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Refugees

ما هي النكبة؟

[أطلال كفر عنان، فلسطين. الصور من موقع

[ تعيد "جدلية" نشر هذه المادة ضمن ملف خاص بعنوان "كبرت النكبة". وهو ملف متنوّع حول نكبة فلسطين تنشره "جدلية" على مدار الأسبوعين القادمين.] ما هي النكبة؟ تستدعي مفردة النكبة (أو الكارثة) إلى الذاكرة تأسيس دولة إسرائيل على أرض فلسطين عام 1948 عن طريق طرد أكثر من نصف سكان فلسطين التاريخية، وتدمير التراث الفلسطيني، والمؤسسات الاجتماعية والسياسية في الاراضي المحتلة. إن الاجابة الممكنة عن سؤال حول معنى النكبة في الزمن الحاضر يمكن أن نجدها في حوارات الذاكرة الجمعية الفلسطينية، خصوصاً تلك الموجودة في مخيمات اللاجئين الذين تم طردهم خارج حدود فلسطين التاريخية عام 1948. في حوارات الذاكرة الجمعية هذه، لا نجد النكبة كمؤشر واضح على الكارثة التي حاقت ...

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كبرت النكبة: ملف خاص

[لوحة للفنان الفلسطيني إسماعيل شموط]

كبرت النكبة ... كبرت النكبة، وها هي تدخل عقدها السابع، وتواجهنا، ككل عام، وتسائلنا عمّا حدث لنا بعدها، وعن تاريخها الذي يظل راهناً. في لحظة قد تبدو الأكثر قتامة تفتح جدلية النافذة-المرآة على مصراعيها في ملف متنوّع ستقوم بنشره على مدار الأسبوعين القادمين. يتناول الملف السياسة والثقافة والاقتصاد والتجارب الشخصية ومقتطفات من كتب مهمة ومقابلات حول الأدب والسينما والموسيقى. يشارك في الملف كتاب فلسطينيون وعرب وأجانب منهم سليم أبو جبل، معن أبو طالب، سنان أنطون، راجي بطحيش، عبدالله البياري، نسرين شبيب، إيلا شوحيط، ابتسام عازم، جنان عبده، أمل قعيق، سناء مكركر، إيريت نايدهارت، إيزيس نصير وآخرون. سنفتتح الملف بمقابلة أجرتها إيزيس نصير مع المخرج الفلسطيني ميشيل خليفي، ...

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Let Us Make a New Beginning: Speech for the Armenian Genocide Centennial Commemoration in Istanbul

[Commemoration ceremony in Istanbul, 24 April 2014. Photo by Heghnar Watenpaugh.]

[The following is a speech delivered by Heghnar Watenpaugh in Armenian and Turkish on behalf of Project 2015 at a ceremony commemorating the centenary of the Armenian Genocide. The ceremony was held in Taksim Square in Istanbul on 24 April 2015. Project 2015 has been a two-year-long effort to organize members of the Armenian diaspora and others committed to human rights and genocide prevention in the US, Europe, and the Middle East to travel to Turkey to join this centennial commemoration.] Let Us Make a New Beginning: Speech for the Armenian Genocide Centennial Commemoration in Istanbul Heghnar Watenpaugh 24 April 2015 We are here today to mark the one hundredth ...

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Turkiyeli Ermeniler’den Cagri: Bak Kardesim

Türkiyeli Ermeniler’den Çağrı: Bak Kardeşim [Ermeni Soykırımı'nın 100. yıldönümü sebebiyle Nor Zartonk'un Türkiyeli Ermeniler adına kaleme aldığı çağrıyı aşağıda yayımlıyoruz. Metnin orijinaline buradan ulaşabilirsiniz.] Bak Kardeşim, Ermeni Soykırımı’nın üzerinden 100 yıl geçti. Bir halk, ninenin, dedenin birlikte yaşadığı bir halk, devlet tarafından sistematik olarak katledildi. Bundan 100 yıl önce sokakta karşılaşacağın beş kişiden biri Ermeni iken bugün sokakta Ermenilere rastlamak o kadar kolay değil. Ne oldu onlara? Sor kardeşim… Dur kardeşim kızma hemen dinle… Devlet Baba bizi hain ilan etti, lanetli ilan etti, bir canavarmışız gibi bahsetti ...

