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Sudan

Nobody Leaves through the Ballot Box: The Historical Irrelevance of General Elections in Sudanese Political Transitions

[Map by UN Department of Field Support – Cartographic Section via

In almost sixty years of independence, Sudan has witnessed a dozen heads of state come and go and countless presidential and parliamentary elections. Of these presidents and prime ministers, less than a handful was voted into office and not a single one has been voted out. With the current elections widely seen as a farce, a foregone conclusion with Omar al-Bashir set to win and many Sudanese people shifting between apathy and antipathy towards the process, a spotlight has been shone on the electoral process. The traditional opposition has boycotted the elections, some preferring to push for a seemingly never-ending “national dialogue” instead and others refusing to ...

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On Super Mosquito: An Interview with Sudanese Cartoonist Khalid Albaih

SAMAR MEDIA - Cartoonists from the Arab world Episode 6: "Khalid Albaih - Sudan » Filmed : 05/2014 Broadcast 27 March 2015 Khalid Albaih is a Sudanese cartoonist who shot to international fame in 2011, when one his drawings predicting the fall of the Middle Eastern authoritarian regimes went viral after the start of the Tunisian revolution. His cartoons have struck a chord with young revolutionaries from Egypt to Yemen. In his interview with SAMAR, he talks about the role of cartoonists in society, and the importance of the Internet in fostering debate.

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Machiavelli in the Twenty-First Century: Sudanese Security Leaks in Perspective

[Members of SPLA and SAF listen at the opening of a different security committee meeting. Image by Tim Freccia (Enough Project) via Flickr]

International mediators from the West, Africa and Arab countries are pinning their hopes for peace and democratization in the two Sudans to a series of domestic and international mediation initiatives. But a glimpse into the decision-making of the Sudanese security apparatus shows its preference for infiltration, stalling, and military solutions. What is in the minds of leaders of Sudan’s security and military apparatus? As a group, they are the most influential actor in Sudanese politics, and a major influence on South Sudanese politics. Understanding their attitude toward Sudan’s interlocutors–domestic foes and international mediators–in peace negotiations over ...

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On the Margins Roundup (October)

[Zakaria Abdillahi, president of the Djibouti League for Human Rights, speaks to the International Federation for Human Rights on the repression of protests in Djibouti. Screenshot from Youtube.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Mali, South Sudan, Somalia, Mauritania, Djibouti, and Comoros Islands and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the On the Margins Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each month's roundup to info@jadaliyya.com.]   Mauritania  Watch the Trailer for Mauritania's First-Ever Oscar Submission 'Timbuktu' Abderrahmane Sissako's drama about Al Qaeda militants taking over a town in 2012 premiered during the Cannes Film Festival. Question et guerre du Sahara mauritanien The early days of the Polisario Front as viewed ...

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On the Margins Roundup (July)

[Image of a South Sudan Independence Day celebration at Diversey Harbor Grove. Image by Daniel X. O'Neil/Flickr.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Mali, South Sudan, Somalia, Mauritania, Djibouti, and Comoros Islands and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the On the Margins Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each month's roundup to info@jadaliyya.com.]  Mauritania  Mauritanian President Abdel Aziz re-elected Mauritanian President Abdel Aziz reelected in a controversial election with over eighty percent of the vote.  ملفخـاص: انتخابات 21يونيوفيموريتانياتدقآخرمسمارفينعشالديمقراطية&n

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South Sudan: A Civil War by Any Other Name

[The following report was issued by the International Crisis Group (ICG) on 10 April 2014] Executive Summary On 15 December 2013 the world’s newest state descended into civil war. Continuing fighting has displaced more than 1,000,000 and killed over 10,000 while a humanitarian crisis threatens many more. Both South Sudanese and the international community were ill-prepared to prevent or halt the conflict: the nation’s closest allies did little to mediate leadership divisions within the Sudan Peoples’ Liberation Movement (SPLM). The SPLM and its army (SPLA) quickly split along divisions largely unaddressed from the independence war, resulting in the formation of the ...

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On the Margins Roundup (March)

[Mauritania signs an ad-hoc multi-lateral maritime co-operative agreement with neighboring North and West African countries. Image from IMO-UN/Flickr.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Mali, South Sudan, Somalia, Mauritania, Djibouti, and Comoros Islands and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the On the Margins Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each month's roundup to info@jadaliyya.com.]  Mauritania Mauritania: Islamic Television channel promotes moderation An interview on Magharebia with Othman Ould Farah, the director of a new moderate Islamic cable television channel. موريتانيا: لم نسحب دبلوماسيينا من المغرب Mauritanian officials denied reports circulating on the internet ...

