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War

Symposium--Changing Ecologies of War and Humanitarianism: Reflecting on MSF’s 40 Years of Working in Conflict (Beirut, 4-5 May 2016)

Changing Ecologies of War and Humanitarianism: Reflecting on MSF’s 40 Years of Working in Conflict Beirut, 4-5 May 2016 A Two-day conference organized by Médecins Sans Frontières, AUB’s Faculty of Health Sciences, and AUB’s Issam Fares Institute for Public Policy and International Affairs MSF’s first project responding to conflict was inaugurated in Beirut in 1976. Since then, the organization has worked in major conflict zones across the world and has grown in size to navigate the medical, political and social realities of providing healthcare during war. While the demand for humanitarian aid grows, MSF’s ability to work in conflict zones faces compounding ...

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Doctors Without Borders Update on Airstrike at Al Quds Hospital on Syria

[The following statement was issued by Medicins Sans Frontiers (Doctors Without Borders) on 29 April 2016.] Syria: Update on Airstrikes at Al Quds Hospital The situation in Aleppo is critical as airstrikes leave no part of the city untouched. Already today there are reports of another health centre (not MSF-supported) being struck. MSF is desperately worried about the estimated 250,000 people in increasing danger of being totally cut off and without medical care. The sky is falling in Aleppo,” said Muskilda Zancada, MSF head of mission in Syria. “The city, consistently at the frontlines of this brutal war, is now in danger of coming under a full offensive. No corner ...

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New Texts Out Now: Jacob Mundy, Imaginative Geographies of Algerian Violence: Conflict Science, Conflict Management, Antipolitics

[Cover of Jacob Mundy,

Jacob Mundy, Imaginative Geographies of Algerian Violence: Conflict Science, Conflict Management, Antipolitics. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2015. Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book? Jacob Mundy (JM): At first, I wanted to write a book about the unanswered questions surrounding the violence in 1990s Algeria, particularly the extraordinary massacres of late 1997 and early 1998. The typical question asked in response to those atrocities, even today, is: “Who killed who?” That is, who conducted the massacres? Islamsits? The state? Private actors? Some combination of these? These questions persist into the present, and I now agree with Hugh Roberts that ...

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كابوس يوم/كل يوم

[لوحة للفنانة السورية لينا ديب]

كيف عدتُ إلى المدينة؟ كيف دخلت؟ من مطار أم معبر برّي؟ مَن سمح بإدخالي؟ هل حقاً ليس عليّ أي ”منع سفر“ أو ”مذكرة اعتقال“؟ "يا للحظ!ّ". أقف في شارع الثامن من آذار "المجيد". أقف على رأس زلعومه وأنظر حولي. أين أذهب الآن؟ طفل ثلاثيني، صام دهراً و ربح تذكرة عبور إلى عالم الشوكولا. من أين أبدأ؟ من أزور أولاً، أين أتسكّع، و أين أجلس؟ أين أشرب القهوة, أين آكل الفتّة، على من أسلّم؟ عادة ما ينتهي الحلم هنا عندما أحاول أن آخذ خطوتين أو أكثر باتجاه مارتقلا ، أو شرقاً باتجاه ساحة الشيخ ضاهر فأشعر بثقل أرجلي و شللها. حلم يتكرر منذ خمس سنوات. يحمل ما يكفي من الصفات ليترقّى إلى رتبة "كابوس أول" لما يتركه من تعكّر نوساتالجي على مزاجي، يرافقني ...

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Saudi Arabia Gazes at Lebanon with Vengeance

[Image courtesy of Creative Commons.]

On 2 March 2016 Lebanon woke up to the news that the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) had declared Hizballah a terrorist organization. Many perceived this as a kind of patriarchal collective punishment. Spearheaded by Saudi Arabia, the designation of Hizballah as a "terrorist" organisation can only be read as another desperate attempt by Saudi Arabia to bring its war for regional dominance to Lebanon. This form of Saudi desperation stems from the decline of its geopolitical regional hegemony, which occurred when the kingdom decided to spearhead the counterrevolution that failed to quell uprisings in neighboring Yemen and Bahrain. In addition, the kingdom’s ...

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Turkey Media Roundup (March 15)

[Cizre, 15 March 2016. Image by Fatih Pinar.]

English Crackdown on Journalism After Seizing Zaman Newspaper, What's Next for Turkey? Mustafa Akyol argues that all of Turkish media, not just a few newspapers like Zaman, is under threat by the current regime in Turkey. Tightening The Grip: Turkey's Media Takeover Al Jazeera’s “The Listening Post” examines the fallout from the government seizure of Zaman newspaper and interviews journalist Can Dündar on the state of media freedom in Turkey. A Risky Acceleration in Turkish Politics Murat Yetkin suggests that the takeover of Zaman is the latest in Erdoğan’s plan to consolidate power and quash opposition. Kurdish Reporter Faces Jail Time in Turkey for Twitter and ...

