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Gender

هِبَة: ولادي وأَسْراري ودَهَباتي وسِشْواري

[لوحة للفنانة العراقية ليلى العطار]

[هذه القصّة هي واحدة من بين مجموعة قصصيّة (لم تُنشر بعد) كتبتها الباحثة بإيحاء من سِيَر حيوات أموات وثّقتها خلال سيرورتها البحثيّة.] عُمري لَمّا مُتِتْ كان خَمْسِة وْتَلاتين سَنِة، عِنْدي وَلَدين وبِنْتْ؛ حَلا، وعَلي، وخالِد. كُنْت في البيتْ لَحالي، لِوْلاد بِالمَدْرَسِة وعُمَر زوجي بِالشُّغُل وِاليوم أَنا بِإِجازِة. خَطَّطِت أَرْتاح شْوَي مِن تَعَب الشُّغُل ومراكَضِة البيت ولِولاد، بَس مِشْ أَرْتاح لَلْأَبَد. كُنْت قاعْدِة أَفْطِرْ، فَجأَة أَجَتْ نوبِة التَّشَنُّج الأولى بِكُلْ حَياتي بِالذّات وأَنا بِنُص الأَكِل، وبِالذّات وأَنا وَحيدة. طَيِّب كُنْتِ اسْتَنّي شْوَيْ أَخَلِّص الأَكِل عَشان ما أخْتْنِق، طَيِّب كُنْتِ اسْتَنّي أَكَمِّن سَنِة لَيِكْبَروا لِوْلاد شْوَيْ ...

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Turkey Media Roundup (March 15)

[Cizre, 15 March 2016. Image by Fatih Pinar.]

English Crackdown on Journalism After Seizing Zaman Newspaper, What's Next for Turkey? Mustafa Akyol argues that all of Turkish media, not just a few newspapers like Zaman, is under threat by the current regime in Turkey. Tightening The Grip: Turkey's Media Takeover Al Jazeera’s “The Listening Post” examines the fallout from the government seizure of Zaman newspaper and interviews journalist Can Dündar on the state of media freedom in Turkey. A Risky Acceleration in Turkish Politics Murat Yetkin suggests that the takeover of Zaman is the latest in Erdoğan’s plan to consolidate power and quash opposition. Kurdish Reporter Faces Jail Time in Turkey for Twitter and ...

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Persian Translation of Nicola Pratt's 'How the West Undermined Women’s Rights in the Arab World'

[Mother of the martyr. Photo by Nicola Pratt]

 چگونه غرب حقوق زنان در جهان عرب را تضعیف کرد؟ این مقاله بر پایهٔ بخشی از یک پژوهش نوشته شده است  که در دو سال گذشته در مورد کنش‌گری زنان در مصر، لبنان و اردن از زمان استقلال تا بهار عربی انجام داده‌ام. {برای این پژوهش} بیش از صد روایت شخصی از فعالان زنان طبقهٔ متوسط از نسل‌های مختلف جمع‌آوری کردم. این پژوهش ابتدا بر مبنای چیزی که یک «پارادوکس جنسیتی» تلقی می‌شود چارچوب‌بندی شده بود: با وجود گذشت بیش از یک قرن از کنش‌گری زنان، چرا زنان در کشورهای عرب هنوز با بعضی از گسترده‌ترین نابرابری‌های جنسیتی در دنیا مواجه هستند؟ استعمارزدایی از جنسیت در دنیای عرب هدف پژوهش من پرداختن نقادانه به دو پیش‌فرض اصلی ...

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"مترجماً الخوف منهن في "ترجمة النساء

[ غلاف كتاب

في كتابه "ترجمة النساء.. حواش على بعض أخبارهن وأحوالهن"، ينقب اللبناني وضاح شرارة في النصوص وما وراءها، وفي فنون تناولت حياة المرأة في الغرب والشرق، مستعيناً بالأدب وبالفلسفة، ودراسات في الثقافة الاجتماعية تقترب من الأنثروبولوجيا، حتى لا نقول علم الاجتماع. مادة الكتاب مقالات نشرها شرارة خلال أكثر من عشرين عاماً، يصح القول إن كلاً منها تشكل كتيباً صغيراً. هذا التنوع مربك بعض الشيء، بالرغم من أن عنوان الكتاب ينفتح على محتواه؛ باختيار الكاتب نماذج من أخبار نساء من بين كثير متاح في الكتب، لكن النقلات كانت مربكة. أراد شرارة تجاوز ذلك بتقسيم الكتاب إلى قسمين في تسعة فصول، لكن دون مقدمة يشرح فيها ارتباكه، أو يعتذر إلينا عن إرباكنا. على كل حال، يمكن أن نعد الكتاب ...

