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War

مشاهدات يومية واجتماعية من السويداء: من حركة الاعتصام... إلى اغتيال البلعوس

تعود مدينة السويداء لتظهر من جديد في ساحة الخبر السوري مع مشهد اعتقال الناشط المدني والمعارض جبران سلامة مراد. الشاب الثلاثيني الذي ألقت دورية تابعة للمخابرات العسكرية القبض عليه، على الطريق بين مدينَتَي السويداءــ القريَّا، له سجلٌ حافل في النشاط السياسي والعمل على تحقيق أهداف الانتفاضة السورية في التحرر من الاستبداد، والتأسيس لحياة سياسية وديمقراطية في البلاد. فجبران ينتمي لعائلة لم تكن بعيدة عن أجواء الاعتقال والملاحقة في عهد الأسد الأب، والده سلامة مراد وعمّه حديثة مراد الوزير السابق وصاحب كتاب (تجربتان: سلطة واعتقال) قضى في السجن أكثر من 25 عاماً بعد الانقلاب الذي قاده حافظ الأسد ضد تيار صلاح جديد صبيحة 16 تشرين الثاني من عام 1970. في التاسع من حزيران 2017 تمّ ...

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The Use and Abuse of the Kurdish Question

[Members of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) protest against President Erdoğan's policies in front of the Swiss Federal palace in July 2016. Image by Rama, via Wikimedia Commons.]

In August 2005, Turkey’s then-Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan made what was, by Turkish standards, a remarkable public statement. Speaking at a rally held in the spiritual capital of Turkey’s predominately Kurdish southeast, a location which only added to the symbolism of the occasion, Erdoğan stated that with regards to Turkey’s Kurdish population, “mistakes had been made,” further noting that: “The Kurdish problem does not belong to a certain part of this [Turkey’s] society alone, but to all of it. It is also my problem.” In a country in which the very existence of the Kurdish community, let alone the “Kurdish question,” was in dispute, this was an extraordinary ...

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الاغتيال والاختطاف في العراق: حقل التحريض المتسع

[اللوحة للفنان العراقي قيس السندي]

 لا توجد إحصائية دقيقة للاغتيالات والاختطاف في العراق. فالسلطات الرسمية لا تكترث كثيراً بأرشفة الاخبار السيئة التي تحدث يومياً، أما الصحافة فلا تعير أهمية أيضاً لمثل هذه الحوادث، وغالباً تتعامل معها إذا ما هزّ اغتيال او اختطاف الرأي العام بنقل الرواية الرسمية "اضطراراً" ومن ثم تقمص رواية "جديدة" يضعها الممول المدعوم من جهة سياسية أو ميليشيا مسلحة، ويكون تسويق هذه "القصة" عبر وسائل التواصل الاجتماعي التي تعمل كماكنة نشطةٍ لتسطيح أي حدث ومن ثم ابتلاعه في خضم "قصص جديدة" تشبع الرغبات الفضولية وتثير زوابع من العراك الطائفي، وصولاً إلى التحريض الذي قد تكون نتيجته القتل او الاختطاف. بازار الجريمة ولأن بلاد ما بين النهرين اللذان ...

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Survivor: Life After Cluster Bomb

[Mohammed's prosthetic legs lie on a sofa at his home in the Rashidiyeh camp for Palestinian refugees in southern Lebanon. Photo by Laura Boushnak.]

Survivor is a decade-long documentary photography project following the story of Mohammed, a young cluster bomb survivor. During the summer 2006 Israel-Hizbollah war in Lebanon he was riding as a passenger on his father's motorbike when it struck a cluster bomb. Over the past 10 years I have documented how Mohammed, like so many other survivors around the world, lives with the horrifying repercussions of cluster munitions. Mohammed was eleven years old when he lost both legs during the last week of the conflict. The fact that he lives a five-minute drive from my parents' home made it easier to follow him through the years. I saw the young boy who had to endure physical ...

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Yemen's War [Ongoing Post]

[Image from Wikipedia.]

