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Equality-Social Justice

بعد خمس سنوات من ثورة تونس: هل تسقط الدّولة؟

[صورة للاحتجاجات الأخيرة في ولاية القصرين، منقول عن صفحة سبيطلة الولاية المسلوبة]

يستقبل التونسيون شتاءهم الخامس بعد الثورة بكثير من الشكّ في مستقبل مسارهم الديمقراطي الناشئ، واختارت الجغرافيا التي انطلقت منها شرارة 17 ديسمبر 2010 أن تحتفي بالعيد الخامس على طريقتها : في ولاية القصرين، رضا اليحياوي من مواليد 1987 يحتجّ على شطب اسمه من إحدى قوائم التوظيف في القطاع العمومي ويلقى مصرعه إثر تسلقه لعمود كهربائي. على إثر ذلك، تنتشر الاحتجاجات في جلّ مناطق البلاد. في الآن ذاته، يُحتفى بتونس نموذجا للتغيّرات العربيّة المتواصلة وعنوانُ النموذج التوافق، وبرهانُه جائزة نوبل، أمّا مضمونه فهو سرديّة سياسية تكاد تجمع عليها النّخب التونسية رغم تشرذمها: الصّبر، وما دُمنا نجحنا في تكريس تداول سلمي ديمقراطي على السلطة واجتناب الأسوأ فلا بدّ أنّ حلولاً لكلّ المشاكل ...

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January 25 at Five

[Painting of Khaled Saeed in San Stefano, Alexandria. Photo by Amro Ali]

To mark five years since Egyptians took to the streets demanding bread, freedom, and social justice, Jadaliyya offers its readers a set of articles examining the state of some of the struggles that the January 25 Revolution came to embody. We begin with a look back at earlier struggles for social justice and political change in 1970s Egypt and beyond. Nicola Pratt examines the ways in which western support for regime crackdowns on political dissent compounded the constraints on women’s political participation, yet also re-energized their struggle for enfranchisement. She discusses, with a focus on Egypt, How the West Undermined Women’s Rights in the ...

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Letter to Turkish PM Davutoglu Concerning Turkish Higher Education Council's Condemnation of Scholars for Signing Peace Petition

[The following letter was issued by the Committee on Academic Freedom of the Middle East Studies Association on 14 January 2016.] Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu Office of the Prime Minister Başbakanlık 06573 Ankara, Turkey Via facsimile +90 312 417 0476; +90 312 403 62 82; + 90 312 422 26 67 Dear Prime Minister Davutoğlu: We write on behalf of the Middle East Studies Association (MESA) of North America and its Committee on Academic Freedom to express our serious concern over reports that the Higher Education Council (Yüksek Öğretim Kurulu, or YÖK) had an emergency meeting to commence an investigation against scholars who signed a petition for peace in the Kurdish ...

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Al Jazeera Censors English-Language Article Critical of Saudi Regime

[Screenshot of Twitter showing deleted Al Jazeera America tweet that promoted Arjun Sethi's piece when first published]

On 3 December 2015, Al Jazeera America (AJAM) published an article by US-based civil rights attorney and analyst Arjun Sethi. Entitled "Saudi Arabia Uses Terrorism as An Excuse for Human Rights Abuses," the article drew on a range of reports by international human rights organizations about the Saudi regime's repression of dissent and the recent increase in the number of planned executions. It also drew direct parallels and connections between the US War on Terror and that of the Saudi regime. The article circulated well on the Internet, in the United States, Europe, as well as the Middle East. It solicited a barrage of tweets directed at Sethi, some critiquing ...

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Alternative Strategies for Realizing Justice in Palestine

[Image from www.shutterstock.com]

Between 13-15 December, the Civic Coalition for Palestinian Rights in Jerusalem, Mada al Carmel, the Birzeit University Institute of Law, the Stop the Wall Campaign, the Trans-Arab Research Institute (TARI), and the Arab Studies Institute (ASI) will be convening a conference under the banner: Alternative Strategies for Realizing Justice in Palestine. The conference will take place in Jerusalem, Birzeit, and Nazareth to highlight, and attempt to rehabilitate, national fragmentation and explore strategies for resistance.  What follows is a summary of the ideas that led the aforementioned organizations to join together in this effort. The summary is by TARI president ...

