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Refugees

O.I.L. Media Roundup (24 August)

[Police in Ferguson, Missouri use tear gas against civilians. Image by Wikimedia Commons User

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Occupation, Intervention and Law and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the O.I.L. Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each biweekly roundup to OIL@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every other week.] Palestine-Israel / United States The Shortest Distance Between Palestine and Ferguson, Jaime Omar Yassin Yassin draws a parallel between police brutality in Ferguson, Missouri and Israeli military operations in the Gaza Strip.   Palestinians Express "Solidarity with the People of Ferguson" in Mike ...

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Gauging the July-August 2014 Gaza War

[A map showing the location of damage in Gaza. Current up to July 25th 2014. Basemap from Open Street Map and data downloaded from UNOSAT. Image by Wikimedia Commons Uswer Nrg800.]

The July-August 2014 Gaza war has not thus far initiated regional and international action to address the root causes of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, nor to end the inhumane blockade that has been imposed on Gaza. Israel is keen to separate “humanitarian” issues from political ones, and is trying to play on the Hamas/Fatah division and the tense relations between Hamas and the Egyptian government. This will not help to address the real issues. Hamas and other Palestinian factions will resist measures to disarm them and thus lose the “deterrent” advantage that they have acquired. Discussing the situation in Gaza separately from that in the West Bank will not help to ...

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New Report: Housing, Land and Property Issues in Lebanon

[Cover Page of the Housing, Land and Property Issues in Lebanon Report]

The UNHCR and UN-Habitat have recently launched a new report assessing the Syrian refugee crisis in Lebanon by studying issues of housing, land and property. Entitled Housing, Land and Property Issues in Lebanon: Implications of the Syrian Refugee Crisis, the report is authored by lawyers Nizar Saghieh and Karim Nammour and Mona Fawaz, associate professor of urban studies and planning at the American University of Beirut, and is accessible through UNHCR’s “Syria Regional Refugee Response” sharing portal. The report is organized in five chapters: the first presents key findings and recommendations (and is available in Arabic), the second discusses the context of housing, ...

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Ismail Shammout: A Profile from the Archives

[Palestinian artist Ismail Shammout]

[”A Profile from the Archives“ is a series published by Jadaliyya in both Arabic and English in cooperation with the Lebanese newspaper, Assafir. These profiles will feature iconic figures who left indelible marks in the politics and culture of the Middle East and North Africa. This profile was originally published in Arabic and was translated by Mazen Hakeem.] Name: Ismail Last Name: Shammout Date of Birth: 1930 Date of Death: 2006 Nationality: Palestinian Place of Birth: Lod Wife’s Name: Tamam Al-Akhal (plastic) Profession: Artist     Ismail Shammout Born in Lod, Palestine in 1930. Displaced by the Nakba of 1948. He ...

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Isolating Gaza

[Cartoon from embedded Tweet below]

The restriction of Palestinian movement in Gaza and elsewhere has long been a central tactic of the Israeli occupation. During the latest Israeli assault on Gaza considerable media coverage has been given to the Israeli tactic of calling people a few minutes before their homes are bombed. Some observers appear to accept the Israeli contention that this is a humanitarian gesture. Others raise the question of where, in this landscape of violence, in a tiny, densely populated strip of land with no free points of egress, the inhabitants are supposed to go. As Jon Stewart put it, “Evacuate to where? Have you seen Gaza?” Palestinians living in Gaza’s “open air ...

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Sub-Saharan Migrants’ Quest for Hope and Other Dangerous Pursuits

[Collective meal in an Ivorian ghetto (overcrowded and derelict collective housing arrangement for migrants) nicknamed

[This article is the fourth in a Jadaliyya series that addresses the present sociopolitical landscape of migration in Morocco. Read the previous installments in the series by Sébastien Bachelet: "Cynical and Macabre 'Politics of Migration' at Morocco’s Borders;" by Anna Jacobs: "Creation and Cooptation: The Story of Morocco’s Migration Reform;" and by Allison L. McManus: "Subaltern Is Not Voiceless – They Sing: Learning from Migrants’ Cultural Production."]   "I have seen the best minds of my generation destroyed by madness, hurled down Tangier buildings, pushed over Nador’s cliffs, crushed under rocks and ...

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Counting Votes in Egypt and Practicing Return in Palestine: Interviews with Hossam El-Hamalawy and Samera Esmeir

[Kafr Bir‘im: Photo by Habib Sim‘an]

Despite massive pro-military media propaganda in Egypt, and threats of large fines against those who did not vote, the election commission had to extend the voting for a third day in an attempt to draw more people to polling booths. As predicted, ex-army chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi was declared president of Egypt with 96% of the votes. So what was behind the low turnout at the elections? Was it apathy or an effective Egyptians boycott? What explains the lack of voter turnout when the military has been getting support from a huge sector of the Egyptian public? Khalil Bendib posed these questions to Cairo-based activist and journalist, Hossam ...

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Sahrawi Realities: Space, Architecture, and Mobility of Displacement (Part 1)

[View of the Sand Berm built by Morocco that separates between territory the Moroccan government controls and the territory the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) controls. Image by author.]

