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Terrorism - Counterinsurgency

New Texts Out Now: Ahmad Dallal, The Political Theology of ISIS: Prophets, Messiahs, and "the Extinction of the Grayzone"

Ahmad Dallal, The Political Theology of ISIS: Prophets, Messiahs, & "the Extinction of the Grayzone”. Washington DC: Tadween Publishing, 2017.  Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book? Ahmad Dallal (AD): Much has been written about ISIS. Most studies address specific aspects of the movement’s activities, but fall short of identifying the overall ISIS project that is used to homogenize and integrate the diverse constituencies targeted by ISIS. In this essay I try to identify the key features of the larger project of ISIS, its political theology. To my mind, a radical critique of the ISIS project cannot rely on simply highlighting the weakness of ...

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Media on Media Roundup (March 21)

[A pro-Palestinian message on the graffiti wall at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. Photo by

This week’s Jadaliyya “Media on Media” Roundup examines several important topics affecting the MENA region’s mediascape. The Pentagon released an aerial photo of a building demolished by a U.S. airstrike in Syria alleged to be an al-Qaeda center. However, local activists insist it was a mosque and the airstrike killed innocent civilians. Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) executive committee member Dr. Hanan Ashrawi denounced the U.N’s decision to remove a report calling Israel an apartheid state from its website. A German newspaper was forced to remove Israeli prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s name from a list of “crazy leaders”, following accusations of ...

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تأملات في صناعة صورة الموت؛ اغتيال السفير

[قاتل السفير الروسي في انقرة.]

فكرة "الذات" الفلسفيّة، هي فكرة حديثة، جاءت مع عصر التنوير الأوروبي والنزعة الإنسانيّة، فالذات المفكرة والواعيّة تجد تعبيرها الوجودي الميلادي الأول في بيان ديكارت الشهير: "أنا أفكر، إذن أنا موجود"، أو ماعُرف بـ"الكوجيطو"، وبالتالي فوجودية الذات تتحدد بكونها "ذاتًا" ذات تصور ابستمولوجي، أي بوصفها ذاتًا "مفكرة عارفة"، في مقابل "موضوع" معروف ومحكوم، فيما نسميه ازدواجيّة/ثنائيّة "الذات والموضوع". وإذا كان النقد ما بعد البنيويّ وما بعد الحداثيّ يقول بأن نهايّة "الذات" دلالة على نهايّة العصر الحديث أو دلالة على خاتمته، فثمة حاجة إلى تأمل الذات وعمليّة التفكير (الكوجيطو)، والموضوع المفكّر فيه. أيّ ...

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In Memoriam: A Coptic Eucharist

[Bloodstained belongings of those killed at chapel of the Coptic Orthodox Cathedral of Abbasiya on 11 December 2016. Photo by Jonathan Rashad]

The previous day, shortly after they had sipped the wine symbolic of the blood of Christ and in remembrance of the Holy Communion, an explosion tore through the church leaving the their blood in small puddles on the floor and splattered on the walls and pillars. “The time will come, that whoever kills you will think that he does God’s service." This sentence from the Gospel of John 16:2 was inscribed on a sign draped along the side of the Abbaseya Cathedral where the coffins of Sunday’s bombing victims streamed out to the sound of drums, cymbals, and trumpets. In this procession, wails and zaghareet (ululations) synchronized to eviscerate the line between the pain ...

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معالجة الإرهابيين

[صورة لقصف مستشفى اطباء بلا حدود. المصدر: موقع جوجل]

في 15 أغسطس/آب 2016، أصابت غارة جوية شنّها التحالف الذي تقوده السعودية مستشفى عبس الواقع في محافظة حجة في شمال غرب اليمن، مما تسبب بمقتل 19 شخصاً. وكان المستشفى، الذي شارك جميع إحداثياته مع كافة أطراف النزاع، مليئاً بالمرضى والموظفين وقت وقوع الغارة الجوية. وقد مثّل هذا القصف الهجوم الأخير من بين سلسة هجمات شُنّت على المرافق الطبية التي إمّا تديرها أو تدعمها منظّمة أطبّاء بلا حدود. وفي السنة الفائتة تم استهداف مستشفيات ومرافق أطباء بلا حدود الطبية في أفغانستان وسوريا واليمن. وفي كل من هذه الدول تدعم التحالفات العسكرية الدولية الدولة المعنية في معركة ضد العدو الذي يتم تجريمه أو الذي يُعتبر إرهابياً. لقد قُصفت غالبية مستشفيات منظّمة أطبّاء بلا حدود والمرافق المدعومة من ...

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Jadaliyya Co-Editor Noura Erakat in New York Time's Roundtable on "Living with Terrorism"

On 15 July 2016, the New York Times published a roundtable asking, "Can We Just 'Live With' Terrorism?." Allegedly taking its que from French Prime Minister Manuel Valls's speech in the aftermath of the 2016 Bastille Day attack in Nice, the "Room for Debate" editors asked whether "society should 'live with terrorism' to avoid letting it undermine our freedoms." The roundtable featured Jadaliyya Co-Editor Noura Erakat, in addition to author Liah Greenfeld, former US attorney general Michael B. Mukasey, former Department of Homeland Security official Paul Rosenseig, and former Israeli military official Amos N. Guiora. Noura's intervention, ...

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Why Bombing ISIS is not a Solution - A STATUS/الوضع Conversation with Rami Khoury

In this interview for STATUS/الوضع, host Moe Ali Nayel speaks with columnist and author Rami Khoury, who gives a wide-ranging diagnosis of ISIS's rise and outcomes. This conversation is a follow-up to ASI’s workshop “Understanding the ISIS Phenomenon" held at the American University of Beirut.  Rami George Khouri is a Beirut¬-based internationally syndicated political columnist and book author. A Palestinian¬Jordanian and US citizen, he was the first director of the Issam Fares Institute for Public Policy and International Affairs at the American University of Beirut, where he currently is a senior policy fellow directing research on social justice and dignity ...

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Exit ISIS, Stage Left: Fighting for Laughs in Mosul and Beyond

[Advertisement for Blood Removing Detergent from Assad Allah Musa’kom (Good Evening) on MBC]

The State of Myth has lowered its curtains. The state-sponsored Iraqi television series, which introduced itself to the world with a musical trailer featuring the marriage of the devil to an Israeli bride whose offspring hatched in the form of a miniature Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, took audiences by storm when it launched its first episode in the fall of 2014. Its theme song went viral. Actors received death threats. In the communicative battle to counter the message of the Islamic State, few efforts went so far as Dawlat al-Khurafa.[i] Measuring the efficacy of cultural production, though, is an imperfect task. More difficult still is determining which types of ...

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Turkey Media Roundup (March 22)

[Cizre, 3 March 2016. Image by Mahmut Bozarslan.]

English Bombings in Ankara and Istanbul Reporting on March 13 Ankara bombing from Reuters, and The Economist PKK Taking a Page From DAESH’s Playbook The Daily Sabah editorial board accuses the HDP leadership of “radicalizing” Kurdish youth and calls on the intelligence services to take “necessary measures” to prevent further terrorist acts.  Are Deserted Streets, Shops the New Normal in Ankara? Şükrü Küçükşahin writes that gripped by fear and panic after an unprecedented string of bombings, Ankara’s residents are shying from streets and shopping malls, hurting the local economy. How Terror Attacks Drive Politics in Ankara Metin Gürcan writes about the the ...

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Turkey Media Roundup (March 1)

[Diyarbakır Suriçi district under curfew, 26 February. Image by Mahmut Bozarslan.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Turkey and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Turkey Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to turkey@jadaliyya.com by Sunday night of every week.] English Domestic Politics Identification of Ankara Bomber Muddled by Faulty Communication  Metin Gürcan argues that the debate over the identity of the February suicide bomber in Ankara reveals flaws in Turkey's crisis-management and communication mechanisms, and that this weakness contributes to political, ethnic, and sectarian polarization ...

