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Occupation

Mental Health Programs for Syrian Refugees

Lebanon is host to the largest number of Syrians displaced by the current conflict. Most of these refugees, some one-and-a-half million, live in tragic and precarious conditions.[1] Intensive war and forced displacement are known risk factors for social and mental health problems. Mental health services have become an important component of humanitarian programs in the context of emergencies arising out of conflict. After briefly reviewing the history of mental health programs in acute emergencies and their main critiques, I will describe the way Mental Health and Psychosocial Support (MHPSS) services are organized for Syrians displaced in Lebanon. I will then draw ...

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الجرف الصامد والدروع البشريّة

  "الجرف الصامد" والدروع البشريّة "تشنّ حركة حماس هجمات على إسرائيل على نحوٍ عشوائيّ، وتفعل ذلك من مناطق مأهولة بالسكّان، وحتّى من الجوامع والمستشفيات والمدارس. وهي تحوّل الجامعات إلى مراكز للذخيرة، وتخزّن صواريخها في الجوامع وفي داخل مدارس الأونروا. يعمل قادتها ومنظوماتها الرقابيّة في الكثير من الأحيان من أقبية المستشفيات، ولا يحارب مقاتلوها بالبزّة العسكريّة الموحّدة (باستثناء ارتدائهم زيّ جيش الدفاع الإسرائيليّ عندما يصبّ الأمر في صالحها). تنتهك حماس جميع الأعراف والمعايير المكتوبة دون أن يهتزّ لها جفن، وبدون ضمير مؤنّب". آسا كاشير، "أخلاقيّات حملة الجرف الصامد"، Jewish Review of Books، خريف 2014 في الوقت الذي يتّهم فيه آسا كاشير ...

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القرار الفلسطيني لمجلس الأمن: فتش عن حق العودة

[لاجئون فلسطينيون في أحد مخيمات اللجوء بعد النكبة. المصدر مدونة

اتسعت حدّة الجدل حول مشروع القرار الفلسطيني الذي قدمه الأردن، العضو العربي الوحيد في مجلس الأمن، بالاتفاق مع الفلسطينيين وجامعة الدول العربية. وعلى الرغم من رفض القرار في 30 ديسمبر/كانون الأول الماضي من قبل مجلس الأمن، فقد أكد الفلسطينيون أنهم سيحاولون تقديمه مرة أخرى. وجاء التأكيد الفلسطيني على لسان سفير فلسطين للأمم المتحدة، رياض منصور، في النقاش الأخير أمام مجلس الأمن حول الوضع في فلسطين، من دون أن يعطي موعداً محدداً، أو إشارة إلى تغييرات قد تطرأ على نواة المشروع. أما السفير الإسرائيلي، رون بروسور، فقد وصف المطالب الفلسطينية في حق العودة وإقامة دولة فلسطينيّة، والتي نص عليها مشروع القرار، بـ"غير الواقعية"، وقال إن "حق العودة ليس موضوعاً للنقاش ...

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Dead Sea Living

[Image by Intuitive Pictures]

Dead Sea Living, directed by German Gutierrez. Canada/France/Palestine, 2013. Although the Dead Sea has no life, it provides living through the rich minerals extracted from it. Yet the flood of water into the Dead Sea is slowly receding. It has witnessed a ninety-foot drop in only thirty years on a lake that is just sixty-seven kilometers long and twenty kilometers wide. At this rate, the Dead Sea will bottom out as a small pond in about fifty years. German Gutierrez’s film Dead Sea Living depicts the dying of the Dead Sea and its economic, environmental, social, and political implications. Gutrierrez is a Colombian film director currently based in Canada who has made ...

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O.I.L. Media Roundup (29 January)

[The entrance to Camp 1 in Guantanamo Bay's Camp Delta. Image by Kathleen T. Rehm.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Occupation, Intervention and Law and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the O.I.L. Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each biweekly roundup to OIL@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every other week.] Law From Inside Prison, a Terrorism Suspect Shares His Diary, Scott Shane The New York Times covers a recently published diary of Mohamedou Ould Slahi, a detainee at Guantanamo, detailing the brutal daily life inside the detention center. Who Is Wesam El-Hanafi? New York Man Sentenced o Fifteen Years in Prison ...

