From the Editors
The New York Times says Jadaliyya "Brings New Life to Arab Studies." Read about it by clicking here.
[The following report was issued by the Carnegie Endowment in September 2012.]
The Struggle for Security in Eastern Libya
Despite successful parliamentary elections in early July, localized clashes over identity, power, and resources persist in Libya, straining the capacity of the weak government, deterring foreign investment, and possibly stunting the emergence of democratic institutions. The most pressing of these conflicts — growing insecurity in Libya’s eastern region of Barqa, where Benghazi is located — is fueled by longstanding neglect, Salafi militancy, and fighting between ethnic Tabu and Arab tribes. Lacking an effective police and national army, the state is struggling for legitimacy and control of the east. It must act to restore the periphery’s confidence in the center.
- Barqa suffered from political and economic neglect under Qaddafi; there are mounting fears that this discrimination will persist despite his overthrow.
- Although the parliamentary elections represented a referendum on national unity, the issue of federalism and decentralization is not dead; a host of new federalist parties have sprung up in the east and pro-autonomy armed groups can still play a spoiler role in national politics.
- A militant Salafi faction has emerged in the east that opposes electoral participation and has launched attacks on Western interests and Sufi sites.
- The most intractable eastern conflict is the ongoing violence in the Saharan town of Kufra, where clashes have erupted between the Tabu, a long-marginalized non-Arab African minority, and the Zway, an Arab tribe favored by Qaddafi.
- The central government has devolved enforcement and mediation in these conflicts to revolutionary brigade coalitions and tribal elders, frequently inflaming the situation and handing an unhealthy degree of leverage to informal actors.
- Establishing an effective constitution and formalizing the security sector are the best ways to address the sources of eastern instability in the near term.
- The constitution must carefully strike a balance between the central government and local administration. The issue of local authority may lead to deadlock and polarization.
- The parliament must build consensus among the people on the institutionalization of the police, army, and judiciary. A top-down directive will be seen as a Qaddafi-like attempt to centralize authority.
- To help quell violence and restore eastern confidence in the state, the government must demobilize the country’s numerous revolutionary brigades and strengthen the national army and police.
- A priority should be professionalizing the Supreme Security Committees, police-like bodies that have become unaccountable and widely distrusted.
[Click here to download the full report.]
If you prefer, email your comments to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Hot on Facebook
Jadalicious / جدلشس
"While BDS feeds off of and evolves with external support, it must drive from Palestinian activism itself, from a Palestinian constituency... Advancing BDS with political consciousness and a moral compass is a struggle in need of regular evaluation and constructive criticism."click | email | tweet
Latest EntriesView All Entries »
- « Hamel dégage ! » : Les policiers algériens et les fissures de l'ordre
- Debt and Obligation in Contemporary Ramallah
- Liberalizmin tasfiyesi ve Ortadogu'da alacakaranlik
- جدلية في عامها الرابع
- Operation Protective Edge: Legal and Political Implications of ICC Prosecution (George Mason University, 20 October 2014)
- Is the Center for Jewish Life Stifling Free Speech on Campus?
- Hassan Khan in Conversation with Mohamed Abdelkarim
- In Memory of Suphi Nejat Agirnasli
- إشكالية المجتمع المدني في المغرب
- Press Release: Saudi Death Sentence against Shia Leader Is Politically Motivated
- الانحناء على جثة عمّان
- New Texts Out Now: Reem Charif, Mohamad Hafeda, and Joumana al Jabri, Creative Refuge
- Panel Event: After Gezi, After the Elections, After ISIS: Politics in Turkey Now (CUNY Graduate Center, 20 October 2014)
- Jadaliyya Featured in the New York Times: "Online Magazine Brings New Life to Arab Studies"
- Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (October 14)
- رحلتي إلى الراب والسياسة والسجن
- A Politics of Hope: A Tribute to Brief Lives at a Time of Perpetual Death
- Suphi Nejat Agirnasli’nin Anisina
- Egypt’s Conservative Nationalism: Discourse and Praxis of the New Regime
- Roj Roja Rojava
Jad NavigationView Full Map, Topics, and Countries »
Debt and Obligation in Contemporary Ramallah http://t.co/5j5SVfUUQ2
yesterday at 4:00 AM
Citizenfour: Laura Poitras’ Documentary on Edward Snowden (Video Trailer) http://t.co/53bm4GzGBD
on Saturday 18 October at 08:13 AM
Intervention and the Limits of US Power? A Panel Featuring Vijay Prashad and Jadaliyya Co-Editor Lisa Hajjar... http://t.co/bH7PRRk064
on Saturday 18 October at 07:02 AM
جدلية في عامها الرابع http://t.co/T3TTMADl6i
on Friday 17 October at 12:49 PM
Operation Protective Edge: Legal and Political Implications of ICC Prosecution (George Mason... http://t.co/MV83z1Kldq
on Friday 17 October at 09:38 AM