[This is an ongoing post that will be updated regularly. It was first published on 6 December 2016. The updates appear at the bottom.] The conflict in Yemen seems set to intensify as 2016 draws to a close. The deposed president Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi returned to Aden from exile in mid-November after his government was reestablished in the southern city. This move, alongside a renewed ground campaign and the continued aerial bombardment throughout northern Yemen by the Saudi Arabia-led coalition, prompted Ansar Allah—the movement commonly known as the Houthis—and the faction of the General People’s Congress party loyal to Ali Abdullah Saleh, to establish ...

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Task Force on Population Movement Yemen Report (May 2017)

[International Organization for Migration. Image from https://www.iom.int/.]

[The following report summary was published by the International Organization for Migration on 14 May 2017. For the full report, click here.] The Task Force for Population Movement (TFPM), co-led by IOM and UNHCR is a Technical Working Group of the Yemen Protection Cluster. The TFPM implements an information management tool that gathers data on the status and location of displaced persons across Yemen. As of 01 April 2017, the TFPM has identified, 1,988,946 internally displaced persons (IDPs) (331,491 house- holds) who have been displaced due to conflict since March 2015, dispersed across 21 governorates. For the same period, the TFPM has identified 900,258 ...

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Instruments of Pain: Conflict and Famine in Yemen

[International Crisis Group logo. Image from www.crisisgroup.org]

[The following report was originally published on 13 April 2017 by the International Crisis Group. The full report can be found here.] War in denying Yemenis food to eat. This special briefing, the first of four examining the famine threats there and in South Sudan, Nigeria and Somalia, urges the Saudi-led coalition not to assault Yemen's most important port, Hodeida, and both sides to immediately resolve deadlock over the Central Bank. I. Overview Yemenis are starving because of war. No natural disaster is responsible. No amount of humanitarian aid can solve the underlying problem. Without an immediate, significant course change, portions of the country, in the ...

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Donald Trump’s “Unbelievably Small” Attack on Syria

[USN Tactical Tomahawk launch. U.S. Navy photo via Wikimedia Commons]

Rarely did such a limited attack as the one launched by the United States by means of cruise missiles against the Syrian air base of Shayrat provoke so much ado. US President Donald Trump authorized the attack in the evening of Thursday 6 April, shortly before having dinner with his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping at his own Mar-a-Lago estate in Florida. It is in all likelihood the minimal option that Barack Obama had envisaged when the Syrian regime crossed his “red line” in August 2013. In one of his memorable statements, John Kerry described that option as “a very limited, very targeted, very short-term effort,” one that would be “unbelievably small.” That the ...

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Changing Ecologies of War and Humanitarianism - A STATUS/الوضع Interview with Omar Dewachi and Jonathan Whittall

In this interview for STATUS/الوضع, host Mohamad Ali Nayel speaks with Omar Dewachi and Jonathan Whittall about the changing nature of humanitarianism from an academic and a practitioner’s perspectives. Omar Dewachi is Assistant Professor of Anthropology and Global Health at American University of Beirut (AUB). Trained as a physician in Iraq during the 1990s, Dewachi received his doctorate in social anthropology from Harvard University in 2008. His research explores the social and medical consequences of war in the Middle East with focus on Iraq. Dewachi teaches a variety of courses on social medicine, global health and medical anthropology at AUB. He is the co-Director ...

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Task Force on Population Movement Yemen Report (March 2017)

[IDP Individuals by Governorate of Origin. Image from TFPM Report: http://www.globaldtm.info/yemen/.]

 [The following report summary was published by the International Organization on Migration’s Displacement Tracking Matrix on 15 March 2017. For the full report, click here.]   Task Force on Population Movement | TFPM Yemen | 13th Report – March 2017 The Task Force for Population Movement (TFPM), co-led by IOM and UNHCR is a Technical Working Group of the Yemen Protection Cluster. The TFPM implements an information management tool that gathers data on the status and location of displaced persons across Yemen.  As of 01 February 2017, the TFPM has identified 1,991,340 internally displaced persons (IDPs) (331,890 house-holds) who have been ...