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Water Management in Jordan in Response to the Syrian Crisis: Between Neoliberal Pressures and Social Tensions

Since 1948, the Kingdom of Jordan has taken in a considerable number of refugee populations fleeing conflicts in Palestine, Iraq and now Syria. While this brings the country significant international aid, it also raises the question of the capacity of urban public services to handle this new demographic pressure. These public services, heavily subsidised for reasons of social stability, are in a state of chronic crisis, and are unable to meet user demand. This has led to sharp socio-spatial inequalities, growing popular discontent, worrying tensions between “native” Jordanians and Jordano-Palestinians, and growing stigmatisation of Syrian refugees. This article looks at ...

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New Texts Out Now: Noura Erakat, Palestinian Refugees and the Syrian Uprising

[Cover of

Noura Erakat, “Palestinian Refugees and the Syrian Uprising: Filling the Protection Gap During Secondary Forced Displacement.” Oxford International Journal of Refugee Law 26.4 (2014). [Full text available online until June 2015.] Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this article? Noura Erakat (NE): I began to write this article as an LLM student in National Security at the Georgetown University Law Center. In the spring of 2012, I was enrolled in a research seminar on refugees, and at that point there had been very little discussion of Palestinian refugees caught in the middle of the Syrian Uprising, now civil war, which began in March 2011. That was largely attributed ...

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Ghassan Kanafani's The Stolen Shirt

[Ghassan Kanafani [1936-1972]

[What follows is a translation of a short story written by Ghassan Kanfani in 1958, entitled “The Stolen Shirt.” Although among his relatively lesser known works, especially as compared to his far-reaching novels Men in The Sun and All That’s Left for You, this short story is no less representative of Kanafani’s masterful storytelling. It is also just as representative of the often subliminal, disjointed, and non-linear narrative style he is known for, and through which he vividly captures the harsh and unforgiving realities of refugee life and displacement in which countless Palestinians found themselves after 1948. The Stolen Shirt” is the first story in a larger ...

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Kurdish Alevi Music and Migration: An Interview with Ozan Aksoy

[Ozan Aksoy. Image via Ottoman History Podcast.]

For Kurdish Alevis, music serves as a mode of articulating and transmitting ideas about collective history, identity, and connections to the geography of former homes in the countryside of Anatolia. Our guest in Ottoman History Podcast Episode #187, Dr. Ozan Aksoy, has explored this crucial role of music within the Alevi community from a variety of angles throughout more than two decades as a musician and researcher. As one of the members of the critically-acclaimed Kardeş Türküler ensemble, Aksoy helped launch a provocative musical experiment that has offered a new vision of folklore in Turkey, one that celebrates the ethnolinguistic richness of Turkey’s musical ...

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The Right to Food Safety: Rights-Based Dialogue as a Springboard towards State-Building

The stances taken by Lebanon’s Public Health Minister Wael Abou Faour in November 2014 took the country by surprise. Departing completely from the norm, Abou Faour published lists of actual businesses that have persisted in producing or selling food unfit for consumption, or not conforming to health standards. Fellow Ministers and others from outside the cabinet criticized Abou Faour, accusing him of adopting a policy of defamation that could have a negative impact on Lebanon’s economy.[1] In response, Abou Faour argued that it was the state’s duty to warn citizens against looming threats, and therefore, to denounce those businesses even at the risk of ruining their ...

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Mental Health Programs for Syrian Refugees

Lebanon is host to the largest number of Syrians displaced by the current conflict. Most of these refugees, some one-and-a-half million, live in tragic and precarious conditions.[1] Intensive war and forced displacement are known risk factors for social and mental health problems. Mental health services have become an important component of humanitarian programs in the context of emergencies arising out of conflict. After briefly reviewing the history of mental health programs in acute emergencies and their main critiques, I will describe the way Mental Health and Psychosocial Support (MHPSS) services are organized for Syrians displaced in Lebanon. I will then draw ...

