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Egypt

Revolutionary Street Art: Complicating the Discourse

[Image from Hossam El-Hamalawy]

The graffiti and street art of revolutionary Egypt have been researched many times over by now. Journalists and scholars have explored the phenomenon in its many aspects—as evolving visual text, as political rhetoric and as an act of protest in its own right. The claims about the protest street art and graffiti that have proliferated across public Egyptian walls since 2011 have been many, and include: the spread of revolutionary graffiti in Egypt was a sign and act of citizens reclaiming public space from the regime; street art worked to raise awareness and build community and solidarity among people; street art served as a tool by which citizens could (re)claim agency, ...

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Beard Phobia

[Ahmed Samir, thirty-three, a businessman, became a Salafi and has had a beard since 2001. After the dispersing of pro-Morsi protesters from around the Rabaa Al-Adawiya mosque, Samir decided to shave off his beard since he had heard of friends being harassed in the streets. Photo by Mohamed Ali eddin.]

[Photos and text by Mohamed Ali eddin.] During the 25 January 2011 revolution, Egyptians thought they were united against President Mubarak’s regime. They believed in the power of Tahrir Square, in how the square gathered Islamists, liberals, and leftists together against injustice and dictatorship. People dared to imagine that they would achieve freedom, better economic conditions, and justice. Instead, two years later, after the Islamists under President Morsi unilaterally pushed through a new constitution in December 2012, bloody clashes erupted between Islamists and liberals across the country. Protests escalated as millions demonstrated countrywide and called for ...

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An Open Letter

[Photo from Mada Masr]

At 4 p.m. today, I celebrated with my colleagues my last meal in prison.  I have decided—when I saw my father fighting against death locked in a body that was no longer subject to his will—to start an open hunger strike until I achieve my freedom. The well-being of my body is of no value while it remains subject to an unjust power in an open-ended imprisonment not controlled by the law or any concept of justice. I've had the thought before, but I put it aside. I did not want to place yet another burden on my family — we all know that the Ministry of the Interior does not make life easy for hunger strikers. But now I've realized that my family's hardship ...

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One Year after Raba'a: An Interview with Adam Sabra and Mona El Ghobashy

[Raba'a sit-in during the 14 August 2013 dispersal. Photo by Amsg07 from Wikimedia Commons]

Egypt has been the subject of media attention for its role as a mediator between Hamas and Israel during negotiations to end the military assault on Gaza. By contrast, Egypt's own very serious political strife has been largely neglected by the international media. Last week marked the one-year anniversary of the Raba'a massacre of 14 August 2014, during which at least 817 supporters of ousted Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi were killed by security forces. According to the Associated Press, at least ten protesters were killed by Egyptian police on the anniversary of the brutal dispersal. This coincides with the release of a year-long investigation by Human Rights Watch ...

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Egypt: Rab’a Killings Likely Crimes Against Humanity

[An officer from the Egyptian Central Security Forces (CSF) takes aim at a crowd of retreating protesters as security forces disperse the Rab’a sit-in on August 14, 2013. © 2013 AFP/Getty Images]

No Justice a Year Later for Series of Deadly Mass Attacks on Protesters (Cairo) – The systematic and widespread killing of at least 1,150 demonstrators by Egyptian security forces in July and August 2013 probably amounts to crimes against humanity, Human Rights Watch said today in a report based on a year-long investigation. In the 14 August dispersal of the Rab’a al-Adawiya sit-in alone, security forces, following a plan that envisioned several thousand deaths, killed a minimum of 817 people and more likely at least one thousand. The 188-page report, “All According to Plan: The Rab’a Massacre and Mass Killings of Protesters in Egypt,” documents the ...

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On 14 August, A Belated Obituary for Bassem Mohsen

[Bassem Mohsen. Photo courtesy of @ghariebS via Twitter]

I met Bassem Mohsen for a few moments in July 2013. He was upbeat and hopeful that the army had taken hold of power from the Muslim Brotherhood. I remember being surprised by his quick optimism. He believed that these generals were different than those who had ruled during the period of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces, following former President Hosni Mubarak’s ouster. After all, they had deposed our most recent nemesis, the Muslim Brotherhood. My only and very brief encounter with Bassem left me disappointed. A mutual friend had told me about his constant involvement in all stages of the January 25 Revolution. He had already paid the price—he was incarcerated, ...

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The Ongoing Ceasefire Negotiations: Al Jazeera English Interview with Jadaliyya Co-Editor Mouin Rabbani

[Screenshot from video below.]

Al Jazeera English hosted Jadaliyya Co-Editor Mouin Rabbani for an interview on the situation in the Gaza Strip on 8 August 2014. The interview focused on current ceasefire negotiations in Cairo between Israeli and Palestinian delegations.   