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Report: Yemen Needs Urgent Assistance to Prevent Famine

[Logo of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization.]

[The following report was issued by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) on 15 March 2017.] Number of people at emergency food insecurity levels increases 20 per cent in nine months 15 March 2017, Sana'a/Amman - Severe food insecurity threatens more than 17 million people in conflict-ridden Yemen, according to the latest Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) analysis released by the United Nations and humanitarian partners today. Twenty of the country's 22 governorates are in ‘emergency' or ‘crisis' food insecurity phases and almost two-thirds of the population are now facing hunger and urgently require life and ...

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New Texts Out Now: Alia Malek, The Home That Was Our Country: A Memoir of Syria

Alia Malek, The Home That Was Our Country: A Memoir of Syria. New York City: Nation Books, 2017. Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book? Alia Malek (AM): I’ve always wanted the opportunity to dive into my family’s history, specifically that of my great-grandfather and my grandmother, in order to better understand their lives against the backdrop of Syrian history. At the same time–like so many others–I have become increasingly distressed with what has happened in Syria (and what has been happening throughout the course of my life; I was born shortly after Hafez al Assad came to power). That distress has only been exacerbated by the way Syria is covered ...

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حوار مع مناضلة يمنية: حوار لمجلة الوضع مع رضية المتوكل

أجرت نهلة شهال لمجلة "الوضع" هذا الحوار مع رضية المتوكل، مؤسسة جمعية "مواطَنة" في اليمن، وهي صحافية ومناضلة حقوقية. تركز المقابلة حول الدفاع عن المعتقلين والمختفين قسريا في حروب اليمن، وعن عبثية الحرب الحالية، وعن تعريف النسوية. 

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War is Here: The Lebanese Political Elites Unite Again

War is often understood as a temporally bounded event. A war begins, and eventually it ends. In the process, people are killed, maimed, starved, and traumatized; infrastructure is damaged; and life-worlds are destroyed. In such context, survival, not life, becomes the goal. Yet such an understanding of war is often duplicitous. For example, one might look to the Gaza Strip, where slow death under a globally-sanctioned siege under the temporality of a “ceasefire” is easily as violent, as final, as the ...

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Longing for Life in Yemen- A STATUS/الوضع Interview with Afrah Nasser

In this interview for STATUS/الوضع, host Mohamad Ali Nayel speaks with Afrah Nasser about the forgotten war in Yemen. Nasser reflects on the humanitarian crisis created by the war in Yemen and the situation of Yemeni women six years after thousands of women marched the streets of Sanaa commemorating International Women’s Day.  Afrah Nasser worked as a reporter at the Yemen Observer newspaper in Yemen (2008-2011) and started blogging since Yemen’s 2011 uprising, focusing on politics and human rights ...

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Syria’s Rebels, Before and After Aleppo: A STATUS/الوضع Conversation between Bassam Haddad and Aron Lund

In this conversation for STATUS/الوضع, host Bassam Haddad talks to Aron Lund about the state and status of Syria’s rebels, more than five months after the battle for Aleppo. Lund addresses the aftermath of the rebels defeat in east Aleppo in December 2016 and the significance of this loss for the opposition in general as well as the armed groups. Bassam also asks Lund to elaborate on what he thinks explains the pattern of mergers and factionalism among rebel groups over the years. The conversation ...

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New Texts Out Now: Sami Hermez, War is Coming: Between Past and Future Violence in Lebanon

Sami Hermez, War is Coming: Between Past and Future Violence in Lebanon. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2017. Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book? Sami Hermez (SH): I wrote this book because I felt there was a story that needed to be told of how people in states of protracted conflict live their lives with the specter of war continually hovering in the background, akin to the sounds of Beirut traffic. The potentiality of a coming war during my research in Lebanon moved in ...

