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Morocco

Open Letter to the Organizing Committee of the World Forum for Human Rights in Morocco

[Image calling for the boycott of the World Forum for Human Rights in Morocco. Image from the Mouvement 20 février Rabat Facebook Page]

[The following is an open letter that the Rabat branch of the 20 February Movement has written to the international committee organizing the World Forum for Human Rights in Morocco. Below are also the French and Arabic versions of the letter.] 20 February Movement, Rabat branch 20 November, 2014 Subject: For the reasons below, the 20 February Movement objects to the hosting of the World Forum for Human Rights in Morocco. With your committee's support, Morocco will be hosting the second annual World Forum for Human Rights in Marrakech from 27 November to 30 November 2014. If the expectation of the forum is to provide a platform as the basis for an open international ...

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An Open Letter to King Mohammed VI

[Image of a portrait of King Mohammed VI in Casablanca. Image by slettvet/Flickr.]

[The following open letter was written by Moroccan journalist Hamza Mahfoud on 11 November 2014, in response to King Mohammed VI's speech marking the anniversary of the Green March. The open letter was originally published in Arabic on Huna Sotak and translated to English by Abdellah Laaraj. Since its publication, the open letter has been widely disseminated on social media, drawing a wide range of responses.] Dear King, I am writing regarding the Sahara after having watched your speech last Thursday. I would like to present the point of view of a Moroccan citizen who wished he were in a stronger position to defend his country. The reality is that he found himself ...

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Qui sera l’Etat ? : Le soulèvement du Rif reconsidéré (1958-59)

[Un défilé de l'ALN à Nador vers 1955. Image de mondeberbere.com]

« Les gens du nord ont autrefois connu la violence du Prince héritier, il vaudrait mieux pour eux qu’ils ne connaissent pas celle du Roi ». C’est ainsi qu’Hassan II (1961-1999) s’adresse aux habitants du nord-ouest du Maroc—et à travers eux à l’ensemble de la population—en réaction aux émeutes populaires de 1984. Adoptant alors un ton grave et méprisant, le monarque rappelle à ses sujets qu’il est capable de tout pour conserver le pouvoir. Pour leur rafraîchir la mémoire, il n’hésite pas à faire une allusion brève mais ô combien symbolique à la répression féroce qu’il a menée contre ces mêmes régions vingt-cinq ans auparavant. Le choix rhétorique du souverain ...

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Maghreb Media Roundup (October 23)

[Image of election lists in Tunisia during the 2011 elections. Image by Tarek/Flickr]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Maghreb and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Maghreb Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to maghreb@jadaliyya.com by Thursday night of every week]  Algeria En Algérie, le régime est à bout de souffle Algerian police protested in front of the Presidential Palace for twenty-four hours last week calling for an end to “hogra, or humiliation. This unprecedented demonstration comes at a time when many are questioning who is running the country as President Bouteflika has ...

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إشكالية المجتمع المدني في المغرب

[البرلمان المغربي. المصدر ويكيبيديا]

 الحديث عن المجتمع المدني في المغرب هو بالضرورة حديث عن الأزمة، أزمة المفهوم و أزمة الممارسة، وهذا المعطى لا يستقيم إلا إذا حددنا طبيعة هذه الأزمة على المستوى النظري والعملي، فنعرض في المرحلة الأولى للمفهوم من حيث مضامينه، وسياقه التاريخي، ونعرج في مرحلة ثانية على التجربة التاريخية المغربية و كيفية تعاملها مع المجتمع المدني وطبيعة توظيفها لمضمونه .   إشكالية المفهوم و الوظيفة  إذا كانت الخاصية المميزة للمعرفة عموماً محكومة بتجديد مفاهيمها وبناء معجمها الخاص من خلال وجود آلية وطريقة واضحة في بنية المفهوم  وتنظيم الميدان المعرفي في موضوعه وتخصصه و أفقه، فإن مفهوم المجتمع المدني لا زال أسير مشكلة المعنى بتعبير فيبر لتباين منطلقه المرجعي ـ ...

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Maghreb Media Roundup (October 11)

[Image of a ships graveyard in Nouadhibou, Mauritania. Image by slosada/Flickr.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Maghreb and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Maghreb Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to maghreb@jadaliyya.com by Thursday night of every week.]  Algeria Algeria: North Africa’s Reluctant Policeman Maghreb and West Africa specialist Imad Mesdoua discusses the debate over Algeria’s increasingly important role in mitigating the security threat in North Africa and the Sahel regions. Iran backs Algeria's plan for national reconciliation in Libya Iran expresses ...

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Maghreb Media Roundup (September 25)

[Image of Tlemcen, Algeria by night. Image by Mohamed Amine BOUKH/Flickr]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Maghreb and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Maghreb Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to maghreb@jadaliyya.com by Thursday night of every week.]  Algeria Algeria ready to host Libya dialogue Algerian Foreign Minister Ramtane Lamamra called for warring Libya militias to meet for a national dialogue and emphasized Algeria’s diplomatic role in supporting United Nations Security Council peace initiatives.    Algérie : l'otage français Hervé Gourdel a été ...