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Egypt Monthly Edition on Jadaliyya (July 2014)

[25 January 2012, march in Giza, Egypt. The Arabic reads:

[This is a monthly archive of pieces written by Jadaliyya contributors and editors on Egypt. It also includes material published on other platforms that editors deemed pertinent to post as they provide diverse depictions of Egypt-related topics. The pieces reflect the level of critical analysis and diversity that Jadaliyya strives for, but the views are solely those of their authors. If you are interested in contributing to Jadaliyya, send us your post with your bio and a release form to post@jadaliyya.com [click “Submissions” on the main page for more information]. Once Again on Caesarism: Continuing the Debate with Joel Beinin Brecht De Smet argues that Joel Beinin’s ...

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Once Again on Caesarism: Continuing the Debate with Joel Beinin

[Photo courtesy of Gigi Ibrahim via Flickr]

In his reply to my previous contribution on Jadaliyya, Joel Beinin addresses some of the points he raised earlier in his criticism of my article “Revolution and Counter-Revolution in Egypt”. Having dropped the debate on the character and the meaning of ‘revolution’, Beinin now focuses on my “over-use” of Gramscian concepts, which “undermines their analytical utility”. It is good to hear that he agrees with “the potential relevance of Gramsci’s theoretical insights to understanding the historical processes unfolding in Egypt and elsewhere in the Middle East and North Africa since the uprisings of 2010-11.” His disagreement with my deployment of these insights to the ...

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Egypt Media Roundup (July 21)

[13 May 2011, thousands rally in Tahrir Square in Cairo to demonstrate solidarity with the Palestinian people. Photo courtesy of Hossam El-Hamalaway via Flickr.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Egypt and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Egypt Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to egypt@jadaliyya.com by Sunday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations: Egypt and the Gaza Ceasefires Joel Gulhane argues that the political context of the 2012 Egyptian initiative for establishing a ceasefire between Israel and Hamas is “drastically different” than the current ceasefire proposal. Egypt's Half-Hearted Gaza Initiative Khalid Dawoud argues: “Egypt, through its contacts ...

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رد مصر على الهجوم الإسرائيلي على غزة: مقابلة مع حسام الحملاوي

[مقتطف من الفيديو أدناه]

أناقش في هذه المقابلة (انظر الفيديو في الأسفل) مع حسام الحملاوي رد حكومة السيسي على الهجوم الإسرائيلي على غزة كوظيفة للسياسة المصرية المحلية، بالإضافة إلى التغير الشجاع في الخطاب حول فلسطين، خاصة حول حماس. يبدأ بمعالجة كيف واصل السيسي لعب الدور الذي لعبه الرئيس السابق حسني مبارك حيال فلسطين؛ باستثناء أن السيسي تجاوزه بأضعاف مضاعفة. ومهما كان ما فعله مبارك لتخفيف معاناة الفلسطينيين، خاصة في غزة، قليلاً، فإن ما فعله السيسي في هذا الصدد أقل بكثير. يشير حسام إلى إغلاق حدود غزة المثير للريبة من قبل مصر في الأوقات الأكثر حرجاً. وحتى في الأوقات الأكثر كارثية، كمثل الهجوم الحالي على غزة، لم تكن هناك أية اعتبارات أو استثناءات. يعالج حسام أيضاً الشيطنة واسعة الانتشار وغير ...

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كم نكبة عاشها فلسطينيو سيناء؟ الجزء الثاني

[لوحة للفنان الفلسطيني محمد نصر الله]

تناول الجزء الأول من المقال سؤال الشك في معنى (ال) التعريف المقترنة بالحديث عن نكبة 1948، طارحاً استبدالها بالترقيم، ومجادلاً بأن نكبة 1977 - 1979، أو ما يمكن تسميتها نكبة "كامب ديفيد"، لا تقل في حجم تأثيرها على الحقوق الفلسطينية التاريخية ومسار القضية السياسي والاستراتيجي عن النكبة الأولى. وفي الجزء الثاني، أخصُّ فلسطينيّي سيناء بنكبة ثالثة في 2007، ونكبة رابعة في 2013. وعلى الرغم من إدراكي أن استخدام تعبير "نكبة" في هذا السياق قد يوجه له الانتقاد باستهلاكه محلياً في أوضاعٍ وقضايا تخص العدد والنسبة الأصغر من اللاجئين الفلسطينيين في دول الطوق، إلا أني أحاول اختبار دلالته الاصطلاحية في توصيف تجلياته المحلية في سيناء، كمؤشر على التدهور الكبير في القضية ...

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Sharing the Nile Waters According to Needs

A ministerial-level meeting in Khartoum including Egypt, Ethiopia, and Sudan to establish mechanisms for further investigations of the consequences of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) downstream has concluded, on Tuesday, 26 August. The gathering took place two months after Egypt and Ethiopia had issued ajoint communique that stressed the importance of the contested water of the Nile River for the two countries and outlined general principles for future moves to resolve disagreements. The ...

