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Visualizing Jerusalem: Anatomy of Inequality

Visualizing Palestine presents Anatomy of Inequality, our latest visual in a series exploring Israeli policies on Jerusalem. This original VP illustration, inspired by the commonly held sentiment that Jerusalem is at the heart of Palestine, makes visual reference to anatomical drawings of the heart. The image depicts the illegal annexation wall separating the city and its original inhabitants from each other, reinforcing a physical system of apartheid. West Jerusalem was ethnically cleansed of Palestinians in 1948. The rest of the city was annexed by Israel in 1967 along with most of its Palestinian inhabitants. Today, the Israeli controlled Jerusalem ...

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صدر حديثا: الصراع على السلطة الدستورية: دور المحكمة الدستورية العليا في السياسة المصرية

  نُشر هذا الكتاب للمرة الأولى في العام 2007 باللغة الإنجليزية بقلم الدكتور تامر مصطفى، أستاذ الدراسات الدولية في جامعة سايمون فريزر في كندا، وهو يقدم تحليلًا مفصلًا لتقاطع القانون والسياسة في مصر، مع تركيز خاص على المحكمة الدستورية العليا.   بالنسبة إلى العديد من القراء اليوم، قد تكون المحكمة الدستورية العليا معروفة أكثر للدور الذي لعبته في توجيه النتائج السياسية بعد سقوط الرئيس المصري السابق حسني مبارك في العام 2011، مع الأحكام المثيرة للجدل بإبطال مجلس الشعب ومجلس الشورى والجمعية التأسيسية فضلًا عن أحكام أخرى. بيد أن تحليل تلك الأحداث، التي ساعدت على رسم مصير جماعة "الإخوان المسلمين" واتجاه عملية الانتقال السياسي في مصر، يقع خارج نطاق هذه ...

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Destruction and Construction, Resistance and Solidarity: Diyarbakir/Surici Observations Part II

[Mass iftar held to protest destruction in the İçkale valley.All photographs by the author.]

[To read the previous article in this series, “Diyarbakir: The Heart of this City Beats in Suriçi,” click here.] Things won’t calm down in Suriçi. The destruction and construction of İçkale Valley has come to a close, and the neighborhood has been transformed into a park. While the closed-off areas have been entirely demolished, the demolition of the Alipaşa and Lalebey neighborhoods—which started under an urban renewal project in 2012, but stopped due to resistance—has resumed. This widening, expanding operation suggests that the entirety of Suriçi will be demolished. On a sunny day in May, I am making my way through Saraykapı to İçkale to visit the İçkale Valley ...

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Full Circles: Hamas Goes to Cairo

Hamas supporters out on parade. Credit to openDemocracy on Creative Commons.

During the past week, a Hamas delegation paid an official visit to Egypt, which these days is news in and of itself. During its time in Cairo, the delegation also met with former Fatah warlord Muhammad Dahlan, which is even bigger news. The Hamas delegation was led by Yahya Sinwar. A leader of Hamas’s Martyr Izz-al-Din Qassam Brigades – who served more than twenty years in Israel’s prisons until released in a 2011 exchange – Sinwar was recently elected to lead the movement in the occupied Gaza Strip, its main power base. Soon thereafter, a further round of internal elections choosing a successor to Hamas Politburo chief Khalid Mashal produced former Palestinian ...

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Familiar Ruptures and Opportunities, 1967 and 2017

The 1967 war was a fundamental, damning failure for the Arab world. In the course of six short days, Israel expanded its jurisdiction across the Egyptian Sinai Peninsula and the Syrian Golan Heights, as well as the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. For nineteen years, Arab states had regarded Israel as a foreign colony established by the collusion of imperial powers. Amid the anti-colonial fervor that animated much of the global south at the time, these states refused to recognize Israel as a Jewish homeland. They demanded that Palestinian refugees be allowed to return and given the right to govern themselves as promised by Britain, the League of Nations Mandate system and ...

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Paradoxes of ‘New Turkey’

[AKP supporters at a rally following the July 2016 coup attempt. Image via Wikimedia Commons.]

“New Turkey” has become since 2014 a popular slogan employed by the Justice and Development Party (AKP) to express its political project of remaking the nation. However, it has been in a political abyss since the parliamentary elections on 7 June 2015, when the People’s Democratic Party (HDP) gained around thirteen percent of the votes, thereby becoming the first pro-Kurdish party to exceed the electoral threshold in the history of Turkey’s parliamentary democracy. One of the slogans that marked the HDP election campaign was: “We are not going to allow you to become President,” referring to the AKP’s oft-threatened plan to pass constitutional amendments that would grant ...

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Israel, Palestine, and the Poetics of Genocide

[Image by Ed Stein. Source: Global Research.]

“Genocide” evokes crematoria, mountains of skulls, and mass graves. It is what the Nazis did to the Jews of Europe, what the Khmer Rouge did to fellow Cambodians, what Hutu nationalists did to Tutsis in Rwanda. The term, like the practices of death and social destruction to which it refers, is odious. Charging genocide is like ringing an alarm because, when this crime is occurring or when it has occurred, consequences for perpetrators should follow. Our approach is to trace the political history of the term “genocide” in law and jurisprudence, and compare some of the contexts in which the practices to which the term refers have occurred, and where accountability has ...

