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Mauritania

On the Margins Roundup (July)

[Image of a South Sudan Independence Day celebration at Diversey Harbor Grove. Image by Daniel X. O'Neil/Flickr.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Mali, South Sudan, Somalia, Mauritania, Djibouti, and Comoros Islands and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the On the Margins Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each month's roundup to info@jadaliyya.com.]  Mauritania  Mauritanian President Abdel Aziz re-elected Mauritanian President Abdel Aziz reelected in a controversial election with over eighty percent of the vote.  ملفخـاص: انتخابات 21يونيوفيموريتانياتدقآخرمسمارفينعشالديمقراطية&n

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Religion, Race, and Repression in Mauritania: The Ould Mkhaitir Apostasy Affair

[President Abdel Aziz addresses the public in January 2014 about the “blasphemy” of Ould Mkhaitir. Image by CRIDEM.]

On 2 January 2014, Mohamed Ould Cheikh Mohamed Ould Mkhaitir, a young Mauritanian engineer from the northern industrial city of Nouadhibou, published a denunciation of caste-based racism, which he framed as a call for religious reform. He dared to challenge the discrimination against Moulamines, the lowest of the low in Mauritanian society, and did so by provocatively criticizing some of the Prophet Mohammed’s acts. The government perceived his demand that Mauritanians cleanse their religion of racism as a fundamental attack on mainstream Mauritanian identity. He was promptly arrested and charged with apostasy, which is a capital offense. In this country, racism runs ...

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On the Margins Roundup (March)

[Mauritania signs an ad-hoc multi-lateral maritime co-operative agreement with neighboring North and West African countries. Image from IMO-UN/Flickr.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Mali, South Sudan, Somalia, Mauritania, Djibouti, and Comoros Islands and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the On the Margins Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each month's roundup to info@jadaliyya.com.]  Mauritania Mauritania: Islamic Television channel promotes moderation An interview on Magharebia with Othman Ould Farah, the director of a new moderate Islamic cable television channel. موريتانيا: لم نسحب دبلوماسيينا من المغرب Mauritanian officials denied reports circulating on the internet ...

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'Desert Inhabited by Nomads'

[Image of Mauritanians protesting against the census, which they argue discriminates against ethnic minorities. Image by Bakari Gueye/Flickr.]

In the latest edition of his highly regarded history of modern Africa, Martin Meredith mentions Mauritania only five times in the book’s 816 pages. His most detailed description of Mauritania consists of a single sentence in which he says that upon attaining independence in 1960, “Mauritania consisted of no more than desert inhabited by nomads which until 1954 had been ruled from the Senegalese city of St. Louis.”[1] Meredith’s overlooking of Mauritania is unlikely to have been a deliberate act on his part, and my mentioning of it is not intended to single him out for any criticism. After all, all writers, ranging from bloggers to university professors to journalists, ...

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Maghreb Media Roundup (December 30)

[The walled city of Ghardaia in Algeria’s M’zab region has seen increasingly violent tension in recent weeks. Photo courtesy of Wikipedia.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Maghreb and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Maghreb Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to maghreb@jadaliyya.com by Thursday night of every week.]  Algeria L’Algérie face à son destin, d’Abdelkader ben Mahieddine à Tareq Mammeri  Adel Herik postulates that Algeria has been bound to repeating history for fifty years. Khalifa peut conclure un deal avec les autorités In an interview with Hadjer Guenafa, lawyer Khaled Bourayou offers predictions on formerly-exiled ...

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Maghreb Media Roundup (December 9)

[Police violently repress demonstrations by Mauritania’s 25 February movement as they protest the illegitimacy of upcoming elections. Photo courtesy of @m25fev.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Maghreb and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Maghreb Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to maghreb@jadaliyya.com by Thursday night of every week.]  Geopolitics Bouteflika écrit au roi Mohamed VI  President Abdelaziz Bouteflika writes to King Mohamed VI, invoking shared history and neglecting any allusion to the controversial Algerian flag defamation incident in Morocco. L'Union Européenne annonce le montant de son soutien financier à la Tunisie  Sandro Lutyens ...

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Maghreb Media Roundup (November 1)

[A mass demonstration was held Thursday October 31 in Nouakchott demanding justice for the rape and murder of a six year old girl. Photo courtesy of @lissnup.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Maghreb and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Maghreb Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to maghreb@jadaliyya.com by Thursday night of every week.]  Maghreb Global Gender Gap Report The World Economic Forum releases it Global Gender Gap report, with disturbing conclusions on backwards trends in North Africa in terms of sexual violence and security. Lampedusa, terre d’exil où se noie la conscience européenne Olivier Favier explores the significance and roots of the ...