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Counting the “Missing People” of Omdurman: Theatrics in Khartoum, Sudan

[Khartoum Skyline. Image by Mutaz Photography (Mutaz Elneel) via Wikimedia Commons.]

[The essay is based on collaboration between the two authors. AbdouMaliq Simone conducted and wrote the field research about the drama school; he then invited Jadaliyya Cities Page co-editor, Hiba Bou Akar, to contribute. Simone’s field research is based on his life in Khartoum in 1987-1990, and this contribution is part of a larger work in which he reflects on “black urbanism” across cities in Africa, the Middle East, and North America through the figure of Malcolm X. Bou Akar’s contribution is based on secondary sources to provide an overview of the urban context of Khartoum in 1980s and the conflict around the 2008 census; she develops the conceptual framings of the ...

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The Armed Conflict in South Sudan: An Interview with Khalid Medani

[South Sudan: Growing violence deepens the humanitarian crisis across the country,©EU/ECHO/ Ludovico Gammarelli. Via Flikr Creative Common]

Two and half years after its birth, the world’s youngest nation-state, South Sudan, is engulfed in a crisis which has escalated into an armed conflict between two factions in the ruling People Liberation Movement. The political protagonists jockeying for power come from the ranks of the rebels who fought against the Sudanese central government in the 1983-2005 civil war. The war resulted in a loss of two million lives and the displacement of four million people in southern Sudan. Fighting broke out on 15 December when South Sudanese President Salva Kiir accused then vice president Riek Machar of attempting a coup. Machar and his supporters have in turn accused Kiir of ...

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On the Margins Roundup (December)

[Image of the Volo Volo Market in the northern district of Moroni, Comoros Islands, the city's second largest market. Image by David Stanley/Flickr.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Mali, South Sudan, Somalia, Mauritania, Djibouti, and Comoros Islands and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the On the Margins Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each month's roundup to info@jadaliyya.com.]  Somalia Kenya airstrike "destroys al-Shabaab camp linked to Westgate" Kenya says it has devastated a rebel camp in Somalia used to train militants who attacked the Nairobi mall. Briton arrested for "spying" in Somalia Authorities in the African country say they have arrested a British ...

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Ten Days of Revolt In Sudan: An interview with Khalid Medani

[ protest in Sudan: Courtesy of Girifna media]

In the ten days following September 23rd, Sudan has witnessed the largest anti-government protests since the military coup that brought its president Omar Al-Bashir to power in 1989. Thousands of Sudanese protesters took to the streets chanting "freedom" and renewing calls for their autocratic ruler to stand down. The unrest, sparked off by fuel price hikes, began in the city of Wad Madani, south of Khartoum, but quickly spread to at least nine districts in Khartoum and seven cities across the country. To add to the insult, only three days before the lifting of fuel subsidies, Mr. Bashir and his finance minister boasted that Sudanese people were introduced to ...

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On the Margins Roundup (October)

[Image of tugboats in Somalia's Mogadishu harbor. Image from Expert Infantry/Flickr.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Mali, South Sudan, Somalia, Mauritania, Djibouti, and Comoros Islands and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the On the Margins Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each month's roundup to info@jadaliyya.com.]  Somalia Lumumba's Assassination Should Be a Lesson for All of Us "The winners happen to have won thanks to our losing. The history of Africa's underdevelopment is an integral part of the history of world capitalism's development." Fighting terrorists Mission failure In the first major response to the ...

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قراءة في شوق الدرويش: رواية تنتمي لنموذج ما بعد الاستعمار

حصلت رواية «شوق الدرويش»  للقاص السوداني حمور زيادة على جائزة نجيب محفوظ لعام 2014 والتي تمنحها الجامعة الأمريكية بالقاهرة كل عام لأفضل عمل روائي، ورشحت الرواية ضمن القائمة القصيرة لجائزة البوكر العربية لعام 2015. والرواية تتعرض لفترة الثورة المهدية بالسودان في أواخر القرن التاسع عشر (1881-1899).  فالخرطوم المدينة التي حكمها الإنجليز تُخرب على يد جيش المهدي. ويقتل حاكمها الإنجليزي «جوردون» فيختار المهدي عاصمته على الضفة المقابلة من النهر حيث تزدهر «أم درمان» لزمن حتى يدخلها الجيش ...

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On the Margins Roundup (February)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Mali, South Sudan, Somalia, Mauritania, Djibouti, and Comoros Islands and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the On the Margins Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each month's roundup to info@jadaliyya.com.]   Comoros Populist Muslim party surges in Comoros voting The populist Muslim party Juwa has performed well in Comoran parliamentary ...