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ثمن انعدام الجنسية: اللاجئون الفلسطينيون الفارون من سوريا

[المصدر: موقع العين]

"لا يكاد الفلسطينيون يستوعبون مأساةً أصابتهم حتى تعاجِلُهم أختها."  Joe Sacco, Footnotes in Gaza, New York, 2009: xi ارتبطت المأساة والمقاومة بتاريخ الفلسطينيين منذ صدور وعد بلفور عام 1917، ولا غرابة في وجود علاقةٍ عضوية بين الانتفاضات العربية الراهنة والمقاومة الفلسطينية. غير أن الانتفاضات العربية قد أثرت في الفلسطينيين الذين لجؤوا إلى العالم العربي في أعقاب نكبة عام 1948. فكما حدث بعد الغزو الأمريكي للعراق عام 2003، كشفت الانتفاضات ما يتعرض له اللاجئون الفلسطينيون من انعدام الأمن وضياع حقوقهم الإنسانية بسبب افتقارهم إلى الجنسية. ومع موجة النزوح الحالية وفرار اللاجئين الفلسطينيين من سوريا تتكشف مأساةٌ جديدة. تُقدِّر وكالة الأمم المتحدة لإغاثة وتشغيل ...

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With Muslim Ban, Trump and Bannon Wanted Chaos, but Not Resistance

[Protesters outside the US Embassy in London, 4 February 2017. Photo by Alisdare Hickson, via Flickr]

The Trump executive order that puts into place a series of unconstitutional restrictions on migration of citizens of seven Middle Eastern and African countries is anything but an instance of harried incompetence by an inexperienced White House staff. Rather, it is, like so many other Trump executive orders and presidential memoranda, a malignant, strategic attack on democracy. A closer look at the pre-history and logic of the ban reveals that the Muslim Ban executive order is one among many drastic measures that Trump and his strategists and advisers are deliberately enacting in order to consolidate their power in the face of Trump's lack of electoral mandate. On 7 ...

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Sir Nigel Rodley versus Donald Trump on Torture

[Left to right: Sir Nigel Rodley and President Donald Trump]

Donald Trump is a man who defines himself by the number of norms he violates, according to Michael D’Antonio, the author of a biography, The Truth About Trump. “He's always refused to be like other people when it comes to manners and respect for others and loyalty to the truth…He's kind of a barbarian in that way—he gets a thrill out of disturbing other people and proving that he doesn't have to go along with what other people expect.”  One issue most people expect a US president to go along with—or at least pretend to go along with—is respect for a jus cogens norm. Jus cogens norms “constitute the pinnacle of the hierarchy of sources of international ...

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In Keeping with Conservative History, MLA Votes Down Resolution to Boycott Israeli Institutions

[This statement was released by MLA Members for Justice in Palestine on 9 January 2017.] At the annual convention of the Delegate Assembly of the Modern Language Association (MLA), a resolution to endorse the Palestinian call for a boycott of Israeli academic institutions for their involvement in violations of international law was voted down by 113-78. The Delegate Assembly is the representative body of the Association, and the resolution will not now move forward for consideration by the full membership, comprised of over twenty-five thousand scholars and teachers. The MLA Delegate Assembly’s vote differs from that of a growing number of academic associations that ...

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'The Right Not to Be a Perpetrator': In Support of BDS

[Logo of the MLA Members for Justice in Palestine]

[The following is an extract from an essay in the forthcoming anthology Assuming Boycott: Resistance, Agency, and Cultural Production (eds. Kareem Estefan, Carin Kuoni, Laura Raicovich: OR Books, 2017). The Modern Language Association (MLA) will be voting on a resolution calling for a boycott of Israeli academic institutions at its upcoming convention, to be held 5-8 January 2017 in Philadelphia.] The Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions (BDS) movement is a way to achieve three things: (1) to expose the mechanisms of dispossession, segregation, and legalized discrimination against Palestinians that are part of the Israeli democratic regime; (2) to publicly and ...

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Visualizing Palestine: 50+ Years of Occupation

5 June 2017 marked 50 years of Israel’s occupation, a sobering milestone. The word "occupation" is typically used to describe Israel’s ongoing military rule over the Palestinian West Bank, Gaza, and East Jerusalem since 1967, but the story of Israeli colonialism and occupation is much broader. In its short history, the state of Israel has not only occupied Palestinian land, but also the sovereign territory of three of its four neighboring countries. Today, Israel continues to occupy land in ...

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Making Sense of Jerusalem, Gaza, and Anti-BDS Legislation in the United States

The past two weeks have been filled with a flurry of news and developments concerning Palestine that have appeared in piecemeal fashion. As per usual, mainstream international and US media have portrayed events in Jerusalem and Gaza, as well as legislation in the United States, as isolated incidents lacking context. The protagonists in these stories are Israelis with Palestinian shadows. The failure to document the structural violence afflicting Palestinian lives portrays these events as ruptures rather ...

