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Egypt

انتصار البيروقراطية: عقد من إجهاض التغيير السياسي والاجتماعي في مصر

 [poco a poco/صورة من الأرشيف لمجمع التحرير رمز البيروقراطية المصرية في سبتمبر 2011. مصدر الصورة: ويكيميديا]

بالإمكان القول أن النظام السياسي الآخذ في التشكل في مصر برئاسة المشير عبد الفتاح السيسي وبدعم من القوات المسلحة وأجهزة الدولة هو انتصار للبيروقراطية المصرية بمكوناتها العسكرية والأمنية والمدنية على ثلاث عمليات سياسية هدفت خلال العقد الماضي لإحداث تغيير سياسي في مصر، إما من خلال تعديل تكوين النخبة السياسية الحاكمة لتكون من خارج البيروقراطية، وإما إلى تعديل علاقة الدولة بالمجتمع والانتقاص من سيطرة الأجهزة البيروقراطية على الموارد الاقتصادية ومن القدرة على إدارة المجال العام.  كان أول هذه المشروعات هو توريث السلطة لجمال مبارك والمقرون بصعود نخبة من رجال الأعمال منذ  2004 تقريباً، والدفع برئيس مدني في خضم التحرير الاقتصادي الذي مثل الغطاء لنقل السيطرة على القرار ...

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The Guide for Using Life: A Graphic Novel and Exhibition

In late November 2014, Cairo based journalist and author Ahmed Naji and comic and storyboard artist Ayman Al-Zorkany launched their new novel, titled The Use of Life at Medrar in Cairo. The novel which develops over three time periods and is inspired by life in Cairo was published by Dar Al Tanweer. It follows a non traditional structure where a mixture of standard and colloquial Arabic as well as illustrations complete different parts of the story.  The book signing event was accompanied by a week-long exhibition of illustrations and sketches from the book, as well as an animated video. Zorkany envisioned the solo show as a "guide" to the book, outlining ...

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Egypt Media Roundup (January 26)

[8 February 2011, Tahrir Square, Cairo. Photo by Mona via Flickr]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Egypt and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Egypt Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to egypt@jadaliyya.com by Sunday night of every week.]  Regional and International Relations In Rafah, A Tale of Two Cities Mohammed Omer writes, “Egypt’s decision to raze Rafah city in Sinai, in order to establish a buffer zone with the besieged Gaza Strip, will tear families apart.” Egypt Does Not See Oil Price Drop Hitting Investments from Gulf Egypt’s Minister of Investment Ashraf Salman does ...

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January Culture Bouquet

[Painting by Jabra Ibrahim Jabra, image from Najeeb Farraj, www.blog.amin.org]

The trumpet of a prophecy! O Wind / If Winter comes, can Spring be far behind? — Shelley Even in winter, some flowers will bloom. Their blossoms may be fragile, sad and short-lived, but the strongest of all flowers are those which fight the ice. Each petal reminds us that the dead land is yet not dead, and that dull roots soon will stir with spring rain and with that, memory and desire may mix. Here is a bouquet of long-stem pieces that do not fear the frost.  — Zein El-Amine recounts a distant evening of television watching, fueled by zajal and arak.  — Maymanah Farhat explores the sculpture of Sahand Hesamiyan.  — Mona Abaza reports on the ...

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تقييم حالة الإعلام الخاص فى مصر

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يُعدُّ الإعلام بوسائله المختلفة، التقليدية والحديثة، إحدى أهم ركائز المجتمع، نظراً لوظيفته الأساسية المتمثلة في تشكيل اتجاهات الرأي العام تجاه القضايا المجتمعية المختلفة، وكونه عاكساً لطبيعة العلاقة بين الدولة والمجتمع، من ناحية، وبين النخبة والجماهير، من ناحية أخرى. غير أن العديد من العوامل من شأنها التأثير في أداء وسائل الإعلام لهذه الوظائف، منها عوامل تتصل بالبيئة التي يمارس فيها الإعلام دوره، وأخرى تتصل بالإطار التشريعي الحاكم له، وثالثة تعنى بالقائمين على الإعلام والعاملين فيه. يتوقف أداء وسائل الإعلام المختلفة لدورها على شكل ووظيفة تلك الوسائل في المجتمع وفقاً لما يحدده لها النظام السياسي للدولة، وحجم الحريات التي يمنحها لها القانون المنظم لعملها، ومدى الاستقلالية ...