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On the Margins Roundup (December)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Mali, South Sudan, Somalia, Mauritania, Djibouti, and Comoros Islands and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the On the Margins Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each month's roundup to info@jadaliyya.com.]  Mauritania Mauritania Will Toughen Anti-Corruption Laws Mauritanian President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz announced plans to strengthen laws ...

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On the Margins Roundup (September)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Mali, South Sudan, Somalia, Mauritania, Djibouti, and Comoros Islands and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the On the Margins Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each month's roundup to info@jadaliyya.com.]  Mauritania الاحتجاجات أمام الرئاسة: مظاهر أزمة اجتماعية خانقة Protests have taken place in front of the President’s office in a sign of ...

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On the Margins Roundup (June)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Mali, South Sudan, Somalia, Mauritania, Djibouti, and Comoros Islands and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the On the Margins Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each month's roundup to info@jadaliyya.com.] Somalia Al-Shabab claims deadly Kenya attack Somalia-based group says attacks will continue, and tells tourists to stay away after assault in ...

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On the Margins Roundup (May)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Mali, South Sudan, Somalia, Mauritania, Djibouti, and Comoros Islands and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the On the Margins Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each month's roundup to info@jadaliyya.com.]  Mauritania موريتانيا: غضب من قانون لرقابة وتنظيم الإنترنت Mauritanian activists are criticizing a recent bill in the Mauritanian parliament, ...

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Snapshot: Khartoum

While working on a story in Sudan I found myself using my iPhone much more than my professional camera for personal snapshots. Mainly because it is easy, discrete, and has a deep depth of field. These are Instagram snapshots of observations and daily life in the Sudanese capital over a week in early January 2014. During this trip I was constantly reminded that Khartoum hasn't changed much. Even with the separation of South Sudan the capital looked almost exactly the same as six years ago. This ...

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On the Margins Roundup (January)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Mali, South Sudan, Somalia, Mauritania, Djibouti, and Comoros Islands and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the On the Margins Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each month's roundup to info@jadaliyya.com.]  Mauritania Biram : les raisons du succès The author examines the reasons for Biram Ould Abeid’s success in fighting for human rights in ...

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يا أهلا بالمذابح

  مقالة الصديقة العزيزة ريم سعد في الشروق يوم ٥ يناير التي كانت بعنوان "أوهام دموية عن الحلول الجذرية" لفتت نظري إلى مقالة أحمد المسلماني، التي نشرها سنة ٢٠٠٨ في "المصري اليوم"، والتي كانت بعنوان "جريمة رائعة". مقالة المسلماني كانت من جزئين وأشاد فيها بمذبحة القلعة التي تمت يوم ١ مارس ١٨١١.  في الحقيقة، أنا لا أتذكر أنني قرأت مقالة المسلماني عند نشرها، لكني أتذكر سلسلة المقالات التي كانت هذه المقالة واحدة منها. السلسلة كانت تدعو لتأسيس ما أسماه المسلماني ...

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On the Margins Roundup (November)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Mali, South Sudan, Somalia, Mauritania, Djibouti, and Comoros Islands and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the On the Margins Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each month's roundup to info@jadaliyya.com.]  Somalia Somalia’s Watergate Scandal President’s Chief of Staff outmaneuvered in his bid to steal over 100 million dollar. Al-Shabaab's ...

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السودان: «السياسي» و«الاقتصادي» متداخلان

  في العشرين من أيلول/سبتمبر الماضي، أكملت بعثة صندوق النقد الدولي زيارتها إلى السودان، وفي الرابع والعشرين منه أعلنت الخرطوم بدء تطبيق حزمة إجراءات اقتصادية أبرز ملامحها رفع الدعم عن المحروقات، وتعديل سعر الصرف الرسمي للدولار الجمركي. وفي الرابع من الشهر الجاري أعلن مجلس مديري الصندوق في تقييم له عن الوضع الأقتصادي أنه «يرحب» بالإجراءات التي اتخذها السودان. والغريب أنه رغم هذا الترحيب، إلا أن الإجراءات الاقتصادية الصارمة التي اتخذها السودان لم تأت في إطار اتفاق مع الصندوق كما هي العادة، وذلك ...

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On the Margins Roundup (July)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Mali, South Sudan, Somalia, Mauritania, Djibouti, and Comoros Islands and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the On the Margins Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each month's roundup to info@jadaliyya.com.]  Somalia Donor Unfazed Despite UN Compound Attack Contrary to what Al-Shabab may have hoped, the United Kingdom and the European Union are ...

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