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Tunisia

New Texts Out Now: Jean Pierre Frey, Les voies erratiques de l'urbanisation. Etre architecte et devenir urbaniste en Afrique du Nord

[Couverture du livre aux Editions L'Harmattan]

A propos de : Jean-Pierre Frey, Les voies erratiques de l’urbanisation. Être architecte et devenir urbaniste en Afrique du Nord (Éditions L’Harmattan : Paris, 2016) Jadaliyya (J.) : Qu’est-ce qui vous a fait écrire ce livre? Jean-Pierre Frey (J.-P. F.) : Mes expériences d’enseignement et de montage de formations de troisième cycle pour permettre à des architectes de devenir docteurs et de s’engager pleinement dans des carrières d’enseignants du supérieur. C’est à l’occasion de mon expérience marocaine et grâce à la collaboration de l’un de mes anciens étudiants, Hakim Cherkaoui, actuellement directeur de la nouvelle école d’architecture de ...

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Translating Maghregraphic Poetry: An Introduction

[Art by Mohamed Shaba'a (1935-2013, Morocco. Image from as-Safir]

Many factors motivated my decision to translate this small selection of poems into English. First of all, my growing awareness of the dearth of Maghrebi literary production in English prompted me to think more critically about translation and its effects on the reception of this literature in foreign academic settings. Moreover, I understood over the years that the small number of Maghregraphies available in European languages (and English specifically) is a reflection of the exclusion of Maghrebi literature from Arabic literary canons. The marginal position that Maghrebi literature occupies in the Arabic canon carries over into the translators’ selection and ...

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Après Ben-Guerdane : dépossessions, déstructurations et insécurité alimentaire dans le Sud-est tunisien

Paysage du sud-est tunisien, par Habib Ayeb (CC 3.0)

Le Sud-est tunisien est de plus en plus sous les regards croisés des observateurs, des décideurs et des médias. Marginalisée et oubliée pendant des décennies, cette vaste région « frontalière » est ainsi devenue l’espace surveillé et l’objet d’un contrôle rapproché faisant appel à tous les moyens humains, techniques et technologiques dont disposent les autorités sécuritaires nationales et régionales (armée, forces de sécurité…) mais aussi les puissances et les organisation militaires régionales et internationales. Ce contrôle a été resserré d’un cran après l’attaque « terroriste » d’envergure (probablement plus de 50 ou 60 attaquants) sur la ...

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لماذا يهاجر الشباب التونسي إلى داعش؟

[لوحة للفنانة التونسية دنيا المرنيسي]

توالت التحليلات والتساؤلات بعد أحداث بن قردان الأخيرة، التي حاول "داعش" احتلالها، لفهم المشاركة الكبيرة لشبان صغار في السن في عملية الهجوم على المقارّ الأمنية والعسكرية، بغية تأسيس إمارة داعشية في مدينة حدودية عرفت أنها "مدينة الهامش" بامتياز، فلا يعول سكانها على الدولة التي أسقطتهم عمداً من مخططات التنمية، بل صنعوا لأنفسهم "اقتصادهم التحتي" القائم على التهريب والتجارة الموازية أو "تجارة الخط". وقد حاولت بعض الخطابات التقليل من أهمية عامل الفقر، بِنيّة القفز على حقيقة مفزعة مفادها أن 25 في المئة من التونسيين يعيشون تحت خط الفقر، بالإضافة إلى وجود 700 ألف عاطل من العمل، أغلبهم من الشبان الذين تتراوح أعمارهم بين 18 و35 سنة، إضافة إلى ...

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The Dashed Hopes of the Tunisian Revolution: Complicity between Nidaa Tounes and Ennahda

[An image of Beji Caïd Essebsi delivering a speech in Palais des Congrès. Image by Magharebia/Flickr]

In their hearts and minds, Tunisians were not in a mood to rejoice on the fifth anniversary of their revolution. While Tunisians are often told that theirs is the only revolution that remains from the "Arab Spring," they know full well that its goals have not been achieved. The discrepancy between the way the Tunisian revolution is viewed around the world and the way the Tunisians who carried it out experienced it may account for the difficulties Tunisians now have in defining and evaluating it. On the anniversary of the revolution, 14 January, this difficulty was made all the greater as the center of the political stage was occupied by the crisis rocking the ...

