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Sectarianism

An Excerpt from Sinan Antoon's "Ave Maria"

[Cover of

[The events of Ave Maria take place in a single day. Two characters from an Iraqi Christian family who are drawn together by the situation in the country under the same roof in Baghdad narrate these events. Youssef is an elderly man in his seventies. He refuses to emigrate and leave the house he himself built and where he has lived for half a century. He still clings to hope and memories of a happier past. Maha is a young woman whose life has been torn apart by sectarian violence. Her family is displaced in the north. She is living temporarily in Youssef's house until she finishes her studies. Maha feels that she has become a refugee in her own country. She and her ...

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It Might Be Too Late To Save Iraq's Christians

[Sinan Antoon. Image from Jadaliyya.]

It Might Be Too Late To Save Iraq's Christians, Says Author Author of a Booker-nominated novel on the plight of Christians in Iraq, Sinan Antoon says the forced eviction of Mosul’s Christians "was coming" for many years. On his Facebook page at the beginning of the week, novelist and professor Sinan Antoon posted a video of an elderly Christian woman who has been recently forced to leave her house in Mosul by the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria for having declined to convert to Islam. In the remark he attached to the short video, Antoon refers to the anger this elderly woman—who was thrown out of her house at 5am by the ISIS man who denied her retirement ...

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مدن بلا أهل: عن خراب الموصل وبغداد وحواضر أخرى

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تذكرني مقولات من قبيل "إن هذه الجماعة غريبة على الموصل وستؤدي أفعالها إلى استثارة أهل الموصل ضدها"، بمقولات سبقتها زمنياً من قبيل "إن السوريين ليسوا كالعراقيين ولن يدخلوا حرباً طائفية"، وقبلها "إن المجتمع العراقي ليس كاللبناني والطائفية غريبة عليه" ، وهلم جرا... هذه المقولات تفترض أن للمجتمعات ملامح ثابتة ومحددة لا تتغير، وأن الجماعة هي " كيان" أزلي يمتلك "جوهراً" نفسياً ثابتاً، وهي تصورات بالاضافة إلى لا علميتها وتبسيطيتها، تمثل وعاء للكثير من المواقف العنصرية والتمييزية، وتلك التي تعتاش على الأساطير الدينية. ولنتذكر أنه قبل الحربين الأهليتين في ليبيا وسوريا كان هنالك من يروج لمقولة أن العراقيين هم قوم عنيفون بشكل ...

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عن صعود الطائفية السياسية في العراق و تفكيكها

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يخبرني أحد المسؤولين الأمريكيين الذين انخرطوا في الجدل الأمريكي الرسمي الذي تلا سقوط نظام صدام، أن مسألة اختيار "ممثلين" للشعب العراقي كانت إحدى نقاط الاختلاف الرئيسية، وأنه كان ضمن مجموعة رفضت التركيز حصراً على التصنيف الهوياتي في انتقاء أعضاء مجلس الحكم الانتقالي، وهو أول مؤسسة حكم عراقية تأسست بعد الاحتلال. يقر محدثي أن مجموعته خسرت النقاش ويقر بأن الطريقة التي تم تشكيل المجلس فيها أسست لما تلاها من إذكاء للنوازع الإثنية والطائفية. يقول إنه كان بالإمكان تجنب ذلك بدل الاستسلام للسردية البسيطة عن العراق التي جعلت منه بلد مكونات : شيعة وسنة وكرد. تقوم هذه السردية عن "وطن المكونات" على أساس أن المنطق الكلاسيكي الذي حكم عملية بناء الامة في العراق ...

