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World Social Forum: Where is the Struggle against Capitalism? Those Who Want To Build, Those Who Want To Fight: The World Social Forum with a North African Twist OIL Media Roundup The Stages of Peaceful Resistance in the Occupied Western Sahara Legal Fictions and the Logic of Empire
[`Abd al-Rahman al-Abnudi (1938-2015). Image from wikipedia]

`Abd al-Rahman al-Abnudi (1938-2015)

With the death of ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Abnudi (1938-2015), Egypt and the Arab world lost the last of the pioneers of colloquial poetry who have significantly enriched poetry written in the spoken Egyptian dialect and expanded its horizons. ...

Last Week on Jadaliyya (April 20-26)

This is a selection of what you might have missed on Jadaliyya last week. It also includes a list of the most read articles and roundups. Progressively, we will be featuring more content on our "Last Week ...

On Palestinian Cinema: The State of Israel vs. Suha Arraf

Suha Arraf is a Palestinian filmmaker based in Mi’ilya in the Galilee in Israel. Arraf is a journalist by training. This interview with Arraf was conducted following the recent screening of her debut feature film, Villa Touma, at the ...

Water Management in Jordan in Response to the Syrian Crisis: Between Neoliberal Pressures and Social Tensions

Since 1948, the Kingdom of Jordan has taken in a considerable number of refugee populations fleeing conflicts in Palestine, Iraq and now Syria. While this brings the country significant international aid, it also raises the question of the ...

Those Who Want To Build, Those Who Want To Fight: The World Social Forum with a North African Twist

[Logo of the 2015 World Social Forum. Image via Wikimedia Commons.]

Holding the World Social Forum (WSF) in Tunisia, for the second time, is doubly significant. It is right on target, since Tunisians have toppled a neoliberal dictator. It is also a painful reminder of capitalism’s power, as Tunisian neoliberalism (along with the dictator’s entourage) is still intact. Not only are the main contours of Ben Ali’s policies still in place, his top bureaucrats are in command. Moreover, they have come back through elections. Voters replaced them for a secular liberal-Islamic coalition, partially due to worries regarding increasing conservatism and a deteriorating security situation. That coalition was also deeply neoliberal. In short, Tunisians ...

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Report: Trapped and Punished: The Gaza Civilian Population under Operation Protective Edge

[Crop of image from report cover.]

[The following report was issued by FIDH in April 2015. Section II, containing the "Aim of the Report," is excerpted below. The full report may be read here.] The following sections will examine attacks committed by Israeli forces during Operation Protective Edge in Gaza. In particular, the following incidents will be highlighted:  • Indiscriminate attacks on civilians and their residences;  • Attacks on medical facilities, transport and personnel;  • Attacks on structures providing shelter to internally displaced populations;  • Attacks on objects indispensable for civilian survival.  Evidence ...

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The Stages of Peaceful Resistance in the Occupied Western Sahara

[Image of a demonstrated in Assa, Western Sahara calling for the release of Sahrawi activists imprisoned by Moroccan authorities]

Introduction In any history of occupation, the forms of resistance the colonized populations adopted have been shaped by, and shape, the modes of occupations. Peaceful resistance in the Western Sahara has been no different; Saharawi methods of nonviolent protest underwent transformations, first during Spanish colonialism and throughout several phases under Moroccan occupation. The Saharawi peoples’ ongoing struggle to secure their independence has faced repressive ways and means, either during the Spanish era or the subsequent Moroccan settler occupation. The aim of this paper is to document the dialectics in stages of non-violent resistance and the precipitating ...

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Britain's "Interest" in Bahrain: Legal Fictions and the Logic of Empire


In 1783, the Al Khalifa family—originally from the Najd region of what is now Saudi Arabia—captured the islands of Bahrain from Shaykh Nasr Al Madhkur, who had ruled them on behalf of the Qajar dynasty of Persia. In 1926, over one hundred and fifty years later, the status of Bahrain’s sovereignty remained a contentious issue. In December of that year, G. R. Warner, a British diplomat in London, wrote to a colleague in India stating that “on political grounds it is of great importance to avoid any action which would result in the re-awakening of the controversy as to the sovereignty of Bahrein.” Although Bahrain was nominally independent at this time, it was a ...

