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Citizenship

Breaking House Rules: Hoodies, Hijabs, and Belonging in the Netherlands

[Amsterdam Public Library. Image by Gkamiya via Wikimedia Commons]

The Incident With panoramic views of both the city and its harbor, the Openbare Bibliotheek Amsterdam (OBA), proved to be an ideal place for me to take a break from working at either my home or office at Leiden University. I visited the OBA regularly since moving to the Netherlands in 2011, when I accepted a position as an assistant professor of Modern Middle East History. Its gigantic floor to ceiling windows drowned you in the sunshine, and led you to feel as if you were amongst the clouds when it was overcast. While it had cameras throughout the building and security men “patrolling” its floors, they never seemed to do more than scold people who drank from non-spill ...

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Okmeydani: A Targeted Territory

The death on 11 March 2014, in the Okmeydanı hospital, of the young Berkin Elvan (fifteen years old) after months in a coma—he had been a victim of police violence on 16 June 2013 during the protests in support of Gezi—followed by his funeral and the murder of young Burak Can Karamanoğlu (twenty-two years old) on the night of 12 March, as well as the counter-demonstrations on 13 March, once again placed the territory of Okmeydanı under the spotlight of the media and politicians. Often referred to as a margin—and thus generally stigmatized—in dominant discourses, Okmeydanı cannot be reduced to such qualifications / disqualifications, like the warning "Istanbul, pay ...

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كتاب "فلاحو سورية": مدخل أساسيّ لفهم نظام الأسد

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صدر عن المركز العربي للأبحاث ودراسة السياسات كتاب "فلاحو سورية:أبناءُ وجهائهم الريفيين الأقل شأنًا وسياساتهم" (704 صفحة من القطع الكبير)، للمؤرخ والباحث الراحل حنا بطاطو (1926-2000)، ويعدّ الكتاب مساهمة تحليلية مركزية لطبيعة السلطة السياسية القائمة في سورية، بالعودة إلى الجذور التاريخية والاجتماعية والاقتصادية والسياسية للفئات المشكّلة لها، ويشمل ذلك تسليط الضوء على الجوانب العقائدية والمذهبية لتلك الفئات. في هذا الكتاب، نجح حنا بطاطو في رسم لوحة شاملة لطبيعة النظام السوري وتركيبته وسياساته، وتناول ذلك كله من جوانب وزوايا غير مسبوقة في الدراسات التي تناولت تاريخ سورية الحديث أو نظام الأسد على وجه الخصوص. يأتي الكتاب في خمسة وعشرين ...

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Implications of Qatarization: Qualitative Assessment and Possible Policy Responses

[Migrant worker housing in Industrial City, Doha. Image from Richard Messenger/flickr]

[The following report presents the status of localization efforts in Qatar's labor force and proposes recommendations to achieve better results based on an ongoing Qatarization study supported by the Qatar National Research Fund (QNRF). The study, which is carried out by FIKRA Research and Policy, aims to understand the experience of young Qataris as they transition from education to employment, and how youth choices contribute to the labor market in Qatar. While the report has not been published elsewhere, the FIKRA research team is in the process of publishing its analysis in multiple publications and presenting results at international/regional events. Authors of the ...

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Becoming a 'Media Intellectual': The Platitudes and Partisanships of Etyen Mahçupyan

[Etyen Mahçupyan. Image via Wikimedia Commons.]

As politics in contemporary Turkey is gradually steered towards a de facto Imperial Presidency shrouded in regurgitated myths of Ottoman revivalism and defended against ostentatious conspiracies, it is easy to be sucked into the extreme polarization between the pro- and anti-government positions. It is also easy to take for granted the operation of a complex world of opinion production behind all the fuss. Those of us following political news in Turkey are always exposed to written, spoken, or gestured discourses on the state of the “New Turkey,” the evil plots of the “Parallel Structure,” and how President Erdoğan’s new palace is destined to be the seat of a prosperous ...

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‘A Distinctly French Universalism’: Translating Laïcité after Charlie

[The Grande Mosquée de Paris. Photo by Arthur Asseraf.]

