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Turkey’s New Migration Policy: Control Through Bureaucratization

[An afternoon in the Kumkapı neighborhood of Istanbul, traditionally home to Armenians and now populated by many of Turkey’s more recent migrants—Afghans, Iraqis, Iranians, and various nationalities from Africa. Kumkapı—along with bordering neighborhoods Laleli, Aksaray, and Yenikapı—all attract migrants because of the relatively cheap rent and the promise of day jobs in the informal economy. (Image by Kelsey P. Norman)]

Images of tens of thousands of refugees fleeing from IS across the Turkish border last week thrust the issue of migration to Turkey into the international spotlight. But the influx of refugees to Turkey is only one aspect of the country’s complex migration situation. While characterizations of Turkey as “between East and West” are overstated, this description in terms of Turkey’s migration dynamics is actually quite apt. Turkey is inching closer to becoming part of Europe through its adherence to European Union accession obligations that require Turkey to harmonize its migration and asylum policy with EU standards. Yet at the same time, Turkey’s migrant situation more ...

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ISIS in the News: Extensive Media Roundup (August-September 2014)

[Editorial Note: This is not a "Best of," only a roundup of significant pieces. The Introduction is written by Bassam Haddad and the Roundup's main editor is Basileus Zeno] Everyone has something to say about the Islamic State in Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS). But only now. When ISIS or its predecessor was taking over towns in Syria last year, and when it grew out of Iraq’s chaos and calamity after the US invasion of 2003, it was just another news item, if that. But when more and more interests were threatened, when the identity of the victims began to change, and when ISIS rolled into cities in Iraq, it became a problem. Followers of the news in/from Syria and Iraq ...

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O.I.L. Media Roundup (24 September)

[An American F/A-18C Hornet aboard the USS George H.W. Bush prior to the launch of operations over Iraq. Image by Margaret Keith.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Occupation, Intervention and Law and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the O.I.L. Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each biweekly roundup to OIL@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every other week.] Islamic State  President Obama's Full Speech on ISIS, Lisa Crivelli MSNBC presents the full text of US President Obama's outlining systemic airstrikes against Islamic State fighters and increasing military assistance to the Syrian opposition. House Votes to Arm Syrian Rebels, Matt Fuller Roll Call reports on ...

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حروب الردة أو اغتيال المستقبل

[مقطع من غلاف عدد مجلة

  ما من شك في أن المنطقة شهدت في الآونة الاخيرة تقدماً لافتاً لقوى الردّة المضادة للثورات، وهي ليست «ثورات مضادة»، حسب التعبير الدارج، لأن لا شيء فيها من التغيير أو الثورة، إنما هي ردة ضد هذا وتلك. يتمثل المشهد بإعادة انتاج عدد من الأنظمة العربية، بعد التضحية بالحاكم الفرد فيها، يقابل ذلك تعزيز طابعها الاستبدادي والتسلطي، وتمكين مرتكزاتها العسكرية والامنية، وتنمية توجهاتها النيولبرالية، وهي أحد الأسباب الرئيسة للبطالة والفساد والفروق المناطقية والطبقية. تحقق ذلك بمزيج من التدخل الإقليمي (الأنظمة الاستبدادية النفطية في السعودية وقطر وتركيا وإيران على ما بينها من تنافس وتبادل أدوار) وفي ظل أحدية «الحرب الكونية ضد الإرهاب» بقيادة الولايات المتحدة الأميركية، ومن خلال ...

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Syria Media Roundup (September 13)

[Syrian refugees work on an agricultural project organized by Syrian organization Basmeh and Zeitounah, in the Bekaa Valley, Lebanon]

This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Syria and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Syria Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to syria@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Inside Syria Gunfight shows demise of moderates on Syria’s southern front Another blow to the more moderate opposition after the killing of Capt Al Qatahneh, who headed the Omari brigades in Deraa, part of the powerful Syrian Revolutionary Front (SRF), at the hands of another member of the opposition, Qaisar Habib, an opposition media activist in ...

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Islamic State: Back in Business

[Logo of Islamic State. Image via Wikimedia Commons]

[The following article was originally published by Peter Harling in Le Monde Diplomatique, and subsequently republished by the International Crisis Group (ICG).] Emerging in an increasingly chaotic Middle East, IS is profiting from the region’s growing sectarianism, political vacuum and the ambivalence of the West. The so-called Islamic State (IS) — the jihadist movement also known as ISIL or ISIS and by the derogatory acronym Da’ish in Arabic — now controls much of northeast Syria and northwest Iraq (1). In a region beset with so much confusion, it appears uniquely determined and self-assured. Despite its name, it is in no sense a new state, since it rejects the ...

