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Political Economy

العراق.. لا عزاء للصناعات المحلية

[صورة للفنانة الأردنية دينا حداديين]

وقفت أم عبّاس قدّام الكاميرا وهي تَعتمرُ خوذة عسكريّة، وقالت بتحدٍّ "من منكم يحمل سلاحاً فليوجه إطلاقاته إلى رأسي.. أنا من صنع هذهِ الخوذة وأُراهن عليها بحياتي"، وتساءلت "لماذا تبقى صناعاتنا مكدَّسة في المخازن فيما الدّولة تستورد مثيلاتها التي لا ترق إلى جودتها بملايين الدولارات؟"  لا تجد السيّدة التي تعمل في مصنعٍ تابعٍ لوزارةِ الصّناعة العراقيّة، والتي لم تتسلّم مرتّبها منذ أكثر من ثلاثة أشهر، إجابة من الحكومة العراقيّة التي أغرقت البلاد بالسلع المستوردة، من دون أي مُراعاة للحفاظ على الصناعات المحليّة وتطويرها. السؤال ذاته يطرحه عمال شركات النسيج الذين يقولون إن الدولة تستورد من الصين وإيران عشرات آلاف "البطانيات" (الأغطية) منخفضة ...

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تاريخ النشاط السياسي واقتصاده السياسي في المغرب: مقابلة للوضع بين زكية سليم وسامية الرزوقي

تلقي زكية سالم في هذه المقابلة الضوء على الفروق الدقيقة التاريخية للنشاط الاجتماعي النسوي في المغرب. تتضمن المقابلة التالية أربعة أجزاء، بحيث يمكنكم أن تنقروا عليهما بشكل منفصل. بوسعكم أن تقرأوا أيضاً النص العربي المدوّن المرافق. زكية سليم أستاذة مساعدة في علم الاجتماع ودراسات النساء والجندر في جامعة رتغرز حيث تدرِّس الحركات النسوية، الجندر، العولمة، الحركات الاجتماعية، الامساواة العالمية، وما بعد الكولونيالية. تشمل اهتماماتها كباحثة العرق، والامبراطورية والاقتصاد السياسي والحرب على الارهاب، وسياسات ابتنمية، والحركات والمجتمعات الاسلامية، والشرق الاوسط والعلاقات الامريكية. إن كتاب سليم"بين النسوية والاسلام" يوضح تداخل الانظمة العالمية للحقوق والبدائل ...

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World Social Forum: Where is the Struggle against Capitalism?

[Image from the 2015 World Social Forum in Tunisia. Image by CIDSE - together for global justice/Flickr]

The 2015 World Social Forum (WSF) opened its doors for the second consecutive year in Tunisia. Since 2001, this open space represents an alternative to the World Economic Forum at Davos and declares its anti-globalization approach in the fight against capitalism and neoliberalism. At each session, participants and visitors express ideas and personal experiences to make their voices heard and learn how to improve their capacity for self-governance. This year, participants were quick to voice their criticisms. Disappointed Forum-goers were clearly much greater in number this year than the last. Many including the WSF Steering Committee are perhaps ...

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The Economy of Mental Health: Inequalities in Access to Care in Morocco

[Image of Morocco's Minister of Health, Houssaine Louardi, during a press conference. Image by Joint Learning Network for Universal Health Coverage/Flickr]

In 2005, Morocco’s Ministry of Health (Ministère de la Santé) carried out its first-ever epidemiological survey of mental illness in the country. As a Bulletin de Santé later reported, the study found that about fifty percent of the population had suffered from at least one minor psychiatric ailment over the course of their lives: … one in two Moroccans presents with at least one significant sign of impaired mental health, regardless of its degree of severity, ranging from a simple nervous tic or occasional insomnia to more serious manifestations of anxiety or depression.[1] This number lies within range of the global average, and is not terribly surprising ...