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ذهب السودان بعد نفطه: لمن؟

[مصدر الصورة آ.ب]

تتجه أنظار السودانيين الى فبراير/شباط المقبل لمعرفة امكانية تحقيق الوعود التي أطلقها وزير المعادن الشاب، أحمد الصادق الكاروري، ببدء الإنتاج الحكومي من الذهب بمشاركة روسية. ففي أواخر يوليو/تموز المنصرم، أعلن عن التوقيع على عقد بين الوزارة والشركة الروسية "سيبريا" بحضور الرئيس عمر البشير شخصياً، مما يشير إلى الأهمية التي أسبغت على المناسبة. وفي حفل التوقيع نفسه تحدث الوزير عن الاحتياطيات الضخمة المكتشفة من الذهب التي سيجري العمل للبدء في إنتاجها من موقعين في ولايتي نهر النيل والبحر الأحمر، حيث يمكن للموقع الأول أن ينتج ثمانية آلاف طن والثاني 36 ألفاً، ولو أن التوقيع مع شركة سيبريا الروسية أقتصر حتى الآن على الموقع الأول فقط. الوزير أوضح أن نسبة الحكومة من العائد ...

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LCPS Interviews Jadaliyya Co-Editor Ziad Abu-Rish on Electricity in Early Independence Lebanon

[Newspaper headline from 1946 reporting the strike of tramway workers and the government's response. At the time, the Beirut Electricity Company was also the owner and operator of the city's tramway system. Headline from al-Bayraq newspaper. Image by Ziad Abu-Rish]

In the following interview with the Lebanese Center for Policy Studies (LCPS), Jadaliyya Co-Editor Ziad Abu-Rish discusses the history of electricty in Beirut during the early independence period, and some of the legacies and insights of the period. The interview was conducted over email, and first published on the LCPS website. It follows up on an earlier interview on the history of state instutituions in the early independence period. Lebanese Center for Policy Studies (LCPS): The electricity sector in Lebanon, as both a public utility and as an employer, has garnered quite a bit of attention in recent years. Much of what is ...

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You Have, We Have

[Graphic by Jana Trabousli. See slide show for translation and text for explanation]

For the past several weeks I have sat alone in front of two screens: that of my television following the news, and that of my computer reacting to the news. I have written and drawn my anger, and shared it with friends—both on line and in person. I have gone down to the streets, with thousands of others. Now, at this historical moment of the country’s movements and struggle, I am now part of an “us.” We take back our streets, sea, and forests, and we leave them the walls, the parking meters, and the gates and their locks. They divide the profits of their bids and illegally extend their government power. We have legitimacy and people power. These visuals, ...

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Ekumenopolis ve Otesi: Imre Azem ile bir STATUS/الوضع Soylesisi

Ekümenopolis ve Ötesi: İmre Azem ile bir STATUS/الوضع Söyleşisi Bu röportajda kent antropoloğu Duygu Parmaksızoğlu, Ekümenopolis filminin yönetmeni İmre Azem ile kentsel dönüşüm ve son filmi Yeniden İnşa Çağı konusunda söyleşiyor. Azem bu filminde küresel sermayenin kentleri nasıl şekillendirdiğini ele alıyor. Aşağıdaki röportaj ayrı ayrı dinlenebilir dört parçadan oluşuyor. Ses kaydının dökümü ve İngilizce diline çevirisi aşağıdadır. İmre Azem 1975 yılında İstanbul'da doğdu. 1998'de New Orleans'daki Tulane Üniversitesi'nin Siyaset Bilimi ve Fransız Edebiyatı bölümlerinden mezun oldu. Ayrıca Paris'teki Sorbonne Üniversitesi'nde Fransız Edebiyatı derecesini tamamlamak ...

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Turkey's Night of the Firebombs

[Turkish nationalists marching in Ankara, 8 September 2015. Image via al-Araby al-Jadeed.]

Across Turkey, coordinated attacks took place on 8 September against offices of the HDP—the People's Democratic Party. The HDP is not, strictly speaking, a Kurdish party—although that is how it is often described in the media. It was formed in 2012 when a group of left-leaning political organizations—all with firm pro-Kurdish views—decided to form an electoral coalition. The similarity with Greece's Syriza would not be unkind. The HDP holds fairly conventional leftist positions—against nuclear power, for LGBT rights, against discrimination of minorities, for women's equality. So why have its offices from Ankara and elsewhere been rampaged and firebombed? ...