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The United Nations and Palestine: Biased?

It is common currency to accuse the United Nations (UN) of harboring an inveterate anti-Israel, pro-Palestinian bias. Israel, so the claim goes, is consistently held to a higher standard than other states that manage to escape the world body’s scrutiny despite their abysmal records, and is consistently condemned by the UN for engaging in a legitimate struggle for survival against the Palestinians and other Arabs. To an even greater extent than her predecessors, the current US permanent representative ...

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Caught Between Two Fires: Sudanese Refugees in Jordan

Ahmad is poised as a journalist from Kutum, a town that lies 120 kilm away from El Fasher, the capital of North Darfur in Sudan. His towering figure and wide shoulders sway slowly with each calculated step he takes around his home’s uneven floor, leaning on his aluminum cane for support. He is among the many Darfuris that have in recent years actively spoken out about persecution in their homeland: I am forced to raise my voice because my family members are victims. There are real problems: rape, ...

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De-Escalation Zones in Syria: Not an Alternative for Refugees

On 3 May 2017, Iran, Turkey, and Russia signed a proposal in Astana for the creation of “de-escalation zones” in Syria.  Fighting—including aerial attacks—would cease and humanitarian assistance would be made available. One such de-escalation zone already exists under the military control of the Turkish-led coalition in Jarablus. It has shown to be a poor alternative for refugees looking to exercise their asylum rights under international refugee law.  The existence of this so-called “safe ...

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"Born Again" in Deir Nidham: Against the Illegal Military Occupation, from a Black-American Prophetic Christian Perspective

Tactics of Racial Supremacy We had just left Ofer Prison. My work as a scholar-activist, committed to Palestinian justice, placed me there. We had been journeying all day with two of our Israel-based colleagues who specialize in advocating justice within a profoundly unjust Israeli carceral system. The detention facility, which is at once a juvenile prison and a courthouse, was an incomparable spectacle. The courtyard, a “holding area” for families waiting to enter the “courtrooms” where their ...

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Turkey After the Referendum: A Roundtable

Turkey Page Editors’ Introduction On 16 April 2017, amidst widespread reports of electoral fraud, a slim majority of those casting votes in Turkey voted to approve a referendum, which has as its main goal the overhaul of the executive branch. Most significantly, it does away with the position of prime minister, thereby transforming the presidency from being a ceremonial position as head of state into the sole leadership position of the executive branch. Opposition politicians and dissident journalists ...

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The Policing of the Palestinian Minority in Israel: An International Law Perspective

In January 2017, the Palestinian Member of Knesset (MK), Haneen Zoabi, commissioned a report detailing multilayered omissions by the Israeli police force in combating the increasing crime rates within the Palestinian minority in Israel.[i] While the Israeli police force has prided itself in the last couple of years with halting the overall rate of violent crimes in the country, the report suggests that the police has failed miserably in halting violent crimes within Arab localities. Currently ...

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Protesting the Modern Language Association's Anti-Boycott Resolution

[This statement was originally published on 30 January 2017. The initial signatories are Modern Language Assocation (MLA) prize winners, current Delegate Assembly members, and past Executive Council members and MLA presidents. The petition is now open to all active and past members of the MLA; for more information, or to sign on to this petition, click here.] 30 January 2017 To the Executive Council of the Modern Language Association: We write collectively as MLA award winners, current Delegate ...

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The Modern Language Association and the 2017 Vote on the Academic Boycott of Israel

Ten years ago no academic association in the United States, with the possible exception of the Middle East Studies Association (MESA), would have been motivated to make public statements critical of Israel. Over the last decade, many members of associations across the disciplines of the humanities and social sciences have taken a stand in support of Palestinians. One way in which this stand has taken form is through resolutions in support of the Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions (BDS) movement. The ...

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The MLA and BDS—or, Comedy and Resistance

This weekend, the Modern Language Association's (MLA) Delegate Assembly voted against a detailed, closely-argued, and voluminously documented resolution to support the boycott of Israeli academic institutions (79 for, 113 against). A few minutes later, the same body proceeded to pass a brief, four-paragraph anti-boycott resolution (101 for, 93 against), which did little more than assert that “the Palestinian Campaign for the Academic and Cultural Boycott of Israel contradicts the MLA’s purpose to promote ...

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The MLA and the Boycott of Israeli Academic Institutions

The Modern Language Association (MLA) will be voting on a resolution calling for a boycott of Israeli academic institutions at its upcoming convention, to be held 5-8 January 2017 in Philadelphia. This short documentary makes the case for MLA members to vote in support of the resolution. The video includes interviews with numerous prominent literary scholars who support the boycott resolution. Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, W. J. T. Mitchell, Bruce Robbins, Margaret Ferguson, Rosaura Sanchez, David Lloyd, ...

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About O.I.L.

Jadaliyya’s Occupation, Intervention, and Law (O.I.L) section explores the relationship among armed conflict, politics, and international law. Here you will find analysis and debate about developments in international law, intervention and resistance, the political economy of conflict, and accountability for war crimes.  

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