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Quick Thoughts on the Saudi Transition and Beyond: A STATUS/الوضع conversation with Toby Jones

With the death of King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia, there is much press speculation about change in the Kingdom. In this Quick Thoughts interview for Status, Toby Jones parses through these debates and highlights the more salient points, identifying how this transition should be analyzed beyond hyperbolic prognostication. Toby C. Jones is an associate professor of history at Rutgers University. He has lived and worked extensively in the Middle East, including several years in Saudi Arabia and Bahrain. During 2008-2009 he was a fellow at Princeton University's Oil, Energy, and the Middle East project. From 2004 to early 2006 Jones worked as the Persian Gulf political ...

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The Right to Food Safety: Rights-Based Dialogue as a Springboard towards State-Building

The stances taken by Lebanon’s Public Health Minister Wael Abou Faour in November 2014 took the country by surprise. Departing completely from the norm, Abou Faour published lists of actual businesses that have persisted in producing or selling food unfit for consumption, or not conforming to health standards. Fellow Ministers and others from outside the cabinet criticized Abou Faour, accusing him of adopting a policy of defamation that could have a negative impact on Lebanon’s economy.[1] In response, Abou Faour argued that it was the state’s duty to warn citizens against looming threats, and therefore, to denounce those businesses even at the risk of ruining their ...

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A Compound in Common: The Case of “Little Duweiqa,” Haram City

[Empty homes in Haram City. Photo Nicholas Simcik Arese]

While the eyes of the world focused on the intermittent occupations of Cairo’s Tahrir Square, in the four years since the Egyptian uprising of 2011, a different kind of social action has persisted at the city’s periphery. On 13 August 2010 and in February 2011, during the eighteen days leading to Hosni Mubarak’s fall, a group of 231 resettled slum dweller families from the impoverished Duweiqa district of Cairo abandoned their allocated twenty three square-meter homes to squat liveable ones in Haram City, a budget gated-community marketed by developers and development practitioners as a new best-practice “cooperative” public-private partnerships for low-income housing. ...

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Visualizing Impact: The Long Run & On the Brink

[Image crop from infographic below.]

[The following infographics were originally published by Visualizing Impact.] The Long Run This graphic shows the struggle that the region's youth must counter in their struggle to reach the age of independence.  The weight of multiple social and economic factors in the region have kept youth from finding a first job and ultimately reaching the financial security to afford to marry and become independent from their families. Created in collaboration with Silatech, our hope is that this graphic will start news conversations about this critical challenge facing a generation.     [Click image to enlarge.] On the Brink To show the ...

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On the Margins Roundup (December)

[Image of a pottery manufacture in Kalabougou, Mali. Image by Marco Bellucci]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Mali, South Sudan, Somalia, Mauritania, Djibouti, and Comoros Islands and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the On the Margins Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each month's roundup to info@jadaliyya.com.]  Mauritania Mauritania Will Toughen Anti-Corruption Laws Mauritanian President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz announced plans to strengthen laws against corruption on United Nations Anti-Corruption Day. Migration, Fisheries, and the Supremacy of European Interests in Mauritania Hassan Ould Moctar discusses ...

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Explaining the Bahraini Regime's Land Reclamation Strategy (Video)

The following Financial Times video report reveals the Bahraini regime’s massive land reclamation projects for luxury developments, which solely benefits the ruling elites and takes place at the expense of affordable housing, and as such, has exacerbated anti-regime opposition since 2011.

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قل انتهاكات الحقوق الاقتصادية ولا تقل جرائم الفساد

