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Authoritarian Rule

« Hamel dégage ! » : Les policiers algériens et les fissures de l'ordre

[Image de la manifestation des policiers à Alger. Image de Algérie-Focus.]

Mardi 14 octobre en fin de journée, je reçois un sms d'un ami militant qui réside à Alger-centre : « Urgent : la police marche sur Alger. Ils manifestent devant chez moi, c'est la fin des haricots ! » La grogne policière avait commencé dans la cuvette de Ghardaïa, elle remonte maintenant vers la capitale et c'est tout l'édifice du pouvoir qui menacerait désormais de s'effondrer. Assurément, ce mouvement social, plus que tout autre, a de quoi interpeller. Dans un pays où l'état contient tant bien que mal une contestation permanente mais disséminée, le corps des hommes en bleu a un rôle clé dans la préservation de l'ordre en place. Est-ce à dire pour ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (October 14)

[Yemen's first armored division, formerly under the control of General Ali Mohsen, was defeated by Houthi forces in later September. Image from Ibrahem Qasim. 22 May 2011.]

 [This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations Saudi Arabia warns of more Yemen violence Riyadh urges the immediate implementation of the peace deal between the Houthis and the Yemeni government.  Saudi Arabia, Iran and the 'Great Game' in Yemen Martin Reardon analyzes the impact of Saudi-Iranian rivalry on developments in ...

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Egypt’s Conservative Nationalism: Discourse and Praxis of the New Regime

[Posters on sale saluting Egypt's presidential generals--Nasser, Sadat, and al-Sisi. Photo by Sharif Kouddous]

Egypt has been witnessing a tidal wave of conservative nationalism since June 30 and particularly as the new regime of Abdel Fattah al-Sisi takes hold. Conservative nationalism cuts across regime discourse on local politics, the economy, and foreign relations. The usage of the term discourse here goes beyond mere rhetoric that may refer to the employment of empty words and slogans in a way divorced from actual political practice. Conversely, discourse is an analytical tool that intimately links rhetoric with practice. It depicts how the new military-backed regime constitutes itself vis-à-vis its supporters as well as its rivals and how it perceives itself, both ...

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Morocco's Mawazine Festival: Exposing Class Tensions and Social Unrest

[The front row at Muslim's Mawazine performance 2 June in Salé, Rabat's sister city across the Bouregreg. Image by Melissa Smyth]

The thirteenth annual Mawazine: Rhythms of the World festival concluded this summer after a ten-day run in Rabat. Mawazine is Morocco’s premiere music festival and the second largest music festival in the world, with a record-setting attendance of over 2.6 million attendees this year. Though the festival’s advertised objective is to promote a positive, modern image of Morocco and provide a platform for local musicians to get more international exposure, Mawazine has also highlighted the growing inequality and interclass tensions that are palpable throughout its urban centers. Mawazine’s website describes the festival as a “meeting point for music lovers and ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (September 30)

[An American F/A-18C Hornet aboard the USS George H.W. Bush prior to the launch of operations over Iraq. Image from wikimedia commons.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.comby Monday night of every week.]  Regional and International Relations Saudi Arabia confirms role in strikes against Islamic State in Syria Saudi Arabia announces that the its air force participated in the US-led air strikes in Syria against the Islamic State in Iraq and Greater Syria. US gives 'strong support' to Yemen government despite Shia rebel ...

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New Texts Out Now: Laurie A. Brand, Official Stories: Politics and National Narratives in Egypt and Algeria

[Cover of Laurie A. Brand,

Laurie A. Brand, Official Stories: Politics and National Narratives in Egypt and Algeria. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2014. Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book? Laurie Brand (LB): Although I am a political scientist by training, I have a long-standing interest in language study and in the use and misuse of language. While I was working on my previous book on the relationship between sending states and their expatriates (Citizens Abroad: States and their Expatriates in the Middle East and North Africa, published in 2006), I was struck by how differently emigrants from Jordan, Morocco, Tunisia, and Lebanon were referred to in official documents. In some ...

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اليمن: نص اتفاق السلم والشراكة الوطنية

[جمال بنعمر. صورة من ويكيبيديا]

[نص الاتفاق من إعلام جمال بنعمر] اتفاق السلم والشراكة الوطنية 
 21 أيلول (سبتمبر) 2014 مقدمة
: بناء على مخرجات مؤتمر الحوار الوطني الشامل، التي توافقت عليها جميع المكونات اليمنية والتي أرست أسس بناء دولة يمنية اتحادية ديموقراطية جديدة مبنية على مبادىء سيادة القانون والمواطنة المتساوية واحترام حقوق الإنسان والحكم الرشيد، والتزاماً بوحدة اليمن وسيادته واستقلاله وسلامة أراضيه، واستجابة لمطالب الشعب في التغيير السلمي وإجراء إصلاحات اقتصادية ومالية وإدارية وتحقيق الرفاه الاقتصادي، وخدمة للمصلحة الوطنية العليا، وتجسيداً للشراكة والتوافق في التشخيص والحلول والتنفيذ، والتزاماً باستقرار البلاد وتحقيق مستقبل ديموقراطي واعد ومشرق، ومن أجل الوحدة الوطنية وبناء السلام ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (September 16)

[US Secretary of State John Kerry at an ISIS coalition-building meeting in Saudi Arabia, 12 September 2014. Image from www.salzburg.com]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations The CIA's Mop-Up Man: L.A. Times Reporter Cleared Stories with Agency Before Publication The Intercept published email exchanges between CIA public affairs officers and a reporter regarding a story on drone strikes in Yemen and Pakistan.  US military helicopter crashes in Gulf of Aden ...

