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Authoritarian Rule

Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (March 3)

[Jamal Benomar and Abd Rabbuh Mansour Hadi. Images from wikimedia.com]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.]  Regional and International Relations Report: Saudis might help Israel attack Iran in exchange for progress in peace process A news report on European sources, which claim that the Saudis expressed their willingness to cooperate with Israel on Iran. Saudi man convicted in connection with 1998 bombings of US embassies A US ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (February 17)

[Saudi driving activists Maysaa Al-Amodi and Lujain Al-Hathloul. Image from frontlinedefenders.org]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.]  Regional and International Relations Prince Charles raises blogger case with new Saudi king Prince Charles raised the issue of Raif Badawi during his first meeting with the new Saudi king. Saudi Arabia condemns attacks in Copenhagen and North Carolina The Saudi regime condemns the killing of Muslim-Americans in North ...

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Manufacturing Silence: On Jordan's ISIS War, Arab Authoritarianism, and US Empire

[Royal Jordanian Air Force F-16 Fighting Falcon aircrafts fly alongside a US Air Force KC-135 Stratotanker aircraft while waiting to connect for fuel over Jordan on 19 October 2009.]

On 24 December 2014, ISIS reported and the US-led coalition confirmed that a Jordanian fighter pilot, Mu‘ath al-Kassasbeh, had crashed in Syria and was now in ISIS custody. On 3 February 2015, ISIS released a video showing its own members murdering the pilot by immolation. The Jordanian regime vowed revenge. Some Jordanians took to the streets in grief and anger. The Jordanian Armed Forces, for its part, intensified its bombing campaign in Syria. Media outlets and Middle East analysts have expended considerable energy assessing whether and how Jordan’s war on ISIS in the aftermath of the Kassasbeh capture and death represents a game changer. It is difficult to find a ...

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Justice: An Uncertain Question in Turkey

[Protesters hold a banner with images of those killed in the Gezi Protests, reading

On 3 June 2013, Ali Ismail Korkmaz, a nineteen-year old university student in Eskisehir, was participating in nonviolent peaceful protests against the Turkish government when he was brutally clubbed and beaten by a group of police officers and civilians. The protestors were demanding the retraction of an urban development plan for Gezi Park in Istanbul that required the demolition of the only green area in the heart of the city. The wave of protests quickly spread to all of Turkey. On the day he was attacked, Ali Ismail Korkmaz was ironically wearing a t-shirt that read “world peace,” representing the humane spirit of the Gezi Protests. Shortly after the brutal attack, ...

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Reconsidering the Rif Revolt (1958-59)

[Image of a Moroccan Liberation Army march in Nador around 1955. Image from mondeberbere.com]

“The people of the North have previously known the violence of the crown prince; it will be best for them not to know that of the king’s.” It is in this way that Hassan II (1961-1999) addressed himself to the inhabitants of northwest Morocco—and to the rest of the population—in reaction to the riots of 1984. Adopting a scornful and serious tone, the monarch reminded his subjects that he is capable of anything for the sake of conserving power. To refresh their memory, he did not hesitate to make a brief and symbolic allusion to the ferocious repression he carried out against the same regions twenty-five years beforehand. The sovereign's rhetorical choice to refer to the ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (January 27)

[The late Saudi King Abdullah, who passed away this week, with his successor Salman in 2012. Image from Reuters/Saudi Press Agency.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations Saudis Expand Regional Power as Others Falter David Kirkpatrick examines Saudi Arabia’s regional politics. US charges Yemenis over alleged murder plot Saudi Arabia arrests and extradites two Yemeni nationals accused of attacking US troops. Regime collapse threatens Yemen's key role in US ...