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The Revolutionary Practice of Endurance

[Sunset in the Black Cloud, Cairo, 2014 (Photo: Ian Paul)]

Cairo, Winter 2015 The feelings of claustrophobia, exhaustion, and asphyxia are familiar to all of those who inhabit Cairo's kinetic and crowded urban core. Everyone living between Tahrir and the plateaus of Muqattam breathes the same polluted air that chokes much of the city, saturated with particulates from leaded car exhaust, factory emissions, scorched crop leftovers, and burning garbage dumps. It is within these atmospheric conditions that people are born and live their lives, always-already arriving in the middle of and inheriting complex and overlapping global pasts with each breath. Following Abdel Fattah al-Sisi's rise to power during the summer of 2013 in a ...

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“Old People Are Not Revolutionaries!” Labor Struggles Between Precarity and Istiqrar in a Factory Occupation in Egypt

[Front page of Al-Ahram: “The state will not let go of the public sector: Mihlib approves a plan to revive the iron and steel industry and repay workers their dues” with a photo of Mihlibat EISCO. (Photo: Dina Makram-Ebeid)]

On 11 February, 2011, I stood in Tahrir Square surrounded by millions celebrating the toppling of Mubarak following eighteen solid days of battle. Around me were people from all walks of life: Saʿidis (Upper Egyptians) who came all the way from the south, street children turned rebels, family members of martyrs who were killed during the eighteen days, enthusiasts from the elite, leftist feminist women, members from the Muslim Brotherhood—you name it. In between the shoving of the crowd, the incipient boredom with the monotony of the celebrations and the exuberant vibes, the chants were pretty standard: “down, down with Mubarak,” “the people have toppled the regime,” ...

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Woman Shot Dead in Cairo as Police Disperse Leftist March

[27 January 2012, the Arabic reads:

A woman was killed as security forces dispersed a march by the Socialist Popular Alliance Party on Saturday in central Cairo. Shaimaa al-Sabag, one of dozens of marchers, was shot by pellets at close range, according to a statement issued by the party. The health ministry has confirmed her death. In a statement, the interior ministry denied that a policeman had gunned her down, saying marchers used fire crackers. "And later," the statement reads, "a woman was injured and hospitalized, but she died after succumbing to her injuries." The ministry went on to warn against such gatherings, warning that "terrorist groups" would infiltrate them ...

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Third Eye: Photography

Third eye is a group exhibition, showcasing the work of five upcoming Egyptian photographers. Photographer and curator Hala Elkoussy selected Tasnim Abdelrahman, Amr Adel, Sherifa Hamed, Nadia Mounier and Ziad Hassan to take part in a three-month workshop and the exhibition, hosted by Mashrabia Gallery in December 2014. Their artistic practice exudes with a maturity that is above their years. For all five, the camera is an inseparable companion that bears witness to their experience of the world as it is today and of the arduous process of dealing with a highly volatile and often hostile environment. In this interview, Elkoussy explains to Medrar.TV the workshop ...