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نون"... حرف واحدة تكفي فاتحة للخراب الاكبر في العراق"

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ليست "نونا" كسابقاتها، لاتشبه "نون" النسوة مثلا، ولا النون في اية كلمة عربية، "نون" اخرى مختلفة لم يفكر بها مخترع الهجاء العربي، بالضبط لم يفكر بان تكون لها وظيفة اخرى غير ما شاع منها في كلام العرب ومن نطق بلغتهم، ولا "عنترة العبسي"، الشاعر الجاهلي الاسود، فكر باخرى واخرى عندما انشد نونيته " ياطائر البان قد هيجت أشجاني"، وحتما لم تكن حاضرة في مطالع سور القران، كتاب الله الذي يحارب الجميع، الان ومن قبل، تحت رايته، ويدعون نصرته كانت له نونه الباهرة"نون والقلم وما يسطرون ما انت بنعمة ربك بمجنون"، فلم يخرج، قيد انملة، عن الاشارات المنتجة للتواصل الانساني، حتى الجواهري، فكر بنون ثانية، نون ارتبطت عنده، او بادق ...

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New Texts Out Now: Melani Cammett, Compassionate Communalism: Welfare and Sectarianism in Lebanon

[Cover of Melani Cammett,

Melani Cammett, Compassionate Communalism: Welfare and Sectarianism in Lebanon. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2014. Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book? Melani Cammett (MC): The aftermath of the US invasion of Iraq first got me thinking about the connections between identity politics and social service provision. Years of war with Iran as well as more than a decade of sanctions after the First Gulf War had eroded the public welfare infrastructure in Iraq. The dismantling of the state in the aftermath of the US invasion destroyed much of what was left of it, creating a vacuum in parts of the country. I began to think about how “ordinary” people were able to ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (June 25)

[The newly elected Egyptian president meets Saud King Abdullah during his stopover in Cairo. Image from al-Waqi' newspaper/Google images.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations  ISIL’s advance puts Saudi Arabia between Iraq and a hard place Tom Kutsch analyzes Saudi Arabia’s anxiety over further rapprochement between Tehran and Washington in their fight against the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant.  Why the Iraq Mess Is So Awkward for Saudi ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (June 17)

[Eight army medics were killed and nine others injured in an attack on a bus north of Aden, Yemen. Image from Jialiang Gao/Wikimedia Commons.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations Jihadistan, Saudi Arabia and Iran Immanuel Wallerstein argues that the success of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant may bring Riyadh and Tehran closer together. Saudi rejects foreign interference in Iraq, blames 'sectarian' Maliki Noah Browning analyzes the official Saudi position on ...

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حول الأحداث الأخيرة في الموصل ومدن أخرى في العراق

]علم الدولة الاسلامية في العراق والشام‎. مصدر الصورة

تمر الموصل ومدن أخرى في العراق بتحولات عاصفة وخطيرة ومصيرية. يتناول الإعلام، وبخاصة الموالي للحكومة العراقية وللغرب، أنباء سيطرة الدولة الإسلامية في العراق والشام (داعش) على عدة مدن في البلاد، ويستثير الجمهور ضدها. إن مجاميع داعش الإرهابية موجودة بين المسلحين، وبصمتها واضحة في الأحداث. هذا صحيح. والجمهور عموماً يرفضها، سواء في وسط  البلاد وجنوبها، أو في المناطق التي أصبحت خارج سيطرة الحكومة، أو ما يعرف بالمدن السنية، او المثلث السني، وهو المصطلح الذي اطلقته المؤسسات المخابراتية وبخاصة الأمريكية، وقد كان بحق هندسة للطائفية في العراق. في الوقت نفسه، فإن سياسة المالكي وحكومته المبنية على أساس طائفي مذهبي، هي مرفوضة في عموم العراق، ولكن الأمر يتخذ طابعاً أكثر حدة في ...

