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Oman

Oman Intensifies Localization Strategies

[Logo of Migrant Rights. Image from migrant-rights.org]

[The following briefing was published by Migrant Rights on 13 February 2014] Nationalization policies in Oman and the wider Gulf region are not new; many programs began in the late 1980s and enforcement has since fluctuated – often waning in periods of heavy development and revived in economic downturns. The spade of crackdowns and mass deportations in 2013 encompassed a renewed implementation of localization schemes throughout the Gulf, largely to pre-empt rising national unemployment and the social unrest that would necessarily follow. Though the Saudi crackdowns featured most prominently in international media, similar policies were also implemented in Kuwait and ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (December 17)

[A US drone strike killed seventeen members of a wedding party in Yemen this week. Image from Truthout.org/flickr]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations Oman: No Gulf-wide union for us Dahlia Kholaif writes on the fate of the Saudi proposal of a union including the six members of the Gulf Cooperation Council states following the Omani rejection of the idea. Gulf widens as Iran returns from cold Ian Black examines the failure of Saudi ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (December 10)

[Former Secretary of Defense Donald H. Rumsfeld (left) escorts Prince Bandar Bin Sultan Bin Abdul Aziz (right) through an honor cordon and into the Pentagon for a meeting on Feb. 5, 2001. Image from Wikimedia.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations Hezbollah blames Saudi for embassy attack The Secretary General of Hezbollah accuses Saudi Arabia of being behind the twin attacks on the Iranian embassy in Beirut two weeks ago. Bibi and Bandar Badger Obama Franklin Lamb writes about what he calls the “Saudi-Israel-Arab League ...

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New Texts Out Now: Toby Matthiesen, Sectarian Gulf: Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, and the Arab Spring That Wasn't

[Cover of Toby Matthiesen,

Toby Matthiesen, Sectarian Gulf: Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, and the Arab Spring That Wasn't. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 2013. Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book? Toby Matthiesen (TM): I wanted to show how the Arab Spring impacted the Gulf countries and how they tried to counter the challenges arising from the revolutions spreading across the region. I felt that this was a story that was generally under-reported and under-studied, and my book is a small attempt to try to change that. I probably would not have written this kind of book had I not experienced the sectarianization of politics, in the Gulf and beyond, first hand. I had already spent ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (April 23)

[2013 Bahrain Grand Prix goes ahead despite mass protests. 20 April 2013. Image from flickr/Steven Tee/LAT Photographic.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations Qataris officially biggest spending tourists outside the EU Simon Neville writes on Qataris’ spending patterns in the United Kingdom, in The Guardian. Saudi Control of Lebanon: A Little Tourism and Sympathy Ghassan Saoud examines the Lebanese-Saudi relations and describes Saudi Arabia ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (March 19)

[Creative commons, Flickr/Khalid Albaih.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.]  Regional and International Relations  As the smoke clears after Saudi Arabia’s latest mass execution by firing squad… Charles and Camilla fly in Jerome Taylor argues that the royal couple, who expressed sympathy during a visit to a Syrian refugee camp in Jordan, will not mention the victims of Saudi Arabia’s ...

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Detention of Activists Continues in Oman

[Saed Jadad. Image from gc4hr.org]

[This report was originally issued by the Gulf Center for Human Rights on 16 January 2013.] Oman - Prominent human rights defender Saed Jadad arrested and detained The Gulf Centre for Human Rights (GCHR) has received information that prominent human rights defender Saed Jadad has been arrested and remains in detention. On 14 January 2013, Saed Jadad was summoned by the Special Branch Police to the General Police Headquarters in the capital of Muscat. It is believed that he is being held at the police headquarters and interrogated in relation to his human rights activities. To date no known charges have been brought against him and no communication has been received ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (December 25)

[Image from Flickr/Al Jazeera English]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.]  Regional and International Relations Britain could deploy more troops to Gulf, says David Cameron Emma Graham-Harrison examines military relations between the United Kingdom and the Gulf countries, in The Guardian. David Cameron visits Oman as BAE announces £2.5bn defence deal – video A media report on Cameron’s visit to ...