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Stanford Event: Joel Beinin on Workers and Revolutions in Egypt and Tunisia (21 January 2015)

CDDRL’s Program on Arab Reform and Democracy (ARD), in partnership with the Arab Studies Institute (ASI), presents: Workers and Revolutions in Egypt and Tunisia Featuring: Joel Beinin Donald J. McLachlan Professor of History Stanford University Date and Time: Wednesday, January 21 12PM-1:30PM *Lunch will be served* Location: Goldman Conference Room (4th floor East Wing) Encina Hall Stanford University Abstract Arab workers participated prominently in the popular uprisings of 2011.  They shared the outrage of many of their compatriots over daily abuse by internal security forces, widespread corruption, and foreign policies ...

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The 25th Youth Salon

The 25th edition of The Youth Salon (Salon of Young Artists) is curated by Egyptian artist Khaled Hafez and showcases over four hundred works at the Cairo Opera House Grounds and Mahmoud Mokhtar Museum in Cairo. The salon is an annual competition and mega exhibition started by the Culture Ministry in 1989 to support and promote experimental work by artists under the age of thirty-five. Three hundred and ten artists were accepted this year from over one thousand applicants. In addition to exhibition opportunities, specialized committees award selected artists monetary prizes as well as a short-term residency at the Egyptian Fine Arts Academy in Rome. Despite recurring ...

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O.I.L. Monthly Edition (December 2014)

[A protest in Chicago, IL for drone strike victims, May 17, 2012. Image by Debra Sweet.]

[This is a monthly archive of pieces written by Jadaliyya contributors and editors on the Occupations, Interventions, and Law (O.I.L.) Page. It also includes material published on other platforms that editors deemed pertinent to post as they provide diverse depictions of O.I.L.-related topics. The pieces reflect the level of critical analysis and diversity that Jadaliyya strives for, but the views are solely the ones of their authors. If you are interested in contributing to Jadaliyya, send us your post with your bio and a release form to post@jadaliyya.com (click "Submissions" on the main page for more information).]   وما الداعي لمعارضة "قانون ...

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Triumph of the Bureaucracy: A Decade of Aborted Social and Political Change in Egypt

The developing military-backed regime under Abdel Fattah al-Sisi signals the triumph of the Egyptian bureaucracy, with all of its military, security and civilian components, over three processes of political change in the last decade. The first was the political project led by Gamal Mubarak and his allies to succeed his aging father Hosni Mubarak. The succession project aimed at altering the political elite composition and redefining the state’s economic role. The second abortive process was the January ...

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Revolution and Despair

Things in the Middle East usually appear far worse than they really are when looked at from the outside. But  on my recent visit to Egypt—as I talked and listened to people, watched local television, read daily papers and made observations—it became clear that revolutionaries were going through painful times. A deep disenchantment seemed to color the sentiments of many who once held high hopes for their remarkable revolution, but now have to face the vulgar triumphalism of the counter-revolution ...

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Composer Maurice Louca on Salute the Parrot

Composer and musician Maurice Louca is an exciting and distinct voice coming out of Cairo, Egypt. Having been part of numerous bands over the past decade including: Bikya, Alif Ensemble and Dwarfs of East Agouza, in addition to his solo compositions (Garraya, 2011), he has made a name for himself locally and internationally. In November 2014, Louca released his second solo album, titled 'Salute the Parrot'. As he explains in this interview with musician and critic Rami Abadir, Louca developed the project ...

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الإخوان من الجماعة إلى الفرقة

ثمة ما يعوق الاشتباك النقدي مع الإخوان في هذا الظرف، فأفراد الجماعة – وبالأخص البعيدين عن القيادة، من طلبة ومهنيين ونقابيين – يتعرضون لقمع أمني مستند لخطاب إعلامي لا يكتفي بتوجيه نقد جذري مستحق لهم، وإنما يستخدم خطاباً جوهرانياً ينزع عنهم إنسانيتهم ويُشرْعن قتلهم سواء بالرصاص في الطرقات أو في قاعات المحاكم بأحكام الإعدام الجماعي، فضلاً عن شرعنة ممارسات تمييز واسع ضدهم. وتتضاءل في هذا الظرف المساحة المتاحة للنقد من غير التورط في مثل هذا الخطاب، كما تتغير أولويات النقد في ظل إحجام واسع عن تسليط الضوء على ...

