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Oman

A French Atlas of the Gulf States

[Cover of Philippe Cadène and Brigitte Dumortier,

Philippe Cadène and Brigitte Dumortier, Atlas of the Gulf States. Leiden: Brill, 2013. Mapping as a French Academic Tradition and its Critics It seems that English-speaking geographers and urbanists publish many fewer atlases, and draw fewer maps, than their French and—at least until recently—German counterparts. In France, there has been a frenzy of publishing atlases of everything and everywhere since the 1990s. What was first, at the advent of digital cartography, limited to academia, soon became a larger movement covering many topics and countries or regions of the world. The academic tradition of regional geography contributed to the launching of scientific books ...

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Social Discord and the Power-Capital Nexus in the Gulf

[Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Image from Broad Arrow/Wikimedia Commons. 2007.]

[The following is the executive summary of a study conducted and published by the Gulf Centre for Development Policies. The full report in Arabic can be found here.] The Constant and the Changing 2014: Social Discord and the Power-Capital Nexus in the Gulf Executive Summary The sudden explosion of the 2011 Arab uprisings came as a shock-reminder that societies never remain stationary. Where, then, do the countries of the GCC—pivotal players on the Arab and global landscape—currently stand and what are the future trajectories that are slowly brewing within their societies? These questions lie at the heart of the annual strategic publication of the Gulf Center for ...

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Brushing History against the Grain

[Detail from the cover of

Abdel Razzaq Takriti, Monsoon Revolution: Republicans, Sultans, and Empires in Oman, 1965-1976. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013. We are left alone with our day, and the time is short, and
 History to the defeated
 May say Alas but cannot help nor pardon. - W.H. Auden, “Spain” It is now trite to say that as long as colonialism has existed, so has resistance to it. Yet the history of colonialism and resistance is still incomplete. This is because—traditionally—historical accounts were written from primarily two points of view: that of the colonizer, and that of triumphant nationalist movements that replaced colonial power in one of the many waves of ...

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New Texts Out Now: Abdel Razzaq Takriti, Monsoon Revolution: Republicans, Sultans, and Empires in Oman, 1965-1976

[Cover of Abdel Razzaq Takriti,

Abdel Razzaq Takriti, Monsoon Revolution: Republicans, Sultans, and Empires in Oman, 1965-1976. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2013. Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book? Abdel Razzaq Takriti (ART): I first encountered the Dhufar revolution in a seminar on social movements in the Middle East convened by Amir Hassanpour. This was the longest running major armed struggle in the history of the Arabian Peninsula, Britain's last classic colonial war in the region, and one of the highlights of the Cold War in the Middle East. It took place in a corner of the Arab world that is endowed with unique geographic characteristics, boasting striking ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (October 22)

[Image from www.Oct26driving.org]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations  US to sell weapons worth $10bn to UAE and Saudi Arabia Elizabeth Dickinson writes on the latest arms sale to the two Gulf states and that the US Department of Defense already approved.  Saudi Arabia turns down UN Security Council seat A news report on the Saudi decision to turn ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (August 6)

[

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Reports and Opinions Lash and jail for Saudi web activist Raef Badawi The Saudi online activist is sentenced to seven years in prison and to six hundred lashes for calling for religious liberalization. Saudi Arabia backs religious tolerance – except at home Adam Coogle examines the contradictory position of the kingdom, which ...

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Theorizing the Arabian Peninsula Roundtable: Perspectives from the Margins of Arabia

[This is one of seven contributions in Jadaliyya's electronic roundtable on the symbolic and material practices of knowledge production on the Arabian Peninsula. Moderated by Rosie Bsheer and John Warner, it features Toby Jones, Madawi Al-Rasheed, Adam Hanieh, Neha Vora, Nathalie Peutz, John Willis, and Ahmed Kanna.] (1) Historically, what have the dominant analytical approaches to the study of the Arabian Peninsula been? How have the difficulties of carrying out research in the Arabian Peninsula shaped the ways in which knowledge is produced for the particular country/ies in which you have worked, and in the field more generally? When I first began studying Arabic ...

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Human Rights Organizations Demand the Release of Omani Activists

[Gulf Center for Human Rights logo. Image from gc4hr.org]

[The following statement was originally published by the Gulf Center for Human Rights on 20 February 2013.] Oman – Release Immediately and Unconditionally all Detainees of Human Rights Defenders and Activists The undersigned human rights organizations declare their full and complete solidarity with all Omani human rights defenders who are currently in detention, especially those undertaking hunger strikes. Twenty-four defenders and activists (including Basma Al-Kiyumi, Bassima Al-Rajhi, Saeed Al-Hashemi, Hamad Al-Kharusi, and Bassam Abu Qasida) undertook a hunger strike on 9 February 2013 in Samail Central Prison, protesting the delayed ruling on the appeals that ...

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Alkarama Condemns Arrests of Omani Human Rights Activists

[Alkarama Foundation logo. Image from alkarama.org]

[The following statement was issued by Alkarama on 30 December 2012.] On 5 and 12 December, the appeal court of Muscat upheld verdicts against 29 human rights activists, including 36 year-old Omani human rights defender Said Ben Sultan Al Hashimi, who will be serving prison sentences for charges such as 'insulting the Sultan' and 'unlawful gathering'. Alkarama strongly condemns the illegal detention of Sultan Al Hashimi and the 28 others which is clearly an assault against their right of freedom of expression and peaceful assembly, as guaranteed by Omani and international legislation. In the context of the wave of protests that shook the Arab world in 2011, the ...