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Mohamed Choukri: A Profile from the Archives

[Writer Mohamed Choukri]

[”A Profile from the Archives“  is a series published by Jadaliyya in both Arabic and English in cooperation with the Lebanese newspaper, Assafir. These profiles will feature iconic figures who left indelible marks in the politics and culture of the Middle East and North Africa. This profile was originally published in Arabic  and was translated by Mazen Hakeem.] Name: Mohamed Choukri Known As: The White Blackbird Date of Birth: 1935 Place of Birth: Village of Ayt Chiker, Nador province, northern Morrocco Nationality: Morroccan Profession: Author   Mohamed Choukri   Born in 1935 in the village of Ayt Chiker in the Beni ...

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نفس الكتاب".. جرحٌ تعجز الكتابة عن لَأْمِه"

[شترهاكس

المراسلات دوائر لا تكتمل بغير العداوة أو الموت، تُشبه حركتها خفقان القلب ومداعبة اليد لكلب الزّمن، يجري لاهثا خلف حلول الطّريق، دون أنْ يجد الماء في البئر. هكذا يؤوب الجنس الرّسائليّ دوماً إلى صيغة من صيغ العطش: الرّسالة الأولى، ثمّ ماذا؟ الرّسالة الأخيرة، ما الحلّ؟ أيّا يكن الحلّ المفترض، فإنّ كلّا من عبد الكبير الخطيبي (1938-2009) وجاك حسّون (1936-1999)، على مدار خمس سنوات، بين 29 يوليوز/يوليو 1980 و17 مارس/آذار 1985، لم يكُفّا عن تبادل رسائل متقاطعة بلغت 45 رسالة، عبَرت مكاتب البريد في باريس والرّباط ونيويورك وطنجة والإسكندريّة والهرهورة...، وساءلت بصرامة معرفيّة، ودُعابة أدبيّة ونوستالجيّة أحياناً، رموز الكتابة الدينية في التّراثين العبريّ والإسلاميّ، وعلامات النّزاع ...

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Sahrawi Realities: The Remembrance of Gdeim Izik (Part 2)

[The eviction of Gdeim Izik. Image by mexaraui/Flickr.]

[This is the second article in a two-part series that seeks to reflect on the ways in which social mobilization, creation of space, and new modes of resistance intersect within the Sahrawi community. Between these grooves are nuanced conceptions of Sahrawi identity that are colored by varied experiences but also a shared memory of external domination and displacement. The series is informed by research conducted during a weeklong stay in the Dakhla refugee camp, located about one hundred miles southeast of Tindouf. A week is nowhere near sufficient to fully grasp the over forty years Sahrawi refugees have lived in these conditions and away from their land. A week, ...

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Popular Neighborhoods and the Arab Spring: Elements for a Renewed Approach

Pierre-Arnaud Barthel and Sylvy Jaglin, editors, Quartiers informels d’un monde arabe en transition. Réflexions et perspectives pour l’action urbaine [Informal Settlements in an Arab World in Transition. Reflections and Perspectives for Urban Action]. Paris: Agence Française pour le Développement, Conférences et Séminaires 7, 2013. Available online. Housing in most of the Arab world cities is an informal affair. After having founded a family, or to remain near employment opportunities, most people trying to find a place to live in end up building their houses themselves, or participating in construction projects managed either by families or by modest real-estate ...

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The Black Box of French History

[Book cover image courtesy of Macmillan.]

Andrew Hussey, The French Intifada: The Long War Between France and Its Arabs. London: Granta, 2014. In 2005, a series of disturbing events occurred in France. In February, the parliament attempted to pass a law to force schools to teach “the positive role of French presence overseas, especially in North Africa.” That same autumn, riots erupted in a number of suburbs northeast of Paris, gradually spreading to other French cities and provoking the government to declare a state of emergency that had not been issued since the Algerian War. Many commentators drew a straight line from one to the other: France’s unresolved colonial past was coming to haunt it through an ...

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Maghreb Media Roundup (November 21)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Maghreb and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Maghreb Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to maghreb@jadaliyya.com by Thursday night of every week] Algeria L’instance de coordination de la CNLTD appelle à l’organisation d’une élection présidentielle anticipée One of Algeria’s main opposition movements met ...

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Maghreb Media Roundup (November 8)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Maghreb and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Maghreb Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to maghreb@jadaliyya.com by Thursday night of every week]  Algeria Algérie : 1er novembre 1954, retour sur la « Toussaint rouge » de l’indépendance Algeria celebrated the sixtieth anniversary of its ...

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Radio France Internationale Interview with Jadaliyya Co-Editor Samia Errazzouki on General Strike in Morocco

Morocco’s major labor unions have called for a general strike to take place today, on 29 October 2014. The appeal to action has called on a number of political parties, movements, and civil society groups to express their support and participate in the strike. Mobilizing among both the public and private sectors, the general strike is being organized in opposition to a number of reforms the current coalition government has proposed, including pension reform and raising the retirement age. The strike also ...