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الحرب على ذاكرة الحداثة: داعش مثالاً

[

              17 اُذْكُرْ مَا فَعَلهُ بِكَ عَمَالِيقُ فِي الطَّرِيقِ عِنْدَ خُرُوجِكَ مِنْ مِصْرَ. 18 كَيْفَ لاقَاكَ فِي الطَّرِيقِ وَقَطَعَ مِنْ مُؤَخَّرِكَ كُل المُسْتَضْعِفِينَ وَرَاءَكَ وَأَنْتَ كَلِيلٌ وَمُتْعَبٌ وَلمْ يَخَفِ اللهَ. 19 فَمَتَى أَرَاحَكَ الرَّبُّ إِلهُكَ مِنْ جَمِيعِ أَعْدَائِكَ حَوْلكَ فِي الأَرْضِ التِي يُعْطِيكَ الرَّبُّ إِلهُكَ نَصِيباً لِتَمْتَلِكَهَا تَمْحُو ذِكْرَ عَمَالِيقَ مِنْ تَحْتِ السَّمَاءِ. لا تَنْسَ. سفر التثنية – الأصحاح 25: 17ـ19. خلافاً لداعش، لم تلتفت الدولة الإسلامية التاريخية منذ الخلفاء الراشدين وإلى أن ألغى مصطفى كمال أتاتورك مؤسسة الخلافة عام 1924، إلى ضرورة هدم وتفجير ...

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عامان من حكم داعش للمدينة الضائعة

[المصدر موقغ جوجل]

التعليم في الرقة بين مخالب النظام وأنياب الدولة الإسلامية* مضى أكثر من عامين على آخر زيارة لمدينتي الرقة (2 - 9 أيلول/ سبتمبر 2013)، أصبحت خلالهما المدينة عَلَماً في الخارطة العالمية من باب داعش، بعد أن كان عدد لا بأس به من السوريين لا يعرف أين تقع المدينة التي تتوسط محافظة توازي مساحتها البالغة (19616 كم2) مساحة دولة الكويت، وتقترب من ضعفي مساحة لبنان. قبل سنتين، أخذت الطائرة من اسطنبول إلى أورفة (شانلي أورفا، بالتركية)، ومنها عبر "الدلمش - ميكروباص" إلى أقجة قلعة (أكجا كالا)، وهي المقابل التركي لتل أبيض. المسافة من أورفة إلى أقجة قلعة خمسون كيلومتراً، لكنها استغرقت ساعة ونصف في الدلمش، وكانت الطريق تزداد صعوبة ووحشة كلما اتجهنا جنوباً. شيوخ ...

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Available Now: The Political Theology of ISIS by Ahmad Dallal

Ahmad Dallal's The Political Theology of ISIS: Prophets, Messiahs, & "the Extinction of the Grayzone" is now available for purchase on TadweenPublishing.com! Read a description of the book below and place an order today:   Description The Political Theology of ISIS: Prophets, Messiahs, & "the Extinction of the Grayzone" More than any other actor on the contemporary Arab political landscape, ISIS represents the most expansive and potent threat to the ...

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A Critical Retrospective on Obama’s Rhetoric of New Beginnings

“Who is that guy?” Barack Obama’s impressive oratorical skills rocketed him onto the national stage of US politics in 2004 when he, then a freshman senator from Illinois, delivered a speech of stunning eloquence at the Democratic Party national convention. Four years later, he won two decisive victories, first beating Hillary Clinton to become the Democratic Party nominee and then beating Republican Party nominee John McCain to become the president of the United States. Obama’s smooth and imaginative ...

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الإعلام في أحداث الكرك: استسلام للرقابة الذاتية وتسليم بالرواية الحكومية

العام 2004. كانت العاصمة الإسبانية تحاول الاستفاقة من هول الصدمة التي خلفتها تفجيرات متزامنة لأربعة من خطوط القطارات في مدريد. قُتل في تلك الهجمات نحو مئتي شخص وجرح ما يقارب الألفين. سارعت الحكومة فورًا لاتهام حركة «إيتا» الانفصالية بالوقوف وراء العملية، لكن الصحافة الإسبانية كان لها استنتاج مختلف. لاحظ الصحفيون الإسبان الذين تقصوا هجمات القطارات فروقًا واضحة بين أسلوب العملية والأساليب التي جرت حركة «إيتا» الانفصالية على استخدامها. أخذوا على عاتقهم مهمة استجواب الحكومة وأمطروا المسؤولين بالأسئلة الصعبة ...

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Media on Media Roundup (September 6)

This week’s Jadaliyya "Media on Media" roundup is set against the backdrop of a variety of issues. In a targeted airstrike, ISIS propaganda mastermind was killed, resulting in a major blow to the organization, which has built its recruiting efforts around the media. Alan Kurdi, the three-year-old Syrian boy whose image made global headlines, has been dead for a year now. This was an occasion for a number of media outlets to question what has changed during that period, drawing comparisons with ...

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Media on Media Roundup (August 23)

This week’s Jadaliyya "Media on Media" Roundup features a host of articles about Omran Daqneesh, the five-year-old Syrian child who has become a symbol for the voices decrying airstrikes in Aleppo. British cartoonist Martin Rowson’s depiction of the situation offers a grim assessment entitled Dance of Death. The New York Times draws comparisons between Daqneesh’s picture, and its impact on discourse regarding the Syrian civil war, and that of the now iconic image of Alan Kurdi. Meanwhile, ...

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Turkey Media Roundup (July 6)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Turkey and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Turkey Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to turkey@jadaliyya.com by Sunday night of every week.] English Ataturk Airport Attack Both the BBC and Bianet provide biographies of those murdered in the attack at Istanbul’s Atatürk Airport. Reports for The Economist and The ...

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Repairing America’s Broken Foreign Policy

US foreign policy is a danger to the United States and to the world, and it has been for some time. As President Dwight Eisenhower famously foretold in his farewell address of January 1961, the Military-Industrial Complex (MIC) now transcends political parties and administrations, keeping the country embroiled in perpetual wars. These military adventures, especially the covert operations led by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), undermine political stability in the Americas, Africa, the Middle East, ...

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A Belgian Bombing in Istanbul: How Small States Manage Terrorist Moments

A century and a decade ago, an Istanbul court sentenced a Belgian named Edouard Joris to death for his part in a bomb attack on the Ottoman sultan. Joris was involved with two of the terrorisms of the turn of the century: anarchism and Armenian nationalism. The young man had moved from Antwerp to Istanbul in 1901. He found a job at the Singer sewing machine factory and struck up a friendship with the man at the next workbench, an Armenian. Joris accompanied this friend to meetings of the activist cell ...

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Humanism and Its Others

Who could possibly be against humanism? Wouldn’t this be tantamount to being against humanity—that is, being against oneself? This all depends, of course, on whether you have had the chance to count among those who are considered to be “human” in the first place—or, to put it in the terms of contemporary protests in the United States and elsewhere, whether you are one whose life is seen to matter. The critique of humanism that has emerged in the late twentieth and early twenty-first century is first and ...

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Turkey Media Roundup (February 23)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Turkey and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Turkey Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to turkey@jadaliyya.com by Sunday night of every week.] English Ankara Bombing Too Bad For Turkey Cafer Solgun argues that, regardless of which group is ultimately found responsible for the Ankara bombing, the attack “has exposed the ...

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« Les organisations policières se trouvent en position de force » entretien avec Emmanuel Blanchard

[Emmanuel Blanchard est historien, spécialiste des pratiques policières en situation coloniale. Il est également engagé de longue date dans la défense des droits des étrangers en France et dans l'Union Européenne. Il a accepté de s'entretenir avec Jadaliyya au sujet de la sécuritisation des politiques migratoires européennes, de l'instauration de l'état d'urgence en France, des dimensions sociales et raciales de la répression, et du renforcement du poids de la police.] Thomas Serres (TS) : Donc cela ...

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Beirut Bombed: A STATUS Quick Thoughts Conversation with Maya Mikdashi

In this not-so-quick Quick Thoughts interview for Status/الوضع, Maya Mikdashi examines how the representation of the attacks on Beirut became dominated by connotations surrounding the term dahieh. She reviews the Western media's characterization of the neighborhood as a Hezbollah stronghold and problematizes it against the backdrop of spatial sectarian fault-lines in Beirut. She also critiques the way in which the Paris attacks either quickly overshadowed Beirut or were replaced by a state-sponsored ...

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