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Syrian Refugees Collectivizing in Jordan Becomes a Security Issue

Introduction I first visited the northern city of Irbid, Jordan in the summer of 2013 as an American undergraduate studying Arabic. By joining a youth volunteer group, I came into contact with Syrian social workers who mobilize resources and services among the Syrian community to assist new Syrian arrivals, including injured ex- fighters of the Free Syrian Army (FSA). On my visits to Syrian neighborhoods, I heard a wealth of personal narratives of suffering and resilience that impressed upon me the solidarity of the Syrian community throughout this protracted Syrian war. Now in a Jordanian city, it seemed that refugees also faced state-imposed obstacles to securing a ...

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بيان مشترك لمؤسسات ومحلات في شارع الحمرا (بيروت) رداً على مقال جريدة النهار

[Image by ghazayel via devientart.com]

[صدر هذا البيان عن مؤسسات ومحلات في شارع الحمرا (بيروت) في تاريخ 6/1/2015]  بحزن واشمئزاز قرأ الكثيرون مقال حسين حزوري في صحيفة «النهار» الصادرة اليوم السادس من كانون الثاني (العدد 25575). في المقال المذكور أساء الكاتب ليس لمنطقة فقط بل لشعب بأكمله، بلغة عنصرية مهينة.منطقة من بيروت صنعت تاريخها على الانفتاح وتقبّل الآخر واحتضانه هاربا من الظلم، حتى في اسوأ أيام الحرب الأهلية اللبنانية. تاريخياً بنى لبنان سمعة على أنه الملجأ والمقصد لكل مضطهد هارب من الظلم. ولا شكّ بأن راس بيروت – الحمرا اختصاراً – أصاب في العقود الماضية السابقة للحرب الاهلية نصيبا أساسيا من هذه السمعة التي لطالما تغنّى وتباهى بها مثقفوا لبنان وأدبائه بل وسياسييه ايضاً وفي ...

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Lest We Forget: The Palestinian Oral History Archives

Friday 15 May 2015 marks the sixty-seventh anniversary of the Palestinian Nakba, a day of commemoration and remembrance of nearly seven decades of dispossession for the Palestinian people, and a day of celebrating the resilience of the Palestinian communities everywhere, and their continued struggle against injustice. Today, the Palestinian Oral History Archive (POHA) at the American University of Beirut has released a short video “Lest We Forget”, providing a glimpse into its rich collection of the ...

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Palestine Shrinking/Expanding Israel: Nakba Day Infographic

15 May 2015 marks the 67th anniversary of the Palestinian Nakba ("catastrophe"), which refers to the expulsion of over 750,000 Palestinians during the creation of the State of Israel in 1948. Today, nearly seven decades on from these events, the dispossession of Palestinians continues through military, legal and economic means. Headlines were made by the Israeli Supreme Court just this week when it endorsed the eviction of the village of Umm al Hiran in the Negev region, demonstrating ...

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Armenians in the Ottoman Empire

[This bibliography was published as part of the Ottoman History Podcast’s “Books and Bibliographies” feature, a monthly series curated by Heather Hughes. More information about the series can be found here.] This April marks the centennial of the beginning of the Armenian Genocide. Our monthly reading list includes a selection of books, dissertations, and articles in English pertaining to the history of Ottoman Armenians before, during, and after the First World War. Works about other Christian ...

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Too Much Memory? Remembering and Forgetting at the Crossroads of the Centenary of the Armenian Genocide

Indeed suffering in common unifies more than joy does. Where national memories are concerned, griefs are of more value than triumphs, for they impose duties and require a common effort.[1] These words from Ernest Renan’s iconic essay of 1882, “Qu'est-ce qu’une Nation?” offer a piercing diagnosis of how some small nations, which have been historic targets of persecution and violence and therefore know that they can easily disappear, have managed to generate and maintain their collective identities during ...

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New Report: Lebanon Crisis Response Plan (LCRP) 2015-16

In December 2014, the Lebanese government issued a joint plan, the Lebanese Crisis Response Plan (LCRP 2015-16) with UN agencies to organize the humanitarian response to the Syria crisis. The plan seeks to stabilize Lebanon during the crisis by continuing humanitarian assistance to the displaced Syrian population and other vulnerable groups, while expanding investments in services, economies and institutions. The Lebanese Ministry of Social Affairs (MoSA) steers the LCRP, in collaboration with crisis ...

