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Sudan

On the Margins Roundup (March)

[Mauritania signs an ad-hoc multi-lateral maritime co-operative agreement with neighboring North and West African countries. Image from IMO-UN/Flickr.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Mali, South Sudan, Somalia, Mauritania, Djibouti, and Comoros Islands and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the On the Margins Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each month's roundup to info@jadaliyya.com.]  Mauritania Mauritania: Islamic Television channel promotes moderation An interview on Magharebia with Othman Ould Farah, the director of a new moderate Islamic cable television channel. موريتانيا: لم نسحب دبلوماسيينا من المغرب Mauritanian officials denied reports circulating on the internet ...

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Counting the “Missing People” of Omdurman: Theatrics in Khartoum, Sudan

[Khartoum Skyline. Image by Mutaz Photography (Mutaz Elneel) via Wikimedia Commons.]

[The essay is based on collaboration between the two authors. AbdouMaliq Simone conducted and wrote the field research about the drama school; he then invited Jadaliyya Cities Page co-editor, Hiba Bou Akar, to contribute. Simone’s field research is based on his life in Khartoum in 1987-1990, and this contribution is part of a larger work in which he reflects on “black urbanism” across cities in Africa, the Middle East, and North America through the figure of Malcolm X. Bou Akar’s contribution is based on secondary sources to provide an overview of the urban context of Khartoum in 1980s and the conflict around the 2008 census; she develops the conceptual framings of the ...

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The Armed Conflict in South Sudan: An Interview with Khalid Medani

[South Sudan: Growing violence deepens the humanitarian crisis across the country,©EU/ECHO/ Ludovico Gammarelli. Via Flikr Creative Common]

Two and half years after its birth, the world’s youngest nation-state, South Sudan, is engulfed in a crisis which has escalated into an armed conflict between two factions in the ruling People Liberation Movement. The political protagonists jockeying for power come from the ranks of the rebels who fought against the Sudanese central government in the 1983-2005 civil war. The war resulted in a loss of two million lives and the displacement of four million people in southern Sudan. Fighting broke out on 15 December when South Sudanese President Salva Kiir accused then vice president Riek Machar of attempting a coup. Machar and his supporters have in turn accused Kiir of ...

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On the Margins Roundup (December)

[Image of the Volo Volo Market in the northern district of Moroni, Comoros Islands, the city's second largest market. Image by David Stanley/Flickr.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Mali, South Sudan, Somalia, Mauritania, Djibouti, and Comoros Islands and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the On the Margins Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each month's roundup to info@jadaliyya.com.]  Somalia Kenya airstrike "destroys al-Shabaab camp linked to Westgate" Kenya says it has devastated a rebel camp in Somalia used to train militants who attacked the Nairobi mall. Briton arrested for "spying" in Somalia Authorities in the African country say they have arrested a British ...

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Ten Days of Revolt In Sudan: An interview with Khalid Medani

[ protest in Sudan: Courtesy of Girifna media]

In the ten days following September 23rd, Sudan has witnessed the largest anti-government protests since the military coup that brought its president Omar Al-Bashir to power in 1989. Thousands of Sudanese protesters took to the streets chanting "freedom" and renewing calls for their autocratic ruler to stand down. The unrest, sparked off by fuel price hikes, began in the city of Wad Madani, south of Khartoum, but quickly spread to at least nine districts in Khartoum and seven cities across the country. To add to the insult, only three days before the lifting of fuel subsidies, Mr. Bashir and his finance minister boasted that Sudanese people were introduced to ...

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On the Margins Roundup (October)

[Image of tugboats in Somalia's Mogadishu harbor. Image from Expert Infantry/Flickr.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Mali, South Sudan, Somalia, Mauritania, Djibouti, and Comoros Islands and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the On the Margins Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each month's roundup to info@jadaliyya.com.]  Somalia Lumumba's Assassination Should Be a Lesson for All of Us "The winners happen to have won thanks to our losing. The history of Africa's underdevelopment is an integral part of the history of world capitalism's development." Fighting terrorists Mission failure In the first major response to the ...

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Sudan's Spreading Conflict II: War in Blue Nile

[ICG logo. Image from crisisgroup.org]

[The following report was issued by the International Crisis Group (ICG) on 26 June 2013.] Sudan's Spreading Conflict II: War in Blue Nile Executive Summary The war in Blue Nile state has had a horrible impact, with about a third of the state’s population in need of humanitarian assistance, including some 150,000 refugees in South Sudan and Ethiopia and approximately 200,000 displaced or severely affected within the state. It resumed in September 2011 because the root causes – mainly the concentration of power and resources in Sudan’s centre at the expense of its peripheries – had not been resolved by the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA). The war pits against ...