[This is the first of a series of articles that seek to reflect on the ways in which social mobilization, creation of space, and new modes of resistance intersect within the Sahrawi community. Between these grooves are nuanced conceptions of Sahrawi identity that are colored by varied experiences but a shared memory of external domination and displacement. The series is informed by research conducted during a weeklong stay in the Dakhla refugee camp, located about one hundred miles southeast of Tindouf. A week is nowhere near sufficient to fully grasp the over forty years Sahrawi refugees have lived in these conditions and away from their land. A week, however, is ...

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4th Annual UC Davis Spring Human Rights Initiative Symposium (9-10 May)

 4th Annual UC Davis Spring Human Rights Initiative Symposium  This year's symposium is being held in conjunction with the meeting of the UC Humanities Institute-supported UC Human Rights Collaboration, which brings together 21 faculty and graduate students from the majority of the UC system's campuses. The papers represent the cutting edge of UC-scholarship on Human Rights and memory, indigeneity, culture, and humanitarianism. The program includes offerings from the disciplines of Art History, International Relations, German, Spanish, Religious Studies, History, English, Political Science, Law and Sociology. The keynote  will be the presentation of the ...

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The Everyday Experience of Humanitarianism in Akkar Villages (Part Two)

[Lebanese villagers stand on a roof as they watch the funeral processions of anti-Syrian regime Sunni cleric Shaykh Ahmed Abdul-Wahid and his bodyguard, who were shot at a Lebanese army checkpoint, at their hometown village of Beireh, in Akkar, north Lebanon on 21 May 2012. Image by Hussein Malla via Associated Press]

Approaches to Program Implementation as Seen by People: Emerging Rifts between the Beneficiaries and the Providers About the People “Ethnicization” of needs and services is the approach according to which beneficiaries need to fit into specific categories in order to qualify for services and goods. In this sense, the way humanitarian programs have been implemented has ethnicized the human needs of such areas. The fact that every kind of assistance is provided according to the “ethnic category”–or, in any case, the specific social group–an individual is said to belong to, has made eligibility a watershed between those who are entitled to be helped and those who are ...

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غزة والبحر

[

[ هذا المقال جزء من ”أصوات من أجل غزة" وهو ملف خاص تنشره جدلية على مدار شهر كامل. للإطلاع على بقية المقالات اضغط/ي هنا] يتساوى فلسطينيو غزة أمام جرائم الاحتلال وسطوته على أرواحهم وممتلاكتهم ومكنونات هويتهم، إلا أنهم يختلفون في انتماءاتهم السياسية وخلفياتهم الاجتماعية وتباين أصولهم بين فلاحين وبدو ومدنيين-- يلبس جميعهم ثوب اللجوء أينما حلوا-- وبين مواطنين غزيين أصابهم سهم الاحتلال بلا تمييز.  وفي ظل انحسار الاتصال مع العالم الخارجي ودخول القطاع البائس عامه السابع من الحصار الاسرائيلي المصري، ينفرد بحر غزة في قدرته على توحيد صفوف أهالي غزة المنقسمة على ذاتها. بحر غزة الذي يبسط شواطئه على مصراعيها في وقت تلفظ فيه غزة أبناءها الذين أثقلت البطالة ...

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The Anbar Crisis: Inadequate Response to Increasing Needs

[Logo of the Danish Refugee Council. Image from drc.dk]

[The following press release was issued by the Danish Refugee Council on 12 March 2014] The violence in Iraq's western province of Anbar has displaced more than 340,000 individuals since late December; mostly women, children and elderly people. The Danish Refugee Council calls for humanitarian support from the international community and urges conflict parties to ensure the safe passage of staff and emergency relief to meet increasing needs of vulnerable populations. The erupting violence has caused the displacement of some 250,000 individuals within Anbar now residing in villages, school buildings and unfinished housing projects. Other displaced populations have fled ...

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منام الطفل السنجاريّ

منام الطفل السنجاري* هو الذي رأى كل شيء. هو الذي رأى، قبل أن ينام، جدّته تتضرّع إلى الله بيديها وشفتيها المشقّقتين. ولم يفهم لماذا لم يستجب ذاك الذي في الأعالي. هل تبخّرت الكلمات في طريقها إلى الأذن الإلهية؟ هل كان على جدّته أن تتضرّع بصوت أعلى؟ هل. . . ؟ هو الذي رأى كلّ شيء. هو الذي رأى، طيراً سماويّاً يأتي من كبد السماء. يهبط ببطء وكأن قمّة الجبل عشّه، وكأنّه صغيره. احتضنه واحتضن جدّته بحنوّ ثم حملهما، ومن معهما، وأخذ يرفرف بجناحيه العظيمين. هو الذي رأى كل شيء. هو الذي رأى. . . رجلاً ملثّماً يقف في ...

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Enhancing Municipal Capacities in Lebanon

The Civil Society Knowledge Center (CSKC) of Lebanon Support featured last month a paper by Marwa Boustani discussing the potential role of Lebanese municipalities and unions of municipalities in addressing needs generated by the Syrian refugee crisis. The author advocates the strengthening of their capacities through establishing Regional Technical Offices (RTOs)—an institution previously established by UN-Habitat in 2006 in the aftermath of the Israeli war on Lebanon. The role of municipal unions ...