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On the Margins Roundup (September)

[Image of the harbor at Moroni, Comoros. Image from Woodlouse/Flickr.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Mali, South Sudan, Somalia, Mauritania, Djibouti, and Comoros Islands and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the On the Margins Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each month's roundup to info@jadaliyya.com.]  Somalia The European Union announces more than €124 million to increase security in Somalia The EU announced an additional support of more than 124 million euros to the African Union Mission in Somalia. Polio Outbreak in Somalia Threatens East African Region In 2012 there were just 250 cases of polio ...

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Maghreb Media Roundup (July 19)

[Recent riots erupted in Kaedi, Mauritania, referred to as “ethnic clashes.” Photo courtesy of D. Camara via @Lissnup.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Maghreb and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Maghreb Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to maghreb@jadaliyya.com by Thursday night of every week.]  Algeria Algeria: the real lessons for Egypt Karima Bennoune explains why recent comparisons between Algeria in the nineties and Egypt today must be engaged with critically, and the danger in adopting popular narratives wholesale. Benflis entre un fauteuil roulant et le DRS Mohamed Benchicou challenges the predominant ...

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The New European Union and Mauritania Fisheries Agreement: Between Sustainability and Vested Interests

[European Union officials meet with their Mauritanian counterparts to discuss the renewal of a fishing pact. Image by Bakari Gueye/Magharebia.]

On 29 May, the Fisheries Committee of the European Parliament voted to reject a new European Union-Mauritania fishing agreement, negotiated in July 2012. The grounds for rejection were that the new clauses regarding licensing for European fleets to fish in Mauritanian waters would be neither profitable nor to the benefit of either party.  The waters off the coast of Mauritania are some of the richest and most biologically diverse in the world. As a result, they are of great importance to European fishing fleets, which have increasingly been forced to fish beyond their own shores due to a catastrophic depletion of fish in Europe.  Historically, the European ...

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معتقلو موريتانيا في غوانتانامو

[جانب من تظاهرة في نواكشوط تطالب بإطلاق سراح المعتقلين المورتانيين في غوانتانامو]

انتشرت في الساعات الأولى من فاتح يونيو2013 أنباء تفيد بأن المعتقلين الموريتانيين في سجن غوانتنامو، محمد ولد صلاحي وأحمد ولد عبد العزيز، قد تم تسليمهما إلى موريتانيا. ولم تتداول هذه الأنباء مواقع التواصل الاجتماعي فقط، بل مؤسسات اعلامية دولية وعربية كذلك. كانت تلك الإخبار مصدر فرح لدى عائلات المعتقلين ولدى الكثيرين من أبناء موريتانيا ، لكن سرعان ما تبدل ذلك الشعور إلى خيبة أمل، بعدما نفت الولايات المتحدة الخبر رسمياً. حيث نقلت وكالة ألأنباء الفرنسية، عن المتحدث باسم وزارة الدفاع الأمريكية، البنتاغون، قوله، إنه لم يتم نقل أو تسريح أي سجين من سجناء غوانتانامو في كوبا خلال الأيام الأخيرة، مؤكداً أن السجن ما يزال فيه 166 سجيناً. بعد هذا النفي ظهرت منشورات على الفيسبوك غاضبة ...

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On the Margins Roundup (May)

[Image of a Tuareg encampment in northern Mali. Image by Erik Cleves Kristensen/Flickr.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Mali, South Sudan, Somalia, Djibouti, and Comoros Islands and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the On the Margins Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each month's roundup to info@jadaliyya.com.]  Somalia Is Somalia Ready For Aid? Jenny Lei Ravelo reports that some NGOs are concerned with Somalia’s fledgling government control over finances and the accountability mechanisms in place. Donors meeting in London pledge more than $300 million for Somalia to aid in security, justice The author reports that International ...

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On the Margins Roundup (June)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Mali, South Sudan, Somalia, Mauritania, Djibouti, and Comoros Islands and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the On the Margins Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each month's roundup to info@jadaliyya.com.] Somalia Al-Shabab claims deadly Kenya attack Somalia-based group says attacks will continue, and tells tourists to stay away after assault in ...

