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Iran

Media on Media Roundup (February 14)

[Iranians take to the streets in memory of the 1979 Revolution; Photo by Abedin Taherkenareh/European Pressphoto Agency]

This week’s Jadaliyya “Media on Media” roundup addresses several issues affecting the MENA mediascape. Iran marked the anniversary of the 1979 revolution this Friday, and the New York Times showcased some memorable posters from the procession, some of which thanked Americans who opposed the “Muslim ban.” According to Human Rights Watch representatives, Saudi Arabia intensified its attacks on journalists and activists in 2016. Also in Saudi Arabia, young women are taking to social media to report experiences of sexual harassment and abuse, using the hashtag #Break_Your_Silence_Speak_Up. Al-Monitor takes on Turkey’s television industry, analyzing whether digital ...

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Jadaliyya Syria Page Co-Editor Basileus Zeno on Sectarianism, Syria, and Iran, on BBC Newshour Extra

After Aleppo? On Friday, 23 December 2016, the BBC’s Newshour Extra featured a discussion on the sectarianism as a framework of analysis for the war in Syria. Host Owen Bennet Jones mediated between panelists Basilseous Zeno (PhD Student in Political Science at University of Masschusetts Amherst), Mohammed Alyahya (Non-Resident Fellow at the Atlantic Council), Haydar al-Khoei (Researchers at the Centre for Academic Shi‘a Studies), and Ariane Tabatabai (Visiting Assistant Professor of Security Studies at Georgetown University). The below transcript represents the interventions of Basileous Zeno, who was consistently sought to challenge framing Syria in sectarian ...

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Fatherland. The Mountains of Iranian Kurdistan

[Ali is a businessman from Sanandaj, Iran. As of September 2015 the University of Sanandaj is now allowed to include Kurdish language and literature in the college curriculum. Photo by Linda Dorigo.]

When I was a child my father taught me to respect the mountains. Waking up in the middle of the night to see the sunrise from the mountaintop seemed, at the time, like pointless suffering. We did not lose time having breakfast because “you don’t eat before exerting yourself,” my father explained. He would put a few pieces of chocolate in my pocket for when I got hungry. Even in summer it was still dark and cold. Along the first part of the path I slept on his shoulders. Halfway up, at first light, I’d jump down and start chattering. My father would remind me to be respectful, “you don’t shout in the mountains.” “It is magnificent here” I tell Yousef. “Do you like it? ...

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Where is the Revolution: An Interview with Abbas Kiarostami

[Abbas Kiarostami. Image by Mohammad Hassanzadeh via Wikipedia]

Abbas Kiarostami agreed to give an interview only reluctantly. I reminded him insistently that the absence of a filmmaker with whom film is supposed to end (see below), would be catastrophic for a project whose subject is post-revolutionary New Iranian Cinema. Eventually, he agreed. Sitting across from me, he grins ironically. Kiarostami says that ever since Alberto Elena decided to quote Jean-Luc Godard, “Film begins with D.W. Griffith and ends with Abbas Kiarostami,” on the cover of his monograph The Cinema of Abbas Kiarostami,[1] that remark is mentioned every time someone says or publishes anything about Kiarostami. He is at pains to point out that Godard made this ...

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On Iranian-Canadian Professor Homa Hoodfar's Arrest and Detainment in Iran's Evin Prison

[Homa Hoodfar]

[The below press release and petition were issued as part of the mobilzations to highlight Homa Hoodfar's detainment in Iran and call for her release] Press Release Iran / London / Montreal (8 June 2016) Revised 9 June 2016 for factual accuracy For immediate release CANADIAN PROFESSOR ARRESTED AND DETAINED IN IRAN’S EVIN PRISON Dr Homa Hoodfar, a professor of anthropology at Concordia University in Montreal, was arrested and detained in Iran on 6 June 2016. This comes after the security forces of the Counter Intelligence Unit of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards, invaded her home on 10 March 2016 shortly before Professor Hoodfar was to leave the country, and ...

