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Roundtables

Roundtable Introduction: The Afterlives of the Algerian Revolution

[The Algerian flag painted on a wall near Notre-Dame d’Afrique in Algiers. Photo taken by Thomas Serres.]

When Étienne Balibar wrote that “Algeria and France, taken together, do not make two, but something like one and a half,” he was probably offering a political provocation as well as a historiographical injunction.[1] Yet the statement poses the question of how to think about Algeria’s independence as an Algerianist rather than as a historian of France. It poses the question as to why the amnesia that has long marked the French academy vis-à-vis Algeria has been reproduced in the current historiography, which rarely attempts to delve into the nitty-gritty of state building—not to mention the amnesia of the American academy which still wonders what to do with the Maghreb. ...

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Still Standing: Algeria’s Future Past

[Image of celebrations during Algeria's fiftieth anniversary of independence. Image from Xinhuanet.]

[This is one of six pieces in Jadaliyya's electronic roundtable on the anniversary of the Algerian Revolution. Moderated by Muriam Haleh Davis, it features contributions from Ed McAllister, James McDougall, Malika Rahal, Natalya Vince, Samuel Everett, and Thomas Serres.] Among the events that marked the fiftieth anniversary of Algerian independence in 2012 were a large number of historical conferences and colloquia. Many were high-profile, public events, attended by large audiences, and covered in detail in the national press. But it was remarked more than once during those events that very few of them had much to say about the ...

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“Give Us Back Our Oil:” Claims for Justice in Light of Algeria’s Colonial Past

[Image of a Sonatrach oilfield in Ouargla. Image from Fibiladi.]

[This is one of six pieces in Jadaliyya's electronic roundtable on the anniversary of the Algerian Revolution. Moderated by Muriam Haleh Davis, it features contributions from Ed McAllister, James McDougall, Malika Rahal, Natalya Vince, Samuel Everett, and Thomas Serres.] In this article, I aim to show how Algeria's colonial past is used in order to express a feeling of injustice and to denounce the contempt and violence of the ruling elite. In so doing, I highlight that the meaning “colonialism” itself is highly contentious. The non-dominant discourses in Algeria use the term differently depending on their strategic objectives and ...

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Testing Diversity, Researching the Invisible: The Jew, the Israelite, and the Margins of Algerian National Identity (in France)

[Screenshot from a debate between Zohra Drif and Bernard-Henri Lévy. Screenshot taken from Youtube.]

[This is one of six pieces in Jadaliyya's electronic roundtable on the anniversary of the Algerian Revolution. Moderated by Muriam Haleh Davis, it features contributions from Ed McAllister, James McDougall, Malika Rahal, Natalya Vince, Samuel Everett, and Thomas Serres.] Building upon themes that emerged from my ethnography-based PhD research on affective belonging in North African Diaspora in Ile-de-France (greater Paris), here I sketch the contours of a research project in its nascent intellectual stages. My previous triangular focus on Jewish Maghrebi identification to Israel, France and the Maghreb is re-routed towards an ...

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The Last Colony: Photo Essay on Western Sahara

[Djimi Elghalia, vice president of the Sahrawi Association of Victims of Grave Human Rights Violations Committed by the Moroccan State (ASVDH), pictured near El-Ayoun city, in Moroccan controlled Western Sahara. Photo by Andrew McConnell.]

[This is one of seven pieces in Jadaliyya's electronic roundtable on the Western Sahara. Moderated by Samia Errazzouki and Allison L. McManus, it features contributions from John P. Entelis, Stephen Zunes, Aboubakr Jamaï, Ali Anouzla, Allison L. McManus, Samia Errazzouki, and Andrew McConnell.] [The photos above were taken by Andrew McConnell, who also wrote the following text.] The territory of Western Sahara is Africa's last open file at the United Nations Decolonization Committee. The year 2010 marked the thirty-fifth anniversary of the Moroccan invasion which forced former colonial power Spain to withdraw without holding a UN sanctioned referendum on the ...