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New York Event--The Fall of the Turkish Model: How the Arab Uprisings Brought Down Islamic Liberalism (March 1 @ 12.30pm)

The Fall of the Turkish Model: How the Arab Uprisings Brought Down Islamic Liberalism New Book by Cihan Tuğal (Verso, 2016) Date and Time: Tuesday, March 1, 12:30 pm - 1:30pm Location: The Hagop Kevorkian Center, 255 Sullivan Street, New York University Tuğal's masterful explication of the demise of Islamic liberalism brings in Egypt and Tunisia, once seen as the most likely followers of the Turkish model, and provides a path-breaking examination of their regimes and Islamist movements, as well as paradigm-shifting accounts of Turkey and Iran. Cihan Tuğal is the author of Passive Revolution: Absorbing the Islamic Challenge to Capitalism. He is an associate ...

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البنك الدولي، تلاعب و تزوير من أجل تحرير الاستثمار

1.الإطار العام 1.1. قام فريق بحث من البنك الدولي بنشر دراسة تحت عنوان "الكلّ داخل العائلة: الدولة الرهينة في تونس" بتاريخ 27 مارس 2014 أشارت استنتاجاتها إلى كيفية تلاعب الرئيس السابق زين العابدين بن علي بمجلة التشجيع على الاستثمار من أجل خدمة مصالحه الشخصية ومصالح عائلته. حسب هذه الدراسة، أفضت تدخلات الدولة عند فرض إطار قانوني حمائي يعتمد على التراخيص، إلى سيطرة العائلة الحاكمة على بعض القطاعات الاقتصادية وحمت شركاتها من التنافس. 2.1. وتتأتّى الدراسة المذكورة في إطار إصلاح مجلة التشجيع على الاستثمار. إصلاح قامت بتمويله وصياغته و تسويقه منذ 2012 مؤسسة التمويل الدولية، الذراع المالي للبنك الدولي. ويهدف إصلاح مجلة التشجيع على الاستثمار إلى رفع جميع القيود و ...

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Protests in Tunisia: An Interview with Nadia Marzouki

[Photo from Wikimedia Commons]

Five years after the inspirational uprising in Tunisia that toppled the long dictatorship of Ben Ali, people are back on the streets demanding the fulfilment of the 2011 revolutionary slogan “ jobs, freedom, and national dignity." Last week, at the onset of the 2011 mass uprising, people took to the streets in cities and towns across the country. One protester captured his fellow Tunisians' predicament succinctly: “We have the freedom, but you cannot eat freedom.” There is deja vu between 2011 and now. The same people are in the streets for the same reasons. Official unemployment is at fifteen percent. According to Tunisia’s Higher Education MInistry, ...

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« All in World Bank » - Manipulations au nom de la dérégulation

[The World Bank. Image from Niti Central]

1.     Contexte  1.1. Le 27 Mars 2014, les chercheurs de la Banque Mondiale ont publié une étude « All in the Family : State Capture in Tunisia » dont les résultats ont montré que Ben Ali a abusé de la législation du code d’incitations aux investissements pour promouvoir les intérêts de son clan. Selon l’étude, c’est l’interventionnisme de l’Etat, à travers l’octroi d’autorisations, qui a permis au clan de s’accaparer des secteurs en se protégeant de la concurrence. 1.2. Cette étude s’inscrit dans le cadre de la réforme du code d’incitations aux investissements financée, écrite et promue depuis Août 2012 par la SFI, bras ...

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لا يزالون آملين بالديمقراطية

[المصدر موقع المركز العربي للابجاث ودراسة السياسات]

برزت الديمقراطية أثناء ربيع العرب كطوق نجاة، بمقدوره أن ينتشلهم من مستنقع الفساد والاستبداد، الذي انحدرت إليه دولة ما بعد الاستعمار. ودبت الجماهير بأقدامها الميادين، وهي تصدع بالعيش والحرية والكرامة، منبهة العالم لموجة تبشر بالديمقراطية، بعد صمت طويل، استغرق قرنين كاملين، ظلت فيه هذه الجموع ترنو لموجات الديمقراطية الكبرى، تضرب شطآن غيرهم دون أن ينالهم منها شيء. قبل أربعة عقود، غالبتهم الحسرة على حالهم المقموعة، فيما يستبشر العالم بتجاوز عدد الديمقراطيات، لأول مرة في تاريخه، عدد النظم التي لم تعرف الديمقراطية. وحتى قبل عقدين ونيف، حين تضاعف عدد الديمقراطيات ليتخطى التسعين دولة. ولما حل القرن الحادي والعشرون؛ كانوا يراوحون مكانهم، لا تنعم من بين بلدانهم المنكوبة بالاستبداد ...

