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Authoritarian Rule

14 منظمة حقوقية مستقلة تنتقد توسيع اختصاصات القضاء العسكري

بيان صحفي مشترك تعرب المنظمات الموقعة على هذا البيان عن قلقها البالغ إزاء قانون تأمين وحماية المنشآت العامة والحيوية، والذي صدر هذا الأسبوع وجعل عددًا هائلًا من المنشآت العامة في حكم المنشآت العسكرية، مما يترتب عليه توسيع مجال اختصاص القضاء العسكري على نحو يعرض حق المواطنين في محاكمات عادلة للخطر، ويفاقم من أزمة منظومة العدالة التي تشهدها مصر حاليًا. وتطالب المنظمات الموقعة السيد رئيس الجمهورية بسحب هذا القرار بالقانون في أسرع وقت. وكان الرئيس عبد الفتاح السيسي قد أصدر في 27 أكتوبر قرارًا بالقانون رقم 136 لسنة 2014، والذي يوسع من اختصاص القضاء العسكري، ليشمل جرائم التعدي على طيف واسع من المنشآت والمرافق العامة، بما فيها "محطات وشبكات وأبراج الكهرباء وخطوط ...

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On the Margins Roundup (October)

[Zakaria Abdillahi, president of the Djibouti League for Human Rights, speaks to the International Federation for Human Rights on the repression of protests in Djibouti. Screenshot from Youtube.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Mali, South Sudan, Somalia, Mauritania, Djibouti, and Comoros Islands and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the On the Margins Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each month's roundup to info@jadaliyya.com.]   Mauritania  Watch the Trailer for Mauritania's First-Ever Oscar Submission 'Timbuktu' Abderrahmane Sissako's drama about Al Qaeda militants taking over a town in 2012 premiered during the Cannes Film Festival. Question et guerre du Sahara mauritanien The early days of the Polisario Front as viewed ...

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Maghreb Media Roundup (October 23)

[Image of election lists in Tunisia during the 2011 elections. Image by Tarek/Flickr]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Maghreb and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Maghreb Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to maghreb@jadaliyya.com by Thursday night of every week]  Algeria En Algérie, le régime est à bout de souffle Algerian police protested in front of the Presidential Palace for twenty-four hours last week calling for an end to “hogra, or humiliation. This unprecedented demonstration comes at a time when many are questioning who is running the country as President Bouteflika has ...

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Press Release: Saudi Death Sentence against Shia Leader Is Politically Motivated

[Shaykh Nimr al-Nimr. Image from www.abna.ir]

[The following press release was issued by the Islamic Human Rights Commission, an NGO in the Special Consultative Status with the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations, on 15 October 2014.] IHRC strongly condemns today's decision by a court in Saudi Arabia to impose the death penalty against shaykh Nimr al-Nimr. Shaykh al-Nimr is a leading Shia scholar who was arrested for his outspoken criticism of the Saudi monarchy and his calls for equality and reform on trumped up charges of apostasy and terrorism. He has been severely tortured in detention. Shaykh al-Nimr was detained in 2012 following a police pursuit in the Eastern Province of Qatif district, ...

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رحلتي إلى الراب والسياسة والسجن

[

 لماذا "الراب المحابسي"؟ لماذا لا أترك الموسيقى بعد أن تم حبسي ثلث مرات؟ أي دور يلعب الراب في الدفاع عن المجتمع ضد من يحكمونه بالفساد والاستغلال؟ سأخبركم قصة قصيرة. في صيف ٢٠٠٧ حينما كنت في العشرين من عمري، بدأت في أخذ الراب على محمل الجد وذلك بتأسيس فرقة أسميناها “عكاشة فاميلي." اخترنا حينها المقاومة والراب، مقررين نشر أغنية لنا على اليوتيوب نتداولها بين أصدقائنا. أغنية "عطيني حقي" نجحت وقدمنا عرضنا الأول. لم يعرف منظمو الحفل محتوى الأغاني قبل الحفل. صدم الجمهور بكلمات - الكلمات التي تعبر عن همومهم- أول أغنية راب في المغرب تتحدث عن حقوقهم ومقاومة السلطات وتجاوز الخطوط الحمراء.  بعد بدء الحفل، جاء أحد المنظمين إلى الخشبة وطلب منا ...

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Soma ve Kobane’yi birlikte dusunmek

[Image via BirGün]

Soma ve Kobane’yi birlikte düşünmek Türkiye son aylarda felaket üstüne felaket yaşıyor. Bunlardan en ön plana çıkanları iş “kaza”ları ve geçtiğimiz hafta üç günde üç düzine can alan, polis-sivil elele yürütülen insan avı. Bu cinayetlerin mahallerinden buram buram yükselen sadece kanlı hesapların değil, sıcak paranın da kokusu. Fail, gücün ve paranın kutsal ittifakı. Rafine ve eşitleyici bir katil olarak para Kapitalizm maddi refah kadar uhrevi bir vaatle de kendini pazarladı, pazarlıyor. Sol ve sağ liberallere göre para evrensel bir çözücü. Girdiği her yerde modernlik öncesi hiyerarşileri yerle bir ediyor, geleneksel ayrımları anlamsızlaştırıyor. Marksizmde dahi bu ...

