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Morocco

New Texts Out Now: Isabelle Werenfels, Beyond Authoritarian Upgrading: The Re-Emergence of Sufi Orders in Maghrebi Politics

[Cover of

Isabelle Werenfels, "Beyond Authoritarian Upgrading: The Re-Emergence of Sufi Orders in Maghrebi Politics." The Journal of North African Studies 19.3 (2014). Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this article? Isabelle Werenfels (IW): It is a mélange of reasons. First and foremost, I was struck by how little research has been done by political scientists on the contemporary relationship between Sufi orders, the state, and politics in Algeria and Tunisia. Even in Morocco, this relationship has not received the scholarly attention it deserves. There is some excellent work by anthropologists touching upon the political dimension of Sufism, but very little by ...

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Maghreb Media Roundup (December 4)

[Screenshot from a video of a home getting destroyed in Guelmim, Morocco due to major recent flooding. Image from video uploaded by Ali Bedar on Facebook]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Maghreb and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Maghreb Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to maghreb@jadaliyya.com by Thursday night of every week] Algeria Are There Lessons to be Learnt From Algeria’s Past? Dalia Ghanem-Yazbeck examines similarities and differences between Algeria’s struggle with the Armed Islamic Group (GIA) in the 1990s and the rise of the Islamic State.  الجزائر: مقتل اثنين في أعمال شغب Two people were killed last Friday in clashes between ...

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Maghreb Media Roundup (November 21)

[Image of art stenciled on a wall in a playground in Tripoli, Libya. Image by Tarek Siala/Flickr]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Maghreb and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Maghreb Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to maghreb@jadaliyya.com by Thursday night of every week] Algeria L’instance de coordination de la CNLTD appelle à l’organisation d’une élection présidentielle anticipée One of Algeria’s main opposition movements met at the Mouvement de la société pour la paix (MSP) headquarters on Tuesday to call for another presidential election given the president’s health issues. Algerian ...

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Maghreb Media Roundup (November 8)

[Image of homes in Essaouira. Image by flikr/Flickr]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Maghreb and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Maghreb Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to maghreb@jadaliyya.com by Thursday night of every week]  Algeria Algérie : 1er novembre 1954, retour sur la « Toussaint rouge » de l’indépendance Algeria celebrated the sixtieth anniversary of its war for independence this week. Hostility along the Algeria-Morocco border? Not to worry, it’s just volleyball…3,700 participants have signed up for a ...

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Radio France Internationale Interview with Jadaliyya Co-Editor Samia Errazzouki on General Strike in Morocco

[A scene from the national strike today, 29 October 2014, in Rabat, Morocco. Image via Twitter.]

Morocco’s major labor unions have called for a general strike to take place today, on 29 October 2014. The appeal to action has called on a number of political parties, movements, and civil society groups to express their support and participate in the strike. Mobilizing among both the public and private sectors, the general strike is being organized in opposition to a number of reforms the current coalition government has proposed, including pension reform and raising the retirement age. The strike also takes aim at the steady rise in cost of utility services, food, and fuel. In this interview with Radio France Internationale, Jadaliyya Co-Editor Samia ...

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New Texts Out Now: Edmund Burke III, The Ethnographic State: France and the Invention of Moroccan Islam

[Cover of Edmund Burke III,

Edmund Burke III, The Ethnographic State: France and the Invention of Moroccan Islam. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2014. Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book?  Edmund Burke III (EB): Ever since my first book, Prelude to Protectorate in Morocco: Pre-colonial Protest and Resistance, 1860-1912 (1976), I had wanted to write a book about the role of French ethnography in the establishment of the Moroccan protectorate. Unfortunately my career did not go as planned, and my research interests moved on to a series of other subjects. Nonetheless, I continued to write about the French sociology of Islam over the intervening years. I have ...

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رحلتي إلى الراب والسياسة والسجن

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 لماذا "الراب المحابسي"؟ لماذا لا أترك الموسيقى بعد أن تم حبسي ثلث مرات؟ أي دور يلعب الراب في الدفاع عن المجتمع ضد من يحكمونه بالفساد والاستغلال؟ سأخبركم قصة قصيرة. في صيف ٢٠٠٧ حينما كنت في العشرين من عمري، بدأت في أخذ الراب على محمل الجد وذلك بتأسيس فرقة أسميناها “عكاشة فاميلي." اخترنا حينها المقاومة والراب، مقررين نشر أغنية لنا على اليوتيوب نتداولها بين أصدقائنا. أغنية "عطيني حقي" نجحت وقدمنا عرضنا الأول. لم يعرف منظمو الحفل محتوى الأغاني قبل الحفل. صدم الجمهور بكلمات - الكلمات التي تعبر عن همومهم- أول أغنية راب في المغرب تتحدث عن حقوقهم ومقاومة السلطات وتجاوز الخطوط الحمراء.  بعد بدء الحفل، جاء أحد المنظمين إلى الخشبة وطلب منا ...