[

كنتُ قد حضرتُ ورشةَ عمل مؤخراً في كيب تاون في جنوب أفريقيا، وهي المدينة التي قضى فيها مانديلا سنوات سجنه السبع وعشرين، قبل أن يُطلق سراحه عام 1990 ليقود مفاوضات مع نظام الفصل العنصري (الأبارتايد) حتى يصبح أول رئيس أسود لجنوب أفريقيا عام 1994، لينتهي بعدها نظام الفصل العنصري في جنوب أفريقيا. لكن برغم انتهاء نظام الفصل العنصري رسمياً وقانونياً، ما زالت التركيبة الاجتماعية والاقتصادية للمجتمع الجنوب الأفريقي كما كانت قبل سقوط النظام، ويعتقد كثير من المهتمين بالشأن العام في جنوب أفريقيا أن الديمقراطية الوليدة في خطر بسبب التوتر الاجتماعي ما بين الفئات ذات الأصل الأوروبي، التي تشكل أغلبية الطبقة الوسطى والطبقات الغنية والأوفر حظاً، والمواطنين السود و"الملونين" الذين ...

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Beyond Uncritical Optimism: The Challenges for Transitional Tunisia

[Campaign posters on display in Tunis during the 2011 elections. Image by Tarek/Flickr]

Tunisia will go to the polls on 26 October in order to decide the composition of the new parliament and the new political balance that will determine the next phases of political transition. Since the uprising, there have been many and important steps toward real political and institutional change. Indeed, Tunisia has undergone a process of policy change involving the liberalization of political landscape, the subsequent participation of new political forces in the electoral process, the marginalization of the radical fringes, a dramatic rise in the levels of civil and political rights, and the adoption of a new constitution. Moreover, this process has taken place ...

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المسألة الزراعية ومأساة العمالة المصرية الريفية في ليبيا

في أغلب الأحيان تم توصيف شهداء مجزرة داعش بليبيا على أنهم "مصريون أقباط" وفي بعض الاحيان أضيفت كلمة "فقراء". ولم يكن لانتماء كافة الشهداء لريف جنوب مصر أي مدلول بخلاف مسألة الفقر التي هي بدون شك أكثر انتشاراً بريف جنوب مصر من سواها من المناطق. لكن غاب عن النقاش إلى حد بعيد علاقة المأساة بأزمة القطاع الزراعي المصري، أو ما يمكن ان نسميه بتوابع التحول النيوليبرالي للزراعة المصرية، والذي بدوره خلّف آلافاً من القوى المعطلة في الريف. وتشير دراسة عبد المولى اسماعيل إلى أن المتضررين من قانون ...

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Black Feminism Is: Reflections on the Black Feminist Think Tank Symposium

Introduction On 20-21 March 2015, hundreds gathered at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor to examine black feminism as an intellectual and political practice and to chart a way forward. As faculty, students, and activists from around the United States and beyond, we shared our frustrations with the isolation and invisibility (or, in some cases, notoriety) we have experienced as black women and women of color in higher education. Twenty years after the path-breaking conference “Black Women in the ...

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Those Who Want To Build, Those Who Want To Fight: The World Social Forum with a North African Twist

Holding the World Social Forum (WSF) in Tunisia, for the second time, is doubly significant. It is right on target, since Tunisians have toppled a neoliberal dictator. It is also a painful reminder of capitalism’s power, as Tunisian neoliberalism (along with the dictator’s entourage) is still intact. Not only are the main contours of Ben Ali’s policies still in place, his top bureaucrats are in command. Moreover, they have come back through elections. Voters replaced them for a secular liberal-Islamic ...

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Video: Laleh Khalili on Sinews of War and Trade

In this lecture,  Laleh Khalili draws on her recent experience of travelling on a container ship from Malta to Jabal Ali, and the research she has thus far conducted on her project on the formation and transformation of ports and transport infrastructure in the Arabian Peninsula to give her lecture. The lecture, which is preceded by an "Introduction" and concluded with a "Vote of Thanks," follows the format of such lectures at the SOAS, University of ...

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New Texts Out Now: David McDonald, Rethinking Corporatization and Public Services in the Global South

David McDonald, editor, Rethinking Corporatization and Public Services in the Global South. London: Zed Books, 2014. Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book? David McDonald (DMD): After three decades of privatization, we observe a growing worldwide trend of governments taking back control of services, or creating new forms of public services, with the overall number of public enterprises globally on the increase. Corporatization is one of the most popular forms of this renewed interest in ...

