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Gender

A Fashionable Revolution: Veiling, Morality, and Consumer Culture in Iran

[“Tehran Shopping Malls” by Saghar Daeeri 100 x 150 cm Acrylic on canvas, 2008.]

There has been a flurry of commentary recently that claims something of a “silent revolution” is underway in Iran today. It is supposedly a revolution against — or, at the very least, a flagrant disregard for — government prescriptions for public decency. It is situated on the surfaces of women’s bodies and assumes bright colors, brand names, fitted contours, and flowing hair. It is supposedly a revolution against but also of the mandatory veil, or how a new generation of women is taking liberties with it. We see beautiful young women in the streets of Tehran inviting us to reconsider stereotypical images of Iranian women that predominate in mainstream English-language ...

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Women's Activism and the Polio Epidemic in Syria

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The international press has spent the last few months actively monitoring the Geneva talks aimed at negotiating a political solution to the present conflict in Syria: from speculation to stagnation and ultimately complete disintegration. Meanwhile, and receiving relatively little media attention, a group of some two hundred Syrian doctors and eight thousand five hundred volunteers have been focusing their efforts on implementing a campaign to vaccinate children against polio in seven northern governorates inside the country. The six-round campaign, which seeks to vaccinate two million children under five in opposition-controlled areas, began in January 2014 and has ...

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BCHR: Discrimination Against Women in Bahraini Society and Legislation

[Logo of Bahrain Center for Human Rights. Image from bahrainrights.org]

[The following report was published by the Bahrain Center for Human Rights on 10 February 2014]  Discrimination Against Women in Bahraini Society and Legislation Overview of Women's Rights in Bahrain: Initially, one should look at the context of what human rights means. Are government officials in the Arab countries, which often claim that human rights are a Western invention, able to uphold the individual’s right to not be subjected to torture, their right to religious freedom, education, or protect them from being discriminated against? Or do they claim that these rights are not pre-rooted in local culture and values? A human rights activist who strives to ...

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We the Women Are in Taksim in Istanbul on the 8th of March!

[Images via Istanbul Feminist Collective.]

[The following statement was released by the Istanbul Feminist Collective on 4 March 2014. It has been edited slightly for stylistic purposes.] We are, as the women who live in Turkey, raising our voices on the streets for eleven years, calling out against patriarchy, against men's violence, sexism, heterosexism, capitalism, militarism, and war, at the night marches of 8th of March. Since the last 8th of March, it has been a year of increasing violence against women. Every day, we reading about another femicide in the news. Every day three women are killed in Turkey. The murderers and the rapists receive no punishment. The state is not trying to stop the violence ...

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Call for Papers: Special Issue of e-cadernos entitled "Reflections on Palestinian Women and Cinema"

[Logo of e-cadernos. Image from ces.uc.pt]

Call for Papers “Reflections on Palestinian Women and Cinema” Editors: Shahd Wadi and Júlia Garraio The deadline for submission is March 31, 2014 In 2011 we organized a cinema and debate-cycle entitled ‘Palestinian Women and Cinema’ in Lisbon and Coimbra, Portugal. This initiative made us realize the extent to which cinema is able not only to project a home for Palestinians living in dispossession, but also to be a space where “the other” meets Palestinian memory, history, identity, and, above all, Palestinian resistance and struggle for existence. Through a broad variety of aesthetic approaches and different political positions, the screened films addressed and ...

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تأملات في الجسد

[مشهد مواجهة الجدار من

لأجسادنا وجهان/جلدان، وجه/جلد على العالم الخارجي، في الـ"هناك" البعيد القريب، حيث يتماس "الآخر" مع سطحه، فنعرف به ذواتنا وحدوده، ووجه/جلد على ذواتنا يطل في الـ"هنا"، هو الوجه القريب للمسافة البعيدة التي تهجس فيها أرواحنا بما يضج فيها وبها، هي المسافة الرمزية للأنا، فهيها –مثلًا- يرتع "إسمنا" بما يحمل لنا من خارجنا إلى داخلنا والعكس، هناك تتراتب أسئلتنا الوجودية في مقاعدها بوجاهة طفل، وفوهتها إلينا، وإن أخطأت إلى الـ"هناك". ************************************* بقراءة بسيطة –وإن مختزلة كانت- لأعمال أحد أشهر الفنانيين الأوروبيين في فترة "مابعد الحرب" وهو إيف كلاين (بالفرنسية إييف كلييه) 1928 – 1962 والذي يعد ...