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Morocco's Mawazine Festival: Exposing Class Tensions and Social Unrest

[The front row at Muslim's Mawazine performance 2 June in Salé, Rabat's sister city across the Bouregreg. Image by Melissa Smyth]

The thirteenth annual Mawazine: Rhythms of the World festival concluded this summer after a ten-day run in Rabat. Mawazine is Morocco’s premiere music festival and the second largest music festival in the world, with a record-setting attendance of over 2.6 million attendees this year. Though the festival’s advertised objective is to promote a positive, modern image of Morocco and provide a platform for local musicians to get more international exposure, Mawazine has also highlighted the growing inequality and interclass tensions that are palpable throughout its urban centers. Mawazine’s website describes the festival as a “meeting point for music lovers and ...

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Maghreb Media Roundup (September 12)

[Image of fishermen in Essaouira, Morocco. Image by Tiberio Frascari/Flickr.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Maghreb and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Maghreb Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to maghreb@jadaliyya.com by Thursday night of every week.]  Algeria AQIM defectors raise fears of IS branch in North Africa Algeria and Tunisia are focusing their security concerns on the potential rise of an Islamic State branch in the Maghreb. Self-immolation in Algeria highlights housing crisis An Algerian man set himself on fire after he could not pay the rent and the ...

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حوار مع القيادية اليسارية المغربية نعيمة الكلاف

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جدلية: مرحبا بك أستاذة نعيمة. شكراً على قبولك دعوتنا لهذا الحوار. هل يمكن أن تقدمي نفسك لقرائنا بشكل موجز؟ نعيمة: مرحبا شكراً على الاستضافة. اسمي نعيمة الكلاف. أنا محامية وفاعلة حقوقية وعضوة المكتب السياسي للحزب الاشتراكي الموحد. جدلية: سؤالي الأول يتعلق بالوضع الحقوقي بالمغرب بعد تمرير دستور سنة 2011 وتشكيل حكومة يتزعمها حزب العدالة والتنمية الذي فاز بأغلبية المقاعد في الانتخابات المباشرة. كيف هي وضعية حقوق الانسان والممارسة السياسية بالمغرب اليوم؟ ن.ك: بالنسبة للشق الأول من السؤال والمتعلق بالوضع الحقوقي بعد دستور 2011 لابد من الاشارة لملاحظة مهمة فيما يخص وضع حقوق الانسان بالمغرب والذي اتسم دائما بالهشاشة، لأننا لازلنا في وضع يطبعه المد والجزر. لأننا لم ...

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ملف من الأرشيف: محمد شكري

[الكاتب محمد شكري]

["ملف من الأرشيف" هي سلسة تقوم "جدلية" بنشرها بالعربية والإنجليزية بالتعاون مع جريدة ”السفير“ اللبنانية. الملفات لشخصيات أيقونية تركت أثراً عميقاً في الحقل السياسي والثقافي في العالم العربي.]           الاسم: محمد شكري الشهرة: الشحرور الأبيض تاريخ الولادة: ١٩٣٥  مكان الولادة: قرية بني شيكر في محافظة الناظور شمال المغرب الجنسية: مغربي المهنة : أديب

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Maghreb Media Roundup (July 26)

[Image of the border between Mauritania and the Western Sahara. Image by David Holt/Flickr.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Maghreb and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Maghreb Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to maghreb@jadaliyya.com by Thursday night of every week.]  Algeria Algeria Plane Crash Site Found in Mali With No Survivors After an extensive search effort, the crash site of Air Algerie Flight 5017, which went missing on Thursday with 118 passengers on board, was found near the border between Mali and Burkina Faso. France Confirms No Survivors in Air Algerie Plane ...

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Even Morocco’s Friends Know Its Judicial System Is Corrupt and Lacking in Due Process

On 13 August 2014, a US federal court declined to enforce a 123 million dollar judgment issued by a Moroccan court in 2009 against Texas native John Paul DeJoria. In Dejoria v. Maghreb Petroleum Exploration S.A. (W.D. Tex. 13 August 2014), the court laid out various reasons for refusing to recognize the verdict, focusing on the absence of an independent judiciary and the unlimited influence of the Moroccan royal family, especially King Mohammad VI, on the country’s judicial system. In opining ...

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Open Letter to the Organizing Committee of the World Forum for Human Rights in Morocco

[The following is an open letter that the Rabat branch of the 20 February Movement has written to the international committee organizing the World Forum for Human Rights in Morocco. Below are also the French and Arabic versions of the letter.] 20 February Movement, Rabat branch 20 November, 2014 Subject: For the reasons below, the 20 February Movement objects to the hosting of the World Forum for Human Rights in Morocco. With your committee's support, Morocco will be hosting the second annual World ...

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An Open Letter to King Mohammed VI

[The following open letter was written by Moroccan journalist Hamza Mahfoud on 11 November 2014, in response to King Mohammed VI's speech marking the anniversary of the Green March. The open letter was originally published in Arabic on Huna Sotak and translated to English by Abdellah Laaraj. Since its publication, the open letter has been widely disseminated on social media, drawing a wide range of responses.] Dear King, I am writing regarding the Sahara after having watched your speech last ...