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Mubarakism on Steroids: Jadaliyya Co-Editor Hesham Sallam Interviewed on the Anniversary of the Revolution

[Al-Sisi, as Minister of Defense, following a meeting with U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry after a meeting in Cairo, Egypt on 3 November 2013. Photo: Department of State]

Jadaliyya Egypt Page Co-Editor Hesham Sallam gave an interview to KPFA 94.1 Berkeley on the current state of the Egyptian revolution and the return of authoritarianism in the country on the fourth anniversary of the uprisings that toppled former President Hosni Mubarak. Sallam argues that the level of repression witnessed today far eclipses the Mubarak era. He outlines the ways in which the country's transition was a tumultuous battle between the political elite, the military establishment, and the Muslim Brotherhood. While arguing that the status quo is unsustainable, he nevertheless laments the continued victimization of the revolutionaries that is taking place in ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (January 20)

[Riyadh and Doha have asked the US administration to impose a no-fly zone over Syria. Image from Ronny Przysucha.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations Jeremy Scahill on Paris Attacks, the al-Qaeda Link & the Secret U.S. War in Yemen Amy Goodman interviews Jeremy Scahill on al-Qa‘ida in Yemen and the attacks on Charlie Hebdo. Al-Qaida in Yemen uses video to claim responsibility for Charlie Hebdo attack Jason Burke and Monica Mark report ...

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Stanford Event: Joel Beinin on Workers and Revolutions in Egypt and Tunisia (21 January 2015)

CDDRL’s Program on Arab Reform and Democracy (ARD), in partnership with the Arab Studies Institute (ASI), presents: Workers and Revolutions in Egypt and Tunisia Featuring: Joel Beinin Donald J. McLachlan Professor of History Stanford University Date and Time: Wednesday, January 21 12PM-1:30PM *Lunch will be served* Location: Goldman Conference Room (4th floor East Wing) Encina Hall Stanford University Abstract Arab workers participated prominently in the popular uprisings of 2011.  They shared the outrage of many of their compatriots over daily abuse by internal security forces, widespread corruption, and foreign policies ...

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The Roots of Conflict: From Settler-Colonialism to Military Occupation in the Western Sahara (Part 1)

[Landscape shot of Laayoune from the south-west of the city. Image by author.]

[The following article is the first in a two-part series tracing the roots of settler-colonialism and military occupation in the Western Sahara. Read the second part here.] Upon entering the Occupied Territories of the Western Sahara, I organized a focus group in the private living room of a Sahrawi activist’s home in Laayoune, Western Sahara, where nine activists were brought together. They were each imprisoned for varying periods of time between 1980 and 1991, while the Moroccan state warred with the Polisario Front. They met each other while in the prison of Kela’at Megouna, and were determined to share their stories in vivid and haunting detail. Sukeina was ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (December 30)

[Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates will maintain current production levels despite the price slump. Image from EIA/Wikimedia Commons.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations Saudi and UAE oil ministers defend Opec response to falling prices The Saudi and Emirati ministers of oil assert that their countries will maintain current production levels despite the price slump. Oil price drop weakens Saudi’s foes Joseph Kechichian analyzes Saudi Arabia’s motivation to ...

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On the Margins Roundup (December)

[Image of a pottery manufacture in Kalabougou, Mali. Image by Marco Bellucci]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Mali, South Sudan, Somalia, Mauritania, Djibouti, and Comoros Islands and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the On the Margins Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each month's roundup to info@jadaliyya.com.]  Mauritania Mauritania Will Toughen Anti-Corruption Laws Mauritanian President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz announced plans to strengthen laws against corruption on United Nations Anti-Corruption Day. Migration, Fisheries, and the Supremacy of European Interests in Mauritania Hassan Ould Moctar discusses ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (February 24)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations Qatar recalls Cairo envoy over Egyptian suggestion Doha supports terrorism The relations between Cairo and Doha deteriorate ...

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Quick Thoughts: Paul Sedra on the IS Massacre of Egyptian Copts in Libya

Among the most important points to make about these horrific murders relates to context. I would argue this event cannot and should not be placed within the context of domestic Egyptian politics or of Muslim-Christian relations in Egypt. Without question, Egypt has a persistent problem with sectarianism and violence against Egypt’s Coptic community. But these latest sectarian murders represent an effort by the Islamic State (IS) movement to advance its transnational agenda rather than an Egyptian one. ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (February 10)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations  Moussaoui claims Saudi royals ‘funded 9/11 attacks’ Zacarias Moussaoui claims that members of the Saudi ruling ...