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داعش: انفجار السرديات

داعش: انفجار السرديات: أرض الثورة بين أبديّتين سياسية وميتافيزيقية ربما تكون الفضيلة الوحيدة لداعش أنها استقطبت المفارقات وحملت جميع المعنيين محلياً وإقليمياً ودولياً على الخوض في نشأتها وتحليل مآلاتها. فعلى رغم ولادتها الحديثة، يمكن لداعش أن تكون بؤرة مكثفة لشرح كل تعقيدات منطقتنا وتناقضاتها الفكرية المتقابلة، فهي مع عدميتها مليئة بالمعاني، ومع عبثيتها مليئة بالرموز وقابلية الإحالات. وبما أنها وُلِدَت ذات طبيعة حدية نهائية متأزمة ونشأت كذلك في سياق مماثل فإن أغلب التفسيرات التي خاضت في شأنها اتجهت تقريباً الاتجاه نفسه. مع بروزها انفجرت مجموعة من السرديات الداخلية والخارجية في مسار أشبه بغرفة مليئة بالمرايا المقعرة والمحدبة المتناظرة، فسهلت بذلك من جهة على كثير من ...

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Activism on the Move: Mediating Protest Space in Egypt with Mobile Technology

[Graffiti in Cairo depicting a television with the text

The 2011 revolutionary uprisings in the Middle East and North Africa abruptly captured global attention as the world was drawn breathlessly into the tumult with a profusion of media content, from Tweets to amateur video footage. Amidst the media blitz, analyses yielded two conflated and reactionary narratives of events. One contended that the popular protests of the so-called “Arab Spring” were wholly unexpected, a shocking diversion from the familiar politics of the Middle East in a seeming contravention of the reigning global political apathy at the turn of the millennium. The other narrative pivoted on the role of digital technology, which was quickly cast as a ...

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Special Address: Digital Media and the Freedom Struggle

[Cartoon by Omar El-Momani. Courtesy of 7iber (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)]

  [Jillian York giving the Special Address at the Westminster Conference] The Special Address tackled the most salient conditions in the region that precipitated the revolutions and the role the new media actors played in galvanizing support for these movements. While states have become increasingly adept at undermining freedom of expression, the press, and the Internet, inventive ways continue to be developed to circumvent the tightening spaces of dissent.  

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Egypt Monthly Edition on Jadaliyya (August 2014)

[Raba'a sit-in during the 14 August 2013 dispersal. Photo by Amsg07 from Wikimedia Commons]

[This is a monthly archive of pieces written by Jadaliyya contributors and editors on Egypt. It also includes material published on other platforms that editors deemed pertinent to post as they provide diverse depictions of Egypt-related topics. The pieces reflect the level of critical analysis and diversity that Jadaliyya strives for, but the views are solely the ones of their authors. If you are interested in contributing to Jadaliyya, send us your post with your bio and a release form to post@jadaliyya.com [click “Submissions” on the main page for more information]. Sharing the Nile Waters According to Needs Sharif S. Elmusa argues that Egypt, Sudan, and Ethiopia ...

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Press Release: Saudi Death Sentence against Shia Leader Is Politically Motivated

[The following press release was issued by the Islamic Human Rights Commission, an NGO in the Special Consultative Status with the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations, on 15 October 2014.] IHRC strongly condemns today's decision by a court in Saudi Arabia to impose the death penalty against shaykh Nimr al-Nimr. Shaykh al-Nimr is a leading Shia scholar who was arrested for his outspoken criticism of the Saudi monarchy and his calls for equality and reform on trumped up charges of ...

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رحلتي إلى الراب والسياسة والسجن

 لماذا "الراب المحابسي"؟ لماذا لا أترك الموسيقى بعد أن تم حبسي ثلث مرات؟ أي دور يلعب الراب في الدفاع عن المجتمع ضد من يحكمونه بالفساد والاستغلال؟ سأخبركم قصة قصيرة. في صيف ٢٠٠٧ حينما كنت في العشرين من عمري، بدأت في أخذ الراب على محمل الجد وذلك بتأسيس فرقة أسميناها “عكاشة فاميلي." اخترنا حينها المقاومة والراب، مقررين نشر أغنية لنا على اليوتيوب نتداولها بين أصدقائنا. أغنية "عطيني حقي" نجحت وقدمنا عرضنا الأول. لم يعرف منظمو الحفل محتوى الأغاني قبل الحفل. صدم الجمهور بكلمات - ...

