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Terrorism - Counterinsurgency

Charlie Hebdo ve Cumhuriyetin Sinirlari

[Image of a demonstration following the attack on the Charlie Hebdo office. Image by canal6hn/Flickr.]

Charlie Hebdo ve Cumhuriyetin Sınırları Charlie Hebdo'nun ofisine yapılan saldırıdan hemen sonra yorumcular "Batı'ya ve demokrasiye", "Fransız Cumhuriyetinin temel değerlerine" karşı girişilen bu saldırı karşısında büyük bir heyecana kapıldılar. Bu "cumhuriyet" değerleri tartışma götürmez bir biçimde, yani tamamen saf bir kökenden kaynaklanıyormuş gibi gündeme geldi. Dahası Müslümanları laikliğin ve ifade özgürlüğünün kutsal değerlerini paylaştıklarını göstermeye zorlayan talepler de giderek çoğaldı. Yıkıcı bir ironiyle, Müslümanlardan zorla, tarihsel olarak onları dışarda tutmak için yapılmış, oluşturulmuş bu değerlere bağlılıklarını ...

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Charlie Hebdo and the Limits of the Republic

[Image of a demonstration following the attack on the Charlie Hebdo office. Image by canal6hn/Flickr.]

Immediately following the massacre at the offices of Charlie Hebdo, commentators denounced an attack on "Democracy and the West," an attack on "the fundamental values of the French Republic." Everywhere in France, people are rallying around these apparently pure, unproblematic “Republican values.” There have been many requests for Muslims to demonstrate that they share in the Republic’s cherished values of secularism and freedom of speech. It is bitterly ironic that Muslims are being asked to prove that they believe in the same values from which they were historically excluded. The Republic has always had a darker side, ...

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Latin America’s Lesson for the United States: Prosecute the Torturers

[ People hoping for change at the Guantanamo and Bagram detention facilities. The White House, Washington, DC. January 2009. Image by Mike Benedetti.]

The Senate Select Intelligence Committee report on torture has revived debate worldwide about the United States use of torture in the aftermath of 9/11. ­ Some have applauded the report—including organizations such as Human Rights Watch and the Center for Constitutional Rights, which have pushed for a full accounting of the use of methods prohibited by US and international law, as well as accountability for those who made such methods official state policy. They also note significant shortcomings—including the Senate’s failure to release the full report, a four-year delay in the release of the summary and the redaction of key ...

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From Raqqa to Derna: Exceptionalism in Expansionism

[Image courtesy of Al-Wasat]

In early November, militants affiliated with the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria took full control of the Libyan city of Derna, festooning government buildings with the familiar flag bearing the shahada and celebrating their victory over their opponents within the city. A coastal settlement of around 100,000, less than two hundred miles from the eastern city of Benghazi and hours from Tobruk, where the internationally-recognized House of Representative rules from, the loss of Derna aroused fears within the West of further Islamist and ISIS domination over restive and ungoverned Libya. As news outlets and Libyan watchers across the ideological divide pointed out, a ...

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Panel Event: All You Wanted To Know About ISIS and Did Not Know You Should Ask (GMU, 16 October 2014)

Co-sponsored by Global Programs, Middle East Studies, Center for Global Islamic Studies, Political Science and Center for Global Policy (SPGIA) at George Mason University All You Wanted to Know  About ISIS  & Did Not Know You Should Ask Town Hall Event at George Mason University 16 October 2014, 6:00 PM Merten Hall 1201 George Mason University Fairfax, VA  Featured Speakers Bassam Haddad Maria Dakake Peter Mandaville Jack Goldstone “Everyone has something to say about the Islamic State in Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS). But only now. When ISIS or its predecessor was taking over towns in Syria last year, and when it grew out ...

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O.I.L. Media Roundup (10 September)

[Iraqi Yazidi refugees fleeing Islamic State militants receive help from International Rescue Committee at Newroz Camp in northeastern Syria. Image by UK Department for International Development.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Occupation, Intervention and Law and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the O.I.L. Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each biweekly roundup to OIL@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every other week.] Libya Libya Prime Minister Abdullah al-Thinni Resigns, BBC News In hopes of allowing the Libyan parliament to select a new government, Prime Minister Abdullah al-Thinni and his cabinet have resigned. US Officials: Egypt, UAE Behind Airstrikes in Libya, Associated Press Anonymous US officials have reported that ...

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Who Are the Insurgents and Counterinsurgents?

[Buildings from a nineteenth century homestead in Virginia City, Montana. Author's personal photo collection.]

We should not be surprised that the United States will not condemn Israel’s violence, or that it describes such activities as merely a defensive response to indigenous “terrorism” and insurgent forces. Below, I describe how early US history and the nation’s construction of its own political legitimacy compel this stance. As in Israel now, in America, the nation’s origins in colonization by settlement has been suppressed. Further, this suppression has been achieved by displacing the recognition of how people were forcefully removed from their ancestral homes with a narrative about the creation of a liberal democratic beacon of a state; and alongside this narrative, any ...