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What Brings them There? Reflections on the Persisting Symbolism of Tahrir Square

Cairo’s Tahrir Square presents a riddle. This irregular expanse of land and surrounding building surfaces has acquired a central symbolic place in Egyptians’ collective memory, demonstrated by its recurrent use for decades as the primary site for voicing people’s grievances and proclamations. To its romantics and its detractors, what happens in or around Tahrir Square remains crucial as an index to some perceived collectivity. Despite being a twentieth-century addition to a city with a much longer history, and despite the presence of older squares with central locations and considerable sizes (including Maydan Ramsis and Maydan Abdin), Maydan al-Tahrir now sits ...

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اختيار: مجلة نسوية عربية في نقد الأفكار الشمولية

أصدرت مجموعة "اختيار لدراسات وبحوث النوع" عبر موقعها الإلكتروني مجلة نسوية تحمل اسمها وتصدر عن القاهرة. في هذا العدد الأول، تقدم المجلة نفسها كمساحة لتوثيق "التجارب الشخصية والمعرفة والأفكار والنظريات" من أجل تقديم اتجاهات نسوية متعددة. ولا تقتصر هذه النسوية على المطالبة بحقوق المرأة بل تحاول استخدام قراءات النوع لخلق أدوات مقاومة ضد أشكال القمع فالنسوية المبتغاة هنا تفكك أشكال التمييز وتتنافى مع الأنظمة الشمولية. تفتتح العدد الباحثة سارة سالم بمقال عن التضامن النسوي حيث تطرح فيه نظرية التقاطع النسوية التي ظهرت في الولايات المتحدة خلال ثمانينات القرن الماضي. وكانت هذه النظرية قد جاءت كتفكيك لهيمنة المرأة البيضاء على النسوية وتعريفاتها وسياقاتها حيث ...

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DARS Media Roundup (March 2015)

[L'impossible pour l'impossible. Image by HelgaTawil Souri, via Flickr.]

[This is a monthly roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Resistance and Subversion in the Arab world and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the DARS Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each monthly roundup to]   News & Commentary War and Social Movements in the Age of Globalization, by Sidney Tarrow Because war makers require resources with which to fight their wars, war making triggers a cascade of other processes. First, rulers build states to fight wars and manage them; second, they need to extract resources from their citizens ...

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هل كان الفردوس المفقود فردوسا؟

تنشر في شبكات التواصل الاجتماعي يوميا الكثير من الصور التي تعكس الحياة في فلسطين في فترة ما قبل النكبة عام 1948 وبكلمات أخرى، تلك الفترة التي تم بناءها ثقافيا وأكاديميا ضمن توصيف "الفردوس المفقود"، هكذا بعد نشر تلك الصور يتم مشاركتها عبر الآلاف من الفلسطينيين الذين يحنون للفردوس المفقود الذي لم ولن يعيشوه على ما يبدو وخاصة أولئك من أبناء الجيل الثالث والرابع للنكبة. يمكن تقسيم هواة الفردوس المفقود إلى ثلاث فئات رئيسية : 1- أولئك الذين ذوتوا بعمق الخطاب الإسرائيلي التاريخي والمعاصر والذي روج لأكذوبة أرض بلا شعب وعند نشرهم لهذه الصور فإنهم ينطلقون من شبه تصديقهم الضمني للأكذوبة ولسان حالهم يقول: هل ترون يتضح أن ثمة مجتمع عربي فعال ونشط وحي كان في فلسطين وكانت ...

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Turkey Media Roundup (March 31)

[Bülent Arınç. Image via Wikimedia Commons.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Turkey and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Turkey Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to by Sunday night of every week.] English Rift Between President Erdoğan and the Government Pushing Government to Limits, Erdoğan's Will Being Tested Yavuz Baydar suggests that the rift emerging between Erdoğan and Deputy Prime Minister Bülent Arınç is fundamentally an issue of who has the ability to dictate policy. Davutoğlu Finally Supports Erdoğan’s Presidency Model Murat Yetkin ...

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Five Decades of Painting and Innovation: An Interview with Samia Halaby

[Samia Halaby,

Last month, Samia Halaby’s retrospective, Five Decades of Painting and Innovation, traveled to Lebanon. Organized by Ayyam Gallery, the retrospective was held at the Beirut Exhibition Center, where it was shown from 2 to 26 February. For the Beirut installment, Halaby added nearly two dozen rarely seen drawings and several more paintings, significantly expanding the original list of included works. Lebanon’s Agenda Culturel interviewed Halaby about her artistic practice shortly before the show opened. The text below is the original transcript of the interview, which was conducted in English via email. Halaby’s Paintings from the Sixties and Seventies, a selection of ...

