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Egypt

Sinai: War in a Distant Province

[Aftermath of the assassination of Anwar al-Sadat in October 1981. Photo from Wikimedia commons]

The July 1 battle in which the Egyptian Armed Forces regained control of a small border town from the self-proclaimed Sinai Province of the Islamic State (formerly known as Ansar Beit al-Maqdis or Supporters of Jerusalem) has heightened fear, anger, and above all self-congratulation among both the government’s supporters and its critics. Days after still unknown assailants had assassinated the country’s Prosecutor General by means of a car bomb, IS fighters attacked a series of checkpoints in the northern Sinai peninsula and appeared briefly to have taken control of Shaykh Zuwayed near the border with Gaza and Israel. The attack occurred more or less on the ...

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New Texts Out Now: Raymond Hinnebusch, From Arab Spring to Arab Winter: Explaining the Limits of Post-Uprising Democratization

[Cover of

Raymond Hinnebusch, editor, From Arab Spring to Arab Winter: Explaining the Limits of Post-Uprising Democratization, special issue of Democratization 22.2 (2015). Jadaliyya (J): What made you put this special issue together? Raymond Hinnebusch (RH): We felt that the debate over who had been vindicated by the uprising between democratization theorists and post-democratization/authoritarian resilience advocates had been exhausted. The main initial problematic of the Arab Uprising was how to translate mass protest into democratization and ultimately democratic consolidation; yet, despite the fact that democracy was the main shared demand of the protestors who spearheaded ...

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Gay Hanging in Iran: Atrocities and Impersonations

[Image shown 17 July 2015 on Gay Star News ]

Everybody on earth knows that a deal on Iran’s nuclear program was announced in mid-July. Everybody also knows that this apparent step toward peace launched a new stage in an old war: of propaganda.Proponents praise the possibility of a historic opening. Opponents—who include Israel, Saudi Arabia, and the Republican Party—warn of disaster. Both sides want to expand their constituencies. In Western countries, gay communities—small but politically influential—are more and more the target for just this courtship and recruitment. The right-wing pundit Amir Taheri greeted the nuclear deal with a storm of tweets and screeds condemning it. One ...

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Egypt Media Roundup (July 13)

[Egyptian police. Photo by James Black via Flickr]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Egypt and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Egypt Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to egypt@jadaliyya.com by Sunday night of every week.]  Regional and International Relations U.S. Wants Drones in North Africa to Combat Islamic State in Libya Adam Entous reports on United States talks with Egypt and Tunisia to establish drone base on their soil to increase surveillance on the Islamic State in Libya. Italian FM to Visit Egypt on Monday after Consulate Attack to Talk ...

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Egypt Monthly Edition on Jadaliyya (June 2015)

[14 August 2013, supporters of ousted President Mohamed Morsi confront police at Mostafa Mahmoud Square in Cairo. Photo by Diariocritico de Venezuela via Flickr]

   [This is a monthly archive of pieces written by Jadaliyya contributors and editors on Egypt. It also includes material published on other platforms that editors deemed pertinent to post as they provide diverse depictions of Egypt-related topics. The pieces reflect the level of critical analysis and diversity that Jadaliyya strives for, but the views are solely the ones of their authors. If you are interested in contributing to Jadaliyya, send us your post with your bio and a release form to post@jadaliyya.com [click “Submissions” on the main page for more information] Seeing Egyptians: Hany Rashed from "Toys" to "Bulldozer" Margot ...

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Egypt Media Roundup (July 6)

[A View of Sinai from southern Israel. Photo by David Katz via Flickr]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Egypt and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Egypt Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to egypt@jadaliyya.com by Sunday night of every week.]  Regional and International Relations Why Did Sisi Back out of African Union Summit? Mohamed Saide writes, “Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi canceling his participation in the African Union Summit in Johannesburg has raised questions about relations between Egypt and South Africa.”  Statement Attributable to the Spokesman for the ...

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المال ليس كل شيء: إعادة النظر في الاقتصاد العسكري في مصر

[الرئيس عبد الفتاح السيسي في تجمع عسكري في ديسمبر/ كانون الاول 2014. المصدر: صفحة الفيسبوك الرسمية للمتحدث الرسمي للقوات المسلحة المصرية]

شهدت مصر توسّعاً واضحاً في النشاط الاقتصادي للجيش في أعقاب إطاحة القوات المسلحة المصرية بالرئيس الإخواني محمد مرسي في يوليو 2013،  والذي تلاه ترجمة سيطرة  الجيش على المشهد السياسي إلى صعود عبد الفتاح السيسي إلى مقعد الرئاسة في يونيو 2014. وقد حدا هذا بالكثير من المتابعين إلى اعتبار أن الجيش بصدد استخدام نفوذه السياسي المتزايد لجنى المزيد من المكاسب والمزايا الاقتصادية، وهو الأمر الذي درجت عليه المؤسسة العسكرية في العهود السابقة.  لطالما كان الجيش  لاعباً رئيساً في الاقتصاد المصري، غير أنه، وخلافاً للوصف النمطي للجنرالات على أنهم يستغلّون نفوذ الجيش السياسي لزيادة الموارد الاقتصادية الخاضعة لهم ولتغذية شبكات المحسوبية والزبونية داخل المؤسسة فإن ...

