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Muhammad Abduh: A Profile from the Archives

[Public intellectual Muhammad Abduh]

[”A Profile from the Archives“  is a series published by Jadaliyya in both Arabic and English in cooperation with the Lebanese newspaper, Assafir. These profiles will feature iconic figures who left indelible marks in the politics and culture of the Middle East and North Africa. This profile was originally published in Arabic and was translated by Mazen Hakeem.] Name: Muhammad Abduh son of Hussein Khair-Allah Date of Birth: 1849 Place of Birth: Born to a prominent rural family in the village of Mahellet Nasr, Beheira Governorate, in the Nile Delta region of Upper Egypt, during a time when farmers suffered from heavy taxes and unjust laws imposed upon them by ...

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Jamal ad-Din al-Afghani: A Profile from the Archives

[Jamal ad-Din al-Afghani]

[”A Profile from the Archives“  is a series published by Jadaliyya in both Arabic and English in cooperation with the Lebanese newspaper, Assafir. These profiles will feature iconic figures who left indelible marks in the politics and culture of the Middle East and North Africa. This profile was originally published in Arabic and was translated by Mazen Hakeem.] Name: Sayyid Jamal ad-Din al-Afghani Known As: Al-Husseini – His father is Safdar Date of Birth: August 1838 Place of Birth: Asadabad (Afghanistan/Iran) Profession: Primarily a politician, he was also a journalist and a public intellectual. He is considered one of the leading pioneers of the ...

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Roundtable Introduction: New Media, New Politics? Revolutions in Theory and Practice

[Photo from Malmo Univesity Blog. Courtesy of Ahmed Alwaeli (Creative Commons)]

In April of 2013, the Arab Media Center at the University of Westminster's CAMRI hosted its annual Arab media studies conference under the title of “New Media, New Politics?” At a critical juncture in the progress of the region’s uprisings, the common denominator at the event was (the need for) a prevailing dialectical understanding of the Arab revolutions, namely as a process demonstrating important, and often intractable, contradictions. As some forms of knowledge production are challenged by this paradigmatic shift, others are fostered and furthered, therefore making these dramatic transformations difficult to understand at the levels of theory and practice. Studies ...

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Education on the Eve of Revolution in Bahrain: Comparing and Contrasting New Media

[Fires burning at the Pearl Roundabout after Bahraini forces enter the square on 26 March 2011. Photo courtesy of Mohamed CJ/Wikimedia Commons]

This reflection arises out of my experience working in education reform in Bahrain during the politically fraught years between 2007 and 2011, and is informed by the concept of “reflective practice” pioneered during the 1970s by MIT educationalist Donald A. Schön, and described in his influential 1983 book The Reflective Practitioner: How Professionals Think in Action. Its relevance to the discussion of the new media and new politics arising out of the Arab uprisings is two-fold.  Firstly, like the new media, education reform can been seen as partaking in a new, “reflexive”, or “second” modernity, towards which the post-colonial polities of the Arab world are ...

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New Media, New Politics? Theoretical Interventions and International Invocations

[Protesters march through the financial district in New York. Photo by David Shankbone from Wikimedia Commons]

As part of the Jadaliyya Roundtable on New Media and New Politics, we offer three audio presentations from the April 2013 Westminster conference that address matters of mediation from theoretical and international perspectives. The topics presented here problematize analyses of the Arab revolutionary action and mediation by looking at these through the prism of "liberation technology," as synerigistic with South American Occupy movements, and as refractions of Marxist theorizations of digital media.  

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تأملات في الجمالية والخطاب والتفاحة

[مقطع من لوحة

يعزو البعض تأثير البروباغندا باعتبارها تمظهرًا خطابيًا لمفهوم "الجمالية" إلى تخوم القرنين الثامن والتاسع عشر، تلك المرحلة المركبة، إذ كانت الثورة الفرنسية (1789 – 1794) هي التي شكلت ملامحها الرئيسية لما كان للطباعة من أثر رئيس في ذلك التعبير المادي عن فكرة الحرية، أما بالنسبة لإنجلترا فكان ثمة أهمية خاصة للإنقلاب الصناعي الذي أحل الآلة محل الإنسان واتجه إلى الاستغناء عن الإنسان لعدم الحاجة إليه، ولم يكن ذلك الإحساس موجودًا في فرنسا التي سعت إلى تغيير العالم وظلت على امتداد عشرين عامًا لا تفكر وتكتب بمقدار ما كانت "تعمل". فبعد عصر "التفكير و التأمل" أدركت الإنسانية أن الفكر ليس كل شيء وأن الفعل أعلى منه، وهنا يقول غوته في فاوست: "الفعل ...