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Qui sera l’Etat ? : Le soulèvement du Rif reconsidéré (1958-59)

« Les gens du nord ont autrefois connu la violence du Prince héritier, il vaudrait mieux pour eux qu’ils ne connaissent pas celle du Roi ». C’est ainsi qu’Hassan II (1961-1999) s’adresse aux habitants du nord-ouest du Maroc—et à travers eux à l’ensemble de la population—en réaction aux émeutes populaires de 1984. Adoptant alors un ton grave et méprisant, le monarque rappelle à ses sujets qu’il est capable de tout pour conserver le pouvoir. Pour leur rafraîchir la mémoire, il n’hésite pas à ...

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Maghreb Media Roundup (October 23)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Maghreb and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Maghreb Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to maghreb@jadaliyya.com by Thursday night of every week]  Algeria En Algérie, le régime est à bout de souffle Algerian police protested in front of the Presidential Palace for twenty-four hours last week calling ...

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إشكالية المجتمع المدني في المغرب

 الحديث عن المجتمع المدني في المغرب هو بالضرورة حديث عن الأزمة، أزمة المفهوم و أزمة الممارسة، وهذا المعطى لا يستقيم إلا إذا حددنا طبيعة هذه الأزمة على المستوى النظري والعملي، فنعرض في المرحلة الأولى للمفهوم من حيث مضامينه، وسياقه التاريخي، ونعرج في مرحلة ثانية على التجربة التاريخية المغربية و كيفية تعاملها مع المجتمع المدني وطبيعة توظيفها لمضمونه .   إشكالية المفهوم و الوظيفة  إذا كانت الخاصية المميزة للمعرفة عموماً محكومة بتجديد مفاهيمها وبناء معجمها الخاص من خلال وجود آلية وطريقة ...

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Maghreb Media Roundup (October 11)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Maghreb and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Maghreb Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to maghreb@jadaliyya.com by Thursday night of every week.]  Algeria Algeria: North Africa’s Reluctant Policeman Maghreb and West Africa specialist Imad Mesdoua discusses the debate over Algeria’s increasingly ...

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Maghreb Media Roundup (September 25)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Maghreb and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Maghreb Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to maghreb@jadaliyya.com by Thursday night of every week.]  Algeria Algeria ready to host Libya dialogue Algerian Foreign Minister Ramtane Lamamra called for warring Libya militias to meet for a national dialogue ...

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Mohamed Choukri: A Profile from the Archives

[”A Profile from the Archives“  is a series published by Jadaliyya in both Arabic and English in cooperation with the Lebanese newspaper, Assafir. These profiles will feature iconic figures who left indelible marks in the politics and culture of the Middle East and North Africa. This profile was originally published in Arabic  and was translated by Mazen Hakeem.] Name: Mohamed Choukri Known As: The White Blackbird Date of Birth: 1935 Place of Birth: Village of Ayt Chiker, Nador province, ...

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نفس الكتاب".. جرحٌ تعجز الكتابة عن لَأْمِه"

المراسلات دوائر لا تكتمل بغير العداوة أو الموت، تُشبه حركتها خفقان القلب ومداعبة اليد لكلب الزّمن، يجري لاهثا خلف حلول الطّريق، دون أنْ يجد الماء في البئر. هكذا يؤوب الجنس الرّسائليّ دوماً إلى صيغة من صيغ العطش: الرّسالة الأولى، ثمّ ماذا؟ الرّسالة الأخيرة، ما الحلّ؟ أيّا يكن الحلّ المفترض، فإنّ كلّا من عبد الكبير الخطيبي (1938-2009) وجاك حسّون (1936-1999)، على مدار خمس سنوات، بين 29 يوليوز/يوليو 1980 و17 مارس/آذار 1985، لم يكُفّا عن تبادل رسائل متقاطعة بلغت 45 رسالة، عبَرت مكاتب البريد في باريس والرّباط ...

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Sahrawi Realities: The Remembrance of Gdeim Izik (Part 2)

[This is the second article in a two-part series that seeks to reflect on the ways in which social mobilization, creation of space, and new modes of resistance intersect within the Sahrawi community. Between these grooves are nuanced conceptions of Sahrawi identity that are colored by varied experiences but also a shared memory of external domination and displacement. The series is informed by research conducted during a weeklong stay in the Dakhla refugee camp, located about one hundred miles ...

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Popular Neighborhoods and the Arab Spring: Elements for a Renewed Approach

Pierre-Arnaud Barthel and Sylvy Jaglin, editors, Quartiers informels d’un monde arabe en transition. Réflexions et perspectives pour l’action urbaine [Informal Settlements in an Arab World in Transition. Reflections and Perspectives for Urban Action]. Paris: Agence Française pour le Développement, Conférences et Séminaires 7, 2013. Available online. Housing in most of the Arab world cities is an informal affair. After having founded a family, or to remain near employment opportunities, most people ...

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