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The Property Regime: Mecca and the Politics of Redevelopment in Saudi Arabia

[Outside Mecca's Grand Mosque, 10 June 2010. Image by the author.]

The 1990 Gulf War was a watershed in the history of the modern Middle East, one that altered the political economies of the region as well as state-society relations therein. In Saudi Arabia, the anti-regime popular mobilizations that had emerged during the war, coupled with the post-war global economic recession, shaped the ways in which the ruling Al Saud monarchy managed its monopoly on power and economic resources. On the one hand, the rulers adopted multi-pronged strategies of coercion and cooptation to pacify oppositional movements. On the other hand, they relied on land speculation, and the development of real estate schemes in particular, as new modes of ...

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Ekin Wan’in bedeninde ifsa olan devlet ya da kadinlar sira bizde

[Image via Evrensel.]

Ekin Wan’ın bedeninde ifşa olan devlet ya da kadınlar sıra bizde Antropolog Veena Das, tüm savaşların ancak özellikle etnik gruplar arası cereyan eden iç savaşların kadın bedeni üzerinde gerçekleştiğini söyler. Ulus devlet ulus kimliğini kurarken cinsiyet kimliklerini de kuran bir yapıdır: yasalar dahil olmak üzere ulusu betimleyen tüm metinler cinsiyetlendirilmiştir ve aynı zamanda milli kadınlık ve milli erkekliği de tanımlar. Polis ve asker milli kimliği korurken aynı zamanda milli kadınlık ve erkekliği de korur. Savaş zamanında bu kimlikler, örneğin batıda ikinci dünya savaşında olduğu gibi, gereklilikler ve mücadele ile bir taraftan bozulur.Diğer taraftan makbul ...

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البنك الدولي، تلاعب و تزوير من أجل تحرير الاستثمار

1.الإطار العام 1.1. قام فريق بحث من البنك الدولي بنشر دراسة تحت عنوان "الكلّ داخل العائلة: الدولة الرهينة في تونس" بتاريخ 27 مارس 2014 أشارت استنتاجاتها إلى كيفية تلاعب الرئيس السابق زين العابدين بن علي بمجلة التشجيع على الاستثمار من أجل خدمة مصالحه الشخصية ومصالح عائلته. حسب هذه الدراسة، أفضت تدخلات الدولة عند فرض إطار قانوني حمائي يعتمد على التراخيص، إلى سيطرة العائلة الحاكمة على بعض القطاعات الاقتصادية وحمت شركاتها من التنافس. 2.1. وتتأتّى الدراسة المذكورة في إطار إصلاح مجلة التشجيع ...

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Conference--After Tahrir: Egyptian Revolutionary Experiences and Future Visions (Santa Barbara, 22-26 January 2016)

After Tahrir: Egyptian Revolutionary Experiences and Future Visions January 22-26, 2016 Pollock Theater, McCune Room University of California Santa Barbara Conference Website: http://www.aftertahrir.net Conference Hashtag: #aftertahrir This four-day research collaboration workshop will take place at UC Santa Barbara on the five-year anniversary of the Tahrir Square Uprisings in 2011 that toppled Egypt’s long-term dictator Hosni Mubarak. These uprisings in Egypt accelerated waves ...

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New Texts Out Now: Lara Deeb and Jessica Winegar, Anthropology’s Politics: Disciplining the Middle East

Lara Deeb and Jessica Winegar, Anthropology’s Politics: Disciplining the Middle East. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2015. Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book? Lara Deeb and Jessica Winegar (LD & JW): Fundamentally, we chose to write this book because we need a much better on-the-ground understanding of how US domestic politics and foreign policy shapes higher education, including our day to day lives as academics and the choices we make in research, teaching, and public outreach. In ...

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Whose University? Criminalizing Student Organizing on Campus: A STATUS/الوضع Episode of Reclaiming Academic Freedom

In this episode of Reclaiming Academic Freedom, Status//الوضع host Tareq Radi interviews four students on the university’s stifling of political organizing via the criminalization of student activities that challenge institutional decisions and policies.  The program episode below includes four parts that you can click on separately. Please find the transcript below the player. Khalil Antonio Vasquez grew up in Spanish Harlem and the Bronx raised by his Puerto Rican grandmother and ...