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Open Letter to Sudanese President Regarding Censorship and Intimidation Campaign

[Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir. Image by U.S. Navy via Wikimedia Commons]

[The following letter was issued by the Committe to Protect Journalists on 18 April 2013.]  President Omar Hassan Ahmed al-Bashir Office of the President, People's Palace P.O. Box 281, Khartoum, Sudan Your Excellency, The Committee to Protect Journalists, an independent, nonprofit organization that promotes press freedom worldwide, is disturbed by the ongoing campaign by the Sudanese National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) to intimidate journalists and interfere in their work, including by censoring newspapers. In particular we are concerned for the safety of the Khartoum bureau chief for international news network Al-Jazeera, ...

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January 2013 Culture

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Jadaliyya's first monthly culture bouquet of 2013 has arrived! Painters Samia Halaby and Athir Shayota contribute to Visuals in 1500, a new series of profiles that takes a single work of art as the starting point for larger discussions on aesthetics. Marilyn Hacker translates a poem by Taher Bekri. Maia Tabet translates a chapter from Sudanese novelist Amir Tag Elsir's "Ebola '76." Alia Yunis interviews Syrian director Nabil Maleh. Iraqi artist Sadik Kwaish Alfaraji contemplates the plight of the Arab Sisyphus. Spread the word and enjoy! Samia Halaby, "Homage to Leonard" Athir Shayota, "From Baghdad to New York: Reflections on ...

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Sudan: Major Reform or More War

[ICG logo. Image from crisisgroup.org]

[The following report was issued by International Crisis Group on 29 November 2012.] Sudan: Major Reform or More War Executive Summary The “Sudan Problem” has not gone away with the South’s secession. Chronic conflict, driven by concentration of power and resources in the centre, continues to plague the country. The solution is a more inclusive government that addresses at least some of the peripheries’ grievances, but pledges to transform governance remain unfulfilled. A key hurdle – though not the only one – is President Bashir, who has further concentrated authority in a small circle of trusted officials and is unwilling to step aside. Many hope for regime change ...

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#SudanRevolts: Halima's Testimony (Video)

[Screenshot from youtube.com]

The following video is the account of a University of Khartoum student named Halima. While on campus during a protest on 9 July 2012, she was shot with a rubber bullet by police officers, resulting in the loss of her right eye.   

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Free Citizen Journalists in Sudan & Call for Videos

[Citizen journalist captures wreckage in Sudan in 2012. Image by ENOUGH Project via Flickr]

[The following statement was issued by Sudan Watch on 22 July 2012. The organization is calling for brief videos about the importance of citizen journalism for an upcoming campaign.]  Citizen journalism has been changing the media landscape since the rise of blogs in the late 90s. This was further accelerated by the Arab Spring. It has moved from a nuisance to the only source of information where access is impossible for traditional media. It was citizen journalists who brought us pictures and videos from Libya when journalists were unable to gain access to the country. It is still citizen journalists who provide us with almost all content from Syria. ...

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Snapshot: Khartoum

While working on a story in Sudan I found myself using my iPhone much more than my professional camera for personal snapshots. Mainly because it is easy, discrete, and has a deep depth of field. These are Instagram snapshots of observations and daily life in the Sudanese capital over a week in early January 2014. During this trip I was constantly reminded that Khartoum hasn't changed much. Even with the separation of South Sudan the capital looked almost exactly the same as six years ago. This ...

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On the Margins Roundup (January)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Mali, South Sudan, Somalia, Mauritania, Djibouti, and Comoros Islands and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the On the Margins Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each month's roundup to info@jadaliyya.com.]  Mauritania Biram : les raisons du succès The author examines the reasons for Biram Ould Abeid’s success in fighting for human rights in ...

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يا أهلا بالمذابح

  مقالة الصديقة العزيزة ريم سعد في الشروق يوم ٥ يناير التي كانت بعنوان "أوهام دموية عن الحلول الجذرية" لفتت نظري إلى مقالة أحمد المسلماني، التي نشرها سنة ٢٠٠٨ في "المصري اليوم"، والتي كانت بعنوان "جريمة رائعة". مقالة المسلماني كانت من جزئين وأشاد فيها بمذبحة القلعة التي تمت يوم ١ مارس ١٨١١.  في الحقيقة، أنا لا أتذكر أنني قرأت مقالة المسلماني عند نشرها، لكني أتذكر سلسلة المقالات التي كانت هذه المقالة واحدة منها. السلسلة كانت تدعو لتأسيس ما أسماه المسلماني ...

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On the Margins Roundup (November)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Mali, South Sudan, Somalia, Mauritania, Djibouti, and Comoros Islands and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the On the Margins Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each month's roundup to info@jadaliyya.com.]  Somalia Somalia’s Watergate Scandal President’s Chief of Staff outmaneuvered in his bid to steal over 100 million dollar. Al-Shabaab's ...