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مضيق المتعة

[تصوير سلوى رشاد]

فى المنتصف من هذا الشارع الضيق المسمى شارع أديب والذى يربط بين شارعي صلاح سالم (شريف سابقا) وسعد زغلول يقع مطعم وبار "الكاب دور" أو" الشيخ علي" وهو الاسم الذى اشتهر به. تأسس البار سنة 1900 على يد شريكين يونانيين وشريك فرنسى. اختاروا هذا المكان الحيوي داخل الإسكندرية الجديدة مابعد حملة 1882ً، القريب جدا من نبض حركة التجارة والبنوك. عدة خطوات من البار وتصل لشارع شريف حيث البنوك الأجنبية والبورصة، ثم عدة خطوات أخرى وتصل لميدان المنشية. لذا فالبار كان يعيش تحت جيوب وعيون الباشاوات والبهوات ورجال التجارة الساهرة على حركة أموالهم فى تلك الشوارع والميادين. ربما مامنح هذا البار شهرته هى المفارقة الكامنة فى اسم الشهرة " بار الشيخ علي"، فكيف يجتمع ...

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Mahienour Al-Masry: An Icon of the Revolution in Prison

[Mahienour Al-Masry protests with the families of those killed on the 25th of January 2011 in front of the court during the trial of the officers responsible. 13 October 2013. Photo by Heba Khamis.]

Text and Photos by Heba Khamis Translated by Eman Hashim Whether as a revolutionary activist chanting at protests or as an attorney advocating on behalf of the underprivileged in the courtroom, Mahienour Al-Masry is a strong voice defending social justice and fighting police brutality. She chanted against the murders of Khaled Said and Shaimaa Al-Sabbagh and against the injustices suffered by Egyptian workers, whether under the rule of former president Hosni Mubarak, the Muslim Brotherhood, or the current military regime. Her principled stances have exposed her to the wrath of the police state. Mahienour is currently serving a fifteen-month prison sentence for ...

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In Response to Mubarak

[President George W. Bush and Egyptian President Mohammed Hosni Mubarak address the media in Cross Hall at the White House March 5. Source: White House photo by Eric Draper.]

On 10 June the Youm7 website carried a summary of my book Democracy Prevention: The Politics of the U.S.-Egyptian Alliance (Cambridge University Press 2012), translated into Arabic under the title إجهاض الديمقراطية.. الحصاد المر للعلاقات المصرية الأمريكية فى أربعين  عاًما (Dar El Thaqafa El Jedida 2013).  The book draws on interviews with key decision makers and previously untapped written sources to argue that authoritarianism is a transnational phenomenon in which multiple governments participate. Since Washington resumed diplomatic ties with Cairo in the early 1970s, the United States has been a key partner and contributor in the use of repression ...

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The Saudi Leaks and Egypt: A Recap

[Wikileaks logo. Source: wikileaks.org]

It was not long after Wikileaks had released the Saudi cables that the dirty laundry it revealed about Egypt’s political elite began circulating in news reports and social media. Although many of the leaks have only confirmed what observers had long suspected, the details they reveal regarding the conduct of various Egyptian political actors were quite shocking. The Saudi government first responded over twitter holding that these leaks were both false and destabilizing, while urging citizens not to republish documents that could enable so-called enemies of the state to achieve their goals. Subsequently, the Saudi Ministry of Foreign Affairs stated that the content of ...

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New Texts Out Now: Reem Abou-El-Fadl, Revolutionary Egypt: Connecting Domestic and International Struggles

[Cover of

Reem Abou-El-Fadl, editor, Revolutionary Egypt: Connecting Domestic and International Struggles. London and New York: Routledge, 2015.       Jadaliyya (J): What made you put together this collection? Reem Abou-El-Fadl (RA): Along with many friends and colleagues, I experienced the outbreak of the Tunisian and then Egyptian revolutions while far away, in my case based at Oxford in the UK. As time wore on, I had to try to make sense of all the momentous changes in the long gaps between my very intense visits to Cairo. I wanted to continue the conversations begun there, with Egyptians and others, in a more substantial way. I was fortunate ...

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A Shift in Turkey's Foreign Policy? An Interview with Osman Shahin

Last week, Turkey joined the fight against the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS), after the group carried out a suicide bombing in the town of Suruç close to the Syrian border, killing thirty-two young socialist activists and students, and injuring many more. Following that horrific tragedy, the Turkish government came under pressure to stop the free movement of ISIS fighters and operatives over the Syrian border. Despite the bombing of a few ISIS targets, most of Turkey’s firepower has been ...