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How the West Undermined Women’s Rights in the Arab World

[Mother of the martyr. Photo by Nicola Pratt]

This article is based on some of the research that I have conducted over the past two years on women’s activism in Egypt, Lebanon, and Jordan, from independence until the Arab uprisings. I collected over one hundred personal narratives from middle class women activists of different generations. This research was initially framed in terms of what is perceived to be a ‘gender paradox’: despite over a century of women’s activism, why do women in Arab countries continue to face some of the largest gender inequalities in the world? Decolonizing Gender in the Arab World   My research has sought to critically engage with two core assumptions underpinning the formulation ...

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Manifesto Against the Woman

[Image by Rana Jarbou.]

Weeks before the 2003 US invasion of Iraq, Indian theorist Chandra Talpade Mohanty published her book, Feminism without Borders, in which she discusses the hegemony of Western feminism and its deadly transnational effects. In doing so, Mohanty did not reveal a truth that other feminists had somehow missed. She did, however, theorize what she called “third world difference”–that brute pedestal upon which western feminists stand as they survey the world. Mohanty uses the term to critique the problematic practices and relationships through which western feminism purports to speak for third world women. Mohanty describes this “difference” as “that stable, ahistorical ...

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Remembering Fatema Mernissi

[Fatima Mernissi, The Arab Weekly]

This tribute is to Fatema Mernissi: mentor, insightful teacher, organic intellectual, incisive feminist, powerful voice, charismatic presence, craftswoman, generous host, and friend.  Fatema Mernissi, a writer, professor, sociologist, and central figure of Arab feminism, passed away at the age of seventy-five on Monday, 30 November, in Rabat. Mernissi was a professor at the Mohammed V University of Rabat and a research scholar at the Institut Universitaire de Recherche Scientifique (IURS) in the same city. Fatema Mernissi will remain an inspirational figure to many of us whose lives she marked with her warm presence, ample generosity, and hilarious sense of ...

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في نقد ظاهرة النسويّة الإسلامية: الأخوات المسلمات مثالاً

[مصدر الصورة آ.ب]

في نقد ظاهرة «النسويّة الإسلاميّة»: «الأخوات المسلمات» مثالاً محددات أولية في اصطلاح "النسوية" و"النسوية الإسلامية" ما زال هناك صعوبة شديدة إلى الآن تواجه الباحثين والباحثات بشأن تحديد دقيق لما يعنيه اصطلاح «النسويّة Feminism»، وبخاصة في البلاد العربية والإسلاميّة. الصعوبة لا تكمن في نقل معاني المصطلح والتأريخ له في بلاد الغرب (1) والكيفية التي انتقل بها إلى بلاد العرب، بمقدار ما تكمن أولاً في تحديد الاستحقاق المعرفي له وما يترتب عليه؛ وثانياً، في إمكانية إدراج هذا الاستحقاق داخل السياق الإسلامي، المؤسَّس بنحو جوهريّ على مقتضيات «العقل القضيبي». لا بد من الإشارة للمعاني المستبطنة داخل مصطلح "النسوية" أثناء استخدامه في هذا المقال: ...

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New Texts Out Now: Amira Jarmakani, An Imperialist Love Story: Desert Romances and the War on Terror

[Cover of Amira Jarmakani,

Amira Jarmakani, An Imperialist Love Story: Desert Romances and the War on Terror. New York: New York University Press, 2015. J: What made you write this book?   Amira Jarmakani (AJ): The impetus for this book came when a dear friend and colleague, Evelyn Alsultany, sent me a link to a website called “Sheikhs and Desert Love.” The website, which now appears to be defunct, was operated by desert romance fan Erika Wittlieb from 2001-2007 and then seems to have been operated by Amazon for a few years. The latter shift demonstrates the popularity of desert romances (in other words, it was lucrative enough for Amazon to want to capture the desert romance fans who ...

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New Texts Out Now: Maha El Said, Lena Meari, and Nicola Pratt, Rethinking Gender in Revolutions and Resistance

[Cover of

Maha El Said, Lena Meari, and Nicola Pratt, editors, Rethinking Gender in Revolutions and Resistance: Lessons from the Arab World. London: Zed Books, 2015. Jadaliyya (J): What made you put together this book? Maha El Said, Lena Meari, and Nicola Pratt (MES/LM/NP): The book emerged initially out of a three-year project between the University of Warwick Centre for the Study of Women and Gender and Birzeit University Institute of Women’s Studies, funded by the British Academy, and entitled “Reconceptualizing Gender: Transnational Perspectives.” This project culminated in a workshop in July 2013 at the University of Warwick, entitled “Rethinking Gender in Revolutions and ...