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The Informants: Manufacturing Terror

[Image of City University students protesting the arrest of Brooklyn College students, and the FBI’s harassment of Muslim and dissident students and faculty. Image by Michael Fleshman/Flickr.]

On the surface, the scene unfolds without any hint of intrigue. A young Muslim convert named Darren Griffin meets fellow congregants at a local mosque in northwest Ohio. In addition to sharing the same faith as his new friends, they enjoy similar interests: watching sports, playing video games, working out at the local gym, and discussing international affairs. Except the scene ends tragically with a string of arrests, a national media frenzy, and self-congratulation among federal officials claiming to have foiled yet another terrorist plot. The only problem is that Griffin was an FBI plant and the United States government entirely manufactured the terror plot he ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (July 15)

[Abd Rabbu Mansour Hadi reached out to Saudi Arabia and the United States for support as Houthi forces expanded their territorial control in the north of Yemen. Image from US Department of State/Wikimedia Commons. 29 July 2013.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations Saudi Arabia: Sandwiched by jihadists in Iraq and Yemen Frank Gardner examines the challenges posed to Saudi Arabia by the Islamic State in Iraq and Greater Syria and Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula. Saudi Arabia: Don't blame it all on the Islamic State Mansour Almarzoqi Albogami argues ...

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ليلة سقوط نينوى: احتجاز راوي الحكومة

[

كما لو أن الملائكة والشياطين هبطوا في الوقت ذاته الى مدينة نينوى. لفّ سماء المدينة غموض مريب ليلة العاشر من حزيران / يونيو. سقطت المدينة بشكل دراماتيكي بيد مسلحي «الدولة الاسلامية في العراق والشام» («داعش») خلال ساعات محدودة، على الرغم من وجود حوالي 56 ألف عنصر أمن متوزّعين بين الجيش والشرطة والمخابرات، وكذلك وجود قائدين يعتبرهما نوري المالكي، رئيس مجلس الوزراء والقائد العام للقوات المسلحة، من الصقور الذين يعتمد عليهما في المهمّات الصعبة. كيف سقطت المدينة هكذا؟ من المسؤول؟ كيف ستستعاد؟ هل سيكون الحل عسكرياً أم سياسياً؟ ما الذي سيحلّ بالعراق.. هل سيبقى أرضاً غير مقسّمة، أم أنه سيحال إلى أقاليم وكونفدراليات؟ جراد الأسئلة يغزو غابات الدهشة. الروايات تتوالى، الحدث له ألف ...

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ابحثوا عن السعودية

[المصدر جريدة

فيما يُستأَنَف قرعُ طبول الفتنة مجدداً على امتداد المشرق العربي، ثمة ما يلفت الى الدور السعودي في الفصل الجديد من محنة العراق. ولأن السعودية تجد نفسها اليوم معنيّة بصورة مباشرة بقلب المعادلات الجيوسياسية في المنطقة، فما توافر لديها من معطيات يجعلها طرفاً مستهدفاً في المرحلة المقبلة. ويمكن هنا رصد أهم المعطيات: أولاً: الخسائر المتعاقبة التي لحقت بالسعودية منذ إلغاء الضربة العسكرية الاميركية على سوريا في أيلول العام الماضي، الذي سجّل انتصاراً كبيراً لمصلحة المعسكر الآخر الممتد من ايران مروراً بالعراق وسوريا وصولاً الى لبنان ومعه فلسطين، الى جانب بطبيعة الحال روسيا والصين. وتتمثل الخسائر في: 1 ـ الانجازات العسكرية التي حقّقها الجيش السوري خلال عام، والتي ...

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Quick Thoughts: Zainab Saleh on Iraq

[Iraq Mosul vector map from Shutterstock]

[The recent upsurge in fighting in Iraq has placed that country in the headlines once again. Jadaliyya asked Iraq specialist Zainab Saleh to clarify the background and implications of recent developments]: Jadaliyya (J): Recent events in Iraq have been rather dramatic. What led to these developments? Zainab Saleh (ZS): The fall of Mosul and other Iraqi cities to the Islamic State of Iraq and Greater Syria (ISIS) needs to be understood against the combined background of the 2003 US invasion of Iraq, the sectarian political system installed by the occupying powers, regional and international politics, and the conflict in Syria. The institutionalization of sectarian ...

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Charlie Hebdo et les limites de la République

Tout de suite après le massacre aux bureaux de Charlie Hebdo, les commentateurs se sont émus d’une attaque sur « l’Occident et la démocratie » « les valeurs fondamentales de la République française. » Ces valeurs « républicaines » sont invoquées avec unanimité, sans débat, comme si elles étaient d’une origine parfaitement pure. Mieux, les requêtes se multiplient pour exiger des musulmans qu’ils démontrent qu’ils partagent les valeurs sacrées de la laïcité et de la ...