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Palestinian Authority Security Cooperation and the Internationalization of Occupation: The Case of Ahmad Sa’adat

[A protest for Palestine in Porto Alegre, Brazil, on 29 March 2012. Image by author.]

“Security coordination is sacred.” Palestinian Authority (PA) president Mahmoud Abbas made that statement in Ramallah in May 2014 to an Israeli audience. He was referring to the policy of high-level intelligence and security cooperation with the Israeli occupation military. For Palestinians, security coordination has meant interrogation and imprisonment in PA prisons and a “revolving door” between PA and Israeli jails. This policy consumes over one-quarter of the PA’s budget. In practice, PA security forces regularly suppress Palestinian demonstrations and stand aside while Israeli soldiers and Jewish settlers invade Palestinian homes and land, and assault, wound, and ...

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درويش خارج النص

[عند حاجز قلنديا. الصورة من الكاتبين]

خلال زيارته الأولى إلى فلسطين، وعند سؤاله عمّا يريد أن يرى في رام الله، أجاب ضيفنا الأسترالي المتخصص في الأدب ما بعد الاستعماري، من دون أي تردّد: قبرَي الرئيس ياسر عرفات ومحمود درويش. ليست الإجابة صدفية، فالأول يُقدّم على أنه أب الوطنية الفلسطينية والثاني شاعرها. هذا التزاوج بين السياسي والشعري في شخصيتي عرفات ودرويش تاريخياً جعلت البعض يتندر بوصف درويش "الشاعر العام" مقابل تعبير "القائد العام" الذي ارتبط بالراحل عرفات. هذا الارتباط الذي طالما جعل درويش صوت الثورة الشعري، أصبح بعد موته أحد عناصر بناء الشرعية الرمزية لمشروع بناء الدولة الذي بدأ يتمأسس بعد أوسلو ليصل ذروته مع وصول محمود عباس إلى رئاسة السلطة الفلسطينية، وتقدمه مؤخراً بعدد من الطلبات ...

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Evolution and Debates about the Concept of Terrorism

[Israeli bombing of PLO headquarters in Tunis, 1985. Image by Israeli Air Force.]

The term “terrorism” has become a permanent fixture in US political vocabulary. However, as recently as the late 1970s this terminology was virtually absent from the rhetorical arsenal of US presidents. Today, people invoke the concept in ways that suggest its meaning is self-evident and consensual. In fact what is and is not described as “terroristic” in the American context is the result of a relatively recent and highly political process of meaning-making. In this process, specific voices and viewpoints have been allowed to shape and inform the totality of the discussion, while others were simply silenced.  The older debates were rekindled recently with the ...

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The Roots of Conflict: From Settler-Colonialism to Military Occupation in the Western Sahara (Part 2)

[Landscape shot of Laayoune from the southwest of the city. Image by author]

[The following article is the second in a two-part series tracing the roots of settler-colonialism and military occupation in the Western Sahara. Read the first part here.]  Morocco’s Shift from Settler-Colonialism to Military Occupation Morocco is dedicated to establishing a permanent and stable political authority in the territories, and is achieving this through military occupation. The occupation today consists of a highly militarized security sector in each city in the Occupied Territories to curb uprisings and civil resistance. In addition to the massive security regime that enforces the occupation and prevents uprisings from gaining traction, the Moroccan ...

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The Roots of Conflict: From Settler-Colonialism to Military Occupation in the Western Sahara (Part 1)

[Landscape shot of Laayoune from the south-west of the city. Image by author.]

[The following article is the first in a two-part series tracing the roots of settler-colonialism and military occupation in the Western Sahara. Read the second part here.] Upon entering the Occupied Territories of the Western Sahara, I organized a focus group in the private living room of a Sahrawi activist’s home in Laayoune, Western Sahara, where nine activists were brought together. They were each imprisoned for varying periods of time between 1980 and 1991, while the Moroccan state warred with the Polisario Front. They met each other while in the prison of Kela’at Megouna, and were determined to share their stories in vivid and haunting detail. Sukeina was ...