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Salma Hayek and the Sexist Lebanese Citizenship Law

[Lebanese passport prior to 2006. Image by Stratforder via Wikipedia]

Last month, Salma Hayek visited Lebanon to promote the world premiere of The Prophet, the new animated film based on the poetry of Khalil Gibran. It was her first ever visit to the country.  The Lebanese greeted her with open arms as a long-lost daughter. The visit culminated with the rumor that Hayek had been offered Lebanese citizenship. The gesture is not surprising in and of itself. Lebanese citizenship is transmitted through paternal blood and Hayek’s paternal Grandfather was Lebanese. But is Hayek, who calls herself a feminist, aware that accepting the citizenship betrays Lebanese women who have been fighting in vain for decades for equal citizenship ...

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The Politics of Gendered Violence in Lebanon

[Protest in Beirut against violence against women. Image by Joelle Hatem]

Ali al Zein murdered his wife Sara Al-Amin on 18 May 2015. Her murder was shocking in its brutality. It is only one link in a long chain of visible and invisible violence against women in contemporary Lebanon. Structural conditions give birth to this violence. These conditions enshrine the legal impunity and social acceptability of female vulnerability to violence. Amin’s murder is an instance of intimate partner violence, the latest in a spate of wife killing across Lebanon. In addition to highlighting, yet again, the urgent need for sweeping legal change, this crime should shake people in Lebanon to the core. Here was a woman who was subject to her husband’s physical ...

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Speaking of Palestine: Solidarity and Its Censors

Since October 2015, clashes, protests, and shootings have intensified in the West Bank and East Jerusalem. As the Israeli occupation approaches its fiftieth year, many are calling the current wave of Palestinian resistance the third intifada. It is almost impossible to describe the complexity of Israeli territorial control that inhibits Palestinian movement, the scale of loss that families and villages have endured over decades of colonial rule, or the exhaustion and fear that dominate everyday ...

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Kamel Daoud: Sexual Demonization and the Secularist Select

In a controversial NYT op-ed, the Algerian journalist and prize-winning author Kamel Daoud weighed in on the infamous events of last New Year’s Eve in Cologne, Germany. He wrote of the sexual harassment and rape authored by Muslim migrants and refugees as symptoms of a “sick” relationship with sex and women in general, and that this “disease” was now spreading to Western lands. This spectacular episode of sexual violence had managed to turn what had been general sympathy for refugees fleeing terrorism ...

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The 'Taharrush' Connection: Xenophobia, Islamophobia, and Sexual Violence in Germany and Beyond

New Year’s Eve 2016 witnessed the collective public sexual harassment and assault of dozens of women during celebrations in Cologne, Germany, reportedly by more than one thousand men. Similar, smaller-scale incidents were reported in other German cities, like Hamburg and Stuttgart. In the aftermath of the attacks, numerous media outlets quoted alleged police sources describing the perpetrators as men “of Arab or North African appearance”; of “Middle Eastern appearance”; or originating from “Morocco, ...

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The Fantasies of Kamel Daoud

[This collective letter, translated by Muriam Haleh Davis, was originally a response to Kamel Daoud’s piece, “Cologne, lieu de fantasmes,” in which he purports to analyze the allegations of sexual violence committed by refugees in Germany that occurred on New Year’s Eve. Both articles – Daoud’s piece and the collective response – appeared in the French newspaper Le Monde on the 31 January and 11 February, respectively. Subsequent to their publication, German investigations have shown that most of the ...

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الساعة العاطلة لا تظهر في الصورة

بحوث في الأمومة لإيمان مرسال يجّدُّ الإنسان فجأة في بحثه عن دلائل لحياته وعلاقاته بأهله ومحيطه، عبر دفاتر قديمة ربما، رسائل ومنقول شفاهي وصور. النص الأدبي والصورة هي من ضمن مفاتيح الشاعرة إيمان مرسال في مشروعها قيد البحث والكتابة حول موضوع الأمومة. هذه المفردة التي تبدو لأول وهلة مثل كتلة صلدة ملساء، ولكنها ما أن تلبث تستقر في مخيلتنا حتى تشتعل لتتدافع تداعياتها وتتقاذف بعد لحظات مثل لحظة انفجار كبير. إيمان مرسال الشاعرة لا تطأ مكاناً غير مزدحم بها أولا، وفي الوقت نفسه لابد وأن يكون مثخّناً، لا بالفرح ...