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Soma ve Kobane’yi birlikte dusunmek

Soma ve Kobane’yi birlikte düşünmek Türkiye son aylarda felaket üstüne felaket yaşıyor. Bunlardan en ön plana çıkanları iş “kaza”ları ve geçtiğimiz hafta üç günde üç düzine can alan, polis-sivil elele yürütülen insan avı. Bu cinayetlerin mahallerinden buram buram yükselen sadece kanlı hesapların değil, sıcak paranın da kokusu. Fail, gücün ve paranın kutsal ittifakı. Rafine ve eşitleyici bir katil olarak para Kapitalizm maddi refah kadar uhrevi bir vaatle de kendini pazarladı, pazarlıyor. Sol ve sağ ...

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On the Margins Roundup (September)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Mali, South Sudan, Somalia, Mauritania, Djibouti, and Comoros Islands and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the On the Margins Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each month's roundup to info@jadaliyya.com.]  Mauritania الاحتجاجات أمام الرئاسة: مظاهر أزمة اجتماعية خانقة Protests have taken place in front of the President’s office in a sign of ...

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Maghreb Media Roundup (September 25)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Maghreb and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Maghreb Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to maghreb@jadaliyya.com by Thursday night of every week.]  Algeria Algeria ready to host Libya dialogue Algerian Foreign Minister Ramtane Lamamra called for warring Libya militias to meet for a national dialogue ...

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Yemen: The Peace and National Partnership Agreement

[What follows is the text—taken from the announcement by Jamal Benomar—of the Peace and National Partnership Agreement signed by representatives of Ansarallah, the umbrella organization of the Houthi movement, and the leadership of major political factions in Yemen, including the sitting government. It was signed late on 21 September 2014 after Ansarallah militarily seized control of Sanaa. It has been “welcomed” by the Gulf Cooperation Council and the General-Secretary of the United Nations.] The Peace ...

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أسباب الثورة في البحرين: حوار مع مريم الخواجة

  نُشرت المقابلة بالأصل في كانون الأول\ديسمبر ٢٠١٢، قبل شهر من تمكن مريم الخواجة من الدخول إلى البحرين في المرة الأخيرة. حاولت أن تعود إلى البحرين فيما بعد في آب\أغسطس ٢٠١٣، لكنها مُنعت من الصعود إلى الطائرة بسبب أمر حكومي من البحرين. مؤخراً، في ٣٠ آب\أغسطس ٢٠١٤ قامت مريم بمحاولة أخرى للدخول إلى البحرين لزيارة والدها المريض، عبد الهادي الخواجة، المضرب عن الطعام. لدى وصولها، صادرت السلطات البحرينية جواز سفرها، وزعمت أنها ليست مواطنة بحرينية وسجنتها. مذاك، سُجنت مريم الخواجة في سجن بلدة عيسى ...

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Behind the Bahraini Revolution: An Interview with Maryam Al-Khawaja

[This interview was originally published in December 2012, a month before Maryam Al-Khawaja was last able to enter Bahrain. She attempted to go back to Bahrain later in August 2013, but was prevented from boarding her flight due to a government order from Bahrain. Recently, on 30 August 2014, Maryam made another attempt to enter Bahrain to visit her ailing father, Abdulhadi Al-Khawaja, who is on hunger strike. Upon her arrival, Bahraini authorities seized her passport, claimed she was not a Bahraini ...

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The Built-In Obsolescence of the Facebook Leader

In times like these, when the hopes of the 2011 Egyptian revolution seem to have faded away, it is imperative to understand what went wrong, and in particular what went wrong in the new forms of digitally supported organizations that were displayed in the course revolution and that became a source of inspiration for other activists around the world. The enthusiastic use of social networking sites among Egyptian activists has been widely celebrated, and to a great extent rightly so, given the importance ...

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The BBC and User-Generated Content: How Syrian Grassroots Information Shaped Newsroom Roles

It’s probably the first big story I can remember where UGC has become a real factor in reporting, I think before that the UGC Hub was a department which was a bit unclear how you would best use them...But with Syria we were so exposed out there with not many people we had to use something. And they would become integral to reporting basically because they were only the source of getting some idea of what was happening.[1] It’s just after two o'clock on the morning of 21 August 2013 and in BBC ...

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Online and Offline Maneuverings in Syria's Counter-Revolution

The revolutionary advance [is] made headway not by its immediate tragic-comic achievements, but on the contrary by the creation of a powerful, united counter-revolution, by the creation of an opponent, by the fighting of which the party of revolt first ripened into a real revolutionary party. —Karl Marx In the past three years masses of Syrians have engaged in undermining the regime’s legitimacy, they have done this from physical places—squares, churches, mosques, campuses—and virtual spaces—the ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (September 2)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.]  Regional and International Relations You Can't Understand ISIS If You Don't Know the History of Wahhabism in Saudi Arabia Alastair Crooke argues that ...

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