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Social Dialogue Under The Gun in Tunisia

[Image of graffiti in El Mourouj, Tunisia. Image by Wael Ghabara/Wikimedia Commons]

Tunisia’s democratic transition has been idealized as the bright light of the Arab Uprisings. In addition to avoiding the bloody crackdowns of Egypt, Libya, and Syria, the country held the promise of making real gains on the issues of social justice—low wages, unequal development, and crony neoliberal capitalism—that triggered the uprising. Led in part by the country’s powerful trade union, the democratic transition was supposed to provide a re-energized economy, tripartite negotiation on wages and work conditions, and possibly a new model of social pacts. Instead, the country finds itself struggling to restart the social dialogue that held so much promise in 2012 and ...

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New Texts Out Now: Maha El Said, Lena Meari, and Nicola Pratt, Rethinking Gender in Revolutions and Resistance

[Cover of

Maha El Said, Lena Meari, and Nicola Pratt, editors, Rethinking Gender in Revolutions and Resistance: Lessons from the Arab World. London: Zed Books, 2015. Jadaliyya (J): What made you put together this book? Maha El Said, Lena Meari, and Nicola Pratt (MES/LM/NP): The book emerged initially out of a three-year project between the University of Warwick Centre for the Study of Women and Gender and Birzeit University Institute of Women’s Studies, funded by the British Academy, and entitled “Reconceptualizing Gender: Transnational Perspectives.” This project culminated in a workshop in July 2013 at the University of Warwick, entitled “Rethinking Gender in Revolutions and ...

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الإبحار في عناصر الكون

[تنشر هذه المادة ضمن ملف خاص حول الفن التشكيلي والثورات العربية. للإطلاع على جميع مواد الملف اضغط/ي هنا] الفنان التشكيلي التونسي سامي بن عامر إن كل معرفة بناء بالأساس. فمع مر السنين ما زلت أعتبر أن العمل الفني لقاء متجدد مع مادية نغير فيها كما تغير فينا بدورها ومع محيط نتفاعل معه، إيمانًا بأن كل بناء لا يمكن أن يتكوَّن خارج الضِّيق واختلال التوازن. أواصل اليوم الإبحار في عناصر الكون لمزيد من الاستماع إلى سنفونيته، بالاعتماد على طاقة الحركة ولمعان الألوان ولا جسمية الفضاءات. أليس الكون كامنًا ...

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Can We Think in Transition? Reflections from Tunisia

We all have a personal relationship with words that is forged by our family history as well as our national history and our inscription—or our inscriptions—in collective histories. For example, the word "nationalism" will not have the same connotation if it is used in Tunisia, in Algeria, or in Poland—countries where it takes on the noble connotation of liberation from the yoke of colonialism. Or in France or Great Britain, where “nationalism” is a term that is associated with certain negative ...

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Burying the Panama Papers: An Interview with Tunisian Journalist Sana Sbouai

On Sunday, 3 April 2016, in an unprecedented coordinated action, the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ) and its media partners began releasing explosive news stories about offshore taxheaven based on information housed in 11.5 million pages of documents leaked by an anonymous source to German newspaper Süddeutsche Zeitung. Known now as the Panama Papers, the stories that grew out of the leak are the result of the biggest journalists collaboration in history. The ...

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New Texts Out Now: Joel Beinin, Workers and Thieves: Labor Movements and Popular Uprisings in Tunisia and Egypt

Joel Beinin, Workers and Thieves: Labor Movements and Popular Uprisings in Tunisia and Egypt. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2015. Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book? Joel Beinin (JB): I lived in Cairo for most of the time between September 2004 and December 2008. During this period, the wave of strikes and collective actions by Egyptian workers escalated dramatically. Workers invited me to visit factories and other workplaces where strikes were underway and asked that I write about ...

