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Sectarianism

Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (August 19)

[Saudi King Abdullah and Egyptian President Al-Sisi. Image from TBT News Desk.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com  by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations State Department Taking Passports Away from Yemeni-Americans The Middle East Research and Information Project asks staff attorneys at the National Security and Civil Rights Program about the US embassy’s confiscation of dozens of Yemeni-Americans’ passports in Sanaa.  UK ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (August 5)

[Saudi Arabia has deployed Pakistani and Egyptian troops to defend its borders amid fears of attacks from ISIS. Image from Omar Chatriwala/Wikimedia.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations Arab Leaders, Viewing Hamas as Worse Than Israel, Stay Silent David Kirkpatrick argues that Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates have lined up with Israel in its attack on Gaza. Israel, Saudi Arabia and Egypt in daily contact over Gaza David Hearst exposes the close cooperation ...

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العراق: خطاب التقسيم والأقلمة

[خارطة العراق عام ١٩٢٩ على سجادة. المصدر: أرشيف الكاتب]

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عاد خطاب التقسيم و“الأقلمة“ إلى الواجهة مع تدهور الوضع في العراق و“تمدّد“ الدولة الإسلامية وسيطرتها على الموصل وأجزاء مهمّة من البلاد، حتى أصبحت تشكل خطراً حقيقيّاً يهدد وجود الدولة العراقية. فصرنا نسمعه يتداول في التقارير الإخبارية وتعليقات ”الخبراء“ والمراقبين ونقرأه في تعليقات عدد من العراقيين. ولا شك أنّ الإشارات والتصريحات القادمة من القيادات الكردية بخصوص إعلان وشيك عن استقلال كردستان العراق تضيف زخماً إلى خطاب التقسيم والأقلمة في ما تبقّي من العراق. إن الهدف من هذه المقالة السريعة هو التركيز على خطاب التقسيم والأقلمة وليس التعرّض إلى موضوع كردستان الشائك. لكن لا بد أن نسجّل أن من حق أكراد العراق تقرير مصيرهم ومستقبلهم واختيار شكل وهوية الدولة التي يريدون العيش ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (July 22)

[The Bahraini justice ministry has asked a court to suspend the activities of Al-Wefaq National Islamic Society, the country's main opposition bloc. Al Jazeera English/Wikimedia Commons.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations Attack on Gaza by Saudi Royal Appointment David Hearst analyzes the Saudi support for the attack on Gaza, and argues that the Saudi-Israeli alliance is “forged in blood, Palestinian blood.” Egypt says Qatar, Turkey and Hamas hurt Gaza ceasefire bid The Egyptian foreign minister accuses Qatar, ...

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On the Margins Roundup (July)

[Image of a South Sudan Independence Day celebration at Diversey Harbor Grove. Image by Daniel X. O'Neil/Flickr.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Mali, South Sudan, Somalia, Mauritania, Djibouti, and Comoros Islands and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the On the Margins Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each month's roundup to info@jadaliyya.com.]  Mauritania  Mauritanian President Abdel Aziz re-elected Mauritanian President Abdel Aziz reelected in a controversial election with over eighty percent of the vote.  ملفخـاص: انتخابات 21يونيوفيموريتانياتدقآخرمسمارفينعشالديمقراطية&n

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ليلة سقوط نينوى: احتجاز راوي الحكومة

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كما لو أن الملائكة والشياطين هبطوا في الوقت ذاته الى مدينة نينوى. لفّ سماء المدينة غموض مريب ليلة العاشر من حزيران / يونيو. سقطت المدينة بشكل دراماتيكي بيد مسلحي «الدولة الاسلامية في العراق والشام» («داعش») خلال ساعات محدودة، على الرغم من وجود حوالي 56 ألف عنصر أمن متوزّعين بين الجيش والشرطة والمخابرات، وكذلك وجود قائدين يعتبرهما نوري المالكي، رئيس مجلس الوزراء والقائد العام للقوات المسلحة، من الصقور الذين يعتمد عليهما في المهمّات الصعبة. كيف سقطت المدينة هكذا؟ من المسؤول؟ كيف ستستعاد؟ هل سيكون الحل عسكرياً أم سياسياً؟ ما الذي سيحلّ بالعراق.. هل سيبقى أرضاً غير مقسّمة، أم أنه سيحال إلى أقاليم وكونفدراليات؟ جراد الأسئلة يغزو غابات الدهشة. الروايات تتوالى، الحدث له ألف ...