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Sharing the Nile Waters According to Needs

[The Nile in Egypt. Image courtesy of greenprophet.com]

A ministerial-level meeting in Khartoum including Egypt, Ethiopia, and Sudan to establish mechanisms for further investigations of the consequences of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) downstream has concluded, on Tuesday 26 August. The gathering took place two months after Egypt and Ethiopia had issued ajoint communique that stressed the importance of the contested water of the Nile River for the two countries and outlined general principles for future moves to resolve disagreements. The statement was a result of an encounter between Egypt’s President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi and Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn, during the African summit in ...

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New Texts Out Now: Anthony Alessandrini, Frantz Fanon and the Future of Cultural Politics

[Cover of Anthony C. Alessandrini,

Anthony C. Alessandrini, Frantz Fanon and the Future of Cultural Politics: Finding Something Different. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2014. Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book? Anthony Alessandrini (AA): This book started as a way to bring together and expand on a lot of pre-existing work I had been doing on the life and work of Frantz Fanon. As I worked on the book, though, I came to realize that the larger topic I was dealing with was the question of how to address the work of a political thinker like Fanon, who was so intricately involved in the struggles of his time, within the context of our own, different struggles. The fact that Fanon died so young and ...

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فصل من رواية نوكيا

عندما تخلع المدينة ثيابها لا تعود إليها أبداً. طرطوس تتغير، تتوسع، تتضخم حتى كورنيشها قضم قضمة طويلة من شطّها ومدّ لسانه محاولاً أن يتذوق جزيرة أرواد، أستغرب من نفسي وأنا أتكلم عن التغيير المكاني، نادراً ما سمعتُ عن الذين عناهم الأمر من جيلينا، فقط كبار السن - الذين جلسوا على الطاولات يرمون نردهم لعلّهم يقبضون على حظٍ  فاتهم، أو ينفثون دخانهم-  من يكترثون لذلك. تنقسم حياة الإنسان لقسمين، الأول للحفظ، والثاني لتذكر ما حفظه، كأنّه بذلك يريد أن يثبت لنفسه أنّه كان موجوداَ هنا. أبي الذي تقاعد، كثيراً ما قال لي: الرجل باستقلاله ومن لم يفخر بشبابه لا فخر له. فأردّ: تلك مقولة قديمة لم تعد تنفع في عصرنا، كان الولد فيها يُعطى ماله، ويُزوج عندما يحتلم، أمّا أنا فقد ...

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New Texts Out Now: Sheila Carapico, Political Aid and Arab Activism: Democracy Promotion, Justice, and Representation

[Cover of Sheila Carapico,

Sheila Carapico, Political Aid and Arab Activism: Democracy Promotion, Justice, and Representation. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013. Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book? Sheila Carapico (SC): After the Cold War, European and American professional democracy brokers flocked to formerly Warsaw Pact and Third World states with projects to monitor elections, promote civil society, train human rights activists, and so forth. They played a conspicuous, indispensable role in establishing the Palestinian Authority, and were increasingly visible in several Arab capitals. I began visiting the foundations that sent these delegations and gathering ...