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On the Margins Roundup (September)

[Image of a mosque in Bangoi Kouni, Comoros Islands. Image by David Stanley/Flickr.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Mali, South Sudan, Somalia, Mauritania, Djibouti, and Comoros Islands and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the On the Margins Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each month's roundup to info@jadaliyya.com.]  Mauritania الاحتجاجات أمام الرئاسة: مظاهر أزمة اجتماعية خانقة Protests have taken place in front of the President’s office in a sign of continuing unrest. Freedom Fighter: A slaving society and an abolitionist’s crusade. Slavery in Mauritania Is Alive and Well, Thanks In No Small Part to Islamic Apologists ...

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Maghreb Media Roundup (September 25)

[Image of Tlemcen, Algeria by night. Image by Mohamed Amine BOUKH/Flickr]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Maghreb and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Maghreb Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to maghreb@jadaliyya.com by Thursday night of every week.]  Algeria Algeria ready to host Libya dialogue Algerian Foreign Minister Ramtane Lamamra called for warring Libya militias to meet for a national dialogue and emphasized Algeria’s diplomatic role in supporting United Nations Security Council peace initiatives.    Algérie : l'otage français Hervé Gourdel a été ...

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Yemen: The Peace and National Partnership Agreement

[Jamal Benomar. Image from Wikipedia.]

[What follows is the text—taken from the announcement by Jamal Benomar—of the Peace and National Partnership Agreement signed by representatives of Ansarallah, the umbrella organization of the Houthi movement, and the leadership of major political factions in Yemen, including the sitting government. It was signed late on 21 September 2014 after Ansarallah militarily seized control of Sanaa. It has been “welcomed” by the Gulf Cooperation Council and the General-Secretary of the United Nations.] The Peace and National Partnership Agreement 21 September 2014 Preamble: Pursuant to the outcomes of the Comprehensive National Dialogue Conference, which have been agreed upon ...

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أسباب الثورة في البحرين: حوار مع مريم الخواجة

[ الناشطة مريم الخواجة. صورة من حسابها على تويتر]

  نُشرت المقابلة بالأصل في كانون الأول\ديسمبر ٢٠١٢، قبل شهر من تمكن مريم الخواجة من الدخول إلى البحرين في المرة الأخيرة. حاولت أن تعود إلى البحرين فيما بعد في آب\أغسطس ٢٠١٣، لكنها مُنعت من الصعود إلى الطائرة بسبب أمر حكومي من البحرين. مؤخراً، في ٣٠ آب\أغسطس ٢٠١٤ قامت مريم بمحاولة أخرى للدخول إلى البحرين لزيارة والدها المريض، عبد الهادي الخواجة، المضرب عن الطعام. لدى وصولها، صادرت السلطات البحرينية جواز سفرها، وزعمت أنها ليست مواطنة بحرينية وسجنتها. مذاك، سُجنت مريم الخواجة في سجن بلدة عيسى للنساء.  وُجِّهتْ إليها ثلاث تهم: شتم الملك، المشاركة في حملة مركز البحرين لحقوق الإنسان”حملة مطلوب للعدالة ”، والاعتداء على ضابط شرطة (رغم حقيقة أن ضباط الشرطة تعاملوا معها ...

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Behind the Bahraini Revolution: An Interview with Maryam Al-Khawaja

[Protesters in Bahrain stand on the ground they were evicted from just three days before. Image from Flickr.]

[This interview was originally published in December 2012, a month before Maryam Al-Khawaja was last able to enter Bahrain. She attempted to go back to Bahrain later in August 2013, but was prevented from boarding her flight due to a government order from Bahrain. Recently, on 30 August 2014, Maryam made another attempt to enter Bahrain to visit her ailing father, Abdulhadi Al-Khawaja, who is on hunger strike. Upon her arrival, Bahraini authorities seized her passport, claimed she was not a Bahraini citizen, and detained her. Since then, Maryam Al-Khawaja has been in jail at the Isa Town Detention Center for Women. She is facing three charges: insulting the king; taking ...

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The Built-In Obsolescence of the Facebook Leader

[Composite image of

In times like these, when the hopes of the 2011 Egyptian revolution seem to have faded away, it is imperative to understand what went wrong, and in particular what went wrong in the new forms of digitally supported organizations that were displayed in the course revolution and that became a source of inspiration for other activists around the world. The enthusiastic use of social networking sites among Egyptian activists has been widely celebrated, and to a great extent rightly so, given the importance Facebook political pages and Twitter channels have played as means of information and mobilization. However the dependence on social media as technical and organizational ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (October 28)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International   UK police asked to investigate alleged Bahraini hacking of exiles’ computers Privacy International asks the National Cyber ...