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“Qaboos can make mistakes like anybody else"-- The Sultan of Oman De-sacralized

[Sultan Qaboos bin Said of Oman attends the 23rd session of the Gulf Cooperation Council Summit in Doha, Qatar, Dec. 21, 2002. Image by Kevork Djansezian/AP Photo.]

The summer of 2012 in Oman was punctuated by a litany of reports announcing arrests and convictions of bloggers and human rights activists. This new crackdown on civil society started in May, when two human rights activists and a lawyer were arrested while they tried to interview striking oil workers in two of the main Omani fields. At the beginning of June, eight additional bloggers and writers documenting the strikes and the lack of substantial reforms since 2011 were detained as well. While several of them were kept in solitary confinement and their families and lawyers were denied any information as to their whereabouts, thirty Omanis protesting peacefully for their ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (July 24)

[Kuwait National Assembly addressed by Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah, 15 February 2012. Photo by Kuwaitelections2012]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations Arab instability and US strategy Joseph Massad examines the US policies in the region, including the Gulf states, in light of the Arab uprisings, on Al-Jazeera English. Pentagon Resumes Arms Aid to Yemen for Counter-Terrorism Tony Capaccio reports on the $112 million US weaponry aid to ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (June 26)

[Saudi Air Force Exhibition at Janadriya, Riyadh, March 2011. Photo by Rosie Bsheer]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Perspectives Saudi Arabia plans to fund Syria rebel army An exclusive report written by Martin Chulov and Ewen MacAskill on Saudi Arabia's role in providing weapons and financial support to the Free Syria Army, in The Guardian. The Gulf Union: Building Castles Out of Fear Yazan al-Saadi on the mixed ...

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New Texts Out Now: Amal Ghazal, "Islamic Reform and Arab Nationalism"

[Cover of Amal N. Ghazal,

Amal N. Ghazal, Islamic Reform and Arab Nationalism: Expanding the Crescent from the Mediterranean to the Indian Ocean (1880s-1930s). New York: Routledge, 2010. Jadaliyya: What made you write this book? Amal Ghazal: I wanted to find a topic that bridged my two fields of study, Middle East Studies and African Studies. I thought Omani rule in East Africa would be interesting, especially in that I was initially able to trace correspondence between Arabs in East Africa and newspapers in the Middle East. A research trip to Oman revealed that I was stepping into a goldmine: Omanis in Zanzibar were deeply connected to political and intellectual networks throughout the Middle ...

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Brushing History against the Grain

Abdel Razzaq Takriti, Monsoon Revolution: Republicans, Sultans, and Empires in Oman, 1965-1976. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013. We are left alone with our day, and the time is short, and
 History to the defeated
 May say Alas but cannot help nor pardon. - W.H. Auden, “Spain” It is now trite to say that as long as colonialism has existed, so has resistance to it. Yet the history of colonialism and resistance is still incomplete. This is because—traditionally—historical accounts ...

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New Texts Out Now: Abdel Razzaq Takriti, Monsoon Revolution: Republicans, Sultans, and Empires in Oman, 1965-1976

Abdel Razzaq Takriti, Monsoon Revolution: Republicans, Sultans, and Empires in Oman, 1965-1976. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2013. Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book? Abdel Razzaq Takriti (ART): I first encountered the Dhufar revolution in a seminar on social movements in the Middle East convened by Amir Hassanpour. This was the longest running major armed struggle in the history of the Arabian Peninsula, Britain's last classic colonial war in the region, and one of the ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (October 22)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations  US to sell weapons worth $10bn to UAE and Saudi Arabia Elizabeth Dickinson writes on the latest arms sale to the two ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (August 6)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Reports and Opinions Lash and jail for Saudi web activist Raef Badawi The Saudi online activist is sentenced to seven years in prison and to six hundred lashes ...