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On the Margins Roundup (May)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Mali, South Sudan, Somalia, Mauritania, Djibouti, and Comoros Islands and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the On the Margins Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each month's roundup to info@jadaliyya.com.]  Mauritania موريتانيا: غضب من قانون لرقابة وتنظيم الإنترنت Mauritanian activists are criticizing a recent bill in the Mauritanian parliament, ...

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Call for Participants: “Les Ateliers” Urban Planning Workshop in Nouakchott

The French association Les Ateliers is organizing an urban planning professional workshop in Nouakchatt, Mauritania, between 26 April and 11 May 2014, entitled “The Future as Challenge” (L’avenir pour défi.) Les Ateliers (International workshops of planning and urban design) is a non-profit organization created in 1982 that aims to promote the creation of ideas examining the challenges and processes of everyday city planning and design. It does so by fostering a process of collective and ...

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On the Margins Roundup (January)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Mali, South Sudan, Somalia, Mauritania, Djibouti, and Comoros Islands and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the On the Margins Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each month's roundup to info@jadaliyya.com.]  Mauritania Biram : les raisons du succès The author examines the reasons for Biram Ould Abeid’s success in fighting for human rights in ...

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After Mauritania’s Elections: Toward Reform or a Political Charade?

The first round of legislative and municipal elections held in Mauritania on 23 November signified the end of a two-year period of a parliamentary limbo. The country has been mired in a sustained constitutional crisis since 2011, when elections that were due to take place in September of that year were indefinitely postponed, leaving the National Assembly without a legislative mandate. Over two years later, these legislative and local elections have just now finally transpired. Around ...

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Colonisation Pacifique?: Examining the Contradictions of Xavier Coppolani’s Expansion into Mauritania

In 1899, Louis Gustave Binger, the head of African affairs at the French Ministry of Colonies, received a proposal outlining a plan to bring a large swath of North African tribal territory under French control. The proposal covered a vast expanse of land, primarily desert, stretching up from the Senegal River to the bottom of the Kingdom of Morocco and eastward toward the south of Algeria. The name used in the proposal to delimit this geographical area was “la Mauritanie occidentale.” This was the first ...

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Maghreb Media Roundup (October 14)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Maghreb and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Maghreb Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to maghreb@jadaliyya.com by Thursday night of every week.]  Algeria Algeria: Crackdown on Independent Trade Unions Human Rights Watch condemns Algerian authorities’ efforts to limit the formation and operation of ...

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On the Margins Roundup (August)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Mali, South Sudan, Somalia, Mauritania, Djibouti, and Comoros Islands and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the On the Margins Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each month's roundup to info@jadaliyya.com.]  Somalia Are the Islamists truly on the ropes? The author discusses how a new and much-lauded president is finding it hard to bury old ...

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On the Margins Roundup (July)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Mali, South Sudan, Somalia, Mauritania, Djibouti, and Comoros Islands and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the On the Margins Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each month's roundup to info@jadaliyya.com.]  Somalia Donor Unfazed Despite UN Compound Attack Contrary to what Al-Shabab may have hoped, the United Kingdom and the European Union are ...

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Maghreb Media Roundup (July 5)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Maghreb and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Maghreb Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to maghreb@jadaliyya.com by Thursday night of every week.]  Algeria Algérie / Abdelkader Bensalah peut-il assurer l’intérim de la présidence? Baki 7our Mansour explores the constitutionality of Abdelkader Bensalah, ...

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On the Margins Roundup (June)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Mali, South Sudan, Somalia, Djibouti, and Comoros Islands and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the On the Margins Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each month's roundup to info@jadaliyya.com.]  Somalia Somali central bank chief has experience of troubled jurisdictions The new governor of the Central Bank of Somalia shares his vision to transform ...

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!موريتانيا :الشعب يريد إسقاط النظام

 كان لإحراق المواطن التونسي محمد البوعزيزي نفسه يوم 17 ديسمبر/كانون الأول عام 2010 ، وما أعقبه من انتفاضة شعبية في وطنه تأثير كبير على نقاشات الموريتانيين. ولم يمض إلا شهر واحد حتى تحول النقاش من فعل البوعزيزي وثورة التونسيين إلى قيام المواطن الموريتاني يعقوب ولد دحود في يوم17 يناير 2011 بإضرام النار في نفسه أمام مجلس الشيوخ الموريتاني وتركه وصية على موقع التواصل الاجتماعي فيسبوك، دعـى فيها الشباب الموريتاني إلى ”الخروج والصمود في وجه النظام حتى تتحقق طموحاتهم، وطالب فيها بإلغاء جميع الرسوم والضرائب ...

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