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موت الإنترنت: عن الشبكة التي يجب علينا إنقاذها

[المصدر موقع حبر]

قبل سبعة أشهر، جلست إلى الطاولة الصغيرة في المطبخ، في شقتي المصممة على طراز الستينيّات، في الطابق الأخير لبنايةٍ في حي نابض بالحياة وسط طهران. وفعلت شيئًا فعلته آلاف المرّات سابقًا. فتحت اللابتوب ونشرت شيئًا في مدوّنتي الجديدة. لكن مع ذلك، كانت هذه التدوينة الأولى منذ ست سنوات، وكادت أن تحطَّمَ قلبي. قبل بضعة أسابيع، كنت قد نلت العفو وتحررت فجأةً من سجن إيفِن شمال طهران. كنت أتوقعُ أن أقضي جُلّ حياتي في تلك الزنازين. في نوفمبر 2008 تم الحكم علي بعشرين عامًا في السجن، غالبًا، لأشياء كتبتها على مدوّنتي. لم تكن لحظة الإفراج متوقعة. دخّنتُ سيجارة في المطبخ مع أحد رفاقي السجناء، ومن ثم عدتُ إلى الغرفة التي شاركتها مع عشرات الرجال الآخرين. كنا نشرب الشاي معًا عندما ...

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عيناها: قصة حب إيرانية في زمن الدكتاتورية

[المصدر موقع تدوين]

رواية "عيناها" للكاتب بزرك علوي (1904- 1997) هى أحد أهم الأعمال الروائية الإيرانية التى ترصد إيران قبل الثورة الإسلامية، وقد اشتهرت كرواية سياسية أكثر من كونها رواية عاطفية بالرغم من احتوائها على قصة حب شديدة الرومانسية. صدرت لأول مرة عام 1952، وكما صدرت ترجمة عربية ثانية لها فى العام 2014 ضمن سلسلة إبداعات عالمية الكويتية، حيث قام بالترجمة الدكتور أحمد موسى، والمراجعة وكتابة تقديم للرواية الدكتورة زبيدة أشكناني المتخصصة فى الأدب الفارسي. تبدأ رواية "عيناها" للكاتب الإيراني بزرك علوي بتقديم الجو العام المهيمن على طهران وإيران في سنوات الثلاثينيات والأربعينيات من القرن الماضي، حيث القبضة القوية للدكتاتور رضا شاه بهلوي، مع انتشار الأمية والتخلف ...

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Turkey Media Roundup (February 16)

[Şırnak Silopi, January 19. Image by Fatih Pınar]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Turkey and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Turkey Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to turkey@jadaliyya.com by Sunday night of every week.] English Violence in the Southeast/Kurdish Politics The Destruction of Sur: Is This Historic District a Target for Gentrification? David Lepeska reports for The Guardian, suggesting that, besides fighting the PKK, the government hopes to “remake the central districts of these nettlesome, predominantly Kurdish cities into something more profitable and ...

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نمر النمر أكثر من رجل دين شيعي

[صورة الشيخ نمر النمر. ]

الشيخ المعارض نمر النمر كرر على المنابر ضرورة الالتزام بسلمية التظاهر، وشدّد على نزع أي بُعدٍ مذهبي عن المطالب المحقة لسكان المناطق الشرقية في السعودية، وعلى ضرورة إعطائهم بعضاً من حقوقهم. ولم يتردد يوماً في القول بأن الظلم هو نفسه سواء مورس من قبل الشيعة أو السنة، ومن ناصر ظالماً فما هو إلا بظالم، ولعل خطبته الشهيرة الذي يضع فيها آل سعود وآل خليفة وآل الأسد ومن على شاكلتهم في الخانة نفسها أكبر مثال على ذلك. كل ذلك لم ينفع. فبعد اعتقاله منذ سنتين وبعد إطلاق النار عليه (مما تسبب له بإعاقة دائمة في قدمه)، واستمرار محاكمته طوال سنتين، اتهم النمر بتهمتين مفاجئتين: التعرض لقوى الأمن السعودي، والدعوة إلى التظاهر، وحكم عليه بالإعدام تعذيرا. لكن النقاش هنا لا يخص ظلم ...