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Sahrawi Realities: The Remembrance of Gdeim Izik (Part 2)

[This is the second article in a two-part series that seeks to reflect on the ways in which social mobilization, creation of space, and new modes of resistance intersect within the Sahrawi community. Between these grooves are nuanced conceptions of Sahrawi identity that are colored by varied experiences but also a shared memory of external domination and displacement. The series is informed by research conducted during a weeklong stay in the Dakhla refugee camp, located about one hundred miles ...

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Boom: A Photo Essay

When I visited Shatila last week two topics dominated conversation: the carnage in Gaza and the deleterious effects of the construction boom underway in the camp. I’ll take them in turn, though Shatilans usually don’t; for them, each topic seems the underbelly of the other. Building in Shatila has long been described by residents as a kind of cancer, its growth both irregular and hazardous. The waves of Syrians and Palestinians fleeing Syria since 2011 have caused it to metastasize. Two years ago its ...

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On the Margins Roundup (June)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Mali, South Sudan, Somalia, Mauritania, Djibouti, and Comoros Islands and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the On the Margins Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each month's roundup to info@jadaliyya.com.] Somalia Al-Shabab claims deadly Kenya attack Somalia-based group says attacks will continue, and tells tourists to stay away after assault in ...

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Quick Thoughts: Khalil Shaheen on Palestinian Reconciliation and the New Palestinian Authority Government

[On 23 April 2014 representatives of the rival Palestinian movements Fatah and Hamas signed the Beach Camp Agreement, named after the Gaza Strip refugee camp where it was concluded. In order to assess the latest agreement meant to end the schism in the Palestinian political system, Jadaliyya turned to leading Palestinian political analyst Khalil Shaheen]: Jadaliyya (J): The new Palestinian Authority (PA) government seems very similar to the outgoing government in Ramallah. Why is this the case? Khalil ...

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Revolution and Return: Palestinian Refugees in Lebanon and the End of Politics

Diana Allan, Refugees of the Revolution: Experiences of Palestinian Exile. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 2013.   For some reason while reading Diana Allan’s wonderful new book, Refugees of the Revolution, I had the idea that its title was Ghosts of the Revolution. I am not sure why. It may be because that revolution, in its silences and absences, so insistently haunts the pages of this study, its traces scattered and lingering in the lives of those who lived it and created it and were left ...

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Subaltern Is Not Voiceless – They Sing: Learning from Migrants’ Cultural Production

[This article is the third in a Jadaliyya series that addresses the present sociopolitical landscape of migration in Morocco. Read the previous installments in the series by Sébastien Bachelet: "Cynical and Macabre 'Politics of Migration' at Morocco’s Borders." and by Anna Jacobs: "Creation and Cooptation: The Story of Morocco’s Migration Reform."]   In the desert, Reuben Y Odoi had visions. Abandoned, robbed, separated from those he had come to know in their ...

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Arsal Struggles to Deal with the Syrian Refugee Overflow

In early April 2014, the UN High Commission of Refugees (UNHCR) claimed that the number of Syrian refugees registered in Lebanon passed one million, amounting to a quarter of the host country's resident population. The UNHCR in Lebanon registers at least 2,500 new Syrian refugees every day. Hosting the highest per capita concentration of refugees from Syria in the world, Lebanon is finding it increasingly difficult to keep pace. The small country, beset by exacerbated sectarian tensions, is already ...

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ICAHD Finland Interviews Jadaliyya Co-Editor Mouin Rabbani

The following interview was conducted with Jadaliyya Co-Editor Mouin Rabbani by the Finland chapter of the Israeli Committee Against Home Demolitions on 2 February 2014. In the interview, Rabbani discusses a range of issues including the impact of the Arab uprisings on Palestine, the 2012 UN campaign, the current effects of the global boycott, diversment, and sanctions (BDS) movement, and the status Palestinian grassroots activism. He also touches on the role of the US, as well as the of the European ...

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On the Struggle of Syrian Refugees in Lebanon

Spring has just landed in Lebanon. Its warmth and colors soothing the dried winter skin of the vast majority of Syrian refugees who resisted icy temperatures and freezing to death underneath thin canvas tents. Lebanon is now home to approximately one million Syrians, displaced from their war-ravaged cities and towns in Syria. Amid unfettered exploitations, Syrian families, forced to seek refuge in Lebanon, have fought a hostile season in a hostile environment that they mistook as neighborly. During the ...

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Reconfiguring Relief Mechanisms: The Syrian Refugee Crisis in Lebanon

The Issam Faris Institute (IFI) at the American University of Beirut (AUB) has released a report, authored by Rabih Shibli, the associate director for Development and Community Projects at AUB’s Center for Civic Engagement and Community Service. The report investigates the impacts of the Syrian refugee crisis in Lebanon, and advocates the reform of current relief mechanisms along more decentralized mechanisms.  The report suggests establishing a new governance system at the level of the eight ...

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