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The Cost of Authoritarianism: Beyond Dominant Narratives on the Western Sahara Roundtable

[In this photo released by the Moroccan Royal Palace Morocco's King Mohammed VI right talks with Ahmeddou Ould Souilem Minister of the Presidency former member of the Polisario Front rebel movement, left, as Morocco's Interior Minister Chakib Ben Moussa, center, looks on at the Marchane Palace in Tangiers Thursday, 30 July 2009, on the occasion of the king's tenth anniversary accession to the throne. Image by AP Photo/Royal Palace/HO.]

[This is one of seven pieces in Jadaliyya's electronic roundtable on the Western Sahara. Moderated by Samia Errazzouki and Allison L. McManus, it features contributions from John P. Entelis, Stephen Zunes, Aboubakr Jamaï, Ali Anouzla, Allison L. McManus, Samia Errazzouki, and Andrew McConnell.] The Moroccan regime's reaction and that of its supporters’ to the United States' attempt to extend the United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO) to monitor human rights was predictable and logical—predictable because, as usual, hooliganism was adorned with the mask of patriotism, both in the media and in ...

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The Last Colony: Beyond Dominant Narratives on the Western Sahara Roundtable

[Image from the Tindouf refugee camp in Algeria. Image from Wikimedia Commons.]

[This is one of seven pieces in Jadaliyya's electronic roundtable on the Western Sahara. Moderated by Samia Errazzouki and Allison L. McManus, it features contributions from John P. Entelis, Stephen Zunes, Aboubakr Jamaï, Ali Anouzla, Allison L. McManus, Samia Errazzouki, and Andrew McConnell.] Western Sahara is a sparsely-populated territory about the size of Italy, located on the Atlantic coast in northwestern Africa, just south of Morocco. Traditionally inhabited by nomadic Arab tribes, collectively known as Sahrawis and famous for their long history of resistance to outside domination, the territory was occupied by Spain from ...

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O.I.L. Media Roundup (April 24)

[The entrance to Camp 1 in Guantanamo Bay's Camp Delta. Photo by Kathleen T. Rhem.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Occupation, Intervention, and Law and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the O.I.L. Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each biweekly roundup to OIL@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every other week] News "Hebron Clashes Follow Maysara Abu Hamdiyeh Funeral," BBC News Following the funeral of a Palestinian detainee who died in Israeli custody, Hebron has witnessed violence between Palestinians protestors and Israeli troops.   "Guantanamo Hunger Strike Holds, Half Of Detainees Involved: ...

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Theorizing the Arabian Peninsula Roundtable: Thinking Globally About Arabia

[This is one of seven contributions in Jadaliyya's electronic roundtable on the symbolic and material practices of knowledge production on the Arabian Peninsula. Moderated by Rosie Bsheer and John Warner, it features Toby Jones, Madawi Al-Rasheed, Adam Hanieh, Neha Vora, Nathalie Peutz, John Willis, and Ahmed Kanna.] (1) Historically, what have the dominant analytical approaches to the study of the Arabian Peninsula been? How have the difficulties of carrying out research in the Arabian Peninsula shaped the ways in which knowledge is produced for the particular country/ies in which you have worked, and in the field more generally?  Does the Arabian Peninsula ...

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Theorizing the Arabian Peninsula Roundtable: Capital and Labor in the Gulf States: Bringing the Region Back In

[This is one of seven contributions in Jadaliyya's electronic roundtable on the symbolic and material practices of knowledge production on the Arabian Peninsula. Moderated by Rosie Bsheer and John Warner, it features Toby Jones, Madawi Al-Rasheed, Adam Hanieh, Neha Vora, Nathalie Peutz, John Willis, and Ahmed Kanna.] (1) Historically, what have the dominant analytical approaches to the study of the Arabian Peninsula been? How have the difficulties of carrying out research in the Arabian Peninsula shaped the ways in which knowledge is produced for the particular country/ies in which you have worked, and in the field more generally? My work has focused on the political ...

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Theorizing the Arabian Peninsula Roundtable: Perspectives from the Margins of Arabia

[This is one of seven contributions in Jadaliyya's electronic roundtable on the symbolic and material practices of knowledge production on the Arabian Peninsula. Moderated by Rosie Bsheer and John Warner, it features Toby Jones, Madawi Al-Rasheed, Adam Hanieh, Neha Vora, Nathalie Peutz, John Willis, and Ahmed Kanna.] (1) Historically, what have the dominant analytical approaches to the study of the Arabian Peninsula been? How have the difficulties of carrying out research in the Arabian Peninsula shaped the ways in which knowledge is produced for the particular country/ies in which you have worked, and in the field more generally? When I first began studying Arabic ...