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Libya: Military Intervention Would Only Strengthen the Islamic State

[Image of Libyans rallying against federalism. Image by Magharebia/Flickr]

For two years French, British, and Italian political and military leaders, as well as US neo-conservatives left over from the presidency of George W. Bush, have been contemplating another military intervention in Libya. Ostensibly, the idea would be to eradicate the Islamic State (IS) in Libya once and for all. Yet, IS' capacity to establish itself in a lasting manner has proven limited. Furthermore, such a plan simply avoids the crucial issue: the need to build a legitimate and unified state in Libya. In the end, an operation of this sort would probably create more problems than it is intended to solve. This time, the stated objective would not be “the protection of ...

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Turkey Media Roundup (March 1)

[Diyarbakır Suriçi district under curfew, 26 February. Image by Mahmut Bozarslan.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Turkey and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Turkey Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to turkey@jadaliyya.com by Sunday night of every week.] English Domestic Politics Identification of Ankara Bomber Muddled by Faulty Communication  Metin Gürcan argues that the debate over the identity of the February suicide bomber in Ankara reveals flaws in Turkey's crisis-management and communication mechanisms, and that this weakness contributes to political, ethnic, and sectarian polarization ...

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In Turkey, the Regime Slides from Soft to Hard Totalitarianism

[Justice and Development Party rally, Turkey, 2007. Image via Wikimedia Commons.]

“Humanitarian aid to [civilians] must be allowed immediately. ‘Surrender or starve’ tactics are directly contrary to the law of war.” Any western leader might easily use these words to scold the Turkish state, and its starvation of Kurdish towns to the south-east of the country. But it would be highly unlikely. In fact, John Kerry’s tweet was aimed at the Syrian regime, not the Turkish one. Why do American leaders describe Assad’s strategy of ‘surrender or starve’ as a war crime, while they ignore Erdoğan’s? Perhaps because Turkey is an American ally, the hypocrisy is natural. But take one look at America’s mainstream press, and the reality is clearly far more ...

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Turkey Media Roundup (February 16)

[Şırnak Silopi, January 19. Image by Fatih Pınar]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Turkey and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Turkey Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to turkey@jadaliyya.com by Sunday night of every week.] English Violence in the Southeast/Kurdish Politics The Destruction of Sur: Is This Historic District a Target for Gentrification? David Lepeska reports for The Guardian, suggesting that, besides fighting the PKK, the government hopes to “remake the central districts of these nettlesome, predominantly Kurdish cities into something more profitable and ...

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Turkey Media Roundup (February 9)

[Şırnak Silopi, January 19. Image by Fatih Pınar]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Turkey and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Turkey Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to turkey@jadaliyya.com by Sunday night of every week.] English Violence in the Southeast/Kurdish Politics Turkish Government Determined not to Withdraw from PKK Fight Murat Yetkin discusses the reasons why the Turkish government will not back down from its protracted military operations in Kurdish regions: namely, because it does not want to allow the PKK the opportunity to make “victory propaganda” and ...

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Speaking Truth to Power: A Panel on Academic Freedoms and the War Against Kurds in Turkey (17 February, CUNY Graduate Center, New York)

February 17, 2016 6:00-8:00 PM The Graduate Center, CUNY 365 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY Room C198 (Concourse Level) Reception to follow. Please bring ID to enter the building. More information can be found here. A panel discussion with David Harvey, Nazan Üstündağ, Aslı Iğsız and Kamal Soleimani, moderated by Anthony Alessandrini. Following the June 2015 general elections, Turkey’s ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) renewed the state’s forty-year-long war against Kurds. This move ended the peace negotiations that had been taking place between the PKK (Kurdistan Workers’ Party) and the government since 2013. The resurgence of the war has led to increasing ...

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Statement by International Committee for the the Red Cross on Indiscriminate Violence in Aleppo

[The following statement was issued by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) on 29 April 2016] Syria: ICRC calls on all sides to stop indiscriminate violence in Aleppo Damascus/Geneva - In a further day of devastation in Aleppo, another four medical facilities on both sides of the frontlines have been hit, causing extensive damage. As hundreds of shells, bombs and mortars continue to rain down on the city, killing more civilians, the International Committee of the Red Cross calls for an ...

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Pro-AKP Media Figures Continue to Target Academics for Peace

On 22 March 2016, Yıldıray Oğur, a pro-government media figure, wrote a column targeting the Academics for Peace, Bosphorus/Boğaziçi University, the Middle East Studies Association (MESA), and Jadaliyya, among others.  The piece problematically conflates terrorism with Academics for Peace, and blatantly asserts that signatory academics manipulate facts. At the same time, the author appears to obscure the fact that after the Suruç bombing on 20 July 2015, the ruling party AKP, together with ...