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المثقفون العرب: سحر البيان بديلاً عن المعرفة

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بيان المثقفين العرب الموقع مما يزيد عن (250) مثقفاً، سوريين بدرجة رئيسة (ثمة 149منهم) ولبنانيين، ولا بأس ببعض العراقيين بحسب الخارطة المفترضة للدولة الاسلامية (داعش) التي وصف البيان ظهورها بالردة من دون أن ينتبه موقعو البيان"ترى هل الامر داخل بالفعل في خانة النسيان ؟ أشك!" إن كلمة "الردة" ذات الاصل الديني الضاربة جذورها بعيداً في التراث الاسلامي المتخم بالردات وأحكام المرتد، هذه الكلمة هي من بعض ما يحاول البيان أن يقف ضده، ويجادله ثقافياً، في الأقل، أو إن شئت قل، من منطق المثقف الليبرالي المتنور "حتماً"، مثلما يجادل مثقف عراقي"علاء اللامي" البيان واصحابه في مكان آخر، فكيف أمكن لكاتب البيان، صاحب العقل الليبرالي الحديث، وقد أشيع أنه ...

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المسألة السّورية: سؤال المصير والمستقبل: الحراك الشعبي في سورية

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‫الحراك الشعبي في سورية 1ـ الحراك الشعبي السّوري ، الّذي بدأ في النّصف الثّاني من آذار (مارس) 2011 تحوّل تدريجياً ، وقبل أن يتصلّب عوده، وتترسخ قاعدته الشّعبية، ويتحقق استقلاله عن القوى والمؤثرات الخارجية، تحوّل، بعد بضعة أشهر، عن النهج السّلمي إلى حرب متعدّدة الصّفات ومن نوع جديد لم تألفه المنطقة، شاركت فيه أطراف عربية وإقليمية ودولية عديدة. وهكذا غُطي على الأهداف الداخلية للحراك (الحرية والكرامة والعدالة)، ثمَ أزيحت تدريجياً لصالح أهداف هذه الأطراف التي لعبت دور المموّل والمسلّح والموجَه والمخطّط، ووضعت، بالتالي، الأطراف النافذة في الحراك تحت السّيطرة المباشرة لأجهزتها المتمركزة في الدّول المجاورة لسورية.  ‫الحراك الشّعبي السّوري تلا الأحداث التي جرت في العديد ...

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حروب الردة أو اغتيال المستقبل

  ما من شك في أن المنطقة شهدت في الآونة الاخيرة تقدماً لافتاً لقوى الردّة المضادة للثورات، وهي ليست «ثورات مضادة»، حسب التعبير الدارج، لأن لا شيء فيها من التغيير أو الثورة، إنما هي ردة ضد هذا وتلك. يتمثل المشهد بإعادة انتاج عدد من الأنظمة العربية، بعد التضحية بالحاكم الفرد فيها، يقابل ذلك تعزيز طابعها الاستبدادي والتسلطي، وتمكين مرتكزاتها العسكرية والامنية، وتنمية توجهاتها النيولبرالية، وهي أحد الأسباب الرئيسة للبطالة والفساد والفروق المناطقية والطبقية. تحقق ذلك بمزيج من التدخل الإقليمي (الأنظمة ...

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Conference Announcement: Identity, Sovereignty, and Global Politics in the Building of Baghdad, Harvard GSD (Sept.18-20, 2014)

Identity, Sovereignty, and Global Politics in the Building of Baghdad: From Revolution through the Gulf War and Beyond Harvard University, Graduate School of Design, September 18-20, 2014 Using the history of urban development in Baghdad as a reference point, this conference examines the extent to which interventions intended to modernize and integrate different populations in the city were part of a larger process of negotiating competing visions of political economy, sovereignty, and identity in ...

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The BBC and User-Generated Content: How Syrian Grassroots Information Shaped Newsroom Roles

It’s probably the first big story I can remember where UGC has become a real factor in reporting, I think before that the UGC Hub was a department which was a bit unclear how you would best use them...But with Syria we were so exposed out there with not many people we had to use something. And they would become integral to reporting basically because they were only the source of getting some idea of what was happening.[1] It’s just after two o'clock on the morning of 21 August 2013 and in BBC ...

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Special Address: Digital Media and the Freedom Struggle

  [Jillian York giving the Special Address at the Westminster Conference] The Special Address tackled the most salient conditions in the region that precipitated the revolutions and the role the new media actors played in galvanizing support for these movements. While states have become increasingly adept at undermining freedom of expression, the press, and the Internet, inventive ways continue to be developed to circumvent the tightening spaces of dissent.  

