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Protests-Revolts

« Hamel dégage ! » : Les policiers algériens et les fissures de l'ordre

[Image de la manifestation des policiers à Alger. Image de Algérie-Focus.]

Mardi 14 octobre en fin de journée, je reçois un sms d'un ami militant qui réside à Alger-centre : « Urgent : la police marche sur Alger. Ils manifestent devant chez moi, c'est la fin des haricots ! » La grogne policière avait commencé dans la cuvette de Ghardaïa, elle remonte maintenant vers la capitale et c'est tout l'édifice du pouvoir qui menacerait désormais de s'effondrer. Assurément, ce mouvement social, plus que tout autre, a de quoi interpeller. Dans un pays où l'état contient tant bien que mal une contestation permanente mais disséminée, le corps des hommes en bleu a un rôle clé dans la préservation de l'ordre en place. Est-ce à dire pour ...

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رحلتي إلى الراب والسياسة والسجن

[

 لماذا "الراب المحابسي"؟ لماذا لا أترك الموسيقى بعد أن تم حبسي ثلث مرات؟ أي دور يلعب الراب في الدفاع عن المجتمع ضد من يحكمونه بالفساد والاستغلال؟ سأخبركم قصة قصيرة. في صيف ٢٠٠٧ حينما كنت في العشرين من عمري، بدأت في أخذ الراب على محمل الجد وذلك بتأسيس فرقة أسميناها “عكاشة فاميلي." اخترنا حينها المقاومة والراب، مقررين نشر أغنية لنا على اليوتيوب نتداولها بين أصدقائنا. أغنية "عطيني حقي" نجحت وقدمنا عرضنا الأول. لم يعرف منظمو الحفل محتوى الأغاني قبل الحفل. صدم الجمهور بكلمات - الكلمات التي تعبر عن همومهم- أول أغنية راب في المغرب تتحدث عن حقوقهم ومقاومة السلطات وتجاوز الخطوط الحمراء.  بعد بدء الحفل، جاء أحد المنظمين إلى الخشبة وطلب منا ...

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Reflections-in-Progress on the Salaita Case: Contradiction, Overdetermination, Mobilization

[Michael Rothberg]

Much has already been said in the weeks since University of Illinois Chancellor Phyllis Wise informed Steven Salaita that she was not forwarding his appointment to the Board of Trustees and was thus effectively revoking a tenured job offer in American Indian Studies that Salaita had already accepted in October 2013. When a local faculty group I am involved with organized an off-campus forum on “Academic Freedom and Political Dissent,” I decided to step back and try to theorize the nature of the event we have been living through and the political response that has arisen out of it. Despite the context, there has been pleasure in writing this piece because it represented ...

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نقطة تحول

[

يدلّ خطاب الرئيس على أن لحظة الحقيقة، لحظة اتخاذ القرار الذي طال انتظاره، تقترب، وإذا لم يتم التقاطها بسرعة ستطارد لعنة التاريخ القيادة الفلسطينية إلى الأبد. لقد رفض الرئيس في خطابه العودة إلى المفاوضات كما كانت تجري في السابق، وطالب بوضع جدول زمني لإنهاء الاحتلال من خلال الأمم المتحدة، وتحدث أيضًا عن حرب الإبادة التي شنتها إسرائيل ضد الشعب الفلسطيني، محذرًا أنها لن تفلت من العقاب، وهذه أمور كلها في منتهى الأهمية والإيجابية. وقف المفاوضات الثنائية برعاية أميركية انفرادية أمر كان يجب أن يحدث منذ فترة طويلة، فمنذ مرور شهر أيار من العام 1999، وهو الموعد الذي انتهت فيه الفترة الانتقالية التي حددها "اتفاق أوسلو" للانتهاء من المفاوضات التي لم تنته حتى الآن بالرغم من ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (September 23)

[Saudi troops in Jizan during the 2009 assault on Sa 'da, Yemen. Image by Takahara Osaka/Wikimedia Commons.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations Q&A: What's behind MB leaders leaving Qatar? Ismaeel Naar argues that a shift in Qatar’s foreign policy, in order to end the rift within the GCC states, is behind the decision of the Muslim Brotherhood leaders to leave Doha. Qataris give ground in Gulf spat Ian Black maintains that Doha ...

