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Morocco

Maghreb Media Roundup (September 12)

[Image of fishermen in Essaouira, Morocco. Image by Tiberio Frascari/Flickr.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Maghreb and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Maghreb Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to maghreb@jadaliyya.com by Thursday night of every week.]  Algeria AQIM defectors raise fears of IS branch in North Africa Algeria and Tunisia are focusing their security concerns on the potential rise of an Islamic State branch in the Maghreb. Self-immolation in Algeria highlights housing crisis An Algerian man set himself on fire after he could not pay the rent and the ...

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حوار مع القيادية اليسارية المغربية نعيمة الكلاف

[

جدلية: مرحبا بك أستاذة نعيمة. شكراً على قبولك دعوتنا لهذا الحوار. هل يمكن أن تقدمي نفسك لقرائنا بشكل موجز؟ نعيمة: مرحبا شكراً على الاستضافة. اسمي نعيمة الكلاف. أنا محامية وفاعلة حقوقية وعضوة المكتب السياسي للحزب الاشتراكي الموحد. جدلية: سؤالي الأول يتعلق بالوضع الحقوقي بالمغرب بعد تمرير دستور سنة 2011 وتشكيل حكومة يتزعمها حزب العدالة والتنمية الذي فاز بأغلبية المقاعد في الانتخابات المباشرة. كيف هي وضعية حقوق الانسان والممارسة السياسية بالمغرب اليوم؟ ن.ك: بالنسبة للشق الأول من السؤال والمتعلق بالوضع الحقوقي بعد دستور 2011 لابد من الاشارة لملاحظة مهمة فيما يخص وضع حقوق الانسان بالمغرب والذي اتسم دائما بالهشاشة، لأننا لازلنا في وضع يطبعه المد والجزر. لأننا لم ...

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ملف من الأرشيف: محمد شكري

[الكاتب محمد شكري]

["ملف من الأرشيف" هي سلسة تقوم "جدلية" بنشرها بالعربية والإنجليزية بالتعاون مع جريدة ”السفير“ اللبنانية. الملفات لشخصيات أيقونية تركت أثراً عميقاً في الحقل السياسي والثقافي في العالم العربي.]           الاسم: محمد شكري الشهرة: الشحرور الأبيض تاريخ الولادة: ١٩٣٥  مكان الولادة: قرية بني شيكر في محافظة الناظور شمال المغرب الجنسية: مغربي المهنة : أديب

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Maghreb Media Roundup (July 26)

[Image of the border between Mauritania and the Western Sahara. Image by David Holt/Flickr.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Maghreb and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Maghreb Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to maghreb@jadaliyya.com by Thursday night of every week.]  Algeria Algeria Plane Crash Site Found in Mali With No Survivors After an extensive search effort, the crash site of Air Algerie Flight 5017, which went missing on Thursday with 118 passengers on board, was found near the border between Mali and Burkina Faso. France Confirms No Survivors in Air Algerie Plane ...

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Sub-Saharan Migrants’ Quest for Hope and Other Dangerous Pursuits

[Collective meal in an Ivorian ghetto (overcrowded and derelict collective housing arrangement for migrants) nicknamed

[This article is the fourth in a Jadaliyya series that addresses the present sociopolitical landscape of migration in Morocco. Read the previous installments in the series by Sébastien Bachelet: "Cynical and Macabre 'Politics of Migration' at Morocco’s Borders;" by Anna Jacobs: "Creation and Cooptation: The Story of Morocco’s Migration Reform;" and by Allison L. McManus: "Subaltern Is Not Voiceless – They Sing: Learning from Migrants’ Cultural Production."]   "I have seen the best minds of my generation destroyed by madness, hurled down Tangier buildings, pushed over Nador’s cliffs, crushed under rocks and ...

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New Texts Out Now: Andrea Khalil, Women, Gender, and the Arab Spring

[Cover of

Andrea Khalil, editor, Women, Gender, and the Arab Spring, special issue of The Journal of North African Studies 19.2 (2014). Forthcoming as a book with Routledge. Jadaliyya (J): What made you put together this special issue?  Andrea Khalil (AK): During my fieldwork in Tunisia (2011-13) working on a book, I was sensitized to the profound problems that women in Tunisia were facing since the Revolution, and more generally, the urgency to address gender issues and activism in the new context. The book I was working on at that time was not specifically about gender dynamics, but I wound up conducting a lot of interviews with women and following gender-related debates ...

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Sahrawi Realities: Space, Architecture, and Mobility of Displacement (Part 1)

[View of the Sand Berm built by Morocco that separates between territory the Moroccan government controls and the territory the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) controls. Image by author.]

[This is the first of a series of articles that seek to reflect on the ways in which social mobilization, creation of space, and new modes of resistance intersect within the Sahrawi community. Between these grooves are nuanced conceptions of Sahrawi identity that are colored by varied experiences but a shared memory of external domination and displacement. The series is informed by research conducted during a weeklong stay in the Dakhla refugee camp, located about one hundred miles southeast of Tindouf. A week is nowhere near sufficient to fully grasp the over forty years Sahrawi refugees have lived in these conditions and away from their land. A week, however, is ...