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لقطة قريبة لعين الغزال

كثيراً ما تنبثق في أذهاننا فكرة عارضة نراها، لوقت قصير، أكثر أفكارنا قوّة، وأشدها تعبيراً عن سلوك بني آدم، لكنها سريعاً ما تغيب مثلما ولدت فننساها وننسى شغفنا بها، غير أن الفكرة التي انبثقت في ذهن أحمد عبد الهادي، كاتب القصة القصيرة، كانت تتردد بوضوح، تعاوده كلما خلا مع نفسه حتى تجاوزت الوقت الذي تستغرقه، عادة، مثيلاتها. يُنصت لها كلما وقف أمام النافذة في ساعات الصباح الأولى، ينظر للشارع الخالي وأبواب المنازل المغلقة، ويرى الأشجار العالية تتحرك، كانت قد رسخت في ذهنه وهو يشاهد دفاع الحيوانات المستميت عن ...

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New Texts (NEWTON) Compilation by Category For Fall Semester

As we head back into the school year, Jadaliyya would like to remind you of some of the most creative and groundbreaking works in Middle East studies that we have featured in our New Texts Out Now (NEWTON) Page during the year 2013-2014. Whether you are an instructor thinking about texts for the fall or a student doing research, you will find a wealth of interviews about and excerpts from works across a range of topics and disciplines.  You might also want to check out our Essential ...

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Badr Shakir Al-Sayyab: A Profile from the Archives

[”A Profile from the Archives“ is a series published by Jadaliyya in both Arabic and English in cooperation with the Lebanese newspaper, Assafir. These profiles will feature iconic figures who left indelible marks in the politics and culture of the Middle East and North Africa. This profile was originally published in Arabic and was translated by Mazen Hakeem.] Name: Badr Last Name: Al-Sayyab Father’s Name: Shakir Mother’s Name: Karimah Al-Sayyab Place of Birth: Jekor Date of Birth: 1925 Date of ...

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Anis Sayigh: A Profile from the Archives

[”A Profile from the Archives“ is a series published by Jadaliyya in both Arabic and English in cooperation with the Lebanese newspaper, Assafir. These profiles will feature iconic figures who left indelible marks in the politics and culture of the Middle East and North Africa. This profile was originally published in Arabic and was translated by Mazen Hakeem.] Name: Anis Last Name: Sayigh Date of Birth: 1931 Date of Death: 2009 Nationality: Lebanese Place of Birth: Tiberias, Palestine Wife’s ...

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Al-Diwan Roundup: News and Analysis in Publishing and Academia from the Arab World

Al-Diwan brings you the latest news and analysis in publishing, academia, pedagogy, and knowledge production from across the Arab world.   What History Books for Children in Palestinian Camps? By Rosemary Sayigh (Jadaliyya) “The Palestinians might be said to stand in deep need of self-knowledge and cultural unity in this, the longest and most arduous of struggles against colonialist dispossession, yet because of external political pressures and educational fragmentation they lack this ...

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Solidarity with Guantanamo Bay & Palestine: An Open Letter Calling on the Boycott of the White House Iftar

[The following open letter was originally published by Falling Walls Initiative.] “Hardship is the only language used here. Anybody who is able to die will be able to achieve happiness for himself. He has no other hope except that. The requirement is to announce the end and challenge the self love for life and the soul that insists to end it all and leave this life, which is no longer called life, instead has become death and renewable torture. Ending it is a mercy and a happiness for the soul. With ...

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HRW's Pro-Israel Partisanship on 'Protective Edge'

[The following post was originally published on Just World News.] The NYC-based organization Human Rights Watch, which has grown increasingly closer to the US government over the years, has sunk to a new low in the kneejerk response it published July 9, to Israel's deadly 'Operation Protective Edge'. See how. Where What Helena Cobban Comment ...

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Call for Contributions: Translation and the Many Languages of Resistance, Cairo, March 2015

Translation and the Many Languages of Resistance Call for Papers Cairo, 6-8 March 2015 Deadline: 15 September 2014 Funded by the Arts & Humanities Research Council, UK Organized by Mona Baker, Yasmin El Rifae, and Mada Masr Call for Contributions Keep Reading »

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