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مراجعة كتاب: صُنع العدو: أو كيف تقتُل بضمير مرتاح؟

ما العدو؟ هل هو معطى سياسي أم اجتماعي أم ثقافي؟ مَنْ يحدّدُه؟ وما الدور الاجتماعي والسياسي الذي يؤدّيه في المجتمعات المعاصرة؟ هل يجب على الهُوية أن تُبنى بالضرورة ضدّ "الآخر"؟ في كتابه الصادر عن "المركز العربي للأبحاث ودراسة السياسات"، بترجمة نبيل عجان، يوضّح الباحث والأكاديمي والدبلوماسي الفرنسي بيار كونيسا أنه لا يهدف إلى تحديد طريقة مقبولة أو غير مقبولة للقتل، لكنه يرنو إلى تحليل كيفية نشوء علاقة العداوة، وكيف يُبنى الـمُتخيَّل قبل الذهاب إلى الحرب. استـهلَّ كونيسا (وهو أستاذ في ...

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Media on Media Roundup (April 12)

This week’s Jadaliyya “Media on Media” roundup looks at several important issues affecting the Middle East and North Africa mediascape. A chemical attack in Idlib, Syria caused the death of many civilians, resulting in competing media narratives on the nature of the attack and those injured. US President Trump’s missile strike in Syria caused mixed feelings among supporters and opponents of Trump in the US and abroad, with some arguing that his decision violated Syria’s national sovereignty. In ...

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Is Trump Going to Commit the Next Great US Catastrophe in Syria?

At the UN Security Council on 5 April 2017, US Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley held up pictures of children killed by a gas attack in Khan Shaykhun, south of the Syrian city of Idlib. Estimates suggest about fifty to sixty people died in this attack. The United States, the United Kingdom, and France placed a resolution before the Security Council condemning the attack and asking for an investigation of it. There is no call for armed action against anyone because the council is divided on who ...

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Seul le Grenadier

Seul le Grenadier (Extrait de Roman) Sinan Antoon [Traduit de l’arabe (Irak) par Leyla Mansour] 1 "Elle dormait nue sur une table d’albâtre, dans un espace découvert, sans toit ni murs. Il n’y avait personne autour de nous et, à perte de vue, rien d’autre que le sable qui s’étendait jusqu’à l’horizon. Des nuages moutonnés dans le ciel, qui se relayaient pour voiler les rayons du soleil, fuyaient pour s’y dissiper. J’étais dévêtu et déchaussé. Tout m’étonnait. Je sentais le sable sous mes ...

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Media on Media Roundup (March 21)

This week’s Jadaliyya “Media on Media” Roundup examines several important topics affecting the MENA region’s mediascape. The Pentagon released an aerial photo of a building demolished by a U.S. airstrike in Syria alleged to be an al-Qaeda center. However, local activists insist it was a mosque and the airstrike killed innocent civilians. Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) executive committee member Dr. Hanan Ashrawi denounced the U.N’s decision to remove a report calling Israel an apartheid state ...

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Media on Media Roundup (March 14)

This week’s Jadaliyya “Media on Media” roundup looks at several important dyanmics shaping the MENA region’s mediascape. In Palestine, Arabs took to the streets to protest Israeli legislation that aims to silence mosque loudspeakers. Several Syrian activists protested Jaysh al-Islam representing opposition groups and leading Geneva peace talks, given their increased clampdown on free speech in Ghouta. A Syrian teenager who was the victim of online bullying on Facebook sued the company. Accusing it of ...

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الترجمة في سياق المقاومة العامة للخراب: مقابلة لمجلة الوضع مع ثائر ديب

 اجرى كل من ربيع مصطفى وصباح جلول لمجلة "الوضع" هذا الحوار مع ثائر ديب وهو كاتب ومترجم من سوريا. يحمل شهادة في الطب البشري من جامعة تشرين في اللاذقية. يعمل في وحدة "تُرجمان" التابعة ل"المركز العربي للأبحاث ودراسة السياسات" وهو عضو الهيئة الاستشارية لمشروع "نقل المعارف" الذي شرعت به وزارة الثقافة البحرينية بالتعاون مع اليونسكو، وكان سابقاً عضو هيئة تحرير مجلة "الآداب العالمية" التي تصدر عن اتحاد الكتاب العرب. وقد عمل في مديرية التأليف ...

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