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Mubarakism on Steroids: Jadaliyya Co-Editor Hesham Sallam Interviewed on the Anniversary of the Revolution

Jadaliyya Egypt Page Co-Editor Hesham Sallam gave an interview to KPFA 94.1 Berkeley on the current state of the Egyptian revolution and the return of authoritarianism in the country on the fourth anniversary of the uprisings that toppled former President Hosni Mubarak. Sallam argues that the level of repression witnessed today far eclipses the Mubarak era. He outlines the ways in which the country's transition was a tumultuous battle between the political elite, the military establishment, and the ...

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Is Cairene Graffiti Losing Momentum?

Clearly Cairene graffiti has lost momentum during this year. Having been the faithful barometer of the revolution over the past three years, graffiti has recently faced transmutations and drawbacks that run parallel with the political process of restoring “order” in the street. The heartbreaking story of the recent death of a cheerful and bright young graffiti artist, nineteen-year-old Hisham Rizq, completes this sad picture. He had disappeared a week before his corpse was discovered in the morgue of ...

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Will the Counter-Revolution Continue?

"Bread, freedom, social justice”; “Down, down with Hosni Mubarak”; “We’re not leaving, he must leave”; “The people want the downfall of the regime.” It is difficult to reflect on the famous slogans that awakened the consciousness of an entire nation four years ago and view them as anything but a distant memory. For advocates of transformative change, the fourth anniversary of January 25 Revolution is perhaps the most painful one to date. It comes at a moment when its strongest partisans are in ...

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Fifteen-Year-Old Killed in Alexandria during Clashes between Protesters, Security

A fifteen-year-old high school student was killed in Alexandria on Friday during clashes between Muslim Brotherhood-affiliated protesters and security forces, Health Ministry Secretary Ayman Abdel Moneim told the state-owned newspaper Al-Ahram. Sondos Reda Abu Bakr was shot to death when she got caught up in the violence, according to Moneim, who blamed Brotherhood members for committing acts of violence that led to her death. She was reportedly shot in the chest at close range.  The clashes ...

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Live Stream Event -- Joel Beinin on Workers and Revolutions in Egypt and Tunisia (21 January 2015 at Stanford University)

CDDRL’s Program on Arab Reform and Democracy (ARD), in partnership with the Arab Studies Institute (ASI), presents: Workers and Revolutions in Egypt and Tunisia Featuring: Joel Beinin Donald J. McLachlan Professor of History Stanford University Date and Time: Wednesday, January 21 12PM-1:30PM (Pacific Standard Time) Location: Goldman Conference Room (4th floor East Wing) Encina Hall Stanford University This event will be Live-Streamed. To watch, click on video below: Live streaming ...

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Egypt Media Roundup (January 12)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Egypt and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Egypt Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to egypt@jadaliyya.com by Sunday night of every week.]  Regional and International Relations How to Get Egypt’s Generals Back on Our Side Steven Cook argues that in order to reassure Egyptian generals that the United States is an ally ...

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Egypt Monthly Edition on Jadaliyya (December 2014)

[This is a monthly archive of pieces written by Jadaliyya contributors and editors on Egypt. It also includes material published on other platforms that editors deemed pertinent to post as they provide diverse depictions of Egypt-related topics. The pieces reflect the level of critical analysis and diversity that Jadaliyya strives for, but the views are solely the ones of their authors. If you are interested in contributing to Jadaliyya, send us your post with your bio and a release form to ...

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Egypt Media Roundup (January 4)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Egypt and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Egypt Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to egypt@jadaliyya.com by Sunday night of every week.]  Regional and International Relations As Gulf Aid Dries Up, Egypt Struggles Enas Hamed writes, “The government’s task of reducing the deficit and turning the Egyptian economy ...

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