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NYC Event: Reflections on the Academic Study of Women and Islam (NYU, 31 Jan 2014)

Reflections on the Academic Study of Women and Islam: A Panel Discussion with Professors Lila Abu-Lughod and Suad Joseph Friday, 31 January 2014 5:30pm-7:30pm King Juan Carlos Auditorium 53 Washington Square South New York University The Hagop Kevorika Center for Near East Studes invites you to attend a discussion with Lila Abu-Lughod, professor of Anthropology and Women's and Gender Studies at Columbia University, on her new book Do Muslim Women Need Saving? (Harvard University Press, 2013) and Suad Joseph, professor of Anthropology and Women's Studies at the University of California Davis, on the new volume she edited Women and Islamic Cultures: ...

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استباحة النساء في المجال العام 1

[مصدر الصورة صفحة

استباحة النساء في المجال العام: مدخل نقدي لفهم أسباب الظاهرة وآليات المقاومة (الجزء الأول) مقدمة  لا يحتاج الحديث عن العنف الجنسي في مصر إلى مقدمات طويلة، فالظاهرة أصبحت واقعاً يومياً لكافة النساء المصريات. ذلك أنّ أية امرأة في مصر باتت عرضه لمستويات مختلفة من الانتهاك الذي يبدأ بالتهديد أو الملاحقة أو التحرش اللفظي، و يصل إلى حد الاعتداء الجنسي الجماعي في الشارع. ورغم تسليط الضوء على أحداث التحرير، والتي أخذت بعداً سياسياً نتيجة لمكان وملابسات تلك الاعتداءات، فإن المتابعين لتلك الظاهرة عن كثب طوال السنوات القليلة الماضية دأبوا على الإشارة إلى أن ما حدث ليس بجديد تماماً. فالاعتداءات الجنسية الجماعية على النساء في مصر بدأت بالفعل منذ سنوات، وبالتحديد منذ أحداث عيدي ...

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The Delusions of Representing Male Homosexuality in Beirut

[Graffiti on the walls in Hamra neighborhood of Beirut, circa 2010-2011. Image by Mathew Gagne]

Journalistic and popular accounts have often extolled Beirut as a haven for gay men. These accounts of male homosexuality in Beirut–like this NYT article, this NPR recording, as well as these articles in The Guardian and the Huffington Post–produce a particularly problematic model of queer[1] life in the city. This model uses several sets of binaries to make sense of sexual non-normativity (queerness) in the city without reflecting on who and what this narrow grid excludes. By doing so, the model ends up defining the types of social, sexual and political lives that are visible as queer. However, these binaries alone are never sufficient in theorizing or making sense of ...

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Lubunca and the History of Istanbul Slang

[Image via Ottoman History Podcast]

How did past people speak in their daily lives? Because historical documentation of spoken language is often thin, this question has fascinated and frustrated generations of linguists. Nowhere could this be truer than in Turkey, where radical sociolinguistic transformations since the end of the Ottoman period have largely erased the traces of what was a highly oral and multilingual Ottoman culture. In Ottoman History Podcast Episode #135, Nicholas Kontovas takes us inside the social world that created one Turkish slang variety known as Lubunca. This jargon is mainly used among Turkey’s LGBTQ communities today. It takes its name from the word lubunya, which refers to ...

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New Texts Out Now: Farha Ghannam, Live and Die Like a Man: Gender Dynamics in Urban Egypt

[Cover of Farha Ghannam,

Farha Ghannam, Live and Die Like a Man: Gender Dynamics in Urban Egypt. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 2013. Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book? Farha Ghannam (FG): The study of gender in the Middle East has been largely approached through the question of women. While this focus has been very productive in that it generated a rich body of literature that countered many simplistic assumptions about women as passive and powerless, little attention has been paid to men as gendered subjects. Masculinity was often left assumed and invisible rather than problematized and interrogated. At the same time, I was struck by how we continue to equate the woman ...

