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War

Resisting Amnesia: Twenty Five Years After the Al Amiriyah Attack

[Al-Amiriyah Shelter--Transnational Collective Campaign Poster]

On 13 February 1991, the United States Air Force deliberately targeted the Al Amiriyah bomb shelter in Baghdad, killing 408 civilians, mostly women and children. It was a brazen act of terror that has left permanent scars on Iraqi society. The Iraqi Transnational Collective issued a statement commemorating the twenty-fifth anniversary of this catastrophic act of brutality and has initiated a global campaign to raise awareness about this attack. Dima Yassine of Status spoke to Nazli Tarzi and Zeena al Jawad about the tragedy and their efforts to keep its memory alive. Both are active members of the Iraqi Transnational Collective, a grassroots nonsectarian ...

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Report: The Welfare of Syrian Refugees: Evidence from Jordan and Lebanon

The World Bank and the UNHCR released a new report entitled The Welfare of Syrian Refugees Evidence from Jordan and Lebanon, co-authored by Paolo Verme, Chiara Gigliarano, Christina Wieser, Kerren Hedlund, Marc Petzoldt, and Marco Santacroce, available for download through the Open Knowledge Repository.  This report is the result of a mainly quantitative joint study by the World Bank and the UNHCR, using survey and registry data about Syrian refugees in Lebanon and Syria, in order to assess their financial and social status, and to evaluate existing policies towards the refugee situation. The results reveal a complicated situation in which high levels of ...

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Turkey Media Roundup (February 2)

[Silopi, 19 January 2016. Image by Fatih Pinar]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Turkey and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Turkey Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to turkey@jadaliyya.com by Sunday night of every week.] English Violence in the Southeast Ambulances Halted as Turkey Besieges Kurdish Town Frederike Geerdink describes the efforts by lawyers to secure ECHR support for Turkish citizens in Cizre denied access to ambulances. The ECHR, however, maintains that Turkish courts have precedence. A Country on the Edge of Europe Increasingly Looks like War-Torn ...

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Turkey Media Roundup (January 26)

[Silopi, 19 January 2016. Image by Fatih Pinar]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Turkey and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Turkey Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to turkey@jadaliyya.com by Sunday night of every week.] English Ninth Anniversary of Hrant Dink’s Assassination Justice, Peace Watch for Assassinated Journalist Hrant Dink Bianet covers the vigil in front of the Agos newspaper headquarters to memorialize the ninth anniversary of the assassination of its chief editor Hrant Dink. The vigil also mourned Tahir Elçi, Maritsa Küçük, Sevag ...

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Statement of Concern by Professors of Turkish Studies and Ottoman History Regarding Diminishing Academic Freedoms in Turkey

[Map of Turkey]

[The following statement was issued by a group of scholars of Turkish Studies and Ottoman History on 20 January 2016 in regards to concerns over academic freedoms and freedom of expression in Turkey.] Statement For Academic Freedom In Turkey Prof. Dr. Ahmet Davutoğlu, Prime Minister of the Republic of Turkey We, the undersigned professors of Turkish Studies and Ottoman History working at various universities throughout the world, from the USA to Asia, declare that we are profoundly concerned about the diminishing academic freedoms in Turkey.  On 10 January 2016, 1128 academics from Turkey and 356 from abroad signed a petition calling the Republic of Turkey to ...

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Turkey Media Roundup (January 19)

Cizre, September 2015. Image by Rebecca Harms.

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Turkey and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Turkey Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to turkey@jadaliyya.com by Sunday night of every week.] English Violence in the Southeast Violence Dominates Politics Mümtaz'er Türköne decries a recent PKK on a police family lodgings in Diyarbakır, comparing the organization's methods to ISIS and arguing its attempts to control urban areas will result in it dominating “nothing but ruins.” Indefinite 24-Hour Curfew, Over 200,000 In Danger ...