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Theorizing the Arabian Peninsula Roundtable: Perspectives from the Margins of Arabia

[This is one of seven contributions in Jadaliyya's electronic roundtable on the symbolic and material practices of knowledge production on the Arabian Peninsula. Moderated by Rosie Bsheer and John Warner, it features Toby Jones, Madawi Al-Rasheed, Adam Hanieh, Neha Vora, Nathalie Peutz, John Willis, and Ahmed Kanna.] (1) Historically, what have the dominant analytical approaches to the study of the Arabian Peninsula been? How have the difficulties of carrying out research in the Arabian Peninsula ...

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Human Rights Organizations Demand the Release of Omani Activists

[The following statement was originally published by the Gulf Center for Human Rights on 20 February 2013.] Oman – Release Immediately and Unconditionally all Detainees of Human Rights Defenders and Activists The undersigned human rights organizations declare their full and complete solidarity with all Omani human rights defenders who are currently in detention, especially those undertaking hunger strikes. Twenty-four defenders and activists (including Basma Al-Kiyumi, Bassima Al-Rajhi, Saeed ...

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Alkarama Condemns Arrests of Omani Human Rights Activists

[The following statement was issued by Alkarama on 30 December 2012.] On 5 and 12 December, the appeal court of Muscat upheld verdicts against 29 human rights activists, including 36 year-old Omani human rights defender Said Ben Sultan Al Hashimi, who will be serving prison sentences for charges such as 'insulting the Sultan' and 'unlawful gathering'. Alkarama strongly condemns the illegal detention of Sultan Al Hashimi and the 28 others which is clearly an assault against their right of freedom of ...

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نزع القداسة عن سلطان عمان

 امتلأ صيف 2012 بتقارير متعددة تتحدث عن اعتقالات وإدانات لمدونين وناشطي حقوق إنسان. حملة القمع هذه بدأت في أيار (مايو) حين تم اعتقال ناشطي حقوق انسان ومحامٍ أثناء محاولتهم الالتقاء بعمال نفط مضربين في اثنين من أهم حقول النفط العمانية. في بداية حزيران (يونيو)، تم اعتقال ثمانية مدونين وكتاب وهو يوثقون الاضرابات وقلة الاصلاحات الجدية منذ 2011. وفيما قبع بعضهم في الحبس الانفرادي، ومنعت عوائلهم ومحاميهم من الحصول على أية معلومات عن أماكن تواجدهم، فإن الثلاثين عمانياً الذين تظاهروا بسلام للمطالبة بالافراج ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (August 14)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations U.S. and Gulf Allies Pursue a Missile Shield Against Iranian Attack Thom Shanker writes on the challenges facing the ...

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Amnesty International Condemns Sentencing of Omani Activists

[The following statemwent was issued by Amnesty International on 17 July 2012.]  The Omani authorities must drop the charges against a number of activists facing prison sentences merely for peacefully exercising their right to freedom of expression, Amnesty International said today.  In the latest case on Monday, a court in the capital Muscat sentenced five activists to jail terms of between one year and 18 months on charges including publicly insulting the Sultan as well as using the ...

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The Omani Spring: Towards the Break of a New Dawn?

[The following is the latest from the Arab Reform Initiative on Oman.] From February to mid-May 2011, an intense wave of protests swept the sultanate of Oman. As a result, the country has undergone changes on many levels: political, social, and economic. It is striking that in contrast to the revolutions in Egypt, Tunisia, and Libya, these protests did not call for the fall of the regime but were restricted to demands for social justice, improved living standards, political and ...

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A Letter to the Omani Sultan Qaboos

[The following translation from Arabic is provided by Khuloud] A Statement Regarding the Sultanic Decrees   Sunday, February 27, 2011 Your Majesty Sultan Qaboos bin Saeed- Sultan of Oman In reference to each of the following: First: The Sultanic Decrees issued on February 26, 2011 to address the preparation of the statute of an independent authority for consumer protection, to study the feasibility of establishing cooperative societies, and to implement some adjustments to the system ...

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