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Quick Thoughts on Syria's Humanitarian Crisis: A STATUS/الوضع Conversation with Omar Dahi

As the war in Syria rages on, and with attention turning towards ISIS, the humanitarian crisis in the country has been relegated to the sidelines. In this Quick Thoughts interview for Status (conducted in late-February 2015), Omar Dahi brings it back to the forefront by highlighting the extent and locations of the humanitarian needs across the country, how political circumstances manifest on the ground, and the regime's recent uptick in bombardment. Omar S. Dahi, associate professor of ...

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In Need of Aid but Hungry for Peace

I am in the Yarmouk refugee camp, Damascus, during an aid delivery. A man approaches me and utters three words, “I am hungry”. The sunken eyes in his face are equally eloquent.  His fragile frame expresses volumes. He speaks for a people brutalized, a people sick of war. He is a living symbol of the world’s failure to resolve the crisis in Syria. Yarmouk has become a powerful icon of the wider war and of the Palestinian experience. It was once the densely populated heart of Syria’s Palestinian ...

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Dismantling Iraqi Health Care and its Regional Impacts: A STATUS/الوضع Conversation between Omar Dewachi and Rania Masri

In this interview, anthropologist and physician, Omar Dewachi, discusses the building, dismantling, and outsourcing of the Iraqi health care system. In addition to examining the impact of migration on Iraqi patients and Lebanese healthcare today, Dewachi historicizes accusations of Iraq's "ungovernability" from the colonial until the present, and places the conversation within a larger context of the impacts of war on healthcare.  The interview below includes four parts that you can click ...

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Syria Media Roundup (March 2)

 [This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Syria and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Syria Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to syria@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.]   Inside Syria Death: The Only Reliable News in Aleppo News of death in Aleppo has become an everyday occurrence and residents are planning news ways to survive the ...

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القرار الفلسطيني لمجلس الأمن: فتش عن حق العودة

اتسعت حدّة الجدل حول مشروع القرار الفلسطيني الذي قدمه الأردن، العضو العربي الوحيد في مجلس الأمن، بالاتفاق مع الفلسطينيين وجامعة الدول العربية. وعلى الرغم من رفض القرار في 30 ديسمبر/كانون الأول الماضي من قبل مجلس الأمن، فقد أكد الفلسطينيون أنهم سيحاولون تقديمه مرة أخرى. وجاء التأكيد الفلسطيني على لسان سفير فلسطين للأمم المتحدة، رياض منصور، في النقاش الأخير أمام مجلس الأمن حول الوضع في فلسطين، من دون أن يعطي موعداً محدداً، أو إشارة إلى تغييرات قد تطرأ على نواة المشروع. أما السفير الإسرائيلي، رون ...

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Al-Wihdat Refugee Camp: Between Inclusion and Exclusion

Drawing on the influential writing of Arendt, Foucault, and Agamben, much of the literature on refugees and refugee camps has generally emphasized the liminality and extraordinariness of the space of the camp. Camps have often been juxtaposed to the city. Whereas the latter has come to represent normality, the camp has been portrayed as the site of hardened national identities and political ideologies or, conversely, as a place of confinement for speechless victims. This approach might result in ...

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بيان مقهى التـاء مربوطـة في بيروت ردا على مقال جريدة النهار

[صدر هذا البيان عن ادارة مقهى التـاء مربوطـة في تاريخ 6/1/2015] - ذكر المقال المنشور في جريدة النهار بتاريخ 6/1/2015 بقلم حسين حزوري، والذي تضمن كماً من العبارات العنصرية، مطعم تاء مربوطة وأحد موظفيه احمد الحفار ونسب اليهما مواقف عنصرية مرفوضة اتجاه المواطنين السوريين. - ان ذكر مطعم تاء مربوطة وأحد موظفيه ونسب موقف عنصري اليهما امر كاذب وغير صحيح ولم يحصل اصلاً ان زار حسين حزوري المطعم والتقى بأي شخص من إدارته عدا عن انه كذب ايضاً حين نسب وظيفة مدير الى النادل احمد الحفار، وان حقيقة عدم علاقة ...

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