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اللاجئون السوريّون في المدن الألمانيّة: آليّات إعادة توطينهم وآثارها على البنى العمرانيّة في المدينة

[المصدر كاتب المقالة]

تتطرّق هذه المقالة إلى سكن اللاجئين السورييّن المقيمين في ألمانيا. بناءً على تجربتي في المعيشة في مخيم للّاجئين في مدينة كولن والمواد المتوفرة المتعلّقة بالموضوع تتطرق هذه المقالة بالدرجة الأولى إلى الأنماط المختلفة للمساكن المؤقّتة للّاجئين السوريين في ألمانيا و بالدرجة الثانية إلى العمليّة التي يمرّ اللاجئون السوريون من خلالها أثناء بحثهم عن مساكن دائمة. تناقش المقالة بالدرجة الثالثة و الأهم التغيّر الجاري في البنى العمرانيّة و الاجتماعيّة في ضوء العمليّة المستجدّة لإعادة توطين اللاجئين. على الرغم من وجود مستوىً معيّن من الفصل العمراني المتجلّي في البنية العمرانيّة لمدينة كولن على شكل تجمّعات للمهاجرين كالعديد من المدن الألمانيّة الأخرى (Friedrichs 1998, p.1) إلّا ...

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The Ambiguous Encampment of the World

Michel Agier (ed.), Un monde de camps (A World of Camps), (Paris: La Découverte, 2014). The refugee camp is a topic of interest for many social scientists coming from different disciplines such as geography, urban studies, and anthropology. Literature on refugee camps has often been fragmented according to regions or to their particular dynamics (Palestinian refugee camps in the Middle East, refugee camps of the past decade's wars in different parts of Africa, administrative detention centres for asylum seekers or “illegal” immigrants in Europe). Edited by French anthropologist Michel Agier, the aim of this volume Un monde de camps (A world of camps) is to go beyond ...

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A Moveable Feast? Reflections on the French Coverage of the Paris Attacks

[Image of the Eiffel Tower illuminated with the Tricolor following the Paris attacks. Image by Passion Leica/Flickr]

Writing on the relationship between acts of terror and the mystification of liberalism in 1947, Maurice Merleau-Ponty wrote that, “cunning, violence, propaganda, and realpolitik” appeared “in the guise of liberal principles” and were “the substance of foreign or colonial politics, and even of domestic politics.” [1] He was not writing about religious fanatics, but he was rather concerned with another specter that once faced Europe: Communism. Unlike the Cold War, if France is indeed “at war,” one is at a loss to characterize what kind of war it is, or against whom it will be fought. Perhaps we are in what Jean Baudrillard categorized as a “Fourth World War,” in which the ...

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Turkey Could Cut Off the Islamic State’s Supply Lines. So Why Doesn’t It?

[Recep Tayyip Erdoğan speaking at the World Economic Summit in Davos, 2009. Image via Wikipedia.]

In the wake of the murderous attacks in Paris, we can expect western heads of state to do what they always do in such circumstances: declare total and unremitting war on those who brought it about. They don’t actually mean it. They’ve had the means to uproot and destroy Islamic State within their hands for over a year now. They’ve simply refused to make use of it. In fact, as the world watched leaders making statements of implacable resolve at the G20 summit in Antalaya, these same leaders are hobnobbing with Turkey’s president Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, a man whose tacit political, economic, and even military support contributed to ISIS’ ability to perpetrate the atrocities ...

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Misprints: An Interview with Paul Qaysi

[Paul Qaysi,

The beginnings of this conversation took place over a year ago when I met Paul during my Architecture of Memory exhibit at the Middle East Center for the Arts at MANA Contemporary in New Jersey. Paul came out to see the exhibit and we spent a long time talking about our works, shared experiences, and relationship to Iraq, war, displacement, photography, video, and issues of mis/representation.  I invited Paul to participate in my next performance piece, which brought together a diverse group of exiled/diasporic Iraqis—from various personal and professional backgrounds, including the arts, activism, academia, journalism, and ...

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Libya: The Forgotten War of the Tebu and Tuareg

[Tuareg children on the remains of Tuareg houses in the Tayuri neighborhood of Sebha, destroyed during clashes in July 2015. Image by author]

In the midst of the Libyan desert, a thousand kilometers south of Tripoli, a war divides two communities that had been living a brotherly life until the post-revolutionary vortex carried away their friendship. The Tebu, an ethnic group that traces its roots to the Tibesti Mountains in Chad, and the Tuareg, the “Berbers of the desert” spread throughout the Sahel-Saharan region, had been living side by side since having signed a peace treaty in late nineteenth century. In August 2014, however, violence broke out in the Ubari oasis, where the increased influence of the Tebu community had generated tensions with the Tuareg majority. A year later, in July 2015, the clashes ...

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Turkey Media Roundup (February 9)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Turkey and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Turkey Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to turkey@jadaliyya.com by Sunday night of every week.] English Violence in the Southeast/Kurdish Politics Turkish Government Determined not to Withdraw from PKK Fight Murat Yetkin discusses the reasons why the Turkish government will not ...

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Speaking Truth to Power: A Panel on Academic Freedoms and the War Against Kurds in Turkey (17 February, CUNY Graduate Center, New York)

February 17, 2016 6:00-8:00 PM The Graduate Center, CUNY 365 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY Room C198 (Concourse Level) Reception to follow. Please bring ID to enter the building. More information can be found here. A panel discussion with David Harvey, Nazan Üstündağ, Aslı Iğsız and Kamal Soleimani, moderated by Anthony Alessandrini. Following the June 2015 general elections, Turkey’s ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) renewed the state’s forty-year-long war against Kurds. This move ended the ...

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الحرب على ذاكرة الحداثة: داعش مثالاً

              17 اُذْكُرْ مَا فَعَلهُ بِكَ عَمَالِيقُ فِي الطَّرِيقِ عِنْدَ خُرُوجِكَ مِنْ مِصْرَ. 18 كَيْفَ لاقَاكَ فِي الطَّرِيقِ وَقَطَعَ مِنْ مُؤَخَّرِكَ كُل المُسْتَضْعِفِينَ وَرَاءَكَ وَأَنْتَ كَلِيلٌ وَمُتْعَبٌ وَلمْ يَخَفِ اللهَ. 19 فَمَتَى أَرَاحَكَ الرَّبُّ إِلهُكَ مِنْ جَمِيعِ أَعْدَائِكَ حَوْلكَ فِي الأَرْضِ التِي يُعْطِيكَ الرَّبُّ إِلهُكَ نَصِيباً لِتَمْتَلِكَهَا تَمْحُو ذِكْرَ عَمَالِيقَ مِنْ تَحْتِ السَّمَاءِ. لا تَنْسَ. سفر التثنية – ...

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Urgent Call for Action by Women’s Freedom Assembly in Turkey

[The following statement was issued by Women's Freedom Assembly (KÖM) on 18 January 2016 as a call for international women's solidarity in regards to the ongoing war in the Kurdish region and growing repression of dissent in Turkey.] To Women’s Organizations: Urgent Call for Action Women’s Freedom Assembly (KÖM) is calling on your solidarity against the war and massacres that we have been living through for the past eight months. The AKP government and President Tayyip Erdoğan are repressing, through ...

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Under Fire: Translating the Growing Crisis in the Kurdish Cities of Turkey’s Southeast

Turkey’s sokağa çıkma yasağı is being mistranslated, with serious consequences. Turkey’s decades-long conflict with Kurdish militants and its unresolved inclusion of Kurds into greater Turkish society has in recent months reached a new and violent phase. The current encounter, largely between Turkish state forces and a new urban youth group, the YDG-H (Patriotic Revolutionary Youth Movement; Tevgera Ciwanen Welatparêz Yên Şoreşger) affiliated with the outlawed PKK (Kurdistan Workers Party; Partiya ...

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Press Release: Doctors Without Borders on Siege and Starvation in Madaya

[The following press release on the seige of Madaya, Syria was issued by Doctors Without Borders on 7 January 2016 and updated on 8 January 2016] Syria: Seige and Starvation in Madaya 8 January Update: The MSF-supported medics in Madaya have identified 250 people with severe acute malnutrition, including 10 patients who are in immediate need of lifesaving hospitalization. The number of people in need of medical care is growing. If a safe medical evacuation procedure can be agreed, such as the rare ...