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سوريا بعد سنتين: طاولة مستديرة

[بابا عمرو]

يقول فرانز فانون في كتابه معذّبو الأرض إن «العنف وحده،الذي يرتكبه الناس العنف المُنظَّم والموجَّه من قبل قيادة، يقدم المفتاح للجماهير كي تفك شفرة الواقع الاجتماعي. بدون هذا الصراع... ليس هناك من شيء سوى عرض كرنفاليّ والكثير من الهواء الحارّ. كلّ ما يبقى هو إعادة تكيّف ضئيلة وبعض الإصلاحات في القمة وراية، وفي الأسفل، في القاع، جمهور لا شكل له، ذاو، وغارق في العصور الوسطى». قد يكون تحليل فانون مديناً جداً لنظرية في التقدم بالية مستندة إلى نظرية التحديث، ولكنّ تبصّراته بأن التغير السياسي الجدّي يستلزم العنف وأنّ العنف علاجيّ لأولئك المُضطهدين تفترض الأسئلة التالية: - هل تتفق مع فانون في تأييده للعنف كجزء جوهري من الصراع السياسي؟ - إلى أي حدّ الثورات السلمية ممكنة؟ - ...

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Impossible Opposition: The Magic of the One-Party Regime

[This is one of six pieces in Jadaliyya's electronic roundtable on the anniversary of the Algerian Revolution. Moderated by Muriam Haleh Davis, it features contributions from Ed McAllister, James McDougall, Malika Rahal, Natalya Vince, Samuel Everett, and Thomas Serres.] Politically, 1962 represents the birth of an independent Algeria, under the leadership of an organization – the National Liberation Front (FLN) – that had been victorious in its competition ...

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Reimagining the Belle Epoque: Remembering Nation-Building in an Algiers Neighborhood

[This is one of six pieces in Jadaliyya's electronic roundtable on the anniversary of the Algerian Revolution. Moderated by Muriam Haleh Davis, it features contributions from Ed McAllister, James McDougall, Malika Rahal, Natalya Vince, Samuel Everett, and Thomas Serres.] Algiers, summer of 1972. A decade after independence and the newspapers are teeming. Algeria has recently been the first country in the region to successfully nationalize its oil and gas reserves; citizens enjoy free universal ...

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1962 As Event and Metaphor in Women’s Oral Histories in Algeria

[This is one of six pieces in Jadaliyya's electronic roundtable on the anniversary of the Algerian Revolution. Moderated by Muriam Haleh Davis, it features contributions from Ed McAllister, James McDougall, Malika Rahal, Natalya Vince, Samuel Everett, and Thomas Serres.] This contribution is a summary of some of the ideas that I explore in my monograph forthcoming with Manchester University Press: Our Fighting Sisters: Nation, Memory and Gender in Algeria, ...

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Roundtable Introduction: Beyond Dominant Narratives on the Western Sahara

In the past few decades, both media and academic scholarship have marginalized the Western Saharan conflict, rendering it largely insignificant within regional and global political imaginations. Beginning as a post-colonial dispute between regional powers in the 1970s, the conflict developed and was exacerbated as North Africa became an entangled site of Cold War rivalries. Following the 1975 Madrid Accords, in which Spain conceded on its promises to the Sahrawi people on honoring their right to ...

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Global Geopolitics of the Western Sahara: Beyond Dominant Narratives on the Western Sahara Roundtable

[This is one of seven pieces in Jadaliyya's electronic roundtable on the Western Sahara. Moderated by Samia Errazzouki and Allison L. McManus, it features contributions from John P. Entelis, Stephen Zunes, Aboubakr Jamaï, Ali Anouzla, Allison L. McManus, Samia Errazzouki, and Andrew McConnell.] Immediate steps shall be taken, in Trust and Non-Self-Governing Territories or all other territories which have not yet attained independence, to transfer all powers to ...