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القواعد البريطانية الجديدة في الخليج

تفاجأ كثيرون بالإعلان، المصحوب بضجة إعلامية كبيرة، عن توقيع اتفاقية بين البحرين وبريطانيا تتيح لهذه الأخيرة "إقامة قاعدة عسكرية في البحرين لمواجهة التهديدات التي تتعرض لها المنطقة". وأشارت شعارات الاحتجاج التي رفعها المتظاهرون في البحرين إلى إن الاتفاقية هي إيذان بـ "عودة الاستعمار إلى المنطقة"، وانها "جزء من الثمن التي تقبضه بريطانيا نظير دعمها السياسي للنظام البحريني وصمتها تجاه ما يرتكبه من انتهاكات لحقوق الإنسان". وعلى الجهة المقابلة، أوضحت التصريحات الرسمية إن إنشاء ...

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The Islamic State: The Fear of Decline?

Following a series of military setbacks, Dabiq—the propaganda magazine of the Islamic State (IS)—is issuing calls for the unity of followers to compensate for the dwindling number of its fighters. Through its powerful media apparatus, IS states its ambitions. The Islamic State has shown great capabilities on the field, but also in the virtual sphere. The group has developed a high-quality media industry and mastered this tool like no jihadist group ever has. In comparison, al-Qa‘ida propaganda is a ...

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ISIS in the News: Extensive Media Roundup (September-October 2014)

[Editorial Note: This is not a "Best of," only a roundup of significant pieces. See here for an introduction to this roundup series]   English Articles ISIS: Saudi-Qatari-Funded Wahhabi Terrorists Worldwide (29 August, 2014) Ramtanu Maitra provides a comprehensive reports about the context of ISIS emergence.  This Is How People In The Middle East Are Making Fun Of ISIS (29 August, 2014) Charlotte Alfred writes about the virtual war against ISIS on social media by initiating ...

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Critical Currents in Islam Media Roundup (October)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating about Islam and reflects a wide variety of opinions and approaches. It does not reflect the views of the Critical Currents in Islam page or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to cci@jadaliyya.com by Saturday night of every week.] Art and Science How LA's Islamic art shows might expand our 'Middle East' vision The Islamic art exhibits organized by the Department of Cultural Affairs ...

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On the Margins Roundup (August)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Mali, South Sudan, Somalia, Mauritania, Djibouti, and Comoros Islands and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the On the Margins Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each month's roundup to info@jadaliyya.com.]  Mauritania اعتقال رئيس المبادرة الطلابية بمطار نواكشوط  A Mauritanian student is arrested at the airport, attempting to board a flight to ...

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The FBI’s War on Fake Terrorism

As part of the effort to prevent terrorist attacks, the FBI has a program in which agents recruit undercover informants who then “listen” for developing terror plots. Two new reports show how this preventative program has run amok, possibly entrapping vulnerable people to justify its own existence. Human Rights Watch (HRW) found that most US terrorism prosecutions are “an illusion” created by the authorities. The groundbreaking HRW report was released just after the premiere of a new Al Jazeera ...

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A Practical Solution for Iraq

The rise of ISIS and the declaration of a Caliphate that controls large swaths of Iraq and Syria signals a moment of exceptional danger not only for Iraq and its future existence as a state, but for US national interests. The United States has sacrificed life and limb and invested billions of dollars to save Iraq from dictatorship and help its people build a thriving democracy. Mistakes were made for sure, but our intentions and objectives were always clear: to stabilize and democratize the region. ...

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O.I.L. Monthly Edition (June 2014)

 [This is a monthly archive of pieces written by Jadaliyya contributors and editors on the Occupations, Interventions, and Law (O.I.L.) Page. It also includes material published on other platforms that editors deemed pertinent to post as they provide diverse depictions of O.I.L.-related topics. The pieces reflect the level of critical analysis and diversity that Jadaliyya strives for, but the views are solely the ones of their authors. If you are interested in contributing to Jadaliyya, send us your ...

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Details and Statements On Federal Court Dismissing All Charges Against Sami Al-Arian

[The following statement was issued by Sami Al-Arian's attorney, Jonathan Turley, on 27 June 2014. Below it is a short statement by Al-Arian's family that was included at the end of Turley's statement.] Statemeny by Jonathan Turley It is with a great sense of relief and thankfulness that I can now report that all charges have been dropped against my client Dr. Sami Al-Arian. Minutes ago, United States District Judge Anthony J. Trenga signed the order dismissing the indictment against Dr. Al-Arian. The ...

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NPR Interviews Jadaliyya Co-Editor Elliott Colla on ISIS and the Media

In this interview with NPR's Brooke Gladstone, Jadaliyya Co-Editor Elliott Colla discusses his essay "Watching ISIS on TV." Colla does a reading from his essay in which he describes his Iraqi in-laws reflecting on their country's frenzied televisions channels' coverage of the conflict. In the second part of the show, Colla offers his commentary about the deregulation of Iraq's media after the US invasion, the fragmentation and polarization of the public, and the entrenchment of ...

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Representing Hamas (Part 2)

Shlomi Eldar, Lehakir et Hamas [“To Know Hamas”]. Jerusalem: Keter, 2012.  [Part one of this review can be found here.] The Military Complex  Eldar structures his narrative around character profiles of Palestinian activists, mainly Hamas leaders, their assassination by Israel, and the broader Israeli military operations. In order to recount the killing of Ahmed Yassin, the founder and leader of the movement, for example, Eldar has researched the decision-making process leading up to it and ...

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