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Nargess Hashemi: The Pleasure in Boredom

[Detail of Nargess Hashemi's

The Pleasure in Boredom charts Nargess Hashemi’s process of developing over ten years worth of experimentation on graph paper. She has doodled in notebooks from a young age; during long, tedious car journeys, over extended visits with family and at art school where her teacher, artist Farshid Maleki, also assigned her exercises of repeated line drawings. The practice has become somewhat of a lifelong obsession for the artist. Using only the most basic materials, the artist adopts a commonly unfocused and subliminal practice and refines it, resulting in vibrant artworks of great complexity. The title of the exhibition references an essay by E.H. Gombrich, in which the ...

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Ghassan Kanafani's The Stolen Shirt

[Ghassan Kanafani [1936-1972]

[What follows is a translation of a short story written by Ghassan Kanfani in 1958, entitled “The Stolen Shirt.” Although among his relatively lesser known works, especially as compared to his far-reaching novels Men in The Sun and All That’s Left for You, this short story is no less representative of Kanafani’s masterful storytelling. It is also just as representative of the often subliminal, disjointed, and non-linear narrative style he is known for, and through which he vividly captures the harsh and unforgiving realities of refugee life and displacement in which countless Palestinians found themselves after 1948. The Stolen Shirt” is the first story in a larger ...

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ملف من الأرشيف: سحر خليفة

                    الاسم: سحر خليفة تاريخ الولادة ومكانها: ولدت في مدينة نابلس عام 1941 المهنة: كاتبة فلسطينية وناشطة في الحركة النسوية الفلسطينية، تاريخ الولادة ومكانها: ولدت في مدينة نابلس عام 1941 المسيرة الدراسية: درست في جامعة بيرزيت في الضفة الغربية، ثم حصلت على منحة فولبرايت لتتابع دراسة الماجيستير في الادب الانكليزي من جامعة نورث كارولاينا ثم حصلت على شهادة الدكتوراه في الدراسات النسائية في جامعة أيوا. سحر ...

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Joint NGO Statement: Stop the Forced Displacement of Palestinians in East Jerusalem and the West Bank

[The following open letter was issued by the below signatories on 1 April 2015.] We the undersigned condemn Israel’s unceasing policy of forced displacement of Palestinians in East Jerusalem, and the West Bank in general, and the recent attempted eviction of the Ghaith-Sub Laban family from their house in the Old City of Jerusalem in particular. The family holds ‘protected tenant status’ under Israeli Law, meaning that as long as they continue to pay rent they should not be subject ...

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The Economy of Mental Health: Inequalities in Access to Care in Morocco

In 2005, Morocco’s Ministry of Health (Ministère de la Santé) carried out its first-ever epidemiological survey of mental illness in the country. As a Bulletin de Santé later reported, the study found that about fifty percent of the population had suffered from at least one minor psychiatric ailment over the course of their lives: … one in two Moroccans presents with at least one significant sign of impaired mental health, regardless of its degree of severity, ranging from a simple nervous tic ...

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After the Elections: Solidarities Old and New

It is no exaggeration to say that some of the most positive assessments of the recent election results in Israel have come from within the Palestine solidarity movement. “Positive” is, of course, not quite the right word, since no one serious about justice in Palestine would suggest that there is any bright side to the fact that Israeli voters rewarded Benjamin Netanyahu and his Likud party for a campaign that was deeply, viciously, and explicitly racist even by the degraded standards of contemporary ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (April 1)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations Sales of weapons to Gulf states up 70% over five years Saeed Kamali Dehghan and Richard Norton-Taylor report on the Gulf ...

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Palestine Becomes a State Party to the ICC: An Occasion to Return to the Register of Israel’s Racialized Violence

Today, Palestine will formally become a member of the International Criminal Court. This will give it the authority to refer a situation in its territory for investigation as well as give the Office of the Prosecutor the authority to initiate an investigation based on her discretion (propio motu). When Palestine, or the representatives of a shadow of a state, submitted an application for ad-hoc jurisdiction as well as acceