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Terrorism - Counterinsurgency

الحرب على ذاكرة الحداثة: داعش مثالاً

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              17 اُذْكُرْ مَا فَعَلهُ بِكَ عَمَالِيقُ فِي الطَّرِيقِ عِنْدَ خُرُوجِكَ مِنْ مِصْرَ. 18 كَيْفَ لاقَاكَ فِي الطَّرِيقِ وَقَطَعَ مِنْ مُؤَخَّرِكَ كُل المُسْتَضْعِفِينَ وَرَاءَكَ وَأَنْتَ كَلِيلٌ وَمُتْعَبٌ وَلمْ يَخَفِ اللهَ. 19 فَمَتَى أَرَاحَكَ الرَّبُّ إِلهُكَ مِنْ جَمِيعِ أَعْدَائِكَ حَوْلكَ فِي الأَرْضِ التِي يُعْطِيكَ الرَّبُّ إِلهُكَ نَصِيباً لِتَمْتَلِكَهَا تَمْحُو ذِكْرَ عَمَالِيقَ مِنْ تَحْتِ السَّمَاءِ. لا تَنْسَ. سفر التثنية – الأصحاح 25: 17ـ19. خلافاً لداعش، لم تلتفت الدولة الإسلامية التاريخية منذ الخلفاء الراشدين وإلى أن ألغى مصطفى كمال أتاتورك مؤسسة الخلافة عام 1924، إلى ضرورة هدم وتفجير ...

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عامان من حكم داعش للمدينة الضائعة

[المصدر موقغ جوجل]

التعليم في الرقة بين مخالب النظام وأنياب الدولة الإسلامية* مضى أكثر من عامين على آخر زيارة لمدينتي الرقة (2 - 9 أيلول/ سبتمبر 2013)، أصبحت خلالهما المدينة عَلَماً في الخارطة العالمية من باب داعش، بعد أن كان عدد لا بأس به من السوريين لا يعرف أين تقع المدينة التي تتوسط محافظة توازي مساحتها البالغة (19616 كم2) مساحة دولة الكويت، وتقترب من ضعفي مساحة لبنان. قبل سنتين، أخذت الطائرة من اسطنبول إلى أورفة (شانلي أورفا، بالتركية)، ومنها عبر "الدلمش - ميكروباص" إلى أقجة قلعة (أكجا كالا)، وهي المقابل التركي لتل أبيض. المسافة من أورفة إلى أقجة قلعة خمسون كيلومتراً، لكنها استغرقت ساعة ونصف في الدلمش، وكانت الطريق تزداد صعوبة ووحشة كلما اتجهنا جنوباً. شيوخ ...

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‘New Turkey’: Toward an Authoritarian and Sectarian Police State

[Demonstration in Istanbul following the assassination of Tahir Elçi. Photo by Fatih Pinar.]

Tahir Elçi, the president of the bar association in southeastern Diyarbakır province and a determined Kurdish human rights lawyer, was shot dead on Saturday, 28 November, during a press statement he had delivered in Diyarbakır. Photos of Elçi’s dead body lying on the ground quickly overwhelmed social media accounts, symbolizing the deadly difficulty of talking about and fighting for peace at this critical juncture that Turkey, and the region at large, are going through. Despite the fact that Turkey is known for its long history of unsolved political crimes and political violence, Elçi’s assassination is an alarming turning point in the final phase, after the electoral ...

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A Moveable Feast? Reflections on the French Coverage of the Paris Attacks

[Image of the Eiffel Tower illuminated with the Tricolor following the Paris attacks. Image by Passion Leica/Flickr]

Writing on the relationship between acts of terror and the mystification of liberalism in 1947, Maurice Merleau-Ponty wrote that, “cunning, violence, propaganda, and realpolitik” appeared “in the guise of liberal principles” and were “the substance of foreign or colonial politics, and even of domestic politics.” [1] He was not writing about religious fanatics, but he was rather concerned with another specter that once faced Europe: Communism. Unlike the Cold War, if France is indeed “at war,” one is at a loss to characterize what kind of war it is, or against whom it will be fought. Perhaps we are in what Jean Baudrillard categorized as a “Fourth World War,” in which the ...