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نزع القداسة عن سلطان عمان

السلطان قابوس بن سعيد، سلطان عُمان، يحضر الجلسة الثالثة والعشرين لقمة مجلس التعاون الخليجي في دوحة، قطر، يوم ٢١ ديسمبر، ٢٠٠. الصورة: كافورك دجانسزيان/الأسوشيتد برس.

 امتلأ صيف 2012 بتقارير متعددة تتحدث عن اعتقالات وإدانات لمدونين وناشطي حقوق إنسان. حملة القمع هذه بدأت في أيار (مايو) حين تم اعتقال ناشطي حقوق انسان ومحامٍ أثناء محاولتهم الالتقاء بعمال نفط مضربين في اثنين من أهم حقول النفط العمانية. في بداية حزيران (يونيو)، تم اعتقال ثمانية مدونين وكتاب وهو يوثقون الاضرابات وقلة الاصلاحات الجدية منذ 2011. وفيما قبع بعضهم في الحبس الانفرادي، ومنعت عوائلهم ومحاميهم من الحصول على أية معلومات عن أماكن تواجدهم، فإن الثلاثين عمانياً الذين تظاهروا بسلام للمطالبة بالافراج عنهم تم اعتقالهم في الحادي عشر من حزيران. منذ بداية تموز (يوليو) 2012، تم اعتقال أكثر من أربعين طالباً جامعياً، وكاتباً، وصحفياً، وناشط حقوق انسان، ومحامياً – تعرض بعضهم ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (August 14)

[Masqat, Oman. Image from Flickr/goya.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations U.S. and Gulf Allies Pursue a Missile Shield Against Iranian Attack Thom Shanker writes on the challenges facing the success of the missile defense shield installed in the Gulf region by the US government and the Gulf states, in The New York Times. Piercing Together a Regional Missile ...

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Amnesty International Condemns Sentencing of Omani Activists

[Amnesty International symbol. Image by Tamorlan via Wikimedia Commons]

[The following statemwent was issued by Amnesty International on 17 July 2012.]  The Omani authorities must drop the charges against a number of activists facing prison sentences merely for peacefully exercising their right to freedom of expression, Amnesty International said today.  In the latest case on Monday, a court in the capital Muscat sentenced five activists to jail terms of between one year and 18 months on charges including publicly insulting the Sultan as well as using the internet to publish defamatory and insulting materials, and publishing materials harming public order. They have been released on bail pending appeals. Around 20 other ...

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Gulf Women's Writing: On Slavery, Migrant Labor, and Statelessness

On 10 November, Mona Kareem will give a talk at Binghamton University (1:00pm in room LT 1506) on how Gulf women writers adopt—or challenge—nationalist narratives. How, Kareem asks, do women writers deal with racialized minorities, migrants, and stateless individuals? What kinds of feminist positions are taken within their discussions of racism? Can citizen-women offer an alternative history or new narratives on issues of slavery, migrant labor, and statelessness? Kareem is herself stateless, ...

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Oman Intensifies Localization Strategies

[The following briefing was published by Migrant Rights on 13 February 2014] Nationalization policies in Oman and the wider Gulf region are not new; many programs began in the late 1980s and enforcement has since fluctuated – often waning in periods of heavy development and revived in economic downturns. The spade of crackdowns and mass deportations in 2013 encompassed a renewed implementation of localization schemes throughout the Gulf, largely to pre-empt rising national unemployment and the social ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (December 17)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations Oman: No Gulf-wide union for us Dahlia Kholaif writes on the fate of the Saudi proposal of a union including the six ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (December 10)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations Hezbollah blames Saudi for embassy attack The Secretary General of Hezbollah accuses Saudi Arabia of being behind the twin ...

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New Texts Out Now: Toby Matthiesen, Sectarian Gulf: Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, and the Arab Spring That Wasn't

Toby Matthiesen, Sectarian Gulf: Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, and the Arab Spring That Wasn't. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 2013. Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book? Toby Matthiesen (TM): I wanted to show how the Arab Spring impacted the Gulf countries and how they tried to counter the challenges arising from the revolutions spreading across the region. I felt that this was a story that was generally under-reported and under-studied, and my book is a small attempt to try to change ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (April 23)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations Qataris officially biggest spending tourists outside the EU Simon Neville writes on Qataris’ spending patterns in the ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (March 19)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.]  Regional and International Relations  As the smoke clears after Saudi Arabia’s latest mass execution by firing squad… Charles and Camilla fly ...

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Detention of Activists Continues in Oman

[This report was originally issued by the Gulf Center for Human Rights on 16 January 2013.] Oman - Prominent human rights defender Saed Jadad arrested and detained The Gulf Centre for Human Rights (GCHR) has received information that prominent human rights defender Saed Jadad has been arrested and remains in detention. On 14 January 2013, Saed Jadad was summoned by the Special Branch Police to the General Police Headquarters in the capital of Muscat. It is believed that he is being held at the police ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (December 25)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.]  Regional and International Relations Britain could deploy more troops to Gulf, says David Cameron Emma Graham-Harrison examines military relations between ...

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“Qaboos can make mistakes like anybody else"-- The Sultan of Oman De-sacralized

The summer of 2012 in Oman was punctuated by a litany of reports announcing arrests and convictions of bloggers and human rights activists. This new crackdown on civil society started in May, when two human rights activists and a lawyer were arrested while they tried to interview striking oil workers in two of the main Omani fields. At the beginning of June, eight additional bloggers and writers documenting the strikes and the lack of substantial reforms since 2011 were detained as well. While several of ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (July 24)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations Arab instability and US strategy Joseph Massad examines the US policies in the region, including the Gulf states, in ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (June 26)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Perspectives Saudi Arabia plans to fund Syria rebel army An exclusive report written by Martin Chulov and Ewen MacAskill on Saudi ...

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