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Gender

Ekin Wan’in bedeninde ifsa olan devlet ya da kadinlar sira bizde

[Image via Evrensel.]

Ekin Wan’ın bedeninde ifşa olan devlet ya da kadınlar sıra bizde Antropolog Veena Das, tüm savaşların ancak özellikle etnik gruplar arası cereyan eden iç savaşların kadın bedeni üzerinde gerçekleştiğini söyler. Ulus devlet ulus kimliğini kurarken cinsiyet kimliklerini de kuran bir yapıdır: yasalar dahil olmak üzere ulusu betimleyen tüm metinler cinsiyetlendirilmiştir ve aynı zamanda milli kadınlık ve milli erkekliği de tanımlar. Polis ve asker milli kimliği korurken aynı zamanda milli kadınlık ve erkekliği de korur. Savaş zamanında bu kimlikler, örneğin batıda ikinci dünya savaşında olduğu gibi, gereklilikler ve mücadele ile bir taraftan bozulur.Diğer taraftan makbul ...

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Gay Hanging in Iran: Atrocities and Impersonations

[Image shown 17 July 2015 on Gay Star News ]

Everybody on earth knows that a deal on Iran’s nuclear program was announced in mid-July. Everybody also knows that this apparent step toward peace launched a new stage in an old war: of propaganda.Proponents praise the possibility of a historic opening. Opponents—who include Israel, Saudi Arabia, and the Republican Party—warn of disaster. Both sides want to expand their constituencies. In Western countries, gay communities—small but politically influential—are more and more the target for just this courtship and recruitment. The right-wing pundit Amir Taheri greeted the nuclear deal with a storm of tweets and screeds condemning it. One ...

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الوضع الحلقة الثانية - العرض

"الوضع" مجلة صوتية شهرية مستقلة يصدرها مشروع تعاوني جماعي، وتسعى إلى خلق فضاء نقدي وتحليلي. ستتضمن أعدادها مواد تحليلية ونقدية وإخبارية، بالإضافة إلى مراجعات وقراءات وحوارات مع ناشطين وصحفيين وباحثين ومواطنين في العالم العربي وخارجه. ستتابع المجلة أهم القضايا في الحيز السياسي والاقتصادي والاجتماعي والإنتاج المعرفي والثقافي والمعلوماتي وانتشاره في وسائل الإعلام والتواصل الاجتماعي. كما تركز المجلة عي المؤثرين والمحركين في "المجتمع الأهلي" وغيره الذين يحفزون فضاءات وأمكنة وأنماطاً جديدة من الفعل الذي ولدته الانتفاضات العربية. في كل عدد من "الوضع" ثمة عرض مرافق. في هذه الحلقة الجديدة (ناقص 2) من عرض "الوضع"، يناقش كل من بسام حداد ...

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New Texts Out Now: Kenneth M. Cuno, Modernizing Marriage: Family, Ideology, and Law in Nineteenth- and Early Twentieth-Century Egypt

[Cover of Kenneth M. Cuno,

Kenneth M. Cuno, Modernizing Marriage: Family, Ideology, and Law in Nineteenth- and Early Twentieth-Century Egypt. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 2015. Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book?  Kenneth M. Cuno (KC): Actually, I was planning to write a different book. But while researching it in Cairo I had a bit of free time and began exploring materials that had been collected and cataloged in the National Archives since my previous work there. I was curious about the registers of the census of 1848, and when I saw the detail they contained I thought they had the potential to complement qualitative sources like Sharia Court records and fatwas, which ...

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Black Feminism Is: Reflections on the Black Feminist Think Tank Symposium

Introduction On 20-21 March 2015, hundreds gathered at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor to examine black feminism as an intellectual and political practice and to chart a way forward. As faculty, students, and activists from around the United States and beyond, we shared our frustrations with the isolation and invisibility (or, in some cases, notoriety) we have experienced as black women and women of color in higher education. Twenty years after the path-breaking conference “Black Women in the Academy: Defending Our Name, 1894-1994” held at Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1994, our situation and the position of our field of inquiry have not fundamentally ...

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Illicit Sex in Ottoman and French Algeria: An Interview with Aurelie Perrier

[Postcard depicting street of Ouled Nails, Biskra. Image via Ottoman History Podcast.]

