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Algeria

New Texts Out Now: Muriam Haleh Davis, The Afterlives of the Algerian Revolution

[Cover of

Muriam Haleh Davis, editor, The Afterlives of the Algerian Revolution. Special Issue of JadMag (June 2014). Jadaliyya (J): What made you create this pedagogical publication? Muriam Haleh Davis (MHD): In November 2013, Samuel Everett and Malika Rahal had organized a panel for the Middle Eastern Studies Association (MESA) annual conference in New Orleans. First, all of the papers were given by a group of colleagues who I had met in Algiers during an intensive Algerian Arabic class, and whose work I had long admired. Learning Arabic (especially dialect) is still a rarity among scholars who work on Algeria. This is largely because scholars working ...

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Maghreb Media Roundup (July 26)

[Image of the border between Mauritania and the Western Sahara. Image by David Holt/Flickr.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Maghreb and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Maghreb Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to maghreb@jadaliyya.com by Thursday night of every week.]  Algeria Algeria Plane Crash Site Found in Mali With No Survivors After an extensive search effort, the crash site of Air Algerie Flight 5017, which went missing on Thursday with 118 passengers on board, was found near the border between Mali and Burkina Faso. France Confirms No Survivors in Air Algerie Plane ...

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Baya Mahieddine: A Profile from the Archives

[Artist Baya Mohyieldin. Source: djazairess.com website.]

[A Profile from the Archives is a series published by Jadaliyya in both Arabic and English in cooperation with the Lebanese newspaper, Assafir. These profiles will feature iconic figures who left indelible marks in the politics and culture of the Middle East and North Africa. This profile was originally published in Arabic  and was translated by Mazen Hakeem.] Baya Mahieddine (aka Fatima Haddad) was an Algerian plastic artist of tribal origin. She was born in 1931 in the town of Bordj El-Kiffan. By the age of five, both her parents had died, so she was raised by her grandmother. She never went to school in her life. Instead, Baya worked in ...

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New JADMAG: The Afterlives of the Algerian Revolution

The Afterlives of the Algerian Revolution  Edited by Muriam Haleh Davis  E-version: $3.49 Paperback: $5.99 Combo: $7.99   In July 2012, Algeria celebrated its 50th anniversary of independence, which signaled the victory of the FLN (National Liberation Front) over the French army. Despite five decades of Algerian independence, much of the work done on Algeria continues to focus on the colonial period. This pedagogical publication seeks to interrogate Algerian history since 1962 and considers how the revolution unleashed multiple socio-political dynamics that continue to mark contemporary Algeria. These articles demonstrate that the ...

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The Black Box of French History

[Book cover image courtesy of Macmillan.]

Andrew Hussey, The French Intifada: The Long War Between France and Its Arabs. London: Granta, 2014. In 2005, a series of disturbing events occurred in France. In February, the parliament attempted to pass a law to force schools to teach “the positive role of French presence overseas, especially in North Africa.” That same autumn, riots erupted in a number of suburbs northeast of Paris, gradually spreading to other French cities and provoking the government to declare a state of emergency that had not been issued since the Algerian War. Many commentators drew a straight line from one to the other: France’s unresolved colonial past was coming to haunt it through an ...

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New Texts Out Now: Andrea Khalil, Women, Gender, and the Arab Spring

[Cover of

Andrea Khalil, editor, Women, Gender, and the Arab Spring, special issue of The Journal of North African Studies 19.2 (2014). Forthcoming as a book with Routledge. Jadaliyya (J): What made you put together this special issue?  Andrea Khalil (AK): During my fieldwork in Tunisia (2011-13) working on a book, I was sensitized to the profound problems that women in Tunisia were facing since the Revolution, and more generally, the urgency to address gender issues and activism in the new context. The book I was working on at that time was not specifically about gender dynamics, but I wound up conducting a lot of interviews with women and following gender-related debates ...

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Notes on the Algerian Presidential Elections

[Image of Algeria's People's National Assembly. Image from Magharebia/Flickr.]

Thursday 17 April: It is 10:30 PM and the concert of honking cars has been playing for a good hour in downtown Algiers. The “president on wheels” (le Président-roulant) has won. His supporters are not particularly numerous, but they are gesticulating and making as much noise as possible. Most of them continue and pass around the jardin de l'Horloge in their vehicles. An old police commander admonishes the passengers in an official car that insists on parking where he is standing—as if he was invisible and they had the right to crush someone in uniform who was thirty years their senior. The cops put them in their place. During this time, other fans of Bouteflika arrive ...

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Foucault, Fanon, Intellectuals, Revolutions

[Cover of the Turkish translation of

[This article is the final in a three-part Jadaliyya series that looks at Foucault's work in relationship to the legacy of French colonialism in North Africa. Read the first and second installments here: "The Dangers of Liberalism: Foucault and Postcoloniality in France" by Diren Valayden and "Justifications of Power": Neoliberalism and the Role of Empire by Muriam Haleh Davis.] My theoretical ethic is…“antistrategic”: to be respectful when a singularity revolts, intransigent as soon as power violates the universal. A simple choice, a difficult job: for one must at the same time look closely, a bit beneath ...