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Anthropologists Speak Out for Justice in Palestine

The American Anthropological Association’s (AAA) annual business meeting voted on 20 November 2015 to send to the membership for a full vote a resolution to endorse the Palestinian call for the boycott of Israeli academic institutions. With more than ten thousand members, the AAA is the world’s largest professional organization of anthropologists. By an eighty-eight percent majority, a packed room voted 1,040 in favor and 136 against. A prior vote on a competing resolution opposing ...

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The Palestine Exception to Free Speech: A Movement Under Attack in the US

This report, released by the Center for Constitutional Rights and Palestine Legal in September 2015, documents for the first time the widespread and growing suppression of Palestinian human rights advocacy in the United States. Between January 2014 and June 2015, Palestine Legal responded to nearly 300 incidents of suppression; 85% of those incidents targeted students and professors, on a total of more than 65 US college campuses. This trend has significant implications for both the First Amendment and ...

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Leila Sansour’s Open Bethlehem: Making Palestine Legible and Bethlehem Accessible

Open Bethlehem. Directed by Leila Sansour. Palestine, 2014 Towards the end of her new documentary Open Bethlehem (Palestine, 2014), filmmaker Leila Sansour discusses her aim to make Palestine “more important and palatable” to the White House and to US citizens. She stands outside the gated capitol of the United States, knowing that the future of her hometown of Bethlehem is directly connected with policies that are in some ways more significantly determined, not in Ramallah, but in Washington. ...

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Ghaib Tu`ma Farman: The Old Man's Word

The Old Man’s Word Ghaib Tu`ma Farman Translated by Khaled Al-Hilli [As a pioneer of contemporary Iraqi fiction, Ghaib Tu`ma Farman (1927-1990) may have been too geographically removed from the literary center to enjoy the critical acclaim offered to authors of his stature. Born in Baghdad 1927, he came of literary age in the 1950’s with the publication of his first short story collection in 1954 and formed friendships with other literary figures of his time such as Fuad al-Takarli and Abd al-Wahhab ...

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How Did Social Insurance in Egypt Become a Problem Rather Than a Solution?

On 31 March 2015, Egypt’s Minister of Transitional Justice announced that the committee for legislative reform was working on a draft decision to amend some provisions of the laws currently regulating social insurance. Not much attention was paid to this announcement, in which plenty of other projects were mentioned. Over the past decade, little attention has been paid in general to social insurance in Egypt, despite the significant relationship between its inefficiency and increasing ...

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Is the U.S. Left Truly Anti-Zionist?: A STATUS/الوضع Conversation with Ilan Pappe

In this interview with Ilan Pappe, Khalil Bendib asks Pappe about his new book On Palestine, co-authored with Noam Chomsky. Pappe discusses issues debated in the book, spanning from the Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions (BDS) movement and the one-state solution to a paradigm shift and discussion of old and new Left perspectives.  Ilan Pappe is chair of the Department of History at the University of Exeter and author of many books on Palestine-Israel, including The Ethnic Cleansing of ...

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Quick Thoughts: Moe Ali Nayel on Lebanon’s Garbage Crisis and Protest Movement

[On 22 August 2015, what had in previous weeks been a small protest against the breakdown in garbage collection in Beirut turned into a major anti-corruption demonstration calling for fundamental political and economic change in Lebanon. The protesters have been met with escalating repressive violence, and the movement has thus far caught both coalitions of the severely polarized political establishment by surprise. Jadaliyya asked Moe Ali Nayel, a Beirut-based journalist, to explain the background and ...

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المجاري في مائة عام: تتبع آثار شبكة الصرف الصحي التاريخية لمدينة القاهرة

مرت بهدوء متوقع في مارس الماضي مئوية مشروع أثر كثيراً على حياة القاهريين، ألا وهو مشروع الصرف الصحي لمدينة القاهرة، والذي تم افتتاحة في 22 مارس 1915. يتتبع هذا المقال المصور شبكة مجاري القاهرة ويلقي الضوء على تاريخها كما يتجول بصرياً بين بقاياها التي ترجع إلى عام 1915. يكشف المشروع الذي خططه وأشرف على تنفيذه المهندس الإنجليزي تشارلز كاركيت جيمس عن عدد من الإشكاليات الهامة لفهم تاريخ القاهرة في عصر الاحتلال البريطاني الرسمي (1882-1923)، فمن ناحية كان إنشاء شبكة الصرف الصحي ضرورة ملحة للحد من تأثير أوبئة ...

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