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اليمن: نص اتفاق السلم والشراكة الوطنية

[جمال بنعمر. صورة من ويكيبيديا]

[نص الاتفاق من إعلام جمال بنعمر] اتفاق السلم والشراكة الوطنية 
 21 أيلول (سبتمبر) 2014 مقدمة
: بناء على مخرجات مؤتمر الحوار الوطني الشامل، التي توافقت عليها جميع المكونات اليمنية والتي أرست أسس بناء دولة يمنية اتحادية ديموقراطية جديدة مبنية على مبادىء سيادة القانون والمواطنة المتساوية واحترام حقوق الإنسان والحكم الرشيد، والتزاماً بوحدة اليمن وسيادته واستقلاله وسلامة أراضيه، واستجابة لمطالب الشعب في التغيير السلمي وإجراء إصلاحات اقتصادية ومالية وإدارية وتحقيق الرفاه الاقتصادي، وخدمة للمصلحة الوطنية العليا، وتجسيداً للشراكة والتوافق في التشخيص والحلول والتنفيذ، والتزاماً باستقرار البلاد وتحقيق مستقبل ديموقراطي واعد ومشرق، ومن أجل الوحدة الوطنية وبناء السلام ...

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أسباب الثورة في البحرين: حوار مع مريم الخواجة

[ الناشطة مريم الخواجة. صورة من حسابها على تويتر]

  نُشرت المقابلة بالأصل في كانون الأول\ديسمبر ٢٠١٢، قبل شهر من تمكن مريم الخواجة من الدخول إلى البحرين في المرة الأخيرة. حاولت أن تعود إلى البحرين فيما بعد في آب\أغسطس ٢٠١٣، لكنها مُنعت من الصعود إلى الطائرة بسبب أمر حكومي من البحرين. مؤخراً، في ٣٠ آب\أغسطس ٢٠١٤ قامت مريم بمحاولة أخرى للدخول إلى البحرين لزيارة والدها المريض، عبد الهادي الخواجة، المضرب عن الطعام. لدى وصولها، صادرت السلطات البحرينية جواز سفرها، وزعمت أنها ليست مواطنة بحرينية وسجنتها. مذاك، سُجنت مريم الخواجة في سجن بلدة عيسى للنساء.  وُجِّهتْ إليها ثلاث تهم: شتم الملك، المشاركة في حملة مركز البحرين لحقوق الإنسان”حملة مطلوب للعدالة ”، والاعتداء على ضابط شرطة (رغم حقيقة أن ضباط الشرطة تعاملوا معها ...

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New Texts Out Now: Linda Herrera, Revolution in the Age of Social Media: The Egyptian Popular Insurrection and the Internet

[Cover of Linda Herrera,

Linda Herrera, Revolution in the Age of Social Media: The Egyptian Popular Insurrection and the Internet. London and New York: Verso, 2014. Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book? Linda Herrera (LH): In the months prior to the Arab uprisings, I had been conducing research on Egypt’s “wired generation”—their social media habits, ways of doing politics, and networks. When it became known that Egypt’s popular mobilization on 25 January 2011 was launched from a Facebook page, I literally found myself pulled by the astonishing force of events, as if lifted by a political tornado. I did not know where this force would take me—indeed I could not have imagined—but I knew ...

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The Built-In Obsolescence of the Facebook Leader

[Composite image of

In times like these, when the hopes of the 2011 Egyptian revolution seem to have faded away, it is imperative to understand what went wrong, and in particular what went wrong in the new forms of digitally supported organizations that were displayed in the course revolution and that became a source of inspiration for other activists around the world. The enthusiastic use of social networking sites among Egyptian activists has been widely celebrated, and to a great extent rightly so, given the importance Facebook political pages and Twitter channels have played as means of information and mobilization. However the dependence on social media as technical and organizational ...