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US Policy Between a Rock and a Hard Place: Beyond Dominant Narratives on the Western Sahara Roundtable

[This is one of seven pieces in Jadaliyya's electronic roundtable on the Western Sahara. Moderated by Samia Errazzouki and Allison L. McManus, it features contributions from John P. Entelis, Stephen Zunes, Aboubakr Jamaï, Ali Anouzla, Allison L. McManus, Samia Errazzouki, and Andrew McConnell.] The official narrative on the origins of the Western Sahara conflict is often presented as a case of an Algerian-supported African decolonization effort in which a ...

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O.I.L. Monthly Edition (April 2013)

[This is a monthly archive of pieces written by Jadaliyya contributors and editors on the Occupations, Interventions,and Law (O.I.L.) Page. It also includes material published on other platforms that editors deemed pertinent to post as they provide diverse depictions of O.I.L.-related topics. The pieces reflect the level of critical analysis and diversity that Jadaliyya strives for, but the views are solely the ones of their authors. If you are interested in contributing to Jadaliyya, send us your post ...

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Theorizing the Arabian Peninsula: Introduction to the Roundtable

This electronic roundtable marks the one-year anniversary of Jadaliyya's Arabian Peninsula Page, in which time we have hosted work by activists, journalists, artists, and scholars that has made a significant intellectual—and, we hope, political—contribution. Despite the sophisticated, critical, and oft-politically engaged literature emerging from and about the Arabian Peninsula, however, the region remains marginalized, in multiple ways, within academic and popular analyses. Theorizing the Arabian ...

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Theorizing the Arabian Peninsula Roundtable: Knowledge In the Time of Oil

[This is one of seven contributions in Jadaliyya's electronic roundtable on the symbolic and material practices of knowledge production on the Arabian Peninsula. Moderated by Rosie Bsheer and John Warner, it features Toby Jones, Madawi Al-Rasheed, Adam Hanieh, Neha Vora, Nathalie Peutz, John Willis, and Ahmed Kanna.] (1) Historically, what have the dominant analytical approaches to the study of the Arabian Peninsula been? How have the difficulties of carrying out research in the Arabian Peninsula ...

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Theorizing the Arabian Peninsula Roundtable: Unpacking Knowledge Production and Consumption

[This is one of seven contributions in Jadaliyya's electronic roundtable on the symbolic and material practices of knowledge production on the Arabian Peninsula. Moderated by Rosie Bsheer and John Warner, it features Toby Jones, Madawi Al-Rasheed, Adam Hanieh, Neha Vora, Nathalie Peutz, John Willis, and Ahmed Kanna.]   (1) Historically, what have the dominant analytical approaches to the study of the Arabian Peninsula been? How have the difficulties of carrying out research in the Arabian ...

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Theorizing the Arabian Peninsula Roundtable: Towards a Critical Cartography of the Political in the Arabian Peninsula

[This is one of seven contributions in Jadaliyya's electronic roundtable on the symbolic and material practices of knowledge production on the Arabian Peninsula. Moderated by Rosie Bsheer and John Warner, it features Toby Jones, Madawi Al-Rasheed, Adam Hanieh, Neha Vora, Nathalie Peutz, John Willis, and Ahmed Kanna.] (1) Historically, what have the dominant analytical approaches to the study of the Arabian Peninsula been? How have the difficulties of carrying out research in the Arabian Peninsula ...

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ديمة ونوس: العنف ليس الحل ولكن

[ بمناسبة مرور عامين على اندلاع الثورة السورية، توجّهت "جدلية" إلى عدد من الكتاب السوريّين بحزمة أسئلة تنطلق من مقولة فانون حول العنف ودوره في التغيير الثوري. تقارب الأسئلة جدلية العنف والسلم في التغيير السياسي. فتقف عند مفهوم الثورة السلمية وإمكانية تحقيقها على أرض الواقع. كما تتعرض إلى العنف كوسيلة للتحرّر، خصوصاً من نظام حكم استبدادي. والمدى الذي تفرض فيه طبيعة الحكم وسائل مقارعتها ومقاومتها. والسؤال المحوري: ما العمل؟] لا أستطيع أن أقول إن العنف هو الحلّ. لكنني أعتقد في الوقت ذاته، أن ...

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