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NPR Interviews Jadaliyya Co-Editor Elliott Colla on ISIS and the Media

[Screenshot from Al-Iraqiya television channel showing and interview with an Iraqi Army officer and the bust of Grand Ayatollah Sistani imploring Iraqis to defend the country]

In this interview with NPR's Brooke Gladstone, Jadaliyya Co-Editor Elliott Colla discusses his essay "Watching ISIS on TV." Colla does a reading from his essay in which he describes his Iraqi in-laws reflecting on their country's frenzied televisions channels' coverage of the conflict. In the second part of the show, Colla offers his commentary about the deregulation of Iraq's media after the US invasion, the fragmentation and polarization of the public, and the entrenchment of sectarianism. 

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On Recent Events in Mosul and Other Cities in Iraq

[ISIS fighters in Iraq. Image from Creative Commons/Google.]

Mosul and other cities in Iraq are experiencing dramatic, dangerous, and fateful changes. The media, especially that which is allied with the Iraqi government and western states, has been focusing on the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant/Syria (ISIS) and its control over several Iraqi cities, provoking its audiences against the militant group. Indeed, ISIS terrorist groupings do exist among armed groups there and its influence in the recent events is clear. However, it is also true that Iraqis generally reject ISIS, whether in the central or southern regions of Iraq or in parts of the country that are no longer under government control: the so-called ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (June 10)

[Flyer of Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani hailing the nomination of Qatar for the 2022 World Cup. Image from Flickr/Julio.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.]   Regional and International Relations  Saudi Arabia and Iran Reach Out Tentatively Ben Hubbard examines the recent rapprochement between Riyadh and Tehran.  GCC ambassadors’ reinstatement reports denied Habib Toumi reports on a Bahraini diplomat’s assertion that the three Gulf Cooperation Council ambassadors in ...

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After Ugur Kurt’s Murder in Okmeydani—A Conversation with Ayfer Karakaya-Stump

[Ayfer Karakaya-Stump. Photo provided by the author.]

Emrah Yildiz (EY): Especially after Gezi and Berkin Elvan’s death, and as you explain in your article titled “Alevizing Gezi,” Okmeydanı, signified by Erdoğan's Hanafi Sunni regime, security forces, and the overwhelming majority of the domestic media as "Alevi," was transformed into a space for dissident political practices and an open-air execution zone in which state violence was used to silence these practices. What would you like to tell us about the historical relationship that Alevis’ spaces, neighborhoods, villages, and cities have with state violence? In the context of this history of violence, which stretches from Gazi to Gezi, how can we analyze the ...

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Ugur Kurt'un Okmeydani'ndaki Katlinden Sonra—Ayfer Karakaya-Stump’la bir Soylesi

[Ayfer Karakaya-Stump. Photo provided by the author.]

Uğur Kurt’un Okmeydanı’ndaki Katlinden Sonra—Ayfer Karakaya-Stump’la bir Söyleşi Emrah Yildiz (EY): Özellikle Gezi’den ve Berkin Elvan’ın ölümünden sonra, senin de “Gezi’yi Alevileştirmek” adlı yazında ele aldığın gibi, Okmeydanı, Hanafi Sünni Erdoğan rejimi, güvenlik güçleri, ve yerel medyanın ezici çoğunluğu tarafından “Alevi” olarak işaretlenen muhalif siyasi pratiklerin mekanına ve bu pratiklerin devlet şiddetiyle susturulmaya çalışıldığı bir açıkhava infaz mahaline dönüştürüldü. Bize Alevilerin mekanlarının, mahallelerinin, köylerinin, şehirlerinin, devlet şiddetiyle olan tarihi ilişkisi hakkında neler söylemek istersin? En yakın tarihçesinde Gazi’den Gezi’ye ...