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السودان: «السياسي» و«الاقتصادي» متداخلان

  في العشرين من أيلول/سبتمبر الماضي، أكملت بعثة صندوق النقد الدولي زيارتها إلى السودان، وفي الرابع والعشرين منه أعلنت الخرطوم بدء تطبيق حزمة إجراءات اقتصادية أبرز ملامحها رفع الدعم عن المحروقات، وتعديل سعر الصرف الرسمي للدولار الجمركي. وفي الرابع من الشهر الجاري أعلن مجلس مديري الصندوق في تقييم له عن الوضع الأقتصادي أنه «يرحب» بالإجراءات التي اتخذها السودان. والغريب أنه رغم هذا الترحيب، إلا أن الإجراءات الاقتصادية الصارمة التي اتخذها السودان لم تأت في إطار اتفاق مع الصندوق كما هي العادة، وذلك ...

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On the Margins Roundup (July)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Mali, South Sudan, Somalia, Mauritania, Djibouti, and Comoros Islands and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the On the Margins Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each month's roundup to info@jadaliyya.com.]  Somalia Donor Unfazed Despite UN Compound Attack Contrary to what Al-Shabab may have hoped, the United Kingdom and the European Union are ...

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New Texts Out Now: Mark Fathi Massoud, Law's Fragile State: Colonial, Authoritarian, and Humanitarian Legacies in Sudan

Mark Fathi Massoud, Law's Fragile State: Colonial, Authoritarian, and Humanitarian Legacies in Sudan. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013. Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book? Mark Fathi Massoud (MFM): I wrote this book to investigate the nature of the law and how law is used both to develop and to disrupt authority. I also wrote the book to understand Sudan. Sudan was the first sub-Saharan African country to achieve colonial independence from the British. Its ...

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بورتسودان: تلك المدينة الزهرة

[مدن، زاوية جديدة على "جدلية" يكتب فيها الكتاب والكاتبات عن مدنهم المفضلة. يفتتح السلسلة الكاتب السوداني أمير تاج السرّ] بالرغم من أنني ولدت في قرية صغيرة شمال السودان، إلا أنني ارتبطت كثيراً بمدينة بورتسودان، الميناء الذي أنشأه الاستعمار الإنجليزي، بديلاً عن ميناء مدينة سواكن المجاورة، التي غدت بعد ذلك ولزمن طويل، مجرد تاريخ مهجور تحفه الفوضى والأساطير الغامضة، بعد أن سرقت بورتسودان رونقها وعمالها، وسفن الرحيل المتعددة التي كانت تغشاها زماناً، قبل أن تنتعش من جديد مؤخراً، وتستخدم كميناء آخر، ...

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Amir Tag Elsir: Ebola '76

A Chapter from Amir Tag Elsir’s  Ebola ‘76 Translated from the Arabic by Maia Tabet   In times of Tragedy, Things seem real. Eyes are real. The hand that greets a neighbor is real, And the moon is real, not just a fantasy in the distance. My sweetheart asks me about the meaning of reality, I refer her question to Tragedy, Passers-by ask me about the meaning of real blood. It is that which is sown by Tragedy, I say.  Cautionary Note In August 1976, the deadly Ebola virus ...

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الترابي في الثمانين

من أكتوبر إلى يونيو: إفلاس الرؤية وبؤس السيرة [1] أكمل الدكتور حسن الترابي، الزعيم الإسلامي، عامه الثمانين هذا العام. وإن قلنا إن شخصاً ما في أي مكان في عالمنا اليوم قد أكمل عامه الكذا فإن مثل هذه الجملة لا تثير في الغالب مشكلة، إلا أنها ربما تثير مشكلة في حالة الترابي. فالترابي عندما سئل مرة عن تاريخ ميلاده وهو ماثل أمام محكمة فإنه أعطى تاريخ ميلاده بالهجري. ولاشك أن الترابي، وهو رجل القانون من ناحية ورجل الحركة الإسلامية من ناحية، قد فكّر في الأمر قبل إعطاء إجابته. لا شك أنه رأى أن صياغة إجابته بتلك ...

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Interview with Representative of Sudan Change Now

[Over the last month, a protest movement has gripped Sudan. The movement pronounced Friday 13 July "Kadanka Friday" in order to highlight the role of women in the opposition movement. Below, Heather McRobie interviews Rawa Gafar Bakhit, a representative of Sudan Change Now, about the overall course of the movement and women's role in #SudanRevolts. The interview was published by OpenDemocracy on 19 July 2012. ]  Heather McRobie (HM): What are the goals of #SudanRevolts? ...

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An Open Letter to the President of Republic of Sudan

[The following letter was originally published on Young Professionals in Human Rights on 30 June 2012.]  Dear Mr. Omer Elbashier: When you took over power, it was uncomfortable. When you fired skilled workers in civic service, it was unreasonable. When you introduced Sharia laws, it was painful. When your regime announced war against South Sudan, I feared for my family and friends. But now, after 23 years under your governance, after 23 years of ...

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