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سنة 1962 كحدث واستعارة في التواريخ الشفوية للنساء في الجزائر

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فيما يلي ملخص لبعض الأفكار التي أستقصيها في دراستي القادمة التي ستصدر عن مطبعة جامعة مانشستر: شقيقاتنا المقاتلات: الأمة، الذاكرة والجندر في الجزائر، 1954 – 2012 "لم أفعل شيئاً بعد الحرب" كانت هذه المقولة، أو التنويعات عليها، أحد الأجوبة الأكثر شيوعاً التي حصلتُ عليها حين سألتُ النساء الجزائريات، وخاصة الريفيات منهنّ، اللواتي شاركْنَ في حرب التحرير (1954- 62): ماذا فعلتنَّ بعد الاستقلال؟ كانت النساء اللواتي حاورتهنّ يتحدّثْنَ لساعات عمّا فعلْنهُ أثناء الحرب (قلن إنهنّ يستطعْنَ التحدث أياماً وأسابيعَ عن الأمر). وحين عدتُ إلى سنة 1962، نظرْنَ إليّ، وعلى وجوههنّ علامة استفهام: لماذا تريدين أن تعرفي عن هذا؟ إن وجهة النظر هذه، حول سنة 1962، كـ ...

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الحركة النسوية الفلسطينية بعد أوسلو: حصادٌ مرّ في تمكين الذات وفي تحرير الوطن

[ هذا المقال جزء من ”أصوات من أجل غزة" وهو ملف خاص تنشره جدلية على مدار شهر كامل. للإطلاع على بقية المقالات اضغط/ي هنا] مع تراجع دور الحركة الوطنية الفلسطينية بعد اتفاقات أوسلو وضعف كافة أشكال التنظيم التابعة لها أو لأحزابها (جاد 2008)، أدّت عملية أوسلو وخصوصاً آليات التمويل للسلطة الفلسطينية إلى هيمنة خطاب "التنمية" و"بناء الدولة"، وتضاؤل خطاب المقاومة والتحرير، وضعف ثقافة المقاومة، وبروز ثقافة الاستهلاك والبحث عن حلول فردية. في هذا المناخ، عانت الأحزاب والتنظيمات من ...

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Reclaiming and Redefining Rights: Status of Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights in the Middle East and North Africa

[The following report was published by the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights on 23 February 2014] Reclaiming and Redefining Rights -- ICPD+20: Status of Sexual and Reproductive Rights Executive Summary The year 2014 was meant to be the year that ended the Program of Action adopted by the Cairo Conference for Population and Development (ICPD) in 1994. The document was a paradigm shift in understanding and framing reproductive health and rights and prioritizing individuals’ rights to choose and ...

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Sosyal Bilimler ve Kadinlarin Bilme Bicimleri

Sosyal Bilimler ve Kadınların Bilme Biçimleri Sosyal bilim alanında çalışan bir kadın için en zor işlerden biri, erkek egemen bilme biçimleri içinde kendine yer açmak, söylediğinin duyulmasını sağlamaktır. Çünkü erkek egemen, endüstriyel ve kapitalist bir kültür içinde yeşermiş olan sosyal bilimlerin, bilmek ile ilgili varsaydığı her şey kadınların bilme biçimlerini sosyal bilimlerin dışında tutar. Erkek egemen sosyal bilim ve sosyal bilimin kadınlara yaklaşımı hakkında yazmak belki de hiç olmadığı ...

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عن السيد الجديد والمرأة المصرية

  عن السيد الجديد والمرأة المصرية السيسي يمتطي حصاناً أبيض ويرتدي زياً نصفه عسكري ونصفه مدني، ويحمل أمامه امرأة هي مصر، تضع قناعا فرعونياً وترتدي فستان الزفاف الأبيض. وفي الخلفية، الأهرامات الثلاثة، يحمل الأول صورة عبد الناصر والثاني صورة السادات والثالث صورة السيسي، بينما يختفي مبارك من تاريخ الأمجاد المصرية. وفي الخلفية العامة صورة بانورامية لملاحم الجيش المصري. وعلى جنبات اللوحة إعلانات: «عروسة قمر» و«عريس دكر»، وفي الأسفل «هي ده مصر يا أمريكان يا غجر». شاع هذا الرسم لفترة على لافتات كبيرة في ...

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Moral Panics, Sex Panics and the Production of A Lebanese Nation

In the past few months sex panics and moral panics, centered on gendered bodies and abuses, have rocked Lebanon.  In this article I want to revisit three of these panics: photos of a semi-nude Lebanese Olympic Skier’s body and reactions to it; the impunity of wife murderers and wife abusers; and the razing of a Syrian makeshift refugee camp after (ultimately false) accusations of sex abuse by a camp resident of a mentally disabled Lebanese man. I bring these three cases together in order to think ...