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داعش: انفجار السرديات

داعش: انفجار السرديات: أرض الثورة بين أبديّتين سياسية وميتافيزيقية ربما تكون الفضيلة الوحيدة لداعش أنها استقطبت المفارقات وحملت جميع المعنيين محلياً وإقليمياً ودولياً على الخوض في نشأتها وتحليل مآلاتها. فعلى رغم ولادتها الحديثة، يمكن لداعش أن تكون بؤرة مكثفة لشرح كل تعقيدات منطقتنا وتناقضاتها الفكرية المتقابلة، فهي مع عدميتها مليئة بالمعاني، ومع عبثيتها مليئة بالرموز وقابلية الإحالات. وبما أنها وُلِدَت ذات طبيعة حدية نهائية متأزمة ونشأت كذلك في سياق مماثل فإن أغلب التفسيرات التي خاضت في شأنها اتجهت تقريباً الاتجاه نفسه. مع بروزها انفجرت مجموعة من السرديات الداخلية والخارجية في مسار أشبه بغرفة مليئة بالمرايا المقعرة والمحدبة المتناظرة، فسهلت بذلك من جهة على كثير من ...

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The BBC and User-Generated Content: How Syrian Grassroots Information Shaped Newsroom Roles

[Screenshot from BBC coverage featuring user-generated content]

It’s probably the first big story I can remember where UGC has become a real factor in reporting, I think before that the UGC Hub was a department which was a bit unclear how you would best use them...But with Syria we were so exposed out there with not many people we had to use something. And they would become integral to reporting basically because they were only the source of getting some idea of what was happening.[1] It’s just after two o'clock on the morning of 21 August 2013 and in BBC Broadcasting House in London, journalists at the User Generated Content (UGC) Hub are pouring over YouTube footage. Over the next few hours, a team of BBC producers will sift ...

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O.I.L. Monthly Edition (August 2014)

[U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry and Egyptian Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry sit side-by-side as they meet with Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi at the Presidential Palace in Cairo, Egypt, on July 22, 2014, to discuss a possible ceasefire between Israeli and Hamas forces fighting in the Gaza Strip. Image by US Department of State.]

[This is a monthly archive of pieces written by Jadaliyya contributors and editors on the Occupations, Interventions, and Law (O.I.L.) Page. It also includes material published on other platforms that editors deemed pertinent to post as they provide diverse depictions of O.I.L.-related topics. The pieces reflect the level of critical analysis and diversity that Jadaliyyastrives for, but the views are solely the ones of their authors. If you are interested in contributing to Jadaliyya, send us your post with your bio and a release form to post@jadaliyya.com (click "Submissions" on the main page for more information).] On SJP’s Freedom to Organize: An Open ...

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September Culture Bouquet

[Safwan Dahoul,

Almost a decade ago, Saadi Youssef began his poem "Imru' al-Qays' Grandson" by asking: "Is it your fault that once you were born in that country? / Three quarters of a century / and you still pay from your ebbing blood / its tax." He ended the poem with an even more vexing question: "What is it to you / now when you are asked to do the impossible?" As this long hot summer ends, we would not be mistaken to imagine these lines could be about Gaza, Mosul, or Ferguson. Maymanah Farhat contributes a recent essay from a monograph on Syrian painter Khaled Takreti. Excerpts from Khalil Sweileh's Barbarians' Paradise, trans. ...

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Khalil Sweileh: from Barbarians' Paradise

[Cover of Khalil Sweileh's Jannat al-barabira by Dar Alain]

[The following excerpts are from Khalil Sweileh’s Barbarian’s Paradise (Jannat al-barabira) (Cairo: Dar Al-‘Ayn, 2014). The book is structured as a journal chronicling life in Damascus; the entries start in April 2012 and end in December 2013. The narrator moves through Damascus, both present day and past, describing scenes of daily life, both the mundane and the newsworthy, cataloguing the destruction and suffering of the country and its people, and recording the evolution of the conflict. Woven into the narrative are passages from historians who have described other periods in Syria’s history as well as the voices of writers and artists from around the world who have ...

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بداية ونهاية.. نحن نقص عليكم أسوأ القصص

[

-1- كنعان أورن ــ تركيا "المحافظة على الوحدة الوطنية، والقضاء على الفوضى والإرهاب وإعادة الأمن والاستقرار إلى البلاد". هكذا أعلن البيان الأول للجيش التركي عام 1980، وأوضح البيان أن: "تحرك الجيش ليس كباقي الانقلابات.. لكنه ضد العقائد الدينية المتزمتة". وزير الدفاع كنعان الذي كان يحظى بتأييد كبير بين قادة الجيش شكل جمعية تأسيسية لتقوم بإعداد دستور جديد، وإجراء الانتخابات. أدارت الجمعية التأسيسية الانتخابات.. ولذلك اعتبر أن الحكم في الفترة الانتقالية سلم لمدنيين. بالانتخاب.. أصبح الجنرال كنعان رئيسًا للجمهورية التركية من نوفمبر 1982 إلى نوفمبر 1989. ووسط تأييد شعبي وتحذير الجيش من السقوط في اقتتال أهلي وخلال حكم كنعان تم ما يلى: ألقي القبض عليهم ...