Mayanthi L. Fernando, The Republic Unsettled: Muslim French and the Contradictions of Secularism. Durham: Duke University Press, 2014. Naomi Davidson. Only Muslim: Embodying Islam in Twentieth-Century France. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2012. Joan Wallach Scott. The Politics of the Veil. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2007. It was impossible to avoid the discussion, despite my repeated protests. In Lyon, as in the rest of France, there was nothing else to talk about—especially when I found myself seated across from a colleague who teaches at an international lycée, the crucible of Republican education. He was visibly emotional as he said: “I told my ...

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إشكالية الفرد في المغرب

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نسعى في هذا المقال أن نثير إشكالاً يكتسي قلقاً مفاهيمياً ومعرفياً،  من خلال  البعد القيمي الذي ساد مؤخراً عن طبيعة الفرد المغربي وكيفية فهمه لطبيعة وجوده والآفاق التي ينسجها ارتباطاً بهذا المعطى. ليس يسوغ أن نتحدث عن الفرد  بمعزل عن مضمونه التاريخي والفلسفي والحقوقي الذي رسخته التجربة التاريخية للإنسانية برمتها مع استحضار التفاوت الحضاري بين الأمم في هذا المجال، إذ هو في المحصلة النهائية منتوج أسهم فيه النسق الحضاري الخاص وتأثر بسياقات عامة ألزمته بسمات صاغت جانبا من أنماط تفكيره ووجهت بعضا من مساراته المستقبلية، هذا المسعى تتفاوت بشأنه التصورات والأفكار ارتباطاً بالرؤية المؤسسة للفعل بين المرجعيات على اختلاف مشاربها ، فإذا كانت الصيغة المثلى للفرد مرفوضة ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (December 30)

[Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates will maintain current production levels despite the price slump. Image from EIA/Wikimedia Commons.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations Saudi and UAE oil ministers defend Opec response to falling prices The Saudi and Emirati ministers of oil assert that their countries will maintain current production levels despite the price slump. Oil price drop weakens Saudi’s foes Joseph Kechichian analyzes Saudi Arabia’s motivation to ...

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رسالة تضامن من فلسطين إلى الأميركيين من أصل أفريقي في الولايات المتحدة

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9.12.2014 أخواتي وإخوتي، من داخل جدران السجن الإسرائيلي، وبصفتي من أسرى الحرية السياسيين الفلسطينيين، أعبّر عن تعاطفي  معكم وتضامني الكامل. كما أعبّر عن شديد إعجابي واحترامي وتقديري لصوتكم وللطريقة التي ترفعوه بها في تظاهرات غضبكم الإنساني واحتجاجكم ونضالكم لحماية حياتكم وكرامتكم الإنسانية واقتلاع العنصرية. سلامي وتحياتي لكل مساندي نضالكم سواء الأميركيين أم من كافة أنحاء العالم. إن قضيتكم تلامس قلوب جميع الناس في كل مكان. كما وأن احتجاجكم هو نيابة عن الإنسانية جمعاء.. إن صوتكم هو صوتنا.. إنه صوت جميع الأحرار في العالم. إنني أبعث بالتعازي إلى العائلات وإلى أولئك الذين سقط أقرباؤهم وأحباؤهم ضحايا السهولة العنصرية المتناهية في إطلاق الرصاص والخنق. وحتى نحن ...

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Open Letter to the Organizing Committee of the World Forum for Human Rights in Morocco

[Image calling for the boycott of the World Forum for Human Rights in Morocco. Image from the Mouvement 20 février Rabat Facebook Page]

[The following is an open letter that the Rabat branch of the 20 February Movement has written to the international committee organizing the World Forum for Human Rights in Morocco. Below are also the French and Arabic versions of the letter.] 20 February Movement, Rabat branch 20 November, 2014 Subject: For the reasons below, the 20 February Movement objects to the hosting of the World Forum for Human Rights in Morocco. With your committee's support, Morocco will be hosting the second annual World Forum for Human Rights in Marrakech from 27 November to 30 November 2014. If the expectation of the forum is to provide a platform as the basis for an open international ...

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إشكالية المجتمع المدني في المغرب

[البرلمان المغربي. المصدر ويكيبيديا]

 الحديث عن المجتمع المدني في المغرب هو بالضرورة حديث عن الأزمة، أزمة المفهوم و أزمة الممارسة، وهذا المعطى لا يستقيم إلا إذا حددنا طبيعة هذه الأزمة على المستوى النظري والعملي، فنعرض في المرحلة الأولى للمفهوم من حيث مضامينه، وسياقه التاريخي، ونعرج في مرحلة ثانية على التجربة التاريخية المغربية و كيفية تعاملها مع المجتمع المدني وطبيعة توظيفها لمضمونه .   إشكالية المفهوم و الوظيفة  إذا كانت الخاصية المميزة للمعرفة عموماً محكومة بتجديد مفاهيمها وبناء معجمها الخاص من خلال وجود آلية وطريقة واضحة في بنية المفهوم  وتنظيم الميدان المعرفي في موضوعه وتخصصه و أفقه، فإن مفهوم المجتمع المدني لا زال أسير مشكلة المعنى بتعبير فيبر لتباين منطلقه المرجعي ـ ...

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Turkey’s New Migration Policy: Control Through Bureaucratization

[An afternoon in the Kumkapı neighborhood of Istanbul, traditionally home to Armenians and now populated by many of Turkey’s more recent migrants—Afghans, Iraqis, Iranians, and various nationalities from Africa. Kumkapı—along with bordering neighborhoods Laleli, Aksaray, and Yenikapı—all attract migrants because of the relatively cheap rent and the promise of day jobs in the informal economy. (Image by Kelsey P. Norman)]

Images of tens of thousands of refugees fleeing from IS across the Turkish border last week thrust the issue of migration to Turkey into the international spotlight. But the influx of refugees to Turkey is only one aspect of the country’s complex migration situation. While characterizations of Turkey as “between East and West” are overstated, this description in terms of Turkey’s migration dynamics is actually quite apt. Turkey is inching closer to becoming part of Europe through its adherence to European Union accession obligations that require Turkey to harmonize its migration and asylum policy with EU standards. Yet at the same time, Turkey’s migrant situation more ...

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Soykirimla yargilanmayi arzuluyorum...

Soykırımla yargılanmayı arzuluyorum… Bedi Tan, Diyarbakır Cezaevi’nde son nefesini vermeden önce koğuştakilere “unutmayın” demiş, “hiçbir şeyi unutmayın ve her şeyi anlatın.” Yahudi soykırımı ardından hayatta kalanların yazılarında da aynı vurgu vardır. Hepsi ölenler tarafından anlatma yüküyle donatılmıştır. Anılarında isimsiz, kimliksiz, tüm Yahudi halkının adı olarak anlatırlar. Hiçbir anlatma halinin yaşananın bütününü ifade edemeyeceğini bile bile, kendilerine anlatma mirasını bırakanların ...

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Britain's "Interest" in Bahrain: Legal Fictions and the Logic of Empire

In 1783, the Al Khalifa family—originally from the Najd region of what is now Saudi Arabia—captured the islands of Bahrain from Shaykh Nasr Al Madhkur, who had ruled them on behalf of the Qajar dynasty of Persia. In 1926, over one hundred and fifty years later, the status of Bahrain’s sovereignty remained a contentious issue. In December of that year, G. R. Warner, a British diplomat in London, wrote to a colleague in India stating that “on political grounds it is of great importance to avoid any action ...

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من ذكرياتي عن العام 1948

في مثل هذه الأيام تعود بالإنسان الذاكرة إلى أيام من عام 1948، عام النكبة، عام التشريد والضياع. وتعود صور الأحداث وذكراها تشغل الذاكرة وتغص حزنا وألماً، فقد مضت أربعة وستون عاماً، إلاّ إنّ الأمل لا يزال يداعب النفس بأن الغد سيكون أفضل.  ولما كنت قد عاصرت تلك المرحلة، وعايشتها، فقد رأيت أن أدوِّنها لأنقل صورة تلك الأحداث إلى القارئ، الذي لم يشهدها. ولدتُ في أواخر 1937 في البيت الذي بناهُ جدّي سعيد أحمد الحسيني، وكان مكوناً من طابقين أحدهما لسكنه وولده إبراهيم، والدي؛ والآخر لسكن ولده الثاني ...

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Call for Proposals: ‘The State and the Study of Africa’ (ASA Annual Meeting, November 2015)

CALL FOR PROPOSALS 58th Annual Meeting of the African Studies Association THE STATE AND THE STUDY OF AFRICA 19-22 November 2015 Sheraton San Diego Hotel and Marina San Diego, CA DEADLINE FOR PROPOSAL SUBMISSION:  15 March 2015 PROGRAM CHAIRS Dismas A. Masolo, University of Louisville Derek R. Peterson, University of Michigan ABOUT THE MEETING We are soliciting proposals for papers, panels, and roundtables. Presentations may focus on the theme of “The State and Study of ...

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New Texts Out Now: Mayanthi L. Fernando, The Republic Unsettled: Muslim French and the Contradictions of Secularism

Mayanthi L. Fernando, The Republic Unsettled: Muslim French and the Contradictions of Secularism. Durham: Duke University Press, 2014. Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book? Mayanthi Fernando (MF): When I first went to the field, I imagined a more conventional ethnography of the Islamic revival in France. I was interested in how a French (and more broadly European) context, in which Muslims are a minority, transforms the ritual and hermeneutical practices of the Islamic tradition. I was asking, ...

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Charlie Hebdo ve Cumhuriyetin Sinirlari

Charlie Hebdo and the Borders of the Republic Charlie Hebdo's office immediately after the attack on the reviewers " West and democracy "," the core values ​​of the French Republic "against a huge thrill to have doors undertaken against these attacks. This "republican" values ​​in an unquestionably, that came up as a completely pure emanating from the origin. Moreover, Muslims demand forces to show that they share the sacred values ​​of secularism and freedom of expression ...

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Charlie Hebdo and the Limits of the Republic

Immediately following the massacre at the offices of Charlie Hebdo, commentators denounced an attack on "Democracy and the West," an attack on "the fundamental values of the French Republic." Everywhere in France, people are rallying around these apparently pure, unproblematic “Republican values.” There have been many requests for Muslims to demonstrate that they share in the Republic’s cherished values of secularism and freedom of speech. It is bitterly ...

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Fifty Alumni of Israel Arts and Science Academy in Jerusalem Call on Israeli Youth to Avoid the Draft Despite the Legal Risk

On 28 December 2014, over fifty Israeli and Palestinian alumni or teachers of the Israel Arts and Science Academy in Jerusalem, issued a letter calling high school students in Israel to refuse serving in the Israeli army and enabling its occupation of Palestine. The students, teachers and alumni who signed the letter called for an actual refusal and did not choose the safe route by engaging in a mere condemnation of Israeli policies, therefore placing themselves at risk of prosecution by Israeli courts ...

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Memorandum on Equal Citizenship Rights for Libyan Women in the Constitution

[The following is an English translation of a memorandum that was issued by a group of concerned Libyan citizens to the Constitutional Drafting Assembly on 20 August 2014 with respect to the right of Libyan women to pass on citizenship to their children. The introduction that precedes the memorandum was written by Hanan Ghosheh, one of the people involved in the drafting of the memorandum. The original Arabic memorandum is reproduced at the end.] In the three years following the February 17 Revolution ...

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New Texts Out Now: Hani Bawardi, The Making of Arab Americans: From Syrian Nationalism to US Citizenship

Hani Bawardi, The Making of Arab Americans: From Syrian Nationalism to US Citizenship. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2014. Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book? Hani Bawardi (HB): My intellectual pursuits began when I set out to understand the dominance of my peers in small business ownership in Flint, Michigan. My research led me to Roy (Rushd) Farah, the son of Ameen Farah, the man who started a hundred-year-long business dynasty built on patron-client relationships and clan migration. I ...

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Civil Society Call for the Protection of Libya's Democratic Transition

[The following statement was issued by members of Libya's civil society.]  Libya’s transition since 2011 has been a difficult path to follow; riddled with instability and violence. Libyans and the international community alike did not anticipate much of what has come to pass, rendering the country in constant flux and continual deterioration putting democracy, freedom, human rights at stake.  Nearly four years since the uprising, Libya’s trajectory may still be rectified. If not motivated by ...

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Propaganda, Politics, and Profiteering: Islamic Law in the Contemporary United States

The recent announcement of the establishment of a “caliphate” by the “Islamic State”—also known as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) or the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS)—has put Islamic law back in the headlines. In the ensuing, polarizing debates, images of violence and extremism are countered with defensive posturing about the “true” nature of Islamic law. This endless tug-of-war between delegitimizing and legitimizing “Islamic law” confuses and obfuscates, rather than educates ...

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