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Prominent Human Rights Lawyer Ahmed Seif al-Islam Dies

Ahmed Seif al-Islam, one of the leading human rights lawyers in Egypt died on Wednesday after slipping into a coma following open-heart surgery earlier this month, the family announced in a statement. Involved in political activism since his student days, Seif went into law and became a human rights defender. Seif was imprisoned for five years in 1983, during which time he was reportedly tortured. Seif leaves behind his wife, university professor and activist Laila Soueif, a son and two daughters ...

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O.I.L. Media Roundup (24 August)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Occupation, Intervention and Law and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the O.I.L. Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each biweekly roundup to OIL@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every other week.] Palestine-Israel / United States The Shortest Distance Between Palestine and Ferguson, Jaime Omar Yassin Yassin draws a parallel between police ...

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Egypt Media Roundup (August 18)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Egypt and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Egypt Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to egypt@jadaliyya.com by Sunday night of every week.] Political Economy: The Cost of Lifting Fuel Subsidies Lina Attallah interviews Amr Adly, who offers his perspective on subsidy reforms and austerity measures, and the impact of these ...

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The Terror Metanarrative and the Rabaa Massacre

Just after dawn prayers on the morning of 14 August 2013, Egyptian security forces raided a large sit-in based at Cairo’s Rabaa al-Adawiyya Square and another at al-Nahda Square. Six weeks earlier, military leader and Minister of Defense Abdel Fattah al-Sisi staged a coup to remove Egypt’s first democratically elected president, the Muslim Brotherhood’s Mohamed Morsi, from office. In response, hundreds of thousands of Egyptians across the country congregated in public spaces to protest the coup and the ...

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ما بعد الناصرية الجزء الثاني

ميراث دولة للتجاوز لا للتجاهل ولا لإعادة الإنتاج انطلق ثم انحسر الحراك الجماهيري في مصر بين يناير ٢٠١١ ويوليو ٢٠١٤ فكما فتح متظاهرون المجال السياسي بكسر دولة مبارك الأمنية عادوا هم أو غيرهم ليغلقوا المجال نفسه وليأتوا بالجنرال كديكتاتورمفوض من الميدان ثم منتخب من قبل "الشعب" الذي يطمع في عودة الاستقرار بعد سنوات من الاضطراب وغياب الأمن. وإن كان الجمهور الحاضر في الميادين قد أتى وذهب بينما عادت الدولة المصرية العتيدة بسلطويتها كما هي وقد نجت من الحراك الاحتجاجي العارم فإن هذه الدولة لم تتغلب قط ...

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Egypt Media Roundup (August 11)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Egypt and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Egypt Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to egypt@jadaliyya.com by Sunday night of every week.]   Regional and International Relations: Peacemaking Egypt! Mohamed Fouad argues that throughout the political developments in the country; three Egyptian administrations have ...

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Egypt Media Roundup (August 4)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Egypt and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Egypt Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to egypt@jadaliyya.com by Sunday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations: Where is Palestine in Egypt? Lina Attalah and Shady Zalat analyze the causes of the decreased signs of Egyptian solidarity with Palestinians in ...

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Egypt Media Roundup (July 28)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Egypt and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Egypt Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to egypt@jadaliyya.com by Sunday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations: The Elusive Cease-Fire Nadine Marroushi and Lina Attalah write on the Egyptian initiative to establish a ceasefire between Israel and Hamas. Risks ...

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Mahienour El-Masry’s Sentence Reduced to Six Months

An Alexandria court reduced a two-year sentence handed down to leftist activist Mahienour al-Massry to six months and a fifty-thousand Egyptian pound fine for protesting last year outside a court trying two policemen accused of killing Khaled Saeed. Massry was jailed last May after an appeals court affirmed a two-year sentence against her and eight others for breaking the Protest Law. The activists were protesting in front of the Alexandria Criminal Court in early December during the retrial of police ...

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Egypt's Response To The Israeli Assault On Gaza: An Interview With Hossam El-Hamalawy

In this interview (video below), I discuss with Hossam El-Hamalawy al-Sisi's government response to the Israeli assault on Gaza as a function of local Egyptian politics and the bold shift in the discourse on Palestine, Hamas specifically. He starts by addressing how al-Sisi continues to play the role that former President Mubarak did on Palestine, except “on steroids.” Whatever little Mubarak did to alleviate the suffering of Palestinians, particularly in Gaza, al-Sisi exceeded. Hossam refers to the ...

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The Violence of Climate Change in Egypt

In the midst of the revolutionary battles of recent years, it is easy not to notice that climate change is fundamentally changing the Middle East and North Africa we live in. This gradual transformation, much of it already inevitable, threatens to displace millions, if not tens of millions, and change the region beyond recognition. Business as usual will allow elite classes to profit from the devastation of the majority–but a just future is possible, if we fight for it. The early arrival of summer ...

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