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الجزائر : لماذا رُشِّح بوتفليقة لعهدة رابعة؟

[صورة محمد أمين غالمي- الجزائر]

لم يكن ترشيح الرئيس بوتفليقة لانتخابات نيسان/ أبريل 2014 الرئاسية لِيُحدث كلَّ هذه الضجة لو كان في صحة جيدة، يتوجه إلى الجزائريين بالحديث من حين لآخر مباشرة، لا عبر وزراءَ يرتّلون رسائله الروتينية على مسامعهم دون كثير من الاقتناع. والحال أن مجلس الوزراء، منذ مدة ليست بالقصيرة، لم يعد ينعقد بسبب مرضه، وأنه لم يعد يمثل الجزائرَ في المحافل الدولية، وهو هاوي السفر والتجوال، ولا يستقبل الوفود الأجنبية إلا نادرا، وربما أساسا بغرض تمكين وسائل الإعلام الحكومية من تصويره لمدة دقائق وإقناع الشعب بأنه في عداد الأحياء. لقد سلك النظام الجزائري بهذا الترشيح (فيما يبدو إجماعا لأغلب مكوناته، بما فيها الجيش واستخباراتُه) مسلك دكتاتوريات عتيدة، لا يكلِّف الزعماء فيها أنفسهم عناء الظهور ...

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Bouteflika’s Fourth Mandate: The Cartel’s Gamble

[Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika casts his ballot in the 10 May legislative election. Image by Magharebia/Flickr.]

The Algerian regime can be understood as an economic cartel. It is, in other words, an assemblage of actors that controls a field (the State), and must agree on certain things in order to assure its benefits – whether they are material or symbolic. These actors are of different stripes (military, technocrats, politicians) and do not need to agree on all of the actions or decisions taken by the government. Instead, they often find themselves in disaccord or in competition, which explains the infighting occasionally covered by the media. This was recently the case in the reports of a controversy between the Secretary General of the Front de Libération Nationale (FLN), Amar ...

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Le quatrième mandat de Bouteflika : Un pari du cartel

[Le Président algérien Abdelaziz Bouteflika dépose son bulletin dans l'urne lors des élections législatives du 10 mai. Image par Magharebia/Flickr.]

Le régime algérien peut être compris comme un cartel économique. Il s'agit d'une réunion d'acteurs qui contrôlent un champ (l'Etat), et s'accordent afin de garantir leurs bénéfices, que ceux-ci soient matériels ou symboliques. Ces acteurs d'horizons divers (militaires, technocrates, politiciens) n'ont pas besoin d'être d'accords sur toutes les orientations du gouvernement. Bien au contraire, ils sont souvent en désaccord voir en concurrence, ce qui se traduit par des querelles qui s'expriment parfois par voie de presse. Cela a été récemment le cas avec la polémique opposant le Secrétaire Général du FLN (Front de Libération Nationale) Amar Saidani et le DRS (Département ...

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Maghreb Media Roundup (January 27)

[A Tunisian man holds up a portrait of Chokri Belaid during a march against the country's ruling Islamist Ennahda party. Three years and two high-profile assassinations later, Tunisia voted yesterday on the adoption of a new constitution. Photo courtesy of Aimen Zine/AP Photo.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Maghreb and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Maghreb Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to maghreb@jadaliyya.com by Thursday night of every week.] Algeria Présidentielle #dz2014: les jeux sont (déjà) faits. Baki 7our Mansour predicts a fourth term for the ailing incumbent Bouteflika. Algérie: Un géant vert en devenir? Amir Lebdi highlights Algeria’s plans for solar energy. Benflis le saint, Bouteflika le diable Ghani Gedoui makes a case for why Bouteflika will see another ...

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Call for Papers: Medinas in the 20th and 21th Centuries. (Algiers, February 2015)

Call for Papers/Appel à Contributions: Les médinas à l'époque contemporaine (XX-XIe siècles): Oscillations entre patrimonalisation et marginalisation Alger, 13-14 février 2015 ANR Métamorphoses des sociétés : "inégalité-inégalités" Source de débats, parfois âpres, une patrimonialisation est rarement le fruit d’un consensus, mais au contraire, "le produit de négociations, d’arbitrages, d’enjeux de pouvoirs et, inévitablement de conflits", à plus forte raison lorsqu’elle ...

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Kateb Yacine: A Profile from the Archives

[”A Profile from the Archives“ is a series published by Jadaliyya in both Arabic and English in cooperation with the Lebanese newspaper, Assafir. These profiles will feature iconic figures who left indelible marks in the politics and culture of the Middle East and North Africa. This profile was originally published in Arabic and was translated by Mazen Hakeem.] Name: Kateb Last Name: Yacine Date of Birth: 1929 Date of Death: 1989 Place of Birth: Smondo - Constantine Wife’s Name: Zobaida ...

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From the World Cup to the 'Great Replacement': Football and Racist Narratives in France

Football is the greatest of all sports. And yet, despite the beauty of the game, what happens can become so distasteful that it is difficult to continue watching. I cannot help but feel that during the World Cup, a wide coalition of imbeciles is actively plotting to ruin my pleasure. I am not speaking of Luis Suarez and the biting incident but instead of France and Algeria. If you are following the competition, you already know that Algeria qualified for the knockout stage on Thursday night for the first ...

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In Algiers, the Twenties Are No Longer the Best Years

Two young activists, one is Algerian and the other is Tunisian. They look like two drops of water: thin, close fitting sweaters, Zara can be read on one of them, it is not a war cry, just a brand name, short and wise hair, clean shaven. The first, Mohand Kadi, is a student and activist with the Raj Association (The Assembly of Youth Action). He is only twenty-three years old. The other, Moez Bennecir, is an editing assistant and is twenty-five years old. This is the age during which the judicial ...

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A Alger, vingt ans n’est pas le plus bel age de la vie

Deux jeunes activistes, l'un est algérien, le second est tunisien. Ils se ressemblent comme deux gouttes d'eau, minces, pull près du corps, Zara, peut-on lire sur l'un d'entre eux, ce n'est pas un cri de guerre, juste le nom d'une marque, cheveux courts et sages, rasés de près. Le premier Mohand Kadi est étudiant et militant de l'association Raj, rassemblement Action jeunesse, il n'a que vingt-trois ans. Le second, Moez Bennecir est assistant d'édition, il a vingt-cinq ans. C'est l'âge auquel la ...

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Sahrawi Realities: Space, Architecture, and Mobility of Displacement (Part 1)

[This is the first of a series of articles that seek to reflect on the ways in which social mobilization, creation of space, and new modes of resistance intersect within the Sahrawi community. Between these grooves are nuanced conceptions of Sahrawi identity that are colored by varied experiences but a shared memory of external domination and displacement. The series is informed by research conducted during a weeklong stay in the Dakhla refugee camp, located about one hundred miles southeast of Tindouf. ...

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Notes sur l'élection présidentielle algérienne

Jeudi 17 avril, il est vingt-deux heures trente, et le concert des klaxons retentit depuis une bonne heure dans Alger-centre. Le Président-roulant a gagné. Ses supporteurs ne sont guère nombreux, mais ils gesticulent et font autant de bruit que possible. La plupart ne s'arrêtent pas et passent en voiture autour du jardin de l'Horloge. Un vieux commandant de police admoneste les passagers d'une voiture officielle qui insistent pour se garer à l'endroit où il se tient debout, comme s'il était devenu ...

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The Vagabond

They saw him arrive one summer evening. It was hot, very hot. Man and beast seemed to sleep in the shade of the walls. Wrapped from head to toe, barely able to open an eye, they seemed forever petrified into statues, turned in on themselves, alone in the silence of the high plains.  No one suspected, nothing about them suggested they were men except their shape obvious beneath the folds of fabric.  It was the color of the earth in which they had worked in the dawn’s coolness, those mild hours ...

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'Justifications of Power': Neoliberalism and the Role of Empire

[This article is the second in a three-part Jadaliyya series that looks at Foucault's work in relationship to the legacy of French colonialism in North Africa. Read the first installment here: "The Dangers of Liberalism: Foucault and Postcoloniality in France" by Diren Valayden] “I am like the crawfish and advance sideways.”[1] So Foucault warns us in the Birth of Biopolitics. And indeed, one would need to be an extremely nimble, if not heroic, crawfish to claim that Foucault ...

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Cynical and Macabre 'Politics of Migration' at Morocco’s Borders

“Despite a year marked by successive tragedies as a result of the recrudescence of repression, institutional violence and racism, will 2013 mark a historical turn for politics of migration in Morocco? Will foreigners and migrants be recognized into society?” These questions headed an article by Micheline Bochet Milon, a member of the Groupe anti-raciste d’accompagnement et de défense des étrangers et des migrants (GADEM), in the last issue of the Louna-Tounkaranké network’s newsletter. At the time, ...

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The State of the Western Sahara

In June 2013, Maghreb Page co-editor, Samia Errazzouki, and I produced an electronic roundtable of articles describing various historical and political contours of the Western Saharan conflict, opening with a brief summary of its history:  Beginning as a post-colonial dispute between regional powers in the 1970s, the conflict developed and was exacerbated as North Africa became an entangled site of Cold War rivalries. Following the 1975 Madrid Accords, in which Spain conceded on its promises to ...

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Maghreb Media Roundup (December 30)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Maghreb and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Maghreb Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to maghreb@jadaliyya.com by Thursday night of every week.]  Algeria L’Algérie face à son destin, d’Abdelkader ben Mahieddine à Tareq Mammeri  Adel Herik postulates that Algeria has been bound to repeating history ...

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