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Iran

New Texts Out Now: Mohammad Ali Kadivar, Alliances and Perception Profiles in the Iranian Reform Movement, 1997 to 2005

[Cover of

Mohammad Ali Kadivar, “Alliances and Perception Profiles in the Iranian Reform Movement, 1997 to 2005.” American Sociological Review 78 (December 2013). Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this article? Mohammad Ali Kadivar (MAK): I actually grew up with the Iranian Reform Movement. The beginning of the movement in 1997 was also the start of my politicization. I was in high school during the first four years. I remember how excited we all were about the changes taking place in the country, such as Khatami’s election as president, and all the reformist presses that were publishing after 1997. There was a lot of hope for meaningful political change in the country. I ...

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Quick Thoughts: Trita Parsi on the Iranian Nuclear Negotiations

[Image courtesy of trend.az/]

[The November 2013 Joint Plan of Action concluded between Iran and the P5+1 (China, France, Germany, Russia, United States, UK) in Geneva, committed the parties to concluding a comprehensive agreement on Iran’s nuclear program by 20 July. Jadaliyya asked Trita Parsi, who has written and commented widely on these talks, for his assessment of where they stand]:
 Jadaliyya (J): What are the main obstacles to Iran and the P5+1 meeting the July deadline for a comprehensive agreement? Trita Parsi (TP): There are numerous issues that still divide the two sides. The most difficult one appears to be the size of the Iranian enrichment program. The United States wants to see a ...

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Conference--The Wide World of Persian: Connections and Contestations, 1500-Present (2-3 May, Washington DC and College Park MD)

[Crop of conference poster, which was designed by Hamid Rahmanian]

The Wide World of Persian: Connections and Contestations, 1500 -Today May 2-3, 2014 Co-Hosted by the Library of Congress and Roshan Institute of Persian Studies, University of Maryland This conference is made possible by a Social Science Research Council Postdoctoral Fellowship for Transregional Research with funds provided by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.   DAY ONE, Friday May 2 Whittall Pavilion, Jefferson Building Library of Congress 10 First Street, SE Washington, DC 9:00am – 9:15am        Breakfast 9:15am - 9:30am         Opening Remarks 9:30am - ...

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O.I.L. Media Roundup (16 April)

[Al-Aqsa Mosque in the early morning sunlight, Image by Brian Jeffery Beggerly via Flickr.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Occupation, Intervention and Law and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the O.I.L. Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each biweekly roundup to OIL@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every other week.]  Israel-Palestine Peace Talks Israel Appropriates Land in West Bank, Jeffrey Heller Israeli newspaper Haaretz reports the Israeli Defense Ministry has declared 250 acres of land south of Jerusalem "state land." Israeli Coalition Partner Threatens to Quit over Peace Talks, Ari Rabinovitch Israeli ...

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Announcing the Third Issue of B|Ta'arof Magazine: An Iranian Cultural Arts Publication

[Cover of B|ta'arof magazine issue 3. Image from btaarof.com]

The third issue of B|ta’arof magazine, the Street Culture Issue, brings together popular and high art, searching for the extraordinary in the everyday. Its pages feature previously unseen work by Iranian visual art giant Ardeshir Mohasses and up-and-coming L.A. based artist Samira Yamin, interviews with scholar/writer Persis Karim and professional skateboarder Salman Agah, and a one-of-a-kind translation from Ahmad Shamlu’s Ketab-e Kuce (The Book of the Street) by Stanford University Stegner Fellow Solmaz Sharif. We also present here an influential contingent of artists working in Iran who have managed to catch the eye of a global audience. These include interviews with ...

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Foucault, Fanon, Intellectuals, Revolutions

[Cover of the Turkish translation of

[This article is the final in a three-part Jadaliyya series that looks at Foucault's work in relationship to the legacy of French colonialism in North Africa. Read the first and second installments here: "The Dangers of Liberalism: Foucault and Postcoloniality in France" by Diren Valayden and "Justifications of Power": Neoliberalism and the Role of Empire by Muriam Haleh Davis.] My theoretical ethic is…“antistrategic”: to be respectful when a singularity revolts, intransigent as soon as power violates the universal. A simple choice, a difficult job: for one must at the same time look closely, a bit beneath ...

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Between Convenient Misreading and Mythology: The Iran Sanctions Regime and the Institutionalization of War

[Iran's parliament presiding board members, top row, Iranian and foreign leaders and top officials, all back to camera, listen to Iran's national anthem at the start of the ceremony for the new President Hasan Rouhani's swearing-in at the parliament in Tehran, Iran on 4 August 2013. Image by Ebrahim Noroozi via Associated Press]

After eight years of Ahmadinejad at the helm of government, Iran is experiencing a new trajectory. A number of promising signs in the weeks and months following Hassan Rouhani’s election as president on 14 June 2013 have given rise to a sense of cautious optimism for change and reform in Iran. Such signs include the release of a limited number of political prisoners and the country’s improving relations with the world, leading some to warily suggest we might be witnessing an unfolding of an Iranian Glasnost. The caution is rooted principally in a desire to avoid a repeat of the setbacks Khatami suffered, both on the domestic front as well as on the international ...

