From the Editors
The February 20th Movement is the public and youthful face of the Arab spring in Morocco, emerging on that date into the streets as part of a series of coordinated Sunday demonstrations throughout the country. One of its rallying slogans is dastarat tawsi’at hay’at al-insaf wa-al-musalaha, or “’constitutionalize” the recommendations of the Equity and Reconciliation Commission (ERC).” The ERC, more commonly known by its French initials IER, “Instance Equité et ...Keep Reading »
The basic Algerian tripartite configuration of a national gendarmerie, the police, and the armed forces (army, navy, air force) mirrors in many ways its French counterparts. As with the French national Gendarmerie, the Algerian equivalent, made up of 150,000 people, serves as a paramilitary force charged with public safety and policing among the civilian population especially outside urban areas. Additional core tasks include counter-terrorism patrols and searches in ...Keep Reading »
The departure of Tunisian leader Zine El Abidine Ben Ali in January 2011 and Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak’s resignation on February 11 sparked conjectures about Algeria as the next country in the Arab world to attempt to rid itself of authoritarian leadership. While Egyptians have lived under “state of emergency” laws since Mubarak came to power after Sadat’s assassination in 1981, Algeria’s version, also prohibiting any public demonstrations, was enacted in 1992 ...Keep Reading »
Susan Slyomovics is Professor of Anthropology and Near Eastern Languages & Cultures, as well as the Director of the Center for Near Eastern Studies at UCLA. Her research interests inlcude gender, human rights, folklore and material culture, and visual anthropology of the Middle East and North Africa. Her publications include The Performance of Human Rights in Morocco, Waging War and Making Peace: Reperations and Human Rights (editor), and The Object of Memory: Arab and Jew Narrate the Palestinain Village.