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The BBC and User-Generated Content: How Syrian Grassroots Information Shaped Newsroom Roles

[Screenshot from BBC coverage featuring user-generated content]

It’s probably the first big story I can remember where UGC has become a real factor in reporting, I think before that the UGC Hub was a department which was a bit unclear how you would best use them...But with Syria we were so exposed out there with not many people we had to use something. And they would become integral to reporting basically because they were only the source of getting some idea of what was happening.[1] It’s just after two o'clock on the morning of 21 August 2013 and in BBC Broadcasting House in London, journalists at the User Generated Content (UGC) Hub are pouring over YouTube footage. Over the next few hours, a team of BBC producers will sift ...

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Special Address: Digital Media and the Freedom Struggle

[Cartoon by Omar El-Momani. Courtesy of 7iber (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)]

  [Jillian York giving the Special Address at the Westminster Conference] The Special Address tackled the most salient conditions in the region that precipitated the revolutions and the role the new media actors played in galvanizing support for these movements. While states have become increasingly adept at undermining freedom of expression, the press, and the Internet, inventive ways continue to be developed to circumvent the tightening spaces of dissent.  

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The Meme-ing of Revolution: Creativity, Folklore, and the Dislocation of Power in Egypt

[Mubarak's face superimposed on Jacques-Louis David's Napoleon Crossing the Alps. Viral image from Egypt's Sarcasm Society Facebook page].

It was 20 January 2011, just five days before a major protest called for by many youth and opposition groups in Egypt, when Ali came across a hilarious image on Facebook. One of his friends had shared a photoshopped painting depicting Mubarak atop a majestic stallion as if marching into battle. The then president’s face sported the same cheeky imbecilic smile for which he had come to be known and ridiculed privately. Ali recalls laughing out loud at the absurdity of the image, especially since the original painting, which had been edited to include Mubarak, was none other than Jacques-Louis David’s early nineteenth century masterpiece Napoleon Crossing the Alps. ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (October 14)

 [This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations Saudi Arabia warns of more Yemen violence Riyadh urges the immediate implementation of the peace deal between the ...

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Suphi Nejat Agirnasli’nin Anisina

Suphi Nejat Ağırnaslı’nın Anısına Dostumuz, yoldaşımız, meslekdaşımız sosyolog, çevirmen, yazar, devrimci Suphi Nejat Ağırnaslı’yı 5 Ekim 2014 günü Kobane’de Marksist Leninist Komünist Parti Türkiye/ Kuzey Kürdistan (MLKP) saflarında kaybettik. Hepimizin başı sağolsun, ışıklar içinde uyusun. Suphi Nejat Ağırnaslı, 22 Eylül 1984 doğumlu. Siyasi mülteci olan ailesinin durumu dolayısıyla Nejat, çok küçük yaştan itibaren uzun yıllar Almanya’da yaşadı. Almanya’da girdiği üniversite sınavında çok yüksek ...

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New Texts Out Now: Andrea Khalil, Crowds and Politics in North Africa: Tunisia, Algeria, and Libya

Andrea Khalil, Crowds and Politics in North Africa: Tunisia, Algeria, and Libya. London: Routledge, 2014. Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book?             Andrea Khalil (AK): In the fall of 2010, I was researching a book on the 5 October 1988 riots in Algeria. I was in France and Algeria from July-December 2010 looking for documents, archives, photos, testimonies, and literature about the riots. The events in Tunisia in the middle of ...

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Turkey after Gezi: An Interview with Simten Cosar

As developments in Turkey continue to take shape in the aftermath of Gezi and Erdoğan’s Presidential election, Gülden Ozcan interviews Simten Coşar (co-editor with Gamze Yücesan-Özdemir of Silent Violence: Neoliberalism, Islamic Politics and the AKP Years in Turkey (Red Quill Books, 2012) about these turbulent times. Interest in the AKP and its integration of neoliberal and Islamic politics into continued electoral success has garnered increasing scrutiny both domestically and internationally. Silent ...