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Open Letter from NYC Iranians to Mayor de Blasio: When You Stand by AIPAC, You Do Not Stand by Us

[NYC Mayor Bill de Blasio with Israeli Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman. Image from wikimedia.org]

[The following open letter was issued by a group of Iranians and Iranian-Americans living in New York City. It was first published on Mondoweiss on 12 March 2014] Open Letter from NYC Iranians to Mayor de Blasio: When You Stand by AIPAC, You Do Not Stand by Us Dear Mayor Bill de Blasio, We are a group of Iranians and Iranian-Americans living in New York City. We are firmly committed to opposing state repression — regardless of the race, ethnicity or nationality of the people suffering, and regardless of whether the oppressive government is Iranian, American or otherwise. Throughout your mayoral campaign, we were encouraged by your call for an end to the NYPD’s ...

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New Texts Out Now: Kamran Matin, Recasting Iranian Modernity: International Relations and Social Change

[Cover of Kamran Matin,

Kamran Matin, Recasting Iranian Modernity: International Relations and Social Change. London and New York: Routledge, 2013. Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book? Kamran Matin (KM): My main motivation in writing this book came from my dissatisfaction with existing accounts of the Iranian Revolution. Previous accounts imputed an "exceptional" character to the revolution on the grounds of its religious form. The argument that the revolution was "exceptional" neutralized the contradiction between the revolution’s religious form and the secular eschatology of modernity central to the traditions of classical social theory underpinning these ...

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In Iran, Global Social Action to End Violence Against Women Takes on Local Forms

Iranians have joined the One Billion Rising global campaign to end violence against women. The global campaign, now in its second year, calls on supporters in different countries to gather publicly on 14 February 2014, and collectively dance for justice for women. Since strict prohibitions in Iran on public assemblies make collective “risings” an obvious impossibility, Iranians have turned to different methods of participation. The One Billion Rising–Iran group has created a Facebook page to serve as the main platform for Iranians’ participation in the global campaign. Iranians from inside and outside Iran have been invited to make short videos, in which people are ...

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Understanding Gender Politics in Modern Iran

By Alex Shams The 1979 Iranian Revolution dramatically changed how Iranians thought about their lives and country in every single way. Never before in modern history had a popular revolution led to the establishment of an Islamic Republic, and for the most part neither Iranians nor foreigners had any idea what to expect as the self-proclaimed Islamic order came to power. Nowhere were the dramatic transformations brought by the revolution more pronounced than in the realm of gender relations. The secular Pahlavi regime had represented itself as the harbinger of Western modernity in Iran, while the Islamic Revolution declared its struggle to be the end of ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (December 3)

[The P5+1 states and Iran reached an agreement on Tehran's nuclear program last week. Image from US Mission Geneva/flickr]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations Greenert confirms expanded footprint in Bahrain Hendrick Simoes examines the statement made by Admiral Jonathan Greenert, the chief of naval operations, on the importance of Bahrain for US presence in the region. Iran nuclear deal: Saudi Arabia and Gulf react with caution Ian Black ...

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The House of Melancholy and Strength

House of Strength  Performance by Nooshin Rostami Choreography by Merisha Mesihovic Industry City Open Studios, Brooklyn 26 April 2014    [House of Strength is a performance by the Iranian Brooklyn-based artist Nooshin Rostami inspired by the traditional Persian gymnasiums called Zoorkhane (House of Strength). The Zoorkhaneh is a place where male participants practice a lengthy series of exercises designed to build their bodies and skills. Women have been traditionally ...

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O.I.L. Monthly Edition (April 2014)

[This is a monthly archive of pieces written by Jadaliyya contributors and editors on the Occupations, Interventions,and Law (O.I.L.) Page. It also includes material published on other platforms that editors deemed pertinent to post as they provide diverse depictions of O.I.L.-related topics. The pieces reflect the level of critical analysis and diversity that Jadaliyya strives for, but the views are solely the ones of their authors. If you are interested in contributing to Jadaliyya, send us your post ...

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Three Poems by Ahmad Shamlou

Three Poems Ahmad Shamlou (1925-2000) Translated from the Persian by Sheida Dayani   The Secret A secret was with me; I told the mountain. A secret was with me; I told the well.   On the lengthy path, Alone and lonesome, I told the black horse I told the stones…   With my old secret At last I arrived. I uttered no words You uttered no words; I was shedding tears You were shedding tears. Then I sealed my lips You read from my eyes...   The Fish Never ...

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Les visages urbains d'un autre Téhéran. Perspectives comparatives sur la mégapole iranienne.