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Terror Everywhere, Humanity Nowhere

[Image taken in front of Le Carillon on 15 November 2015. Image by Jean-François Gornet/Flickr]

It would surely be more reasonable to wait a few weeks and let the emotions subside. This is what decency and reason require. As a Parisian at heart, I would rather stay quiet. Unfortunately, falcons and fascists, wolves and warmongers, jackals and ministers are not bound by such scruples. They did not wait for the bodies to be buried or the tears to be dried before they started shouting their outrage. Now they call for a strong retaliation, for the closure of borders, for a new round of heavy-handed security measures. We are surrounded. It is impossible to summarize in one article the multiple dynamics at work in the escalation of mass terrorism that successively ...

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New Wars and Autonomous Self-Defense

[US soldier in Afghanistan, January 2011. Image via Flickr, from dvidshub.net/r/sorl5w]

A number of scholars working in the fields of geography, sociology, and political science have developed the concept of “new wars” to talk about the state we are living in the last two decades.[1] These scholars claim that currently, we are going through a fourth world war—that is, of course, if we would call the cold war a third world war—and argue that after the collapse of the Soviet bloc, the politics of controlled conflict and tension has been replaced by continuous, scattered, and extending small wars, whose sides are multiple and whose outcomes remain uncertain. So first, I will address this concept of new wars. I will explain how both a biopolitical and a ...

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Drone Warfare and the Superpower’s Dilemma (Part 2)

[Image source: The Economist]

This is Part 2 of a two-part article. To access Part 1, click here. Historically, the risks of soldier death and injury were ineluctable features of war, and served sometimes to limit or force an end to wars. Risks to soldiers’ lives were altered (but not eliminated) long before the appearance of drones through the development of increasingly long-range weapons. For Americans, the Vietnam War, at the time the longest overseas armed conflict, was a major turning point in terms of the politics of risk and sacrifice. For one thing, the war ended without victory; the phrase “Vietnam syndrome” became a popular way of describing the American public’s antipathy to the blood ...

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Three Theses on ISIS: The Universal, the Millenarian, and the Philistine

[A view point of the city Kobanê, in Syrian Kurdistan, during the bombradment of ISIL targets by US-led forces, The photo has been taken from Turkish-Syrian border (Suruç). Photo by M. Akhavan / Persian Dutch Network.]

The ruthless brutality of the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS or ISIL) unfolds before our eyes on the screens. As commentators struggle to explain and understand it, it becomes convenient to revive old Orientalist tropes. Beyond the spectacular brutality, the reason that ISIS invites attention (both fascination and fear) is that it seems easy to fit in confrontational narratives of Islam (us v. them, anti-American, etc.). Muslims are clearly angry at something. In his infamous article “The Roots of Muslim Outrage”, Bernard Lewis simplistically explained that Muslims are envious of, and angry at, Western modernity and secularism. The U.S. magazine Newsweek ...

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France Decorates a Moroccan Facing Justice on Bastille Day: A Portrait of Abdellatif Hammouchi

[Abdellatif Hammouchi receives decoration from the Spanish government. Image from screenshot of Moroccan state channel, Al Oula.]

Despite objections from human rights organizations in Morocco and France, on 23 June 2015, the National French Assembly adopted a bill that requires judges to refer legal complaints regarding criminal acts committed in Morocco to Moroccan justice. This would also include cases in which French citizens were subjected to acts of torture. The Senate will ratify this decision on 15 July 2015. This ratification comes a little over a year after the French justice system began raising questions about the head of Morocco's intelligence services, Abdellatif Hammouchi, for whom strong suspicions of complicity in torture did little to impede his rapid rise through the ranks. ...

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Declassified 2012 Defense Intelligence Report on Syrian Uprising, Gulf Intervention, and Potential for al-Qa'ida Gains

The declassifed document below was obtained as part of a document trove secured by the right-wing institution, Judicial Watch. It obtained the report through a May 2014 Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request. The Defense Intelligence Agency authored the report, which dates August 2012. It demonstrates that the Department of Defense was aware that Western powers, Gulf states, and Turkey were fully supporting the opposition. It also notes that if events unraveled, there was the possibility of what was then al-Qa'ida in Iraq (AQI) establishing a “Salafist principality” in eastern Syria. It further claims that, according to their intelligence, ...