The association of the Arab world with Western sexual fantasy figured prominently in the artwork and literature that was critiqued so famously by Edward Said in Orientalism. Yet beyond the fantasies embedded in Delacroix’s paintings of odalisques, what did sex actually mean in nineteenth-century Algeria? In Ottoman History Podcast #188, Aurelie Perrier begins to answer this question. Building on the groundbreaking work of scholars like Malek Alloula and Christelle Taraud, her research explores the nature of illicit sex in nineteenth-century Algeria under both Ottoman and French rule. Perrier situates the topic in the fluid boundaries of Ottoman-administered sex ...

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New Texts Out Now: Smadar Lavie, Wrapped in the Flag of Israel: Mizrahi Single Mothers and Bureaucratic Torture

[Cover of Smadar Lavie,

Smadar Lavie, Wrapped in the Flag of Israel: Mizrahi Single Mothers and Bureaucratic Torture. New York and Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2014. Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book? Smadar Lavie (SL): In February 1999 I was a star academic, on the eve of becoming a full tenured professor at University of California, Davis. I had to pack two suitcases, the family dog, and my son’s cello, and flee with him from Berkeley to save our lives. We were both victims of domestic violence that I kept secret from my colleagues. The California courts had proven unable to help us. So I fled to Israel-Palestine, where my family resides. Upon arrival, our Israeli and US passports ...

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Memorandum on Equal Citizenship Rights for Libyan Women in the Constitution

[The following is an English translation of a memorandum that was issued by a group of concerned Libyan citizens to the Constitutional Drafting Assembly on 20 August 2014 with respect to the right of Libyan women to pass on citizenship to their children. The introduction that precedes the memorandum was written by Hanan Ghosheh, one of the people involved in the drafting of the memorandum. The original Arabic memorandum is reproduced at the end.] In the three years following the February 17 Revolution of Libya, the status of women’s rights has endured severe setbacks including unprecedented violence and crimes against the female population. The fact that seventeen ...

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The Politics of "Unveiling Saudi Women": Between Postcolonial Fantasies and the Surveillance State

[Wall surrounding a gated community, Saudi Arabia. Image by Amelie Le Renard.]

With the consolidation of the Saudi state starting in the 1960s, the regime has progressively imposed unified dress codes for Saudi men and women, that for the latter has meant wearing a long, black cloak [‘abaya] and veiling. Various state institutions, like schools, universities, and the Committee for the Promotion of Virtue and Prevention of Vice—commonly referred to as the “morality police” or “mutawi‘a”—have increasingly rigorously monitored women’s strict dress codes, on which much has been written (Le Renard, 2011, 2014, Al-Rasheed, 2013). This essay deals with a different relation of power that has received less attention. It shows how the Saudi regime is ...

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New Texts Out Now: Abir Hamdar, The Female Suffering Body: Illness and Disability in Modern Arabic Literature

[Cover of Abir Hamdar,

Abir Hamdar, The Female Suffering Body: Illness and Disability in Modern Arabic Literature. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 2014. Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book? Abir Hamdar (AH): The whole project was triggered by a question from a friend. She was suffering from a chronic illness and said she found solace in reading about the stories of women with similar experiences. As someone who works on Arabic literature, she had asked me to recommend Arabic literary works that narrate the experiences of women with a physical illness and that she could read—except that I couldn’t think of a single novel or short story. I had readily available a list of Arabic ...

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NYC Event--Can Palestinian Men Be Victims? Gendering Israel's War on Gaza (3 November 2014)

Join the History of Women and Gender Program, the Middle East and Islamic Studies Department, the Hagop Kevorian Center, and Students for Justice in Palestine on Monday 3 November, 12:30-2:00pm for a discussion with Jadaliyya Co-Editor and Professor Maya Mikdashi about gendered hierarchies of victimhood in the Israel-Palestine conflict. Maya’s original article, published in Jadaliyya, can be found here. A light lunch will be served.  Title: Can Palestinian Men Be Victims? Gendering Israel's War on Gaza (3 November 2014) Date/Time: November 3, 12:30pm-2:00pm Location: KJCC (53 Washingston Sq South), Rm 607 RSVP: hew228@nyu.edu

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Persian Translation of Maya Mikdashi's 'Can Palestinian Men be Victims'

[Image by Arghavan collective blogspot]