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Yemen: The Peace and National Partnership Agreement

[What follows is the text—taken from the announcement by Jamal Benomar—of the Peace and National Partnership Agreement signed by representatives of Ansarallah, the umbrella organization of the Houthi movement, and the leadership of major political factions in Yemen, including the sitting government. It was signed late on 21 September 2014 after Ansarallah militarily seized control of Sanaa. It has been “welcomed” by the Gulf Cooperation Council and the General-Secretary of the United Nations.] The Peace ...

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Breaking: Yemeni Political Alliances Shift as Houthis Capture Sanaa

On 21 September 2014, the Houthi movement militarily won control of the Yemeni state. This was quickly followed by a Peace and National Partnership Agreement, signed by most significant political players, which will have serious implications for the structure of national politics going forward. I interviewed John Warner, Co-Editor of Jadaliyya's Arabian Peninsula Page. He analyses the local and regional dynamics that led to these important political developments and their future implications. This ...

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Behind the Bahraini Revolution: An Interview with Maryam Al-Khawaja

[This interview was originally published in December 2012, a month before Maryam Al-Khawaja was last able to enter Bahrain. She attempted to go back to Bahrain later in August 2013, but was prevented from boarding her flight due to a government order from Bahrain. Recently, on 30 August 2014, Maryam made another attempt to enter Bahrain to visit her ailing father, Abdulhadi Al-Khawaja, who is on hunger strike. Upon her arrival, Bahraini authorities seized her passport, claimed she was not a Bahraini ...

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Roundtable Introduction: New Media, New Politics? Revolutions in Theory and Practice

In April of 2013, the Arab Media Center at the University of Westminster's CAMRI hosted its annual Arab media studies conference under the title of “New Media, New Politics?” At a critical juncture in the progress of the region’s uprisings, the common denominator at the event was (the need for) a prevailing dialectical understanding of the Arab revolutions, namely as a process demonstrating important, and often intractable, contradictions. As some forms of knowledge production are challenged by this ...

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Activism on the Move: Mediating Protest Space in Egypt with Mobile Technology

The 2011 revolutionary uprisings in the Middle East and North Africa abruptly captured global attention as the world was drawn breathlessly into the tumult with a profusion of media content, from Tweets to amateur video footage. Amidst the media blitz, analyses yielded two conflated and reactionary narratives of events. One contended that the popular protests of the so-called “Arab Spring” were wholly unexpected, a shocking diversion from the familiar politics of the Middle East in a seeming ...

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Keynote Address: Some Reflections on the Role of Media in Egypt’s January 25th Revolution

  [Walter Armbrust delivering the Keynote Address at the Westminster Conference] This lecture delves into the situational and historic dynamics that undergirded the media practices surrounding the January 25 revolution in Egypt. The notion of social revolution is unpacked to evaluate its application to the Egyptian revolutionary context. By looking at the cultural production of revolution–from rap songs against Mubarak to online memes against the Morsi government–the social mobilization is seen as ...

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New Media, New Politics? Theoretical Interventions and International Invocations

As part of the Jadaliyya Roundtable on New Media and New Politics, we offer three audio presentations from the April 2013 Westminster conference that address matters of mediation from theoretical and international perspectives. The topics presented here problematize analyses of the Arab revolutionary action and mediation by looking at these through the prism of "liberation technology," as synerigistic with South American Occupy movements, and as refractions of Marxist theorizations of digital ...

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Palestinianness on Facebook: Portrayals, Profiles, and Encoding the Self

I would like to think that we are not just the people seen or looked at in photographs: we are also looking at our observers….we too are scrutinizing, assessing, judging. We are more than someone’s object. We do more than stand passively in front of whoever…has wanted to look at us. -- Edward Said, After the Last Sky  Over the course of several decades in the Palestinian history, Palestinians have been the subject of thousands if not millions of photos, frequently taken by ...

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