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O.I.L. Monthly Edition (December 2014)

[A protest in Chicago, IL for drone strike victims, May 17, 2012. Image by Debra Sweet.]

[This is a monthly archive of pieces written by Jadaliyya contributors and editors on the Occupations, Interventions, and Law (O.I.L.) Page. It also includes material published on other platforms that editors deemed pertinent to post as they provide diverse depictions of O.I.L.-related topics. The pieces reflect the level of critical analysis and diversity that Jadaliyya strives for, but the views are solely the ones of their authors. If you are interested in contributing to Jadaliyya, send us your post with your bio and a release form to post@jadaliyya.com (click "Submissions" on the main page for more information).]   وما الداعي لمعارضة "قانون ...

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Mediating the Assault on Gaza: A STATUS/الوضع Conversation between Ayman Mohyeldin and Adel Iskander

In this interview, Ayman Mohyeldin discusses his recent experience covering the 2014 Israeli war on Gaza, as well as the changing shifts in media coverage of the Middle East during his career.  Please find the transcript of the interview below the player. The interview includes three parts that you can click on separately.   Ayman Mohyeldin is a foreign correspondent for NBC News. Since joining NBC News, Ayman has reported from Egypt, Libya, Syria, Jordan, Turkey, Israel, Gaza and Lebanon. Inside Syria, Ayman traveled across the country reporting exclusively on the Syrian war with both opposition rebels and government officials. He has also reported on ...

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Open Letter: Racism, Militarism, Poverty: From Ferguson to Palestine

[The following open letter was issued by the below signatories on 4 February, 2015.] We support and congratulate UC Santa Cruz on their selection of Angela Davis for UCSC’s 31st annual Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial Convocation The undersigned organizations write in support of UC Santa Cruz Chancellor George Blumenthal for his office’s selection and sponsorship of the Black feminist theorist and activist Angela Davis, a luminary of our movements and our region, who delivered a speech on “Racism, ...

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O.I.L. Media Roundup (21 February)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Occupation, Intervention and Law and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the O.I.L. Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each biweekly roundup to OIL@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every other week.] Chapel Hill Shootings The Race Hate We All Know, Nima Azmi Azmi, former president of the Harvard Muslim Law Students Association, writes for ...

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Could Cantonizing Palestine Bring Peace?

An interesting plan for dividing Israel into provinces was published a few months ago by Haaretz. It suggested a remedy for the fragmentation of Israeli society and its failure to create a melting pot for Jews immigrating to Palestine. In this article I provide a critique of the pros and cons of this plan and offer an alternative. The scheme, laid out by Carlo Strenger and Judd Yadid in a 7 October 2014 article entitled “How Cantonization can save Israel,” admits that Israel’s leaders failed “to ...

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O.I.L. Monthly Edition (January 2015)

[This is a monthly archive of pieces written by Jadaliyya contributors and editors on the Occupations, Interventions, and Law (O.I.L.) Page. It also includes material published on other platforms that editors deemed pertinent to post as they provide diverse depictions of O.I.L.-related topics. The pieces reflect the level of critical analysis and diversity that Jadaliyyastrives for, but the views are solely the ones of their authors. If you are interested in contributing to Jadaliyya, send us your post ...

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Interview with Achin Vanaik on the Indian Campaign for the Academic and Cultural Boycott of Israel and India-Palestine Solidarity

In September 2010, a landmark conference titled “A Just Peace for Palestine” held in New Delhi, India ended with a clear call for boycott, divestment, and sanctions (BDS) against Israel as a strategy for realizing justice for Palestinians. The conference was co-organized by the Palestinian BDS National Committee (BNC), the Committee for Solidarity with Palestine, the All India Peace and Solidarity Organization, and the recently established Indian Campaign for the Academic and Cultural Boycott of Israel, ...

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Call for Submissions: Palestine Yearbook of International Law

Call for Submissions Deadline for Abstracts: 15 February 2015 The Palestine Yearbook of International Law is now inviting submissions of scholarly articles for publication for its next volume, XVIII (2015). Unlike recent years, this upcoming volume will not be based on a specific theme. Therefore, the editors encourage the submission of scholarly pieces of relevance to public international law and Palestine. The Yearbook is edited at Birzeit University’s Institute of Law (Birzeit, Palestine), and ...