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Turkey Media Roundup (April 5)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Turkey and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Turkey Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to turkey@jadaliyya.com by Sunday night of every week.] English Erdogan's US Visit Erdoğan's Uncomfortable US Visit Semih İdiz writes of the US' displeasure over anti-democratic developments in Turkey, mainly the oppression of freedom ...

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الفيلم الوثائقي تعز بين المطرقة والسندان

يوثق هذا الفليم الاستثنائي لصفاء الاحمد، والذي عرض على بي بي سي العربية بتاريخ ٢٢ شباط/ فبراير ٢٠١٦ رحلتها الشجاعة إلى مدينة تعز في اليمن. وتعيش هذه المدينة تحت الحصار منذ نيسان/ابريل ٢٠١٥، فرضته الميليشيا الحوثية، مما أدى الى نقص حاد في وصول الاغذية، المساعدات الطبية، والوقود، وزاد الأزمة الانسانية المتفاقمة في البلاد جراء الحصار المفروض من السعودية. ويحتاج أكثر من ثمانين بالمئة من السكان إلى مساعدات انسانية بينما تم تشريد مليونين ونصف يمني. أدى الصراع الجاري حول المدينة بين ...

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“Cleaning out the Ghettos” - Urban Governance and the Remaking of Kurdistan

Over the last couple of weeks, Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu and the ruling AKP government have started to lay out the details of the government’s master plan for urban renewal in Turkey’s conflict-ridden Kurdish region in Southeast Anatolia. Though the government announced on 9 March that military operations in Sur had been completed, many of the aspects of the plans remain ambiguous. Nonetheless, it is evident that the government’s aim is to achieve a dramatic spatial and socio-economic ...

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Turkey Media Roundup (March 9)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Turkey and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Turkey Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to turkey@jadaliyya.com by Sunday night of every week.]   English Crackdown on Journalists Keep Reading »

واقع النشر في سوريا في ظل الحرب

ما نحاول القيام به هنا هو محاولة رصد بعض التغيرات التي حدثت على واقع الطباعة والنشر والقراءة في سوريا في ظل ظروف الحرب والدمار الكبير الذي حلَّ بالبلاد من خلال حوارات قصيرة مع عدد من المثقفين والصحفيين وأصحاب دور نشر ومكتبات في بعض المدن السورية الرئيسية، حيث تتركز دور النشر بالدرجة الأولى في العاصمة دمشق تليها حلب واللاذقية وطرطوس كما حاولنا رصد واقع الطباعة والقراءة في بعض مدن الجزيرة والشمال السوري التي خرجت منذ سنوات عن سلطة النظام السياسي المركزي في دمشق، لكنها وقعت تحت سيطرة سلطات أخرى، كسلطة ...

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Can the Kurdish Question Be Settled by Killing People in Sur?

23 February 2016, Diyarbakır I am in Suriçi district with Lale Mansur, Zeynep Tanbay, Ferhat Tunç, Ayşegül Devecioğlu, Bahri Belen, and Dilek Gökçin, who came from Istanbul today. We are meeting Sibel Yiğitalp, the HDP (People’s Democratic Party) Diyarbakır deputy who is on constant watch in Sur. Ms. Yiğitalp is able to talk with the families inside from time to time. A heavy bombardment is going on. Small particles are falling where we stand.   We listen to phone conversations with the people in ...

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Turkey Media Roundup (February 23)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Turkey and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Turkey Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to turkey@jadaliyya.com by Sunday night of every week.] English Ankara Bombing Too Bad For Turkey Cafer Solgun argues that, regardless of which group is ultimately found responsible for the Ankara bombing, the attack “has exposed the ...

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Resisting Amnesia: Twenty Five Years After the Al Amiriyah Attack

On 13 February 1991, the United States Air Force deliberately targeted the Al Amiriyah bomb shelter in Baghdad, killing 408 civilians, mostly women and children. It was a brazen act of terror that has left permanent scars on Iraqi society. The Iraqi Transnational Collective issued a statement commemorating the twenty-fifth anniversary of this catastrophic act of brutality and has initiated a global campaign to raise awareness about this attack. Dima Yassine of Status spoke to Nazli Tarzi and Zeena ...

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Report: The Welfare of Syrian Refugees: Evidence from Jordan and Lebanon

The World Bank and the UNHCR released a new report entitled The Welfare of Syrian Refugees Evidence from Jordan and Lebanon, co-authored by Paolo Verme, Chiara Gigliarano, Christina Wieser, Kerren Hedlund, Marc Petzoldt, and Marco Santacroce, available for download through the Open Knowledge Repository.  This report is the result of a mainly quantitative joint study by the World Bank and the UNHCR, using survey and registry data about Syrian refugees in Lebanon and Syria, in order to assess ...

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Turkey Media Roundup (February 2)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Turkey and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Turkey Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to turkey@jadaliyya.com by Sunday night of every week.] English Violence in the Southeast Ambulances Halted as Turkey Besieges Kurdish Town Frederike Geerdink describes the efforts by lawyers to secure ECHR support for Turkish citizens ...

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