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New Texts Out Now: Edmund Burke III, The Ethnographic State: France and the Invention of Moroccan Islam

Edmund Burke III, The Ethnographic State: France and the Invention of Moroccan Islam. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2014. Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book?  Edmund Burke III (EB): Ever since my first book, Prelude to Protectorate in Morocco: Pre-colonial Protest and Resistance, 1860-1912 (1976), I had wanted to write a book about the role of French ethnography in the establishment of the Moroccan protectorate. Unfortunately my career did not go as planned, ...

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رحلتي إلى الراب والسياسة والسجن

 لماذا "الراب المحابسي"؟ لماذا لا أترك الموسيقى بعد أن تم حبسي ثلث مرات؟ أي دور يلعب الراب في الدفاع عن المجتمع ضد من يحكمونه بالفساد والاستغلال؟ سأخبركم قصة قصيرة. في صيف ٢٠٠٧ حينما كنت في العشرين من عمري، بدأت في أخذ الراب على محمل الجد وذلك بتأسيس فرقة أسميناها “عكاشة فاميلي." اخترنا حينها المقاومة والراب، مقررين نشر أغنية لنا على اليوتيوب نتداولها بين أصدقائنا. أغنية "عطيني حقي" نجحت وقدمنا عرضنا الأول. لم يعرف منظمو الحفل محتوى الأغاني قبل الحفل. صدم الجمهور بكلمات - ...

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Morocco's Mawazine Festival: Exposing Class Tensions and Social Unrest

The thirteenth annual Mawazine: Rhythms of the World festival concluded this summer after a ten-day run in Rabat. Mawazine is Morocco’s premiere music festival and the second largest music festival in the world, with a record-setting attendance of over 2.6 million attendees this year. Though the festival’s advertised objective is to promote a positive, modern image of Morocco and provide a platform for local musicians to get more international exposure, Mawazine has also highlighted the growing ...

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Maghreb Media Roundup (September 12)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Maghreb and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Maghreb Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to maghreb@jadaliyya.com by Thursday night of every week.]  Algeria AQIM defectors raise fears of IS branch in North Africa Algeria and Tunisia are focusing their security concerns on the potential rise of an ...

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حوار مع القيادية اليسارية المغربية نعيمة الكلاف

جدلية: مرحبا بك أستاذة نعيمة. شكراً على قبولك دعوتنا لهذا الحوار. هل يمكن أن تقدمي نفسك لقرائنا بشكل موجز؟ نعيمة: مرحبا شكراً على الاستضافة. اسمي نعيمة الكلاف. أنا محامية وفاعلة حقوقية وعضوة المكتب السياسي للحزب الاشتراكي الموحد. جدلية: سؤالي الأول يتعلق بالوضع الحقوقي بالمغرب بعد تمرير دستور سنة 2011 وتشكيل حكومة يتزعمها حزب العدالة والتنمية الذي فاز بأغلبية المقاعد في الانتخابات المباشرة. كيف هي وضعية حقوق الانسان والممارسة السياسية بالمغرب اليوم؟ ن.ك: بالنسبة للشق الأول من السؤال والمتعلق بالوضع ...

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ملف من الأرشيف: محمد شكري

["ملف من الأرشيف" هي سلسة تقوم "جدلية" بنشرها بالعربية والإنجليزية بالتعاون مع جريدة ”السفير“ اللبنانية. الملفات لشخصيات أيقونية تركت أثراً عميقاً في الحقل السياسي والثقافي في العالم العربي.]           الاسم: محمد شكري الشهرة: الشحرور الأبيض تاريخ الولادة: ١٩٣٥  مكان الولادة: قرية بني شيكر في محافظة الناظور شمال المغرب الجنسية: مغربي المهنة : أديب

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Maghreb Media Roundup (July 26)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Maghreb and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Maghreb Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to maghreb@jadaliyya.com by Thursday night of every week.]  Algeria Algeria Plane Crash Site Found in Mali With No Survivors After an extensive search effort, the crash site of Air Algerie Flight 5017, which ...

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Sub-Saharan Migrants’ Quest for Hope and Other Dangerous Pursuits

[This article is the fourth in a Jadaliyya series that addresses the present sociopolitical landscape of migration in Morocco. Read the previous installments in the series by Sébastien Bachelet: "Cynical and Macabre 'Politics of Migration' at Morocco’s Borders;" by Anna Jacobs: "Creation and Cooptation: The Story of Morocco’s Migration Reform;" and by Allison L. McManus: "Subaltern Is Not Voiceless – They Sing: Learning from Migrants’ Cultural ...

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New Texts Out Now: Andrea Khalil, Women, Gender, and the Arab Spring

Andrea Khalil, editor, Women, Gender, and the Arab Spring, special issue of The Journal of North African Studies 19.2 (2014). Forthcoming as a book with Routledge. Jadaliyya (J): What made you put together this special issue?  Andrea Khalil (AK): During my fieldwork in Tunisia (2011-13) working on a book, I was sensitized to the profound problems that women in Tunisia were facing since the Revolution, and more generally, the urgency to address gender issues and activism in the new context. The ...

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