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Arduous Journeys on Roads Not [Yet] Taken: Language, Neoliberal Work Skills, and the Exhausted Educational Dream

[Image of children in a school in Tangier, Morocco. Image from Jalil Arfaoui/Flickr.]

The passionate controversy over Noureddine Ayouche’s proposal to replace fuṣḥā with the Moroccan vernaculars (especially Moroccan Arabic, dārija) as languages of instruction in pre-school and early primary school classes indicates that questions over classroom language are never solely pedagogical. Rather, they are intimately imbricated in broader political dynamics, among which include the evolution of the Moroccan nation-state during the period of mature neoliberalism, and the turbulent and unequal transition of Morocco into the global market. Interestingly, the same controversy opens up a space in which to reflect on the nature of deliberation in the country and the ...

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Creation and Cooptation: The Story of Morocco’s Migration Reform

[In this photo taken on Thursday 16 January 2014 a security fence separates Morocco and the Spanish enclave of Melilla, Spain. Image by Jose Colon/AP Images.]

[This article is the second in a series that addresses the present sociopolitical landscape of migration in Morocco. Read the first part in the series by Sébastien Bachelet: "Cynical and Macabre 'Politics of Migration' at Morocco’s Borders."] After many years of struggling to improve the lives of the sub-Saharan migrant community residing in Morocco, the work of human rights activists finally seemed to pay off in 2013. Moroccan and international human rights groups had been documenting the abuses committed against members of the migrant community for over ten years, and real change finally seemed to be on the horizon. Humanitarian organizations such as Doctors ...

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Les harragas à l’épreuve de la nouvelle donne portuaire tangéroise

[« Bon voyage ». Photo par Sarah Przybyl et Youssef Ben Tayeb.]

À l’extrême Nord de la pointe du territoire marocain et à seulement une quinzaine de kilomètres de l’Espagne, le littoral tangérois est en mutation. Deux projets portuaires ambitieux y sont en cours de réalisation en même temps. La région est aussi la principale porte de sortie pour de nombreux migrants africains et marocains dont la nouvelle configuration portuaire ne semble pouvoir enterrer les rêves européens. Après une brève analyse des projets qui transforment la côte tangéroise, l’article montre comment les candidats à l’émigration détournent les nouveaux aménagements de ce littoral en mutation. L’étude des pratiques des harragas—candidats à l’émigration ...

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Judiciary Draft Laws in Morocco: Undercutting the Young Judges Movement

[Image of a protest in Anfa, Morocco, May 2011. Image by Magharebia, via Wikimedia Commons.]

Judicial reform in Morocco has been a major item of discussion for decades on the agenda of the country’s reformist forces and legal rights activists. Many international reports have also expressed concern over how fragile the guarantees for the judiciary’s independence are in the context of Morocco’s existing legislative system. However, demands for reform fell on deaf ears. This is because the consecration of an independent judiciary continued to be postponed under the pretext of settling other political, social, and economic issues that emerged in the wake of independence. These issues include the consolidation of state authority and stability, as well as the ...

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The Tindouf Refugee Camps: A Moroccan’s Reflections

[Image from the Tindouf refugee camp in Algeria. Image from Josephine Douet, FiSahara 2013.]

[Note from the Maghreb Page Editors: In coverage of the Western Sahara, the preferred adjective describing the conflict is “forgotten.” The Sahrawi are a forgotten people, their struggle for justice framed as a relic of a bygone age of liberation movements and decolonization. Such nostalgic portrayals impress the anachronistic nature of the subject; the forty-year virtual impasse in negotiations suggests that world leaders are content to relegate the Western Sahara issue to the history books. Realpolitik dictates a preservation of the status quo, while the rare news headline prompts the necessary handwringing (either over human rights abuses in the region or ambiguous ...

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Mohamed Choukri: A Profile from the Archives

[”A Profile from the Archives“  is a series published by Jadaliyya in both Arabic and English in cooperation with the Lebanese newspaper, Assafir. These profiles will feature iconic figures who left indelible marks in the politics and culture of the Middle East and North Africa. This profile was originally published in Arabic  and was translated by Mazen Hakeem.] Name: Mohamed Choukri Known As: The White Blackbird Date of Birth: 1935 Place of Birth: Village of Ayt Chiker, Nador province, ...

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نفس الكتاب".. جرحٌ تعجز الكتابة عن لَأْمِه"

المراسلات دوائر لا تكتمل بغير العداوة أو الموت، تُشبه حركتها خفقان القلب ومداعبة اليد لكلب الزّمن، يجري لاهثا خلف حلول الطّريق، دون أنْ يجد الماء في البئر. هكذا يؤوب الجنس الرّسائليّ دوماً إلى صيغة من صيغ العطش: الرّسالة الأولى، ثمّ ماذا؟ الرّسالة الأخيرة، ما الحلّ؟ أيّا يكن الحلّ المفترض، فإنّ كلّا من عبد الكبير الخطيبي (1938-2009) وجاك حسّون (1936-1999)، على مدار خمس سنوات، بين 29 يوليوز/يوليو 1980 و17 مارس/آذار 1985، لم يكُفّا عن تبادل رسائل متقاطعة بلغت 45 رسالة، عبَرت مكاتب البريد في باريس والرّباط ...