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Can T-Wall Murals Really Beautify the Fragmented Baghdad?

Mural in front of the Iraqi Ministry of Public Works. Image by C. Pieri, April 2013.

Since April 2007, Baghdad has been experiencing a walling strategy designed by the US-led Multi-National Forces (MNF) occupying Iraq then. Between 2005 and 2008, kidnappings, assassinations and population displacements became the main tactics used by the Sunni insurgency and Shiite militias in their struggle to delimit newly homogenized areas over which they could gain spatial control and power. The MNF justified their strategy of surrounding some neighborhoods with concrete blast walls (also known as “T-walls”) as a way of protecting city residents from the urban violence severely affecting daily life in Baghdad. By preventing hostile groups from penetrating ...

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It Might Be Too Late To Save Iraq's Christians

It Might Be Too Late To Save Iraq's Christians, Says Author Author of a Booker-nominated novel on the plight of Christians in Iraq, Sinan Antoon says the forced eviction of Mosul’s Christians "was coming" for many years. On his Facebook page at the beginning of the week, novelist and professor Sinan Antoon posted a video of an elderly Christian woman who has been recently forced to leave her house in Mosul by the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria for having declined to convert to Islam. In ...

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مدن بلا أهل: عن خراب الموصل وبغداد وحواضر أخرى

تذكرني مقولات من قبيل "إن هذه الجماعة غريبة على الموصل وستؤدي أفعالها إلى استثارة أهل الموصل ضدها"، بمقولات سبقتها زمنياً من قبيل "إن السوريين ليسوا كالعراقيين ولن يدخلوا حرباً طائفية"، وقبلها "إن المجتمع العراقي ليس كاللبناني والطائفية غريبة عليه" ، وهلم جرا... هذه المقولات تفترض أن للمجتمعات ملامح ثابتة ومحددة لا تتغير، وأن الجماعة هي " كيان" أزلي يمتلك "جوهراً" نفسياً ثابتاً، وهي تصورات بالاضافة إلى لا علميتها وتبسيطيتها، تمثل وعاء للكثير من المواقف ...

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عن صعود الطائفية السياسية في العراق و تفكيكها

يخبرني أحد المسؤولين الأمريكيين الذين انخرطوا في الجدل الأمريكي الرسمي الذي تلا سقوط نظام صدام، أن مسألة اختيار "ممثلين" للشعب العراقي كانت إحدى نقاط الاختلاف الرئيسية، وأنه كان ضمن مجموعة رفضت التركيز حصراً على التصنيف الهوياتي في انتقاء أعضاء مجلس الحكم الانتقالي، وهو أول مؤسسة حكم عراقية تأسست بعد الاحتلال. يقر محدثي أن مجموعته خسرت النقاش ويقر بأن الطريقة التي تم تشكيل المجلس فيها أسست لما تلاها من إذكاء للنوازع الإثنية والطائفية. يقول إنه كان بالإمكان تجنب ذلك بدل الاستسلام للسردية البسيطة ...

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نون"... حرف واحدة تكفي فاتحة للخراب الاكبر في العراق"

ليست "نونا" كسابقاتها، لاتشبه "نون" النسوة مثلا، ولا النون في اية كلمة عربية، "نون" اخرى مختلفة لم يفكر بها مخترع الهجاء العربي، بالضبط لم يفكر بان تكون لها وظيفة اخرى غير ما شاع منها في كلام العرب ومن نطق بلغتهم، ولا "عنترة العبسي"، الشاعر الجاهلي الاسود، فكر باخرى واخرى عندما انشد نونيته " ياطائر البان قد هيجت أشجاني"، وحتما لم تكن حاضرة في مطالع سور القران، كتاب الله الذي يحارب الجميع، الان ومن قبل، تحت رايته، ويدعون نصرته كانت له نونه الباهرة"نون ...