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كاشان

الغالبية الساحقة من الكاشانيّات يولدن في كاشان، بالطبع. لكن «كاشان» التي أتحدّث عنها هنا بغداديّة الروح والجسد. ولدت في بغداد في سجن النساء في أواخر الأربعينيّات. لم تكن ولادتها عسيرة لكنها كانت بطيئة، استغرقت شهوراً طويلة. ركعت أمها فيها أمامها كل صباح، بصبر من نذرت نفسها لصلاة لا تنتهي. ركعت تسحبها بيدين متعبتين شيئاً فشيئاً إلى هذه الدنيا. دون أن تعاونها قابلة ولا ممّرضة أو طبيب. لم تتوقف لشهور طوال إلا لاستراحة قصيرة عند الظهر، تغيب أثناءها لتأكل وجبة بسيطة، ثم تعود بعدها وتنكب على الجسد الطفل حتى ...

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Iraqi Odyssey in NYC

Iraqi Odyssey: A Global Family Saga by Samir Monday, November 30, 6:00 p.m. The Iris and Gerald B. Cantor Center, 36 E. 8th Street, Theater 101 Tracing the emigrations of his family over more than half a century, this riveting documentary epic from acclaimed expatriate Iraqi filmmaker Samir pays moving homage to the frustrated democratic dreams of people successively plagued by the horrors of dictatorship, war, and foreign occupation. You can watch the trailer here. (2015, Iraq, Switzerland) 162 ...

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في العلاقة الشائكة بين التاريخ والتطرّف

استهلال: سيبدو من السذاجة والتبسيط أن نردّ ظهور، ومن ثم تنامي وتعملق، تنظيم كـ"الدولة الإسلامية في العراق والشام"، (داعش) بالاختصار العربي، إلى سبب واحد، حتى لو رجحت كفة سبب على آخر. ولنعترف بأن ظهور تنظيم مشابه لن يكون بسبب واحد محدّد ومنجز. وباعتقادي فإن الأسباب المتعددة تلك تتفرّع في عدة محاور: المحور الإيديولوجي/ الثقافي، والمحور السياسي/ الاستراتيجي السلطوي، والمحور الاقتصادي/ الطبقي، وكذا المحور الإنساني النفسي/ التربوي، إن صحّ أن نعتبره محوراً خاصاً. هذه المحاور تتداخل وتتمازج في معظم ...

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New Wars and Autonomous Self-Defense

A number of scholars working in the fields of geography, sociology, and political science have developed the concept of “new wars” to talk about the state we are living in the last two decades.[1] These scholars claim that currently, we are going through a fourth world war—that is, of course, if we would call the cold war a third world war—and argue that after the collapse of the Soviet bloc, the politics of controlled conflict and tension has been replaced by continuous, scattered, and extending small ...

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Can Total War in the Middle East Be Prevented?

Three weeks ago, Russia started to directly intervene in Syria. The proxy war between Russia and Iran on the one hand, and the United States and Saudi Arabia on the other, threatens to turn into an actual war. Having lost control over its “victories” in the last fourteen years, the United States would rather keep this a proxy war. Nevertheless, it is not clear how long it can permit Russian galloping in what was once simply and only America’s backyard. Russia, long denied a major role in the Middle East, ...

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The Ankara Massacre and the State as a Serial Killer in Erdogan’s Turkey

Shortly after the news of the Ankara massacre started circulating on social media, a video surfaced, showing the very moment of the first explosion, foregrounded by a group of young peace rally participants on a line of halay. The protesters were singing and dancing to prominent ozan Ruhi Su’s “Ellerinde Pankartlar,” composed to commemorate the bloody May 1 Labor Day celebrations in Taksim Square in 1977—when at least 42 people were massacred and more than 120 people were injured. When the first bomb ...

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