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Egypt Media Roundup (July 27)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Egypt and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Egypt Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to egypt@jadaliyya.com by Sunday night of every week.]  Political Rights Egyptian rights group condemns displacement of five families in Minya by security forces The Egyptian Commission for Rights and Freedoms has condemned security ...

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Egypt Media Roundup (July 20)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Egypt and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Egypt Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to egypt@jadaliyya.com by Sunday night of every week.]  Domestic Security Egypt's Islamic State affiliate claims rocket attack on naval boat The Islamic State's Egypt affiliate claimed responsibility for Thursday's missile attack on a ...

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Alexandria Again and Forever

Outside the Middle East, the name of the Egyptian city Alexandria evokes images of the city’s lighthouse, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world or the ancient library of Alexandria. Both are symbolic of a golden age of culture and knowledge. Beyond these historical artifacts, the West has usually perceived the port city as an oasis of religious, cultural and political tolerance—a veritable, yet disappearing cosmopolitan sanctuary. Today’s English-language mass media frequently revives similar ...

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Arab Film on Israeli Television: An Interview with Eyal Sagui Bizawe

Eyal Sagui Bizawe is an Egyptian-Israeli artist who with Sara Tsifroni co-directed the recently released documentary “Arab Film”. It tells the story of the social and cultural phenomenon of the weekly Arabic-language movie that was for decades shown on Israeli television every Friday evening. In an age where the only television stations were public terrestrial broadcasters transmitting for only a few hours a day, the Israeli state did not issue its first broadcast license until 1966 and transmission ...

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Against Terror, No Way Forward Without Respect for Human Rights

[The following is the text of a presentation given by Bahey Eldin Hassan, Director of Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies (CIHRS) during the EU Parliament Human Rights Subcommittee Session of 28 May 2015 in Brussels] Last week the student union at Ain Shams University’s School of Engineering issued a statement announcing their resignation in protest at the killing of Islam Atito, one of their peers, by security forces. The Interior Ministry had just claimed Islam was suspected of having ...

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The Land of Fear and Oppression

Kazeboon revisits Abdel-Fattah Al-Sisi's Egypt two years after the 3 July military coup. The video below serves as a collage of footage highlighting what sort of state Egypt has become under Sisi. Archival footage traces Sisi's rise to power and his broken promises, including his pledge not to run for the office of the president. The video brings to focus how Egypt under Sisi has faced increased press censorship, repression, and politicization of the judiciary. Torture and abusive practice have ...

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Egypt Two Years after the Coup

Today marks two years since the 3 July 2013 coup that paved the way to the rise of President Abdel-Fattah Al-Sisi and the military-sponsored regime that he leads. On this occasion, Jadaliyya brings its readers a diverse set of contributions both contending with the current moment in Egypt and the long road that led to it.   Egypt under the New July Republic, by Sarah Carr   More than Money on their Minds: The Generals and the Economy in Egypt Revisited, by Abdel-Fattah Barayez   The ...

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Egypt under the New July Republic

The prevailing characteristic of the time before the revolution, all those moons ago, was Egypt’s political moribundity.  There were elections of sorts, or at least votes went in ballot boxes but their provenance was not always from voters. Political parties did politics, sort of, following a script. There was a parliament. But outside of university campuses and the workers’ movement genuine politics was largely absent from public life. Egyptian Facebook was a very different animal back then, and ...

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More than Money on their Minds: The Generals and the Economy in Egypt Revisited

Following the July 2013 power takeover by Defense Minister and later President Abdul-Fattah al-Sisi, the economic activities of the Egyptian military have been reportedly on the rise. For many, that trend only meant that the military under Sisi was preparing to do what it has long done under previous leaders, namely use its political privileges to make money and run easy profits. Indeed, the military establishment has always been a major player in Egypt’s economy. Its leaders have traditionally ...

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New Texts Out Now: Marc Morjé Howard and Meir R. Walters, “Mass Mobilization and the Democracy Bias”

Marc Morjé Howard and Meir R. Walters, “Mass Mobilization and the Democracy Bias,” Middle East Policy 22.2 (2015): 145-155. Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this article?           Marc Morjé Howard and Meir R. Walters (MMH & MRW): We wrote this article in response to problematic-seeming reactions to recent uprisings in places such as the Arab world and Ukraine. We saw journalists, policy commentators, and some academics echoing popular ...

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Alif: Aynama-Rtama

Alif, a band of five musicians at the forefront of the Arab underground music scene, is launching its debut album Aynama-Rtama (Wherever It Falls) on the 4 September 2015. Conceived in 2012 and taking its name from the first letter of the Arabic alphabet, Alif features Khyam Allami (Oud), Tamer Abu Ghazaleh (Vocals/Buzuq), Bashar Farran (Bass), Maurice Louca (Keys/Electronics), and Khaled Yassine (Drums/Percussion). Recorded in Beirut and Cairo in 2014, the album reflects a long process of ...

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