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A Closely Guarded Secret: Saving the Most Vulnerable Women in Baghdad - A STATUS/الوضع Conversation with Rania Abouzeid

In this interview, Mailhe Razazan speaks with Rania Abouzeid about her article "Out of Sight" in the New Yorker.  Rania Abouzeid is an award-winning journalist with over a decade's experience in the Middle East. She has held several fellowships, including the Ochberg at Columbia University's Graduate School of Journalism, and a visiting fellowship at the Eurpoean Council on Foreign Relations. She is currently a New America Fellow, writing a book about the Syrian uprising.  The ...

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Beyond the Exotic in Ottoman Baths

Bath houses or hammams were fundamental fixtures of cities and towns throughout the Ottoman world. Western travelers and writers were drawn to the exotic allure of bath houses as spaces associated with leisure and eroticism, which featured prominently in orientalist tropes concerning Europe’s Islamic other. This legacy of exoticism notwithstanding, new scholarship on Ottoman baths demonstrates that the hammam can serve as a site for fruitful and fascinating historical inquiry into the social ...

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دعوة للمساهمة في دورية "اختيار" الثانية

دعوة للمساهمة في دورية "اختيار" الثانية نحن نسويات ونسويون، نعمل من خلال مجموعة "اختيار" لدراسات وأبحاث النوع الاجتماعي، على تقديم وتوفير الإنتاج المعرفي المعني بالنوع الاجتماعي والجنسانية باللغة العربية من سياق محلي، كي نتشارك به مع المهتمين والمهتمات. وتركز رؤيتنا عن الإنتاج المعرفي باللغة العربية على مجابهة الامتيازات المتعلقة بكون المعرفة عن النوع الاجتماعي والجنسانية متاحة فقط لقلة من الأفراد والمجموعات. في آذار\ مارس 2015، أصدرت مجموعتنا الدورية الأولى ...

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Ekin Wan’in bedeninde ifsa olan devlet ya da kadinlar sira bizde

Ekin Wan’ın bedeninde ifşa olan devlet ya da kadınlar sıra bizde Antropolog Veena Das, tüm savaşların ancak özellikle etnik gruplar arası cereyan eden iç savaşların kadın bedeni üzerinde gerçekleştiğini söyler. Ulus devlet ulus kimliğini kurarken cinsiyet kimliklerini de kuran bir yapıdır: yasalar dahil olmak üzere ulusu betimleyen tüm metinler cinsiyetlendirilmiştir ve aynı zamanda milli kadınlık ve milli erkekliği de tanımlar. Polis ve asker milli kimliği korurken aynı zamanda milli kadınlık ve ...

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Gay Hanging in Iran: Atrocities and Impersonations

Everybody on earth knows that a deal on Iran’s nuclear program was announced in mid-July. Everybody also knows that this apparent step toward peace launched a new stage in an old war: of propaganda.Proponents praise the possibility of a historic opening. Opponents—who include Israel, Saudi Arabia, and the Republican Party—warn of disaster. Both sides want to expand their constituencies. In Western countries, gay communities—small but politically influential—are more and more the target for just this ...

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الوضع الحلقة الثانية - العرض

"الوضع" مجلة صوتية شهرية مستقلة يصدرها مشروع تعاوني جماعي، وتسعى إلى خلق فضاء نقدي وتحليلي. ستتضمن أعدادها مواد تحليلية ونقدية وإخبارية، بالإضافة إلى مراجعات وقراءات وحوارات مع ناشطين وصحفيين وباحثين ومواطنين في العالم العربي وخارجه. ستتابع المجلة أهم القضايا في الحيز السياسي والاقتصادي والاجتماعي والإنتاج المعرفي والثقافي والمعلوماتي وانتشاره في وسائل الإعلام والتواصل الاجتماعي. كما تركز المجلة عي المؤثرين والمحركين في "المجتمع الأهلي" وغيره الذين يحفزون فضاءات وأمكنة وأنماطاً ...

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New Texts Out Now: Kenneth M. Cuno, Modernizing Marriage: Family, Ideology, and Law in Nineteenth- and Early Twentieth-Century Egypt

Kenneth M. Cuno, Modernizing Marriage: Family, Ideology, and Law in Nineteenth- and Early Twentieth-Century Egypt. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 2015. Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book?  Kenneth M. Cuno (KC): Actually, I was planning to write a different book. But while researching it in Cairo I had a bit of free time and began exploring materials that had been collected and cataloged in the National Archives since my previous work there. I was curious about the registers of the ...

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