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In Iran, Global Social Action to End Violence Against Women Takes on Local Forms

Iranians have joined the One Billion Rising global campaign to end violence against women. The global campaign, now in its second year, calls on supporters in different countries to gather publicly on 14 February 2014, and collectively dance for justice for women. Since strict prohibitions in Iran on public assemblies make collective “risings” an obvious impossibility, Iranians have turned to different methods of participation. The One Billion Rising–Iran group has created a Facebook page to serve as ...

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استباحة النساء في المجال العام 2

[اضغط/ي هنا للجزء الأول من المقال] الجزء الثاني: الحراك و المقاومة: حركة مقاومة العنف الجنسي ما قبل الثورة وما بعدها مقاومة العنف الجنسي قبل الخامس والعشرين من يناير 2011: اقتصرت مقاومة العنف الجنسي في السنين التي سبقت ثورة يناير على صعيدين رئيسيين، أولهما هو عمل المنظمات الحقوقية والثاني هو النضالات اليومية للنساء في المجال العام ضد أشكال العنف الجنسي المختلفة. يُعد دور المنظمات الحقوقية التي تتبنى أجندة نسوية دوراً رائداً في العديد من الجوانب، أولها وأهمها هو كسر الصمت حول القضية. ففي الوقت ...

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The Promise of the Wall: Reflections on Desire and Gated Communities in Cairo

“Gated communities,” which started to emerge in the US in the 1980s, have quickly spread around the world and became “a global commodity and cultural icon eagerly consumed by urban elites world-wide” (Genis 2007: 771). Since the mid 1990s, dozens of these communities have spread around Cairo. Most of these developments target the rich and present themselves as alternatives to the hectic, polluted, congested, and crowded Cairo. In their attempts to explain the increasing popularity of these spatial forms ...

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New Texts Out Now: Samia Errazzouki, Working-Class Women Revolt: Gendered Political Economy in Morocco

Samia Errazzouki, “Working-Class Women Revolt: Gendered Political Economy in Morocco.” The Journal of North African Studies Volume 19, Issue 2 [Special Issue on Women, Gender, and the Arab Spring, edited by Andrea Khalil], March 2014. Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this article? Samia Errazzouki (SE): I was in Morocco when Mohammed Bouazizi set himself on fire and many in Morocco, at the time, were anticipating what would follow suit. Not too long after Bouazizi’s self-immolation, on 21 ...

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الثورة الجزائرية: محاورة الماضي

انطلقت ثورة الفاتح من نوفمبر في العام 1954 بنداء وجهته رسالة جبهة التحرير الوطني إلى الشعب الجزائري قائلة "إذا كان هدف أي حركة ثورية في الواقع هو خلق جميع الظروف الثورية للقيام بعملية تحريرية، فإننا نعتبر الشعب الجزائري في أوضاعه الداخلية متحداً حول قضية الاستقلال والعمل"، داعية بذلك الشعب للانخراط بكليته في الثورة التي أنهت في العام 1962 الاستعمار الفرنسي الذي رابط في الجزائر منذ العام 1830، بإعلان استقلال الجزائر وإنشاء الجمهورية الجزائرية. خصت جدلية ذكرى انطلاقة الثورة الجزائرية بملف ...

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الجزائر تلقي الحجاب

["إذا أردنا أن نضرب المجتمع الجزائري في صميم بنيته وفي قدرته على المقاومة، فيجب علينا قبل كل شيء كسب النساء، ويجب علينا السعي للبحث عنهن خلف الحجاب حيث يتوارين، وفي المنازل حيث يخفيهن الرجل"، لم تكن هذه المقولة للمستعمِر الفرنسي التي يأتي فرانز فانون على ذكرها في مقدمة مقالته "الجزائر تلقي الحجاب"، سوى واحدة من ترددات سياسة التدمير الثقافي التي اتّبعها الاستعمار في الجزائر لتفكيك المجتمع وتفتيته، مستهدفاً أحد أركانه الأساسية لا سيّما وقد كانت المرأة الجزائرية ركيزة أساسية في نضال ...

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Rethinking Gezi Through Feminist and LGBT Perspectives

On 4-5 October 2013, The New School's Historical Studies Department convened various scholars, activists, and artists to address critical questions about history and contemporary politics in Turkey under the rubric of the Talk Turkey Conference: Rethinking Life Since Gezi. One of the panels of the conerence was entitled "Rethinking Gezi through Feminist and LGBT Perspectives," and featured presentations by Cihan Tekay (Co-Editor of Jadaliyya's Turkey Page), Zeuno Ustun (Graduate Student at the ...

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