Livre recensé: Mina Saïdi-Sharouz (dir.), Le Téhéran des quartiers populaires. Transformation urbaine et société civile en République Islamique, (Paris: Karthala/IFRI, 2013). Réjouissons-nous de la parution de cet ouvrage. En effet, elle marque le renouveau des études francophones sur la capitale iranienne et des publications de l'Institut français de recherche en Iran (IFRI), via son Observatoire Urbain de Téhéran et des villes d'Iran (OUTI), dont Mina Saïdi-Sharouz est la responsable. Docteure en ...

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A Fashionable Revolution: Veiling, Morality, and Consumer Culture in Iran

There has been a flurry of commentary recently that claims something of a “silent revolution” is underway in Iran today. It is supposedly a revolution against — or, at the very least, a flagrant disregard for — government prescriptions for public decency. It is situated on the surfaces of women’s bodies and assumes bright colors, brand names, fitted contours, and flowing hair. It is supposedly a revolution against but also of the mandatory veil, or how a new generation of women is taking liberties with ...

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New Texts Out Now: Niki Akhavan, Electronic Iran: The Cultural Politics of an Online Evolution

Niki Akhavan, Electronic Iran: The Cultural Politics of an Online Evolution. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2013. Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book? Niki Akhavan (NA): As an early and eager participant on the Iranian Internet, I was both excited and disturbed about the kinds of content and communities that were flourishing online. I saw new connections being made across geographical and ideological borders, participants pooling resources together, experimenting in new modes of ...

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GCHR Annual Report 2014: Rising Human Rights Challenges in the Gulf Region and Beyond

[The following report was published by the Gulf Center for Human Rights on 1 March 2014] Rising Human Rights Challenges in the Gulf Region and Beyond: Annual Report of the Gulf Center for Human Rights 2014 Executive Summary This is the second annual report of the Gulf Center for Human Rights (GCHR).  GCHR documents the human rights environment for human rights defenders working in the six Gulf Cooperation Council member states (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab ...

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Committee to Protect Journalists: Second Worst Year on Record for Jailed Journalists

 [The following briefing was written by Elana Beiser and published by the Committee to Protect Journalists on 18 December 2013] Turkey, Iran, and China accounted for more than half of all journalists imprisoned around the world in 2013, the Committee to Protect Journalists has found. In its annual census, CPJ identified 211 journalists jailed for their work, the second worst year on record after 2012, when 232 journalists were behind bars.  Intolerant governments in Ankara, Tehran, and ...

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The Present Flies, the Past Remains

Le passé [The Past], directed by Asghar Farhadi. France/Italy, 2013. In an interview given last year, Asghar Farhadi, the Iranian filmmaker best known for his Oscar-winning film, A Separation (2011), discussed the influence of theater on his work: “What I tried to take from theater to cinema is that every viewer sees his own movie, and that nothing is imposed to him or her. This means that we cannot see the world with a precise angle. There should always be different angles,” like in theater where ...

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Persian Translation of 'Fugitive Markets and Arrested Mobilities: Gaziantep’s Iranian Bazaar'

 بازار ایرانیان قازیانتب: بازارهای قاچاق و تحرکات متوقفشده با وجود مذاکرات جاری بین ایران و گروه 1+5 بر سر برنامۀ هستهای ایران و تحریمهای فلجکنندهای که بر این کشور و شهروندانش تحمیل شده، ساز و کار محرم فارغ از این تحولات و با تمام قوا در تهران به پیش میرود. حتی در میدان کاج محلۀ سعادتآباد تهران در حاشیۀ شمالی پایتخت، منطقهای اعیاننشین و هستۀ جنبشی که سبز بود و بعد بنفش شد؛ و حتی با وجود سقوط 70 درصدی ارزش پول ملی میتوان دکههای بیشماری را دید که چند روز پیش از عاشورا برای زنده نگه داشتن محرم بر پا ...

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Conference: Contested Space and Urban Identities in Beirut, Cairo, and Tehran (Beirut, 12-14 December 2013)

Divercities aims to look at urban governance, its agents, agendas and options, through contested space and conflicting urban concepts, identity claims and social environments. Situated at the core of social and political fractions, contested spaces reveal insights into the dynamics of diverse societies and urban identities. The focus will be on the three cities of Beirut, Cairo and Tehran, each highlighting different types of fragmentations, political, cultural and social. Different social layers ...

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India's Iran Policy: Between US Primacy and Regionalism

Abstract Standing at a press conference with Turkmenistan’s Deputy Prime Minister Rashid Meredov on January 22, 2013, India’s President Pranab Mukherjee committed India once more to a natural gas pipeline to run from Central Asia to South Asia. “India is deficient in energy resources,” said the President, “whereas Turkmenistan is rich in hydrocarbons.” The economic complementari­ties are obvious, but not so clear are the political ramifications. The President said that the pipeline is “important for ...

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