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New Texts Out Now: Melani Cammett, Compassionate Communalism: Welfare and Sectarianism in Lebanon

Melani Cammett, Compassionate Communalism: Welfare and Sectarianism in Lebanon. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2014. Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book? Melani Cammett (MC): The aftermath of the US invasion of Iraq first got me thinking about the connections between identity politics and social service provision. Years of war with Iran as well as more than a decade of sanctions after the First Gulf War had eroded the public welfare infrastructure in Iraq. The dismantling of the state in ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (June 25)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations  ISIL’s advance puts Saudi Arabia between Iraq and a hard place Tom Kutsch analyzes Saudi Arabia’s anxiety over ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (June 17)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations Jihadistan, Saudi Arabia and Iran Immanuel Wallerstein argues that the success of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant ...

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حول الأحداث الأخيرة في الموصل ومدن أخرى في العراق

تمر الموصل ومدن أخرى في العراق بتحولات عاصفة وخطيرة ومصيرية. يتناول الإعلام، وبخاصة الموالي للحكومة العراقية وللغرب، أنباء سيطرة الدولة الإسلامية في العراق والشام (داعش) على عدة مدن في البلاد، ويستثير الجمهور ضدها. إن مجاميع داعش الإرهابية موجودة بين المسلحين، وبصمتها واضحة في الأحداث. هذا صحيح. والجمهور عموماً يرفضها، سواء في وسط  البلاد وجنوبها، أو في المناطق التي أصبحت خارج سيطرة الحكومة، أو ما يعرف بالمدن السنية، او المثلث السني، وهو المصطلح الذي اطلقته المؤسسات المخابراتية وبخاصة الأمريكية، ...

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حرب المعلومات: كشوفات عن المرتزقة والتحريض الطائفي والتخطيط الديموغرافي في البحرين

 "لا يجوز معاقبة أي شخص بسبب إفصاحه عن معلومات تتعلق بالأمن الوطني إذا كان الإفصاح 1- لا يضر فعلاً ومن غير المحتمل أن يضر بمصلحة أمنية وطنية مشروعة، 2- أو إذا كانت المصلحة العامة في معرفة المعلومات تفوق الضرر الناتج عن الإفصاح ".(1) في الوقت الذي أثير فيه الجدل العام الماضي حول معلومات سرّبها إدوارد سنودن بهدف فضح المراقبة التي تمارسها كل من حكومتي الولايات المتحدة وبريطانيا، ساد الصمت حول الكشوفات الماضية والأخيرة لانتهاك النظام البحريني للحياة اليومية للمواطنين وسياساته المدمرة ...

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Month-by-Month Summary of Developments in Syria (Updated)

[The following monthly summaries on developments in Syria were compiled and published by the International Crisis Group (ICG). Jadaliyya Reports will update this post each month as subsequent monthly summaries are issued.]  June 2014 Regime and rebel fighters early May struck deal for rebel evacuation from Homs old quarter: hundreds of fighters withdrew to rebel-held areas north of city; army entered central Homs 9 May. Regime accepted agreement on terms it previously rejected; rebels secured ...

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Quick Thoughts: Paul Sedra on the Pope’s Visit to the Middle East

  [On Saturday 24 May 2014, Pope Francis embarks on a three-day visit to Jordan, Israel and the occupied Palestinian territories in his first tour of the Middle East since his installation as head of the Catholic Church in 2013. Jadaliyya asked its Contributing Editor Paul Sedra to reflect on the broader issues the pope is expected to address, including the position of Christians in the Middle East.] Vatican watchers and Middle East analysts alike will examine the Pope’s ...

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Iraq: Falluja's Faustian Bargain

[The following report was published by the International Crisis Group on 28 April 2014] Executive Summary As the campaign for Iraq’s 30 April parliamentary elections heated up, so too did Falluja. The situation there has taken a dramatic turn for the worse since late 2013 when the army, after a long absence, returned in response to protests around Anbar province. With the troops on the outskirts, the jihadi ISIL within and the city’s self-appointed military council trying to walk a fine line between ...

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