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New Texts Out Now: Mona Harb and Sami Atallah, Local Governments and Public Goods: Assessing Decentralization in the Arab World

Mona Harb and Sami Atallah, editors, Local Governments and Public Goods: Assessing Decentralization in the Arab World. Beirut: LCPS-OSF, 2015.  Jadaliyya (J): What made you put together this book? Mona Harb and Sami Atallah (MH and SA): We wanted to write this book since we first met at a conference on local governments at the current Institut Français du Proche-Orient of Beirut in 2000, which led to a publication that remains a reference on the topic. Mona was presenting her work on local ...

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بعد خمس سنوات من ثورة تونس: هل تسقط الدّولة؟

يستقبل التونسيون شتاءهم الخامس بعد الثورة بكثير من الشكّ في مستقبل مسارهم الديمقراطي الناشئ، واختارت الجغرافيا التي انطلقت منها شرارة 17 ديسمبر 2010 أن تحتفي بالعيد الخامس على طريقتها : في ولاية القصرين، رضا اليحياوي من مواليد 1987 يحتجّ على شطب اسمه من إحدى قوائم التوظيف في القطاع العمومي ويلقى مصرعه إثر تسلقه لعمود كهربائي. على إثر ذلك، تنتشر الاحتجاجات في جلّ مناطق البلاد. في الآن ذاته، يُحتفى بتونس نموذجا للتغيّرات العربيّة المتواصلة وعنوانُ النموذج التوافق، وبرهانُه جائزة نوبل، أمّا مضمونه فهو ...

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Awled Amreeka?

It is Ramadan 2015 in Tunisia, and it is a tough one. Falling in July, seemingly endless scorching days are filled with children who long for something—anything—to do, and parents with no energy to entertain them. The saving grace is that space of time after iftar followed by the Ramadan soap opera of your choice and before sleeping. The children in Kabaria are taken to the montazah, or playground, to run and play while parents chat happily with overstuffed stomachs. As children play, a young boy who has ...

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The Impeccable Narrative Around Tunisian Workers' Syndicate

[The below piece was written before the current wave of protests in Kasserine in the marginalized southern region of Tunisia. The protests, which soon expanded to the whole country, started after a young unemployed man climbed an electric power tower and was electrocuted. He was protesting in front of the local governorate after his name was removed from a list of possible jobs in the public administration. Five years after the ousting of Ben Ali, unemployment rates had risen especially in the South. In ...

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Call for Papers: Graduate Student Conference on Social and Political Change in MENA (April 8, New York)

Call for Papers Avenues of Social and Political Change:  Five Years of Contention in the Middle East and North Africa  April 8, 2016 The Graduate Center, City University of New York 365 Fifth Avenue, New York City Abstract Submission Deadline: February 5, 2016 Five years after the eruption of mass protests across North Africa and the Middle East, citizens of these countries now live under contrasting conditions. While some countries, such as Tunisia, have made headway on the road to ...

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'All in World Bank': Manipulation in the Name of Deregulation

In November 2015, the Tunisian Observatory of Economic (TOE) published a critical analysis of a recent World Bank report, the latter of which is entitled "All in the Family: State Capture in Tunisia." What follows is a summarized version of the TOE's critical analysis I - General Frame 1.1. On the 27 March 2014, World Bank researchers published the study "All in the Family: State Capture in Tunisia." The conclusions of this study demonstrated how Ben Ali used the Investment ...

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Tunisia: The Counter Demographic Transition

[The following is an interview conducted with Youssef Courbage. This video (in French) is published in cooperation with OrientXXI] Youssef Courbage is research director at the National Institute of Demographic Studies (INED). For many years, he aimed to analyze the evolution of Arab and Muslim societies through demographic variables. In this interview, he explains that after the Arab uprisings, the countries in the Middle East and North African region have experienced a marked increase in the birth ...

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New Texts Out Now: Raymond Hinnebusch, From Arab Spring to Arab Winter: Explaining the Limits of Post-Uprising Democratization

Raymond Hinnebusch, editor, From Arab Spring to Arab Winter: Explaining the Limits of Post-Uprising Democratization, special issue of Democratization 22.2 (2015). Jadaliyya (J): What made you put this special issue together? Raymond Hinnebusch (RH): We felt that the debate over who had been vindicated by the uprising between democratization theorists and post-democratization/authoritarian resilience advocates had been exhausted. The main initial problematic of the Arab Uprising was how to translate ...

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