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عمر» لهاني أبو أسعد: قوة السينما من دون تابوهات»

يُشكّل «عمر» (2013)، الفيلم الجديد للمخرج الفلسطيني هاني أبو أسعد، لحظة سينمائية متفرّدة بحدّ ذاتها في المشهد السينمائي الفلسطيني العربي. لحظة متفرّدة، لأنه يُساهم في تفعيل آلية اشتغال سينمائيّ فلسطيني متحرّر من سطوة التقاليد الصارمة في مقاربة الموضوع الفلسطيني، ومتفلّت من خطابية تُسيء إلى «القضية» وناسها أكثر مما تفيدهم. لحظة متفرّدة، لأنه يغوص في تمزّقات الفرد، ويتيح لهذا الفرد إمكانية قول انفعال، والتعبير عن موقف أو حالة، كجزء من بلد ومجتمع وناس، لكن أولاً وأساساً كفرد له استقلاليته التامة وسط هذه ...

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O.I.L. Media Roundup (17 January)

 [This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Occupation, Intervention and Law and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the O.I.L. Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each biweekly roundup to OIL@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every other week.]   Charlie Hebdo Israel Moves Quickly to Exploit Paris Attacks, Ali Abunimah Abunimah speculates about potential political ...

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Who Is Afraid of the International Criminal Court?

Can the International Criminal Court (ICC) deliver the justice Palestinians have struggled to realize for well over a century? The pursuit of accountability at the ICC is one venue of this struggle. But any sustainable vision of Palestinian liberation must account for the confines of the courtroom in particular international law more broadly. As should be clear to all observers of international law, the odds are stacked against Palestinians in that courtroom. The challenge ahead is to innovate not simply ...

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Israel’s “Jewish State” Bill: Does it Really Change Anything?

The debate taking place in Israel on the bill for a Basic Law titled Basic Law: Israel the Nation State of the Jewish People has seen ebbs and flows since the idea was first floated in 2011. The bill, which aims to emphasize Israel’s Jewish character, is revived periodically and different Members of Knesset proposed different possible versions for it. If approved by the Knesset it would become part of Israel’s partial constitution- a number of Basic Laws that the Supreme Court has declared to have ...

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ما هي الخطوة التالية للسلطة الفلسطينية بعد مجلس الأمن ؟

أبدأ بالتساؤل التالي: لماذا لم تنتظر السلطة الفلسطينية انقضاء العام ٢٠١٤، وتغيير عدد من الأعضاء غير الدائمين في مجلس الأمن، وتوفير حظوظ أفضل للحصول على الأصوات التسعة الضرورية لإقرار المشروع المقدم، ولماذا دفعت بمشروع الاقتراح الأردني/الفلسطيني للتصويت، علماً أن حظوظه لم تكن مؤكدة، وأن الولايات المتحدة كانت تبذل جهدها لإقناع ما أمكنها من الدول، بما فيه نيجيريا بالامتناع، على الأقل، وكما تم؟ ربما توجد إجابة على هذا التساؤل ولكنني لم أجدها فيما أعلن حتى الآن من قبل أكثر من ناطق رسمي فلسطيني. ولكني أشير ...

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وما الداعي لمعارضة "قانون القوميّة"؟

إسرائيل أكثر عنصريةً من مجموع قوانينها، ومما تنصّ عليه هذه القوانين وأنظمة تطبيقها وممارستها. بل إن صيغ القوانين القائمة فيها تخفيف شكلي للجوهر وتبرير للسياسات المنبثقة عنه، فالقوانين فيها تجميل منمّق بمفردات ليبرالية للجوهر. وقانون القومية يكشف الجوهر بشكل جليّ. إن الحجّة المركزية التي أنطلق منها في ادعائي المذكور، هي أن القوانين كلّها، كما الدولة الرسمية، تتعامل مع أنها في حلِّ من سبق قيامها والإعلان الرسمي عنها ووثيقة استقلالها، وهي وثيقة إعلان المستعمر الصهيوني عن إنجاز مشروعه، ولا توجد وثيقة مرجعية ...

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