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Excavating the Sky

[Between 12-14 August 2014 at the 14th Venice International Architecture Biennale, architects, filmmakers, and activists from Syria and the Arab World, gathered for a series of events focused on Syria and the production of its landscape from before the First World War until today. Using the multidisciplinary and live context of Monditalia—curated by the Biennale’s director Rem Koolhaas and architect Ippolito Pestellini—Syrian architect Khaled Malas organized the project “Excavating the Sky.” Jadaliyya ...

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Syria Media Roundup (September 26)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Syria and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Syria Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to syria@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Inside Syria How to Get Away With Almost Anything "Deaths in Syria's civil war long ago passed the 100,000 mark, with hundreds more every day, but there is almost no ...

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Syria Media Roundup (September 20)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Syria and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Syria Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to syria@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.]   Inside Syria After a cease-fire, Homs residents face hard times Homs residents express the inadequate conditions Syria has been left in. Schools, homes, and businesses are ...

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بدايات، فصلية ثقافية فكرية: لكل فصول التغيير

صدر العدد ٩/٨ من مجلة ”بدايات“، وهي مجلة ثقافية فصلية أُطلقتْ استجابة للتحولات التاريخية التي نتجت عن الثورات العربية. كتب فوّاز طرابلسي، رئيس تحرير المجلة، افتتاحية العدد تحت عنوان ”حروب الردة أو أغتيال المستقبل” وركزت المجلة في عددها الراهن على الأوضاع في سوريا ولبنان والعراق.      محتويات العدد ٨/٩ ربيع-صيف ٢٠١٤ الافتتاحية: حروب الردّة او اغتيال المستقبل من باب اولى:  ·  سليمان تقي الدين: العرب مطلع الالفية · الياس خوري: ثلاثة اسئلة فلسطينية من وحي غزة · سنان ...

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Rigged Cars and Barrel Bombs: Aleppo and the State of the Syrian War

[The following reports was issued on 9 Sepetember 2014 by the International Crisis Group (ICG).] Rigged Cars and Barrel Bombs: Aleppo and the State of the Syrian War Executive Summary As Aleppo goes, so goes Syria’s rebellion. The city is crucial to the mainstream opposition’s military viability as well as its morale, thus to halting the advance of the Islamic State (IS). After an alliance of armed rebel factions seized its eastern half in July 2012, Aleppo for a time symbolised the opposition’s ...

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The Un-Islamic State

Since the Islamic State (IS) movement seized control of Iraq’s second city of Mosul in early June 2014 it has achieved unprecedented levels of success in Iraq and Syria, seized territory in Lebanon, and expanded to the border regions of most surrounding states. As a result the international community, which had virtually forgotten about Iraq and was growing increasingly uninterested in Syria, put these conflicts back at the top of its agenda virtually overnight. The U.S. is once again engaged in ...

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Roundtable Introduction: New Media, New Politics? Revolutions in Theory and Practice

In April of 2013, the Arab Media Center at the University of Westminster's CAMRI hosted its annual Arab media studies conference under the title of “New Media, New Politics?” At a critical juncture in the progress of the region’s uprisings, the common denominator at the event was (the need for) a prevailing dialectical understanding of the Arab revolutions, namely as a process demonstrating important, and often intractable, contradictions. As some forms of knowledge production are challenged by this ...

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Online and Offline Maneuverings in Syria's Counter-Revolution

The revolutionary advance [is] made headway not by its immediate tragic-comic achievements, but on the contrary by the creation of a powerful, united counter-revolution, by the creation of an opponent, by the fighting of which the party of revolt first ripened into a real revolutionary party. —Karl Marx In the past three years masses of Syrians have engaged in undermining the regime’s legitimacy, they have done this from physical places—squares, churches, mosques, campuses—and virtual spaces—the ...

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Syria Media Roundup (September 2)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Syria and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Syria Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to syria@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Inside Syria Syrian students leave besieged areas to take exams Syrian students and their education have suffered due to the crisis in besieged towns near Damascus.  Their ...

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ABOUNADDARA’s Take on Images in the Syrian Revolution: A Conversation between Charif Kiwan and Akram Zaatari (Part Two)

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Syria Media Roundup (August 15)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Syria and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Syria Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to syria@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Note to readers: we are ten days behind but we will catch up during the first week of September. Hold tight! Regional and International Perspectives  Exclusive interview with ...

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New Report: Housing, Land and Property Issues in Lebanon

The UNHCR and UN-Habitat have recently launched a new report assessing the Syrian refugee crisis in Lebanon by studying issues of housing, land and property. Entitled Housing, Land and Property Issues in Lebanon: Implications of the Syrian Refugee Crisis, the report is authored by lawyers Nizar Saghieh and Karim Nammour and Mona Fawaz, associate professor of urban studies and planning at the American University of Beirut, and is accessible through UNHCR’s “Syria Regional Refugee Response” sharing portal. ...

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