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Implications of Qatarization: Qualitative Assessment and Possible Policy Responses

[The following report presents the status of localization efforts in Qatar's labor force and proposes recommendations to achieve better results based on an ongoing Qatarization study supported by the Qatar National Research Fund (QNRF). The study, which is carried out by FIKRA Research and Policy, aims to understand the experience of young Qataris as they transition from education to employment, and how youth choices contribute to the labor market in Qatar. While the report has not been published ...

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Bio-Istanbul: A Speculative, Segregationist, and Sustainable Urbanism

Ekolojik (ecological), yeşil (green), doğal (natural), or akıllı (smart): these are the new concepts increasingly emphasized in brochures advertising real estate projects in Istanbul. Stamped with the seal of “sustainability” (sürdürülebilirlik), a terminology that signalled its entry into the vocabulary of Turkey’s urban policies in the early 2000s (Pérouse 2011), do these projects really reflect new forms of urban design and spatial production in the metropolis of Istanbul? In order to ...

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Stanford Event: Joel Beinin on Workers and Revolutions in Egypt and Tunisia (21 January 2015)

CDDRL’s Program on Arab Reform and Democracy (ARD), in partnership with the Arab Studies Institute (ASI), presents: Workers and Revolutions in Egypt and Tunisia Featuring: Joel Beinin Donald J. McLachlan Professor of History Stanford University Date and Time: Wednesday, January 21 12PM-1:30PM *Lunch will be served* Location: Goldman Conference Room (4th floor East Wing) Encina Hall Stanford University Abstract Arab workers participated prominently in the popular uprisings ...

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The Flow and Entrapment of Syrian Jazira Music

I was surprised when I received an email from a Palestinian friend asking if I would like to go to a concert by a Syrian singer, Omar Souleyman, who was performing at a popular club in central London in 2010. The email included a link to a YouTube clip of Souleyman singing at a local wedding in Syria. I was familiar with Souleyman’s genre of music and knew to correctly associate it with the northeast region of the country, known as the Jazira, but I had never heard of him before. A group of us eventually ...

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لم يكن في خطتنا أن ننتصر

مدخل حينما تنتهي مباراة في كرة القدم بين أحد فرق القمة وأحد فرق القاع في الدوري المصري بالتعادل غالباً ما يصف المعلق النتيجة بأنها تعادل بطعم الهزيمة لفريق القمة وبطعم الفوز لفريق القاع. ذلك أن المنافسة/المعركة لا تدور في الفراغ بل في واقع يخص الفريقين وأهدافهما من المعركة وبالتالي فإن الفوز والهزيمة يتم تحديدهما طبقاً لأهداف كل فريق قبل المعركة وما أسفرت عنه المعركة. فإن كان هدف فريق القاع من الدخول في المباراة مع فريق القمة هو التعادل فإن نهاية المباراة بالتعادل يُعد فوزا والعكس بالنسبة  لفريق ...

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Labor Strikes in the GCC: Deportations and Victories in 2014

[The following report was originally published by Migrant Rights on 29 October 2014.] The crackdowns on migrant workers in the GCC do not succeed in silencing migrant dissent. Last year, hundreds of thousands were deported, after being targeted, detained, and mistreated in the Gulf region. Stringent nationalization laws maintain a xenophobic atmosphere around migrant populations who constitute the majority in GCC (up to 85% in countries such as Qatar). As authorities and media continue to make migrants ...

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Debt and Obligation in Contemporary Ramallah

A recent advertisement for a Bank of Palestine savings scheme, reproduced on billboards and in magazines all over the Ramallah-al-Bireh-Beitounia conurbation (hereafter Ramallah), tells residents “Together We Are a Family.” We are clearly meant to think that the Bank of Palestine wants, or considers itself, to be part of the family. Although counterintuitive, this proposition embodies the ways in which banks have become increasingly part of intimate urban life in the central city of the occupied West ...

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