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What's Trending? (Summer 2015): A STATUS/الوضع "Quick Thoughts" report by Laila Shereen Sakr

"What is Trending on Social Media in the Middle East?" is a regular feature of the Quick Thoughts special segment on Status. It offers insight into subjects that dominate online discussion in the Middle East. With every Issue, we will talk to Laila Shereen Sakr, who monitors, collects, and analyzes social media trends for R-Shief. The data visualizations for this episode (below) illustrate the patterns of hashtag use in the Middle East pertaining to various topics in Summer 2015 (mid-June through mid-August). Created by R-Shief, these visualizations show the top five hashtags for this period from a set of two thousand hashtags being ...

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Israel’s Defeat on the Iran Deal

[Image from www.shutterstock.com]

Since the Iran nuclear agreement was signed on 14 July, Israel has consistently defined it as an existential threat. Demonstrating once again that Israel simply lacks the military capability to eliminate this alleged peril, the Netanyahu government has instead sought to scuttle the accord – since adopted by the United Nations Security Council – by invalidating the American signature on it. In what is perhaps the most intensive and divisive campaign ever undertaken by Israel on US soil, unregistered foreign agent the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC) and Israel’s Congressional allies have spared no effort – including accusations of appeasement and ...

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IMEU Interview: The Iran Nuclear Agreement and the Question of Palestine

[The ministers of foreign affairs of France, Germany, the European Union, Iran, the United Kingdom and the United States as well as Chinese and Russian diplomats announcing an Iran nuclear deal framework in Lausanne on 2 April 2015. The framework deal became the basis for a final agreement, the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, which was agreed on 15 July 2015. Image by US Department of State via Flickr]

[In the following online interview conducted by the Institute for Middle East Understanding (IMEU), Jadaliyya Co-Editor Mouin Rabbani, Palestinian analyst Diana Buttu, and syndicated columnist Rami Khouri respond to questions about the implications of the Iran nuclear agreement for the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. While welcoming the agreement, they see little prospect of it having a positive impact on broader regional questions] Institute for Middle East Understanding (IMEU): From what we know about it so far, how would you assess the Iran nuclear agreement as it affects the region as a whole? Diana Buttu (DB): This deal is a good start for the region as a whole. For ...

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Where’s My Vote? The US Edition

In June 2009, protests erupted in Tehran and other major Iranian cities following Mir-Hossein Mousavi’s loss in the presidential elections against incumbent Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. Mousavi and the other opposition candidates alleged voter fraud and questioned the legitimacy of the Ahmadinejad win. Of course, the term “opposition” here is used loosely as presidential candidates are thoroughly vetted via a process that keeps out anti-establishment candidates. Everyone who makes it to the general election ...

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Interview with Taraneh Hemami

Taraneh Hemami is a San Francisco-based artist and arts educator whose work is known internationally. Born in Tehran, Hemami emigrated to the the United States to attend college in 1978. Roula Seikaly spoke with the artist about the publication entitled Bulletin, its relationship to Hemami’s ongoing collaborative project Theory of Survival, and the potential for archives to influence past, present, and future narratives. Roula Seikaly (RS): Let's talk about Bulletin. It’s form is fascinating. The two ...

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Letter to Republic of Iran Calling for Release of Homa Hoodfar

[The following letter was issued by the Committee on Academic Freedom of the Middle East Studies Association on 1 September 2016 in response to the detainment and deteriorating health of Professor Homa Hoodfar.] Ayatollah Ali Khamenei Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran c/o H.E. Mr. Gholamali Khoshroo Permanent Representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran to the United Nations 622 Third Avenue, 34th Floor New York, NY 10017, USA email: iran@un.int fax: +1 (212) 867-7086 Your ...

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Critical Readings in Political Economy: Resilience

Sean Yom, From Resilience to Revolution (Columbia, 2015); Suzanne Maloney, Iran’s Political Economy since the Revolution (Cambridge, 2015). Why do governments last? What kind of governments last? Increasingly, studies on the stability of regimes in the Middle East/North Africa region focus on how elites enfold the middle and working classes into socio-political orders. Such enfoldment happens through turning the state into not merely an instrument of violent class rule through extraction, but also ...

