama Party

[Al-Karama Party logo. Image from unknown archive.]

Al-Karama Party Supporting an Arab nationalist agenda, Al-Karama (“Dignity”) Party has been part of the Egyptian political landscape since 1997, when its founder, Hamdeen Sabahi, broke ranks with the Nasserist Party. Al-Karama believes that Egypt represents the fountainhead of Arab nationalism, and a true Arab renaissance can only be realized through social equality and scientific and cultural development. While the party was “founded” more than a decade before the January ...

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Parties & Movements [Jadaliyya and Ahram Online]


These entries highlight the parties and movements operating in the Egyptian electoral landscape in the 2011 parliamentary elections. 

Jadaliyya and Ahram Online Initiative

As part of the Egypt Elections Watch (EEW), Jadaliyya and Ahram Onlinewith the Center of Contemporary Arab Studies (Georgetown University) and the Middle East Studies Program (George Mason University) as co-sponsors, will produce articles/posts/profiles on a weekly basis, covering organizations, political parties, coalitions, relevant laws and procedures, and profiles of key individuals related to the Egyptian elections. This is in addition to news updates summarizing major developments surrounding the lead-up to the election, such as emerging or shifting alliances, new political positions, and candidacy announcements. If you have questions, comments, contributions, and/or an eye-witness account, please email us For a listing of EEW’s team members please click here


Egypt Elections Watch Team
Editorial Committee
Fouad Mansour
Hesham Sallam
Dina Samak
Hani Shukrallah
Mohamed Waked

Project Coordinator
Mary Mourad

Gamal Essam El-Din 
Mahienour ElMasry
Mary Mourad
Osman El Sharnoubi
Salma Shukrallah
Sherif Tarek
Lilian Wagdy 

Lizette Baghdadi
Rosie Bsheer
Nabiha Das
Ian Douglas
Elizabeth Guthrie
Adam Morrow
Sherene Seikaly
Nabil Shawkat

Tech Support
Ziad Abu-Rish
Bassam Haddad
Colleen Yeskovich

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