آیا مردان فلسطینی می‌توانند قربانی باشند؟ خوانش جنسیتیِ جنگ اسرائیل علیه غزه هر صبح چشمانمان را بر لیست به‌روز شده‌ی قصابی می‌گشاییم: ١٠٠، ٢٠٠، ٤٠٠، ٦٠٠ فلسطینی کشته شده توسط دستگاه جنگ اسرائیل. این اعداد جزییات ناخوشایند بسیاری را می‌پوشانند؛ اکثریت مردم غزه یعنی یکی از پرجمعیت‌ترین و فقیرشده‌ترین مکان‌های جهان، پناهندگانی مهاجر ازسرزمین‌هایی‌اند که به لحاظ تاریخی به فلسطین تعلق دارند. غزه تحت محاصره‌ای قساوت‌بار است و هیچ جای آن از یورش اسرائیل در امان نیست. پیش از این "جنگ"، غزه شکلی از قرنطینه بود. جمعیتی به اسارت گرفته شده و به استعمار درآمده توسط توانایی اسرائیل در زیرپا گذاشتن قوانین ...

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New Texts Out Now: Maha El Said, Lena Meari, and Nicola Pratt, Rethinking Gender in Revolutions and Resistance

Maha El Said, Lena Meari, and Nicola Pratt, editors, Rethinking Gender in Revolutions and Resistance: Lessons from the Arab World. London: Zed Books, 2015. Jadaliyya (J): What made you put together this book? Maha El Said, Lena Meari, and Nicola Pratt (MES/LM/NP): The book emerged initially out of a three-year project between the University of Warwick Centre for the Study of Women and Gender and Birzeit University Institute of Women’s Studies, funded by the British Academy, and entitled ...

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Salma Hayek and the Sexist Lebanese Citizenship Law

Last month, Salma Hayek visited Lebanon to promote the world premiere of The Prophet, the new animated film based on the poetry of Khalil Gibran. It was her first ever visit to the country.  The Lebanese greeted her with open arms as a long-lost daughter. The visit culminated with the rumor that Hayek had been offered Lebanese citizenship. The gesture is not surprising in and of itself. Lebanese citizenship is transmitted through paternal blood and Hayek’s paternal Grandfather was Lebanese. But ...

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The Politics of Gendered Violence in Lebanon

Ali al Zein murdered his wife Sara Al-Amin on 18 May 2015. Her murder was shocking in its brutality. It is only one link in a long chain of visible and invisible violence against women in contemporary Lebanon. Structural conditions give birth to this violence. These conditions enshrine the legal impunity and social acceptability of female vulnerability to violence. Amin’s murder is an instance of intimate partner violence, the latest in a spate of wife killing across Lebanon. In addition to ...

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تاريخ النشاط السياسي واقتصاده السياسي في المغرب: مقابلة للوضع بين زكية سليم وسامية الرزوقي

تلقي زكية سالم في هذه المقابلة الضوء على الفروق الدقيقة التاريخية للنشاط الاجتماعي النسوي في المغرب. تتضمن المقابلة التالية أربعة أجزاء، بحيث يمكنكم أن تنقروا عليهما بشكل منفصل. بوسعكم أن تقرأوا أيضاً النص العربي المدوّن المرافق. زكية سليم أستاذة مساعدة في علم الاجتماع ودراسات النساء والجندر في جامعة رتغرز حيث تدرِّس الحركات النسوية، الجندر، العولمة، الحركات الاجتماعية، الامساواة العالمية، وما بعد الكولونيالية. تشمل اهتماماتها كباحثة العرق، والامبراطورية والاقتصاد السياسي والحرب على الارهاب، ...

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اختيار: مجلة نسوية عربية في نقد الأفكار الشمولية

أصدرت مجموعة "اختيار لدراسات وبحوث النوع" عبر موقعها الإلكتروني مجلة نسوية تحمل اسمها وتصدر عن القاهرة. في هذا العدد الأول، تقدم المجلة نفسها كمساحة لتوثيق "التجارب الشخصية والمعرفة والأفكار والنظريات" من أجل تقديم اتجاهات نسوية متعددة. ولا تقتصر هذه النسوية على المطالبة بحقوق المرأة بل تحاول استخدام قراءات النوع لخلق أدوات مقاومة ضد أشكال القمع فالنسوية المبتغاة هنا تفكك أشكال التمييز وتتنافى مع الأنظمة الشمولية. تفتتح العدد الباحثة سارة سالم بمقال عن التضامن النسوي حيث تطرح فيه ...