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رسام الكاريكاتير العراقي أحمد فلاح

[ هذه المساهمة ضمن ملف خاص حول رسامي كاركاتير عرب في زمن ما بعد موجة الثورات الأخيرة .انقر/ي هنا للاطلاع على جميع مواد الملف، الذي أعده  لـ”جدلية“ أوس داوود يعقوب.] يكاد المشهد العربي بتناقضاته السياسية والاجتماعية والثقافية أن يكون رسماً كاريكاتيرياً. وثمّة تجليات للحراك الجماهيري الذي قاد إلى ثورات الربيع العربي، منها بحكم المؤكد ما يرتبط بفن الكاريكاتير الذي استحال إلى استنطاق ضمير شعبي ارتبط بالمزاج الشعبي. هذا الاستنطاق ترجم إلى علاقة عضوية مباشرة بين الكاريكاتير والحراك المدني. إنها ...

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Turkey Media Roundup (March 29)

English Violence in Turkey Bosporus 'Bulls' Defy Terrorist Threat Kerim Karakaya reports that investors remain positive about Turkey as an investment prospect, having factored the country’s instability into their calculations over the course of 2015. The Wrong Mindset to Fight Terrorism Yasin Aktay, member of parliament for the AKP, claims that the differential mourning for terrorist attacks in Turkish cities versus those in Europe is rooted in the fact that Europeans are “nonchalant towards PKK ...

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Turkey Media Roundup (March 1)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Turkey and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Turkey Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to turkey@jadaliyya.com by Sunday night of every week.] English Domestic Politics Identification of Ankara Bomber Muddled by Faulty Communication  Metin Gürcan argues that the debate over the identity of the February suicide bomber ...

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New Texts Out Now: Mike de Seve and Daniel Burwen, Operation Ajax: The Story of the CIA Coup that Remade the Middle East

Mike de Seve and Daniel Burwen, Operation Ajax: The Story of the CIA Coup that Remade the Middle East. Foreword by Stephen Kinzer. London and New York: Verso, 2015. Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book? Mike de Seve (MdS): Well, being an American gets stranger the more you know about our covert history. Having grown up in a time and place where America stood for peace and democracy, and Iran was considered the devil (in my town, Khomeini dart boards were a big seller) I was fascinated to find ...

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New Texts Out Now: Negar Mottahedeh, #iranelection: Hashtag Solidarity and the Transformation of Online Life

Negar Mottahedeh, #iranelection: Hashtag Solidarity and the Transformation of Online Life. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 2015. Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book? Negar Mottahedeh (NM): Writing ‪#‎iranelection was for me about the witnessing of a sea-change brought about in our life as global citizens by an epic solidarity around the first long trending global hashtag in 2009. No social media platform had seen masses of people from all over the world engage one another about ...

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Inheriting More than Loss

Siamak Vossoughi, Better Than War. Athens and London: University of Georgia Press, 2015. [Winner of the Flannery O’Connor Award for Short Fiction] What is it like to grow up in a country that routinely threatens to wage war on the place you are from? What happens to your sense of your self in the world? The Iranian immigrants in Siamak Vossoughi’s short story collection Better Than War become Iranian American in the context of looming US military intervention in Iran, never knowing when or if war will ...

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No Decisive Outcome on Syrian Horizon

The view that 2015 has not been a particularly good year for Syrian President Bashar Assad and may get considerably worse has much to recommend it. Within Syria, the government has lost control over most of the province of Idlib in the country’s northwest, including its key towns and military bases. More recently it was almost effortlessly dislodged from Palmyra by the Islamic State (IS) movement. The key cities of Aleppo in the north and Dar’a in the south remain under threat. Increased coordination ...

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Gay Hanging in Iran: Atrocities and Impersonations

Everybody on earth knows that a deal on Iran’s nuclear program was announced in mid-July. Everybody also knows that this apparent step toward peace launched a new stage in an old war: of propaganda.Proponents praise the possibility of a historic opening. Opponents—who include Israel, Saudi Arabia, and the Republican Party—warn of disaster. Both sides want to expand their constituencies. In Western countries, gay communities—small but politically influential—are more and more the target for just this ...

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