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حرب المعلومات: كشوفات عن المرتزقة والتحريض الطائفي والتخطيط الديموغرافي في البحرين

[مصدر الصورة مركز البحرين لحقوق الانسان ]

 "لا يجوز معاقبة أي شخص بسبب إفصاحه عن معلومات تتعلق بالأمن الوطني إذا كان الإفصاح 1- لا يضر فعلاً ومن غير المحتمل أن يضر بمصلحة أمنية وطنية مشروعة، 2- أو إذا كانت المصلحة العامة في معرفة المعلومات تفوق الضرر الناتج عن الإفصاح ".(1) في الوقت الذي أثير فيه الجدل العام الماضي حول معلومات سرّبها إدوارد سنودن بهدف فضح المراقبة التي تمارسها كل من حكومتي الولايات المتحدة وبريطانيا، ساد الصمت حول الكشوفات الماضية والأخيرة لانتهاك النظام البحريني للحياة اليومية للمواطنين وسياساته المدمرة اجتماعياً، والهادفة إلى ضمان بقاء النظام الملكي. وطيلة العقد الماضي، تولى أصحاب الضمائر الحية، من البحرينيين وغير البحرينيين، مسؤولية فضح الأسرار الغامضة للنظام الخليفي. بدءاً من ...

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Month-by-Month Summary of Developments in Syria (Updated)

[ICG logo. Image from crisisgroup.org]

[The following monthly summaries on developments in Syria were compiled and published by the International Crisis Group (ICG). Jadaliyya Reports will update this post each month as subsequent monthly summaries are issued.]  June 2014 Regime and rebel fighters early May struck deal for rebel evacuation from Homs old quarter: hundreds of fighters withdrew to rebel-held areas north of city; army entered central Homs 9 May. Regime accepted agreement on terms it previously rejected; rebels secured withdrawal not achievable by military means. Regime compromise reportedly due to Iranian pressure; at least 1 Iranian citizen among roughly 40 detainees released by ...

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Quick Thoughts: Paul Sedra on the Pope’s Visit to the Middle East

[A welcome banner for Pope Francis with his picture hangs on a building in the West Bank city of Bethlehem on 19 May 2014. Image by Nasser Nasser via Associated Press]

  [On Saturday 24 May 2014, Pope Francis embarks on a three-day visit to Jordan, Israel and the occupied Palestinian territories in his first tour of the Middle East since his installation as head of the Catholic Church in 2013. Jadaliyya asked its Contributing Editor Paul Sedra to reflect on the broader issues the pope is expected to address, including the position of Christians in the Middle East.] Vatican watchers and Middle East analysts alike will examine the Pope’s movements and statements intently, much as they have already examined the planned composition of his delegation for purported indications of Francis’s political leanings. ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (August 19)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com  by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations State Department Taking Passports Away from Yemeni-Americans The Middle East Research and Information ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (August 5)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations Arab Leaders, Viewing Hamas as Worse Than Israel, Stay Silent David Kirkpatrick argues that Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and the ...

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العراق: خطاب التقسيم والأقلمة

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عاد خطاب التقسيم و“الأقلمة“ إلى الواجهة مع تدهور الوضع في العراق و“تمدّد“ الدولة الإسلامية وسيطرتها على الموصل وأجزاء مهمّة من البلاد، حتى أصبحت تشكل خطراً حقيقيّاً يهدد وجود الدولة العراقية. فصرنا نسمعه يتداول في التقارير الإخبارية وتعليقات ”الخبراء“ والمراقبين ونقرأه في تعليقات عدد من العراقيين. ولا شك أنّ الإشارات والتصريحات القادمة من القيادات الكردية بخصوص إعلان وشيك عن استقلال كردستان العراق تضيف زخماً إلى خطاب التقسيم والأقلمة في ما تبقّي من العراق. إن الهدف من هذه المقالة السريعة هو التركيز على ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (July 22)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations Attack on Gaza by Saudi Royal Appointment David Hearst analyzes the Saudi support for the attack on Gaza, and argues that ...

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On the Margins Roundup (July)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Mali, South Sudan, Somalia, Mauritania, Djibouti, and Comoros Islands and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the On the Margins Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each month's roundup to info@jadaliyya.com.]  Mauritania  Mauritanian President Abdel Aziz re-elected Mauritanian President Abdel Aziz reelected in a controversial election with over ...

