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Citizenship

‘A Distinctly French Universalism’: Translating Laïcité after Charlie

[The Grande Mosquée de Paris. Photo by Arthur Asseraf.]

Mayanthi L. Fernando, The Republic Unsettled: Muslim French and the Contradictions of Secularism. Durham: Duke University Press, 2014. Naomi Davidson. Only Muslim: Embodying Islam in Twentieth-Century France. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2012. Joan Wallach Scott. The Politics of the Veil. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2007. It was impossible to avoid the discussion, despite my repeated protests. In Lyon, as in the rest of France, there was nothing else to talk about—especially when I found myself seated across from a colleague who teaches at an international lycée, the crucible of Republican education. He was visibly emotional as he said: “I told my ...

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إشكالية الفرد في المغرب

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نسعى في هذا المقال أن نثير إشكالاً يكتسي قلقاً مفاهيمياً ومعرفياً،  من خلال  البعد القيمي الذي ساد مؤخراً عن طبيعة الفرد المغربي وكيفية فهمه لطبيعة وجوده والآفاق التي ينسجها ارتباطاً بهذا المعطى. ليس يسوغ أن نتحدث عن الفرد  بمعزل عن مضمونه التاريخي والفلسفي والحقوقي الذي رسخته التجربة التاريخية للإنسانية برمتها مع استحضار التفاوت الحضاري بين الأمم في هذا المجال، إذ هو في المحصلة النهائية منتوج أسهم فيه النسق الحضاري الخاص وتأثر بسياقات عامة ألزمته بسمات صاغت جانبا من أنماط تفكيره ووجهت بعضا من مساراته المستقبلية، هذا المسعى تتفاوت بشأنه التصورات والأفكار ارتباطاً بالرؤية المؤسسة للفعل بين المرجعيات على اختلاف مشاربها ، فإذا كانت الصيغة المثلى للفرد مرفوضة ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (December 30)

[Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates will maintain current production levels despite the price slump. Image from EIA/Wikimedia Commons.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations Saudi and UAE oil ministers defend Opec response to falling prices The Saudi and Emirati ministers of oil assert that their countries will maintain current production levels despite the price slump. Oil price drop weakens Saudi’s foes Joseph Kechichian analyzes Saudi Arabia’s motivation to ...

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رسالة تضامن من فلسطين إلى الأميركيين من أصل أفريقي في الولايات المتحدة

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9.12.2014 أخواتي وإخوتي، من داخل جدران السجن الإسرائيلي، وبصفتي من أسرى الحرية السياسيين الفلسطينيين، أعبّر عن تعاطفي  معكم وتضامني الكامل. كما أعبّر عن شديد إعجابي واحترامي وتقديري لصوتكم وللطريقة التي ترفعوه بها في تظاهرات غضبكم الإنساني واحتجاجكم ونضالكم لحماية حياتكم وكرامتكم الإنسانية واقتلاع العنصرية. سلامي وتحياتي لكل مساندي نضالكم سواء الأميركيين أم من كافة أنحاء العالم. إن قضيتكم تلامس قلوب جميع الناس في كل مكان. كما وأن احتجاجكم هو نيابة عن الإنسانية جمعاء.. إن صوتكم هو صوتنا.. إنه صوت جميع الأحرار في العالم. إنني أبعث بالتعازي إلى العائلات وإلى أولئك الذين سقط أقرباؤهم وأحباؤهم ضحايا السهولة العنصرية المتناهية في إطلاق الرصاص والخنق. وحتى نحن ...

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Open Letter to the Organizing Committee of the World Forum for Human Rights in Morocco

[Image calling for the boycott of the World Forum for Human Rights in Morocco. Image from the Mouvement 20 février Rabat Facebook Page]

[The following is an open letter that the Rabat branch of the 20 February Movement has written to the international committee organizing the World Forum for Human Rights in Morocco. Below are also the French and Arabic versions of the letter.] 20 February Movement, Rabat branch 20 November, 2014 Subject: For the reasons below, the 20 February Movement objects to the hosting of the World Forum for Human Rights in Morocco. With your committee's support, Morocco will be hosting the second annual World Forum for Human Rights in Marrakech from 27 November to 30 November 2014. If the expectation of the forum is to provide a platform as the basis for an open international ...

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إشكالية المجتمع المدني في المغرب

[البرلمان المغربي. المصدر ويكيبيديا]

 الحديث عن المجتمع المدني في المغرب هو بالضرورة حديث عن الأزمة، أزمة المفهوم و أزمة الممارسة، وهذا المعطى لا يستقيم إلا إذا حددنا طبيعة هذه الأزمة على المستوى النظري والعملي، فنعرض في المرحلة الأولى للمفهوم من حيث مضامينه، وسياقه التاريخي، ونعرج في مرحلة ثانية على التجربة التاريخية المغربية و كيفية تعاملها مع المجتمع المدني وطبيعة توظيفها لمضمونه .   إشكالية المفهوم و الوظيفة  إذا كانت الخاصية المميزة للمعرفة عموماً محكومة بتجديد مفاهيمها وبناء معجمها الخاص من خلال وجود آلية وطريقة واضحة في بنية المفهوم  وتنظيم الميدان المعرفي في موضوعه وتخصصه و أفقه، فإن مفهوم المجتمع المدني لا زال أسير مشكلة المعنى بتعبير فيبر لتباين منطلقه المرجعي ـ ...

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Turkey’s New Migration Policy: Control Through Bureaucratization

[An afternoon in the Kumkapı neighborhood of Istanbul, traditionally home to Armenians and now populated by many of Turkey’s more recent migrants—Afghans, Iraqis, Iranians, and various nationalities from Africa. Kumkapı—along with bordering neighborhoods Laleli, Aksaray, and Yenikapı—all attract migrants because of the relatively cheap rent and the promise of day jobs in the informal economy. (Image by Kelsey P. Norman)]

Images of tens of thousands of refugees fleeing from IS across the Turkish border last week thrust the issue of migration to Turkey into the international spotlight. But the influx of refugees to Turkey is only one aspect of the country’s complex migration situation. While characterizations of Turkey as “between East and West” are overstated, this description in terms of Turkey’s migration dynamics is actually quite apt. Turkey is inching closer to becoming part of Europe through its adherence to European Union accession obligations that require Turkey to harmonize its migration and asylum policy with EU standards. Yet at the same time, Turkey’s migrant situation more ...

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Algeria’s Jewish Past-Present

[Interior of Ghardaïa Synagogue, Image from Sarah Abrevaya Stein]

Given other dramatic events this summer, readers might be forgiven for failing to notice a curious announcement the Algerian Minister of Religious Affairs, Mohamed Aïssa, issued on 3 July. The statement advertised that the ministry was to reopen twenty-five of the synagogues that still remain in the country. This announcement is of far more than local concern, teaching us a great deal about the complex way in which the Middle Eastern Jewish past is put to use in the interest of contemporary politics. Aïssa’s proposal was meant to highlight Algeria’s inclusivity, and, thereby, to distinguish its path from that of nearby Tunisia and Egypt. Part of what made this ...

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On the Margins Roundup (August)

[Image of the remnants of a home in a village in northern Somalia. Image by najeeb/Flickr.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Mali, South Sudan, Somalia, Mauritania, Djibouti, and Comoros Islands and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the On the Margins Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each month's roundup to info@jadaliyya.com.]  Mauritania اعتقال رئيس المبادرة الطلابية بمطار نواكشوط  A Mauritanian student is arrested at the airport, attempting to board a flight to a Palestine conference in Sudan. تراجع التبادل التجاري لموريتانيا ب7.4% في الثلث الأول من 2014 Mauritania’s terms of trade weakened in the first quarter of 2014. Two ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (July 29)

[The Saudi Prince Bandar bin Sultan, seen here with Donald Rumsfeld, is one of the key participants in a

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations Israel, Saudi Arabia and Egypt in daily contact over Gaza David Hearst analyzes reports that Saudi Arabia and Egypt are “advising the Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu how to press home his ground operation in Gaza.” In response to David Hearst Prince Mohammed bin Nawaf Al Saud, the ...

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Mohamed Bouazizi, l'ouvrier agricole : Relire la « révolution » depuis les campagnes tunisiennes

[Des habitants de la région de Sidi Bouzid occupent une terre agricole qui a été saisie par la banque et revendue aux enchères en juillet 2010, Regueb. Image par S. Rouissi.]

Bouazizi, l'autre histoire On pourrait commencer l'histoire au début des années 2000. Mohamed, orphelin de son père, devient responsable de sa fratrie et doit subvenir aux besoins de sa famille. Lorsque son oncle maternel, Salah, achète une terre agricole de 18 hectares dans la région de Regueb (gouvernorat de Sidi Bouzid, Tunisie), Mohamed commence à travailler sur l'exploitation. Lui, Salah et d'autres membres de la famille ainsi que des ouvriers saisonniers s'occupent des oliviers et des cultures maraîchères irriguées (tomates, melons). Le projet semble bien lancé, profitant de l'eau souterraine de bonne qualité et du micro-climat qui fait la réputation de cette ...

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'Mind the Gap: Bridging Knowledge and Practices of Activism' at the Fourth Arab Bloggers Meeting

[Image from the Fourth Arab Bloggers Meeting in Amman, Jordan. Image courtesy of Hisham Almiraat/Flickr.]

Since the political movements known as the Arab Uprisings erupted in late 2010, some of them leading to the toppling of a handful of long-lived authoritarian regimes in the area, the influence of networked communication technologies on social change and activism has taken center stage in an animated debate spanning across multiple communities and discussion sites. More specifically, the Internet, because of the participatory and social dimensions suggested by web 2.0[1] platforms and social networking sites (SNS), has often been depicted and celebrated as if it were a quintessential technology of freedom. This way, the Internet was quickly turned into the ideal ...

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Charlie Hebdo ve Cumhuriyetin Sinirlari

Charlie Hebdo and the Borders of the Republic Charlie Hebdo's office immediately after the attack on the reviewers " West and democracy "," the core values ​​of the French Republic "against a huge thrill to have doors undertaken against these attacks. This "republican" values ​​in an unquestionably, that came up as a completely pure emanating from the origin. Moreover, Muslims demand forces to show that they share the sacred values ​​of secularism and freedom of expression ...

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Charlie Hebdo and the Limits of the Republic

Immediately following the massacre at the offices of Charlie Hebdo, commentators denounced an attack on "Democracy and the West," an attack on "the fundamental values of the French Republic." Everywhere in France, people are rallying around these apparently pure, unproblematic “Republican values.” There have been many requests for Muslims to demonstrate that they share in the Republic’s cherished values of secularism and freedom of speech. It is bitterly ...

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Fifty Alumni of Israel Arts and Science Academy in Jerusalem Call on Israeli Youth to Avoid the Draft Despite the Legal Risk

On 28 December 2014, over fifty Israeli and Palestinian alumni or teachers of the Israel Arts and Science Academy in Jerusalem, issued a letter calling high school students in Israel to refuse serving in the Israeli army and enabling its occupation of Palestine. The students, teachers and alumni who signed the letter called for an actual refusal and did not choose the safe route by engaging in a mere condemnation of Israeli policies, therefore placing themselves at risk of prosecution by Israeli courts ...

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Memorandum on Equal Citizenship Rights for Libyan Women in the Constitution

[The following is an English translation of a memorandum that was issued by a group of concerned Libyan citizens to the Constitutional Drafting Assembly on 20 August 2014 with respect to the right of Libyan women to pass on citizenship to their children. The introduction that precedes the memorandum was written by Hanan Ghosheh, one of the people involved in the drafting of the memorandum. The original Arabic memorandum is reproduced at the end.] In the three years following the February 17 Revolution ...

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New Texts Out Now: Hani Bawardi, The Making of Arab Americans: From Syrian Nationalism to US Citizenship

Hani Bawardi, The Making of Arab Americans: From Syrian Nationalism to US Citizenship. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2014. Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book? Hani Bawardi (HB): My intellectual pursuits began when I set out to understand the dominance of my peers in small business ownership in Flint, Michigan. My research led me to Roy (Rushd) Farah, the son of Ameen Farah, the man who started a hundred-year-long business dynasty built on patron-client relationships and clan migration. I ...

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Civil Society Call for the Protection of Libya's Democratic Transition

[The following statement was issued by members of Libya's civil society.]  Libya’s transition since 2011 has been a difficult path to follow; riddled with instability and violence. Libyans and the international community alike did not anticipate much of what has come to pass, rendering the country in constant flux and continual deterioration putting democracy, freedom, human rights at stake.  Nearly four years since the uprising, Libya’s trajectory may still be rectified. If not motivated by ...

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Propaganda, Politics, and Profiteering: Islamic Law in the Contemporary United States

The recent announcement of the establishment of a “caliphate” by the “Islamic State”—also known as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) or the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS)—has put Islamic law back in the headlines. In the ensuing, polarizing debates, images of violence and extremism are countered with defensive posturing about the “true” nature of Islamic law. This endless tug-of-war between delegitimizing and legitimizing “Islamic law” confuses and obfuscates, rather than educates ...

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Djerba, Tunisia: Garbage Disposal, the Environmental Crisis, and the Awakening of Ecoconsciousness

Djerba is an island in the south of Tunisia, often referred to as “the island of dreams.” In Homer’s Odyssey, Djerba is the enchanting land of the lotus-eaters; the land whose flowers charmed the companions of Odysseus and made them forget all thoughts of return. Today Djerba is one of Tunisia’s top tourist destinations. Home to al-Ghriba, Africa’s oldest synagogue, the island annually attracts hundreds of Jewish pilgrims from all over the world. Djerba also boasts fifteen centers of thalassotherapy and ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (August 26)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations  Qatar condemns Islamic State and rejects funding accusations Qatar declares the Islamic State in Iraq and ...

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العراق: خطاب التقسيم والأقلمة

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عاد خطاب التقسيم و“الأقلمة“ إلى الواجهة مع تدهور الوضع في العراق و“تمدّد“ الدولة الإسلامية وسيطرتها على الموصل وأجزاء مهمّة من البلاد، حتى أصبحت تشكل خطراً حقيقيّاً يهدد وجود الدولة العراقية. فصرنا نسمعه يتداول في التقارير الإخبارية وتعليقات ”الخبراء“ والمراقبين ونقرأه في تعليقات عدد من العراقيين. ولا شك أنّ الإشارات والتصريحات القادمة من القيادات الكردية بخصوص إعلان وشيك عن استقلال كردستان العراق تضيف زخماً إلى خطاب التقسيم والأقلمة في ما تبقّي من العراق. إن الهدف من هذه المقالة السريعة هو التركيز على ...

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Sub-Saharan Migrants’ Quest for Hope and Other Dangerous Pursuits

[This article is the fourth in a Jadaliyya series that addresses the present sociopolitical landscape of migration in Morocco. Read the previous installments in the series by Sébastien Bachelet: "Cynical and Macabre 'Politics of Migration' at Morocco’s Borders;" by Anna Jacobs: "Creation and Cooptation: The Story of Morocco’s Migration Reform;" and by Allison L. McManus: "Subaltern Is Not Voiceless – They Sing: Learning from Migrants’ Cultural ...

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Religion, Race, and Repression in Mauritania: The Ould Mkhaitir Apostasy Affair

On 2 January 2014, Mohamed Ould Cheikh Mohamed Ould Mkhaitir, a young Mauritanian engineer from the northern industrial city of Nouadhibou, published a denunciation of caste-based racism, which he framed as a call for religious reform. He dared to challenge the discrimination against Moulamines, the lowest of the low in Mauritanian society, and did so by provocatively criticizing some of the Prophet Mohammed’s acts. The government perceived his demand that Mauritanians cleanse their religion of racism as ...

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