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Syria Media Roundup (March 8)

[Image from www.shutterstock.com]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Syria and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Syria Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to syria@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every week.]             Inside Syria  We Need to End This Dirty War: An Interview With Haytham Manna Interview with Haytham Manna and his take on the Syrian conflict.  ISIS loses more than 20 villages in Syria Kurd and Assad forces take over 20 villages from ISIS in Syria. Syrian army and ...

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Manufacturing Silence: On Jordan's ISIS War, Arab Authoritarianism, and US Empire

[Royal Jordanian Air Force F-16 Fighting Falcon aircrafts fly alongside a US Air Force KC-135 Stratotanker aircraft while waiting to connect for fuel over Jordan on 19 October 2009.]

On 24 December 2014, ISIS reported and the US-led coalition confirmed that a Jordanian fighter pilot, Mu‘ath al-Kassasbeh, had crashed in Syria and was now in ISIS custody. On 3 February 2015, ISIS released a video showing its own members murdering the pilot by immolation. The Jordanian regime vowed revenge. Some Jordanians took to the streets in grief and anger. The Jordanian Armed Forces, for its part, intensified its bombing campaign in Syria. Media outlets and Middle East analysts have expended considerable energy assessing whether and how Jordan’s war on ISIS in the aftermath of the Kassasbeh capture and death represents a game changer. It is difficult to find a ...

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« Les organisations policières se trouvent en position de force » entretien avec Emmanuel Blanchard

[Emmanuel Blanchard est historien, spécialiste des pratiques policières en situation coloniale. Il est également engagé de longue date dans la défense des droits des étrangers en France et dans l'Union Européenne. Il a accepté de s'entretenir avec Jadaliyya au sujet de la sécuritisation des politiques migratoires européennes, de l'instauration de l'état d'urgence en France, des dimensions sociales et raciales de la répression, et du renforcement du poids de la police.] Thomas Serres (TS) : Donc cela ...

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Beirut Bombed: A STATUS Quick Thoughts Conversation with Maya Mikdashi

In this not-so-quick Quick Thoughts interview for Status/الوضع, Maya Mikdashi examines how the representation of the attacks on Beirut became dominated by connotations surrounding the term dahieh. She reviews the Western media's characterization of the neighborhood as a Hezbollah stronghold and problematizes it against the backdrop of spatial sectarian fault-lines in Beirut. She also critiques the way in which the Paris attacks either quickly overshadowed Beirut or were replaced by a state-sponsored ...

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Investigate Killing of Kurdish Human Rights Activist and Lawyer

[This statement was released by Project 2015 on 29 November 2015.] Apparent Assassination Latest in Spate of Targeted Attacks against Kurdish Peace Activists Project 2015 today condemned the apparent assassination of Tahir Elci, a prominent lawyer and Kurdish human rights activist who headed the Diyarbakir Bar Association. An unknown assailant reportedly shot Elci with a bullet to the head while Elci was delivering remarks at a press conference in Diyarbakir calling for an end to the ongoing ...

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في العلاقة الشائكة بين التاريخ والتطرّف

استهلال: سيبدو من السذاجة والتبسيط أن نردّ ظهور، ومن ثم تنامي وتعملق، تنظيم كـ"الدولة الإسلامية في العراق والشام"، (داعش) بالاختصار العربي، إلى سبب واحد، حتى لو رجحت كفة سبب على آخر. ولنعترف بأن ظهور تنظيم مشابه لن يكون بسبب واحد محدّد ومنجز. وباعتقادي فإن الأسباب المتعددة تلك تتفرّع في عدة محاور: المحور الإيديولوجي/ الثقافي، والمحور السياسي/ الاستراتيجي السلطوي، والمحور الاقتصادي/ الطبقي، وكذا المحور الإنساني النفسي/ التربوي، إن صحّ أن نعتبره محوراً خاصاً. هذه المحاور تتداخل وتتمازج في معظم ...

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Turkey Could Cut Off the Islamic State’s Supply Lines. So Why Doesn’t It?

In the wake of the murderous attacks in Paris, we can expect western heads of state to do what they always do in such circumstances: declare total and unremitting war on those who brought it about. They don’t actually mean it. They’ve had the means to uproot and destroy Islamic State within their hands for over a year now. They’ve simply refused to make use of it. In fact, as the world watched leaders making statements of implacable resolve at the G20 summit in Antalaya, these same leaders are hobnobbing ...