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ليلة سقوط نينوى: احتجاز راوي الحكومة

كما لو أن الملائكة والشياطين هبطوا في الوقت ذاته الى مدينة نينوى. لفّ سماء المدينة غموض مريب ليلة العاشر من حزيران / يونيو. سقطت المدينة بشكل دراماتيكي بيد مسلحي «الدولة الاسلامية في العراق والشام» («داعش») خلال ساعات محدودة، على الرغم من وجود حوالي 56 ألف عنصر أمن متوزّعين بين الجيش والشرطة والمخابرات، وكذلك وجود قائدين يعتبرهما نوري المالكي، رئيس مجلس الوزراء والقائد العام للقوات المسلحة، من الصقور الذين يعتمد عليهما في المهمّات الصعبة. كيف سقطت المدينة هكذا؟ من المسؤول؟ كيف ستستعاد؟ هل سيكون الحل ...

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NPR Interviews Jadaliyya Co-Editor Elliott Colla on ISIS and the Media

In this interview with NPR's Brooke Gladstone, Jadaliyya Co-Editor Elliott Colla discusses his essay "Watching ISIS on TV." Colla does a reading from his essay in which he describes his Iraqi in-laws reflecting on their country's frenzied televisions channels' coverage of the conflict. In the second part of the show, Colla offers his commentary about the deregulation of Iraq's media after the US invasion, the fragmentation and polarization of the public, and the entrenchment of ...

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On Recent Events in Mosul and Other Cities in Iraq

Mosul and other cities in Iraq are experiencing dramatic, dangerous, and fateful changes. The media, especially that which is allied with the Iraqi government and western states, has been focusing on the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant/Syria (ISIS) and its control over several Iraqi cities, provoking its audiences against the militant group. Indeed, ISIS terrorist groupings do exist among armed groups there and its influence in the recent events is clear. However, it is also true that Iraqis ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (June 10)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.]   Regional and International Relations  Saudi Arabia and Iran Reach Out Tentatively Ben Hubbard examines the recent rapprochement between Riyadh and ...

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After Ugur Kurt’s Murder in Okmeydani—A Conversation with Ayfer Karakaya-Stump

Emrah Yildiz (EY): Especially after Gezi and Berkin Elvan’s death, and as you explain in your article titled “Alevizing Gezi,” Okmeydanı, signified by Erdoğan's Hanafi Sunni regime, security forces, and the overwhelming majority of the domestic media as "Alevi," was transformed into a space for dissident political practices and an open-air execution zone in which state violence was used to silence these practices. What would you like to tell us about the historical relationship that Alevis’ ...

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Ugur Kurt'un Okmeydani'ndaki Katlinden Sonra—Ayfer Karakaya-Stump’la bir Soylesi

Uğur Kurt’un Okmeydanı’ndaki Katlinden Sonra—Ayfer Karakaya-Stump’la bir Söyleşi Emrah Yildiz (EY): Özellikle Gezi’den ve Berkin Elvan’ın ölümünden sonra, senin de “Gezi’yi Alevileştirmek” adlı yazında ele aldığın gibi, Okmeydanı, Hanafi Sünni Erdoğan rejimi, güvenlik güçleri, ve yerel medyanın ezici çoğunluğu tarafından “Alevi” olarak işaretlenen muhalif siyasi pratiklerin mekanına ve bu pratiklerin devlet şiddetiyle susturulmaya çalışıldığı bir açıkhava infaz mahaline dönüştürüldü. Bize Alevilerin ...

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Can T-Wall Murals Really Beautify the Fragmented Baghdad?

Since April 2007, Baghdad has been experiencing a walling strategy designed by the US-led Multi-National Forces (MNF) occupying Iraq then. Between 2005 and 2008, kidnappings, assassinations and population displacements became the main tactics used by the Sunni insurgency and Shiite militias in their struggle to delimit newly homogenized areas over which they could gain spatial control and power. The MNF justified their strategy of surrounding some neighborhoods with concrete blast walls (also known as ...

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