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In Memory of Ozgecan Aslan: Sexual Violence and the Juridical System in Turkey

This piece is written as a farewell to Ozgecan Aslan, a twenty-year-old university student, who was stabbed to death after she was raped. Her remains were found on 13 February, burnt and thrown into a river by three men. I slept with a heavy heart that night and woke up even grimmer and more outraged. Another terrible piece of news from Turkey, my home country, where nearly every day men brutally kill, sexually harass, and rape women. Where everyday acts of walking on the street, taking a bus, visiting ...

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New Texts Out Now: Andrea Khalil, Gender, Women, and the Arab Spring

Andrea Khalil, editor, Gender, Women, and the Arab Spring. London and New York: Routledge, 2015. [Editors’ Note: This book was originally published as a special issue of The Journal of North African Studies 19.2 (2014). To mark the publication of this special issue as a book, we are reprinting a NEWTON piece written by the editor, Andrea Khalil, in May 2014.] Jadaliyya (J): What made you put together this special issue?  Andrea Khalil (AK): During my fieldwork in Tunisia (2011-13) working on a ...

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سجن النساء يجتاز اختبار بكدال ويتجاوزه

أمتعنا الثلاثي مريم ناعوم (كاتبة السيناريو)، كاملة أبو ذكري (المخرجة)، نيللي كريم (البطلة) هذا العام في رمضان بمسلسل "سجن النسا" كما أمتعونا العام الماضي بمسلسل "ذات". والمسلسل هذا العام مأخوذ عن مسرحية للكاتبة الراحلة فتحية العسال، ولكن السيناريو (الذي كتبته مريم نعوم مع هالة الزغندي) أخذه إلى آفاق أرحب تماماً كما فعلت نعوم العام الماضي بمسلسل "ذات" فأثبتت أنها كاتبة نسوية من الطراز الأول، وإن لم تحظ أعمالها بالتفات على هذا المستوى. فلقد غرقت للأسف في اعتراضات هامشية من قبل ...

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ملف من الأرشيف: نظيرة زين الدين

[ينشر ملف من الأرشيف عادة بالتعاون مع جريدة السفير. لكن المادة أدناه من تأليف بنان غرامش]       نظيرة زين الدين  الاسم: نظيرة زين الدين الحلبي. تاريخ الولادة: ولدت عام 1908 لعائلة لبنانية. والدها شيخ ورئيس أول محكمة استئناف في لبنان، وهو القاضي سعيد زين الدين. مكان الولادة: من عائلة ريفية في قرية "محلة نصر" بمحافظة البحيرة في منطقة الدلتا في وقت عانت فيه أسر الفلاحين من الضرائب والقوانين المجحفة التي فرضتها الحكومة في مصر بحق ...

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Gulf Women's Writing: On Slavery, Migrant Labor, and Statelessness

On 10 November, Mona Kareem will give a talk at Binghamton University (1:00pm in room LT 1506) on how Gulf women writers adopt—or challenge—nationalist narratives. How, Kareem asks, do women writers deal with racialized minorities, migrants, and stateless individuals? What kinds of feminist positions are taken within their discussions of racism? Can citizen-women offer an alternative history or new narratives on issues of slavery, migrant labor, and statelessness? Kareem is herself stateless, ...

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تأملات في الجمالية والخطاب والتفاحة

يعزو البعض تأثير البروباغندا باعتبارها تمظهرًا خطابيًا لمفهوم "الجمالية" إلى تخوم القرنين الثامن والتاسع عشر، تلك المرحلة المركبة، إذ كانت الثورة الفرنسية (1789 – 1794) هي التي شكلت ملامحها الرئيسية لما كان للطباعة من أثر رئيس في ذلك التعبير المادي عن فكرة الحرية، أما بالنسبة لإنجلترا فكان ثمة أهمية خاصة للإنقلاب الصناعي الذي أحل الآلة محل الإنسان واتجه إلى الاستغناء عن الإنسان لعدم الحاجة إليه، ولم يكن ذلك الإحساس موجودًا في فرنسا التي سعت إلى تغيير العالم وظلت على امتداد عشرين عامًا لا تفكر ...

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Can Palestinian Men be Victims? Gendering Israel's War on Gaza

Every morning we wake up to an updated butcher’s bill: one hundred, two hundred, four hundred, six hundred Palestinians killed by Israel’s war apparatus as of this writing. These numbers gloss over many details: the majority of Gazans, one of the most populated and impoverished areas in the world, are refugees from other parts of historic Palestine. It is under a brutal siege, and there is nowhere to hide from Israel’s onslaught.  Before this “war” Gaza was a form of quarantine, a population ...

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