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Sahrawi Realities: The Remembrance of Gdeim Izik (Part 2)

[This is the second article in a two-part series that seeks to reflect on the ways in which social mobilization, creation of space, and new modes of resistance intersect within the Sahrawi community. Between these grooves are nuanced conceptions of Sahrawi identity that are colored by varied experiences but also a shared memory of external domination and displacement. The series is informed by research conducted during a weeklong stay in the Dakhla refugee camp, located about one hundred miles ...

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Popular Neighborhoods and the Arab Spring: Elements for a Renewed Approach

Pierre-Arnaud Barthel and Sylvy Jaglin, editors, Quartiers informels d’un monde arabe en transition. Réflexions et perspectives pour l’action urbaine [Informal Settlements in an Arab World in Transition. Reflections and Perspectives for Urban Action]. Paris: Agence Française pour le Développement, Conférences et Séminaires 7, 2013. Available online. Housing in most of the Arab world cities is an informal affair. After having founded a family, or to remain near employment opportunities, most people ...

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The Black Box of French History

Andrew Hussey, The French Intifada: The Long War Between France and Its Arabs. London: Granta, 2014. In 2005, a series of disturbing events occurred in France. In February, the parliament attempted to pass a law to force schools to teach “the positive role of French presence overseas, especially in North Africa.” That same autumn, riots erupted in a number of suburbs northeast of Paris, gradually spreading to other French cities and provoking the government to declare a state of emergency that had ...

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Moroccan Authorities Arrest Rapper El Haqed (Mouad Belrhouate) . . . Again

[The following is a post Moroccan activist Zineb Belmkaddem published on her blog following a conversation she had with Mouad Belrhouate (El Haqed's) brother, Hamza Belrhouate. As of 20 May 2014, Mouad Belrhouate remains in police custody, and his hearing was adjourned until tomorrow 21 May 2014. This is the third time Mouad has been held in prison within the past three years.] By repetitively arresting and beating an artist who does not sugar-coat Morocco’s dark side, and uses rap as a healthy outlet, ...

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Subaltern Is Not Voiceless – They Sing: Learning from Migrants’ Cultural Production

[This article is the third in a Jadaliyya series that addresses the present sociopolitical landscape of migration in Morocco. Read the previous installments in the series by Sébastien Bachelet: "Cynical and Macabre 'Politics of Migration' at Morocco’s Borders." and by Anna Jacobs: "Creation and Cooptation: The Story of Morocco’s Migration Reform."]   In the desert, Reuben Y Odoi had visions. Abandoned, robbed, separated from those he had come to know in their ...

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Les quartiers populaires et les printemps arabes: Elements pour une approche renouvelee

Compte rendu de: Pierre-Arnaud Barthel et Sylvy Jaglin (éds.), Quartiers informels d’un monde arabe en transition. Réflexions et perspectives pour l’action urbaine, (Paris: Agence Française pour le Développement, Conférences et Séminaires no.7),159 p. Accessible en ligne. L'informalité est la condition d'habiter majoritaire dans les villes du Monde arabe. Trouver à se loger après avoir fondé une famille ou se maintenir à proximité des opportunités d'emploi se conjuguent pour la multitude populaire avec ...

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Cynical and Macabre 'Politics of Migration' at Morocco’s Borders

“Despite a year marked by successive tragedies as a result of the recrudescence of repression, institutional violence and racism, will 2013 mark a historical turn for politics of migration in Morocco? Will foreigners and migrants be recognized into society?” These questions headed an article by Micheline Bochet Milon, a member of the Groupe anti-raciste d’accompagnement et de défense des étrangers et des migrants (GADEM), in the last issue of the Louna-Tounkaranké network’s newsletter. At the time, ...

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The State of the Western Sahara

In June 2013, Maghreb Page co-editor, Samia Errazzouki, and I produced an electronic roundtable of articles describing various historical and political contours of the Western Saharan conflict, opening with a brief summary of its history:  Beginning as a post-colonial dispute between regional powers in the 1970s, the conflict developed and was exacerbated as North Africa became an entangled site of Cold War rivalries. Following the 1975 Madrid Accords, in which Spain conceded on its promises to ...

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Maghreb Media Roundup (January 27)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Maghreb and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Maghreb Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to maghreb@jadaliyya.com by Thursday night of every week.] Algeria Présidentielle #dz2014: les jeux sont (déjà) faits. Baki 7our Mansour predicts a fourth term for the ailing incumbent Bouteflika. Algérie: Un géant vert en ...

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Maghreb Media Roundup (December 30)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Maghreb and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Maghreb Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to maghreb@jadaliyya.com by Thursday night of every week.]  Algeria L’Algérie face à son destin, d’Abdelkader ben Mahieddine à Tareq Mammeri  Adel Herik postulates that Algeria has been bound to repeating history ...

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