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“Hamel, Leave!”: The Men in Blue and the Fracturing of the Order

On Tuesday 14 October, I received a text from a friend—an activist who lives in the center of Algiers: “Urgent: the police are marching on Algiers. They are protesting next to my apartment, this is the end!” The protests started in the basin of Ghardaïa, eventually reaching the capital. One might have the impression that the structure of power in Algeria is suddenly threatening to collapse. Surely, this social movement in particular raises important questions. In a country where the state struggles ...

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« Hamel dégage ! » : Les policiers algériens et les fissures de l'ordre

Mardi 14 octobre en fin de journée, je reçois un sms d'un ami militant qui réside à Alger-centre : « Urgent : la police marche sur Alger. Ils manifestent devant chez moi, c'est la fin des haricots ! » La grogne policière avait commencé dans la cuvette de Ghardaïa, elle remonte maintenant vers la capitale et c'est tout l'édifice du pouvoir qui menacerait désormais de s'effondrer. Assurément, ce mouvement social, plus que tout autre, a de quoi interpeller. Dans un pays où l'état ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (October 14)

 [This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations Saudi Arabia warns of more Yemen violence Riyadh urges the immediate implementation of the peace deal between the ...

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Egypt’s Conservative Nationalism: Discourse and Praxis of the New Regime

Egypt has been witnessing a tidal wave of conservative nationalism since June 30 and particularly as the new regime of Abdel Fattah al-Sisi takes hold. Conservative nationalism cuts across regime discourse on local politics, the economy, and foreign relations. The usage of the term discourse here goes beyond mere rhetoric that may refer to the employment of empty words and slogans in a way divorced from actual political practice. Conversely, discourse is an analytical tool that intimately links rhetoric ...

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Morocco's Mawazine Festival: Exposing Class Tensions and Social Unrest

The thirteenth annual Mawazine: Rhythms of the World festival concluded this summer after a ten-day run in Rabat. Mawazine is Morocco’s premiere music festival and the second largest music festival in the world, with a record-setting attendance of over 2.6 million attendees this year. Though the festival’s advertised objective is to promote a positive, modern image of Morocco and provide a platform for local musicians to get more international exposure, Mawazine has also highlighted the growing ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (September 30)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.comby Monday night of every week.]  Regional and International Relations Saudi Arabia confirms role in strikes against Islamic State in Syria Saudi Arabia announces that the its air force ...

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New Texts Out Now: Laurie A. Brand, Official Stories: Politics and National Narratives in Egypt and Algeria

Laurie A. Brand, Official Stories: Politics and National Narratives in Egypt and Algeria. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2014. Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book? Laurie Brand (LB): Although I am a political scientist by training, I have a long-standing interest in language study and in the use and misuse of language. While I was working on my previous book on the relationship between sending states and their expatriates (Citizens Abroad: States and their Expatriates in the Middle East ...

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اليمن: نص اتفاق السلم والشراكة الوطنية

[نص الاتفاق من إعلام جمال بنعمر] اتفاق السلم والشراكة الوطنية 
 21 أيلول (سبتمبر) 2014 مقدمة
: بناء على مخرجات مؤتمر الحوار الوطني الشامل، التي توافقت عليها جميع المكونات اليمنية والتي أرست أسس بناء دولة يمنية اتحادية ديموقراطية جديدة مبنية على مبادىء سيادة القانون والمواطنة المتساوية واحترام حقوق الإنسان والحكم الرشيد، والتزاماً بوحدة اليمن وسيادته واستقلاله وسلامة أراضيه، واستجابة لمطالب الشعب في التغيير السلمي وإجراء إصلاحات اقتصادية ومالية وإدارية وتحقيق الرفاه الاقتصادي، وخدمة للمصلحة ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (September 16)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations The CIA's Mop-Up Man: L.A. Times Reporter Cleared Stories with Agency Before Publication The Intercept published email ...

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داعش: انفجار السرديات

داعش: انفجار السرديات: أرض الثورة بين أبديّتين سياسية وميتافيزيقية ربما تكون الفضيلة الوحيدة لداعش أنها استقطبت المفارقات وحملت جميع المعنيين محلياً وإقليمياً ودولياً على الخوض في نشأتها وتحليل مآلاتها. فعلى رغم ولادتها الحديثة، يمكن لداعش أن تكون بؤرة مكثفة لشرح كل تعقيدات منطقتنا وتناقضاتها الفكرية المتقابلة، فهي مع عدميتها مليئة بالمعاني، ومع عبثيتها مليئة بالرموز وقابلية الإحالات. وبما أنها وُلِدَت ذات طبيعة حدية نهائية متأزمة ونشأت كذلك في سياق مماثل فإن أغلب التفسيرات التي خاضت في شأنها اتجهت ...

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Activism on the Move: Mediating Protest Space in Egypt with Mobile Technology

The 2011 revolutionary uprisings in the Middle East and North Africa abruptly captured global attention as the world was drawn breathlessly into the tumult with a profusion of media content, from Tweets to amateur video footage. Amidst the media blitz, analyses yielded two conflated and reactionary narratives of events. One contended that the popular protests of the so-called “Arab Spring” were wholly unexpected, a shocking diversion from the familiar politics of the Middle East in a seeming ...

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