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Ankara Bombings: Democracy Now! Interview with HDP’s Hisyar Ozsoy and Turkey Page Co-Editor Asli Bali

As many as 128 people died in Turkey Saturday when nearly simultaneous explosions ripped through a pro-peace rally in the country’s capital of Ankara. More than 245 people were injured. The bombs went off just as Kurdish groups, trade unions and leftist organizations were preparing to begin a march protesting the resumption of fighting between the Turkish state and Kurdish militants. Earlier today, Turkish Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu blamed ISIL for carrying out the attack. But march organizers ...

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Drone Warfare and the Superpower’s Dilemma (Part 1)

The United States has been in a continuous—or, at least, uninterrupted—state of armed conflict since 2001, and there is no end in sight. The strategies and technologies, as well as the locales of engagement and designated enemies of this “’global’ war on terror” have changed considerably over the past fourteen years. Nevertheless, the US government still relies on the Authorization for Use of Military Force (AUMF), passed by Congress on 14 September 2001 (three days after the 9/11 terrorist attacks), as ...

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لا بشرٌ ولاحجر... تدمر وسرديات الحرب على الآثار

كان من عادات الملوك المنتصرين في العالم القديم أن يقوموا إما بمسح ذكر أولئك المهزومين، أو بتخليد هزيمتهم وإذلالهم للأبد ليكتبوا بدورهم تاريخهم ويخلدوا إنجازاتهم عبر العصور. مع بروز عصر القوميات والنشاط الاستعماري وحركات الاستشراق وتوافد المستكشفين والمغامرين الأوروبيين، نشطت حركة البحث عن المدن القديمة التي كان يُعتقد أنها أسطورية كتلك الواردة في العهد القديم والملاحم الكلاسيكية كالإلياذة والأوديسة قبل أن تتكشف حقيقة وجود هذه المدن والممالك القديمة لتبدأ معها رحلة تهريب الآثار إلى المتاحف الأوروبية. ...

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The Rise and Fall of Abu ‘Iyadh: Reported Death Leaves Questions Unanswered

On 2 July 2015, Mosaïque FM, the largest radio station in Tunisia, reported that Sayfallah ‘Omer bin Hussayn al-Tunisi (al-Tunisi), also known as Abu ‘Iyadh, had been killed in a US led airstrike targeting former Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) commander Mokhtar al-Mokhtar. No sources were attributed to this announcement. But two days later, the New York Times confirmed the information, this time with unnamed sources. Mosaïque FM promptly published the news that the New York Times had confirmed ...

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Capitalizing Urbanism: On David Kilcullen’s "Out of the Mountains"

“It’s a book about future conflicts and future cities.” David Kilcullen, Out of the Mountains “…the whole fucking city was trying to kill them!” Mark Bowden, Black Hawk Down   In his book, Out of the Mountains: The Coming Age of the Urban Guerilla, author David Kilcullen, describes how in 2007, just after “the worst months of the Iraq War” (19), he was drinking expensive cocktails at a fashionable Manhattan hotel with an old Australian army buddy. Kilcullen, an Australian citizen, a ...

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الدولة الإسلاميّة: نزهة في كهف التنين

بنفس الحدّة التي يقول فيها وائل الحلّاق "إنّ الغالبية العظمى من مسلمي العصر الحديث تتمنّى عودة الشريعة بشكل أو بآخر"، يمكن القول إنّ الغالبية العظمى من قرّاء "الدولة المستحيلة: الإسلام والسياسة ومأزق الحداثة الأخلاقي" سيرون فيه كتابًا في غاية الاستفزاز. تنبّه مترجم الكتاب عمرو عثمان لذلك فكتب في مقدمته بأنّ القارئ "قد يرفض بعض ما يطرحه المؤلّف في هذا البحث وربّما كله". ولا عجب، فكتاب الدولة المستحيلة الذي يشتمل على خلاصات أبحاث وائل الحلّاق في الدراسات الاسلاميّة هو بمثابة ...

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ISIS Kills Gays: A History of Violence

Hands shove them forward, bound and blindfolded. Then comes the step when the stone beneath them stops and nothing is there. The photographs appall but they have the solidity of things you can see; they suggest but cannot summon the feel of one terrifying lurch in darkness when all that is solid falls away. Death is what happens when you are there, alone, and the world disappears. ISIS stands for the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, which now styles itself just the Islamic State. Many ...

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