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انتصار البيروقراطية: عقد من إجهاض التغيير السياسي والاجتماعي في مصر

بالإمكان القول أن النظام السياسي الآخذ في التشكل في مصر برئاسة المشير عبد الفتاح السيسي وبدعم من القوات المسلحة وأجهزة الدولة هو انتصار للبيروقراطية المصرية بمكوناتها العسكرية والأمنية والمدنية على ثلاث عمليات سياسية هدفت خلال العقد الماضي لإحداث تغيير سياسي في مصر، إما من خلال تعديل تكوين النخبة السياسية الحاكمة لتكون من خارج البيروقراطية، وإما إلى تعديل علاقة الدولة بالمجتمع والانتقاص من سيطرة الأجهزة البيروقراطية على الموارد الاقتصادية ومن القدرة على إدارة المجال العام.  كان أول هذه المشروعات هو ...

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Stanford Event: Steven Heydemann on Authoritarianism in the Era of Mass Politics (2 February 2015)

CDDRL’s Program on Arab Reform and Democracy (ARD), in partnership with the Arab Studies Institute (ASI), presents: Authoritarianism in the Era of Mass Politics Featuring: Steven Heydemann Vice President, Applied Research on Conflict United States Institute for Peace Date and Time: Monday, February 2 12PM-1:30PM *Lunch will be served* Location: Goldman Conference Room (4th floor East Wing) Encina Hall Stanford University Abstract The uprisings that spread across the Middle East in ...

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تقييم حالة الإعلام الخاص فى مصر

يُعدُّ الإعلام بوسائله المختلفة، التقليدية والحديثة، إحدى أهم ركائز المجتمع، نظراً لوظيفته الأساسية المتمثلة في تشكيل اتجاهات الرأي العام تجاه القضايا المجتمعية المختلفة، وكونه عاكساً لطبيعة العلاقة بين الدولة والمجتمع، من ناحية، وبين النخبة والجماهير، من ناحية أخرى. غير أن العديد من العوامل من شأنها التأثير في أداء وسائل الإعلام لهذه الوظائف، منها عوامل تتصل بالبيئة التي يمارس فيها الإعلام دوره، وأخرى تتصل بالإطار التشريعي الحاكم له، وثالثة تعنى بالقائمين على الإعلام والعاملين فيه. يتوقف أداء وسائل ...

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New Texts Out Now: Luca Anceschi, Gennaro Gervasio, and Andrea Teti, Informal Power in the Greater Middle East

Luca Anceschi, Gennaro Gervasio, and Andrea Teti, editors, Informal Power in the Greater Middle East: Hidden Geographies. London and New York: Routledge, 2014. Jadaliyya (J): What made you put together this book? Luca Anceschi, Gennaro Gervasio, and Andrea Teti (LA/GG/AT): It seemed to us that a wide variety of informal power dynamics and their interaction with formal institutions were not being taken particularly seriously—at least, beyond general and often Orientalist claims about “culture.” This ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (January 13)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations Saudi Arabia is right to be anxious over its ideological links with Isis Brian Whitaker argues that though the Saudi regime ...

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The Roots of Conflict: From Settler-Colonialism to Military Occupation in the Western Sahara (Part 2)

[The following article is the second in a two-part series tracing the roots of settler-colonialism and military occupation in the Western Sahara. Read the first part here.]  Morocco’s Shift from Settler-Colonialism to Military Occupation Morocco is dedicated to establishing a permanent and stable political authority in the territories, and is achieving this through military occupation. The occupation today consists of a highly militarized security sector in each city in the Occupied Territories to ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (January 6)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations Saudi Arabia to reopen Baghdad embassy after 25-year chill A Saudi delegation will travel to Baghdad to start ...

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Yemen's Time of Turmoil (New Issue of Middle East Report)

Midway through Barack Obama’s second term as president, there are two Establishment-approved metanarratives about his foreign policy. One, emanating mainly from the right, but resonating with several liberal internationalists, holds that Obama is unequal to the task of running an empire. The president, pundits repeat, is a “reluctant warrior” who declines to intervene abroad with the alacrity becoming his station. The other, quieter line of argument posits that Obama is the consummate realist, a man who ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (December 23)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations  Saudi and UAE oil ministers defend Opec response to falling prices The Emirati and Saudi oil ministers affirm that ...

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