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Ray Bush


New Texts Out Now: Ray Bush, Turmoil in North Africa

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The Revolution in Permanence

[Egypt's president-elect Mohamed Morsi addresses tens of thousands of protesters in Tahrir Square. Photo by Jonathan Rashad.]

The Egyptian revolution of 25 January 2011 may not have gone according to plan – if indeed there ever was a coherent plan. Commentators from across the political spectrum, both inside and outside Egypt, have noted that the aftermath of June’s presidential election may simply confirm a soft military coup rather than a major achievement in democratic liberalization. Egypt’s military, with its powerful corporate hold on up to perhaps as much as one third of the economy, ...

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Ray Bush


Ray Bush is Professor of African Studies and Development Politics at the University of Leeds, UK. He is deputy chair of The Review of African Political Economy. His most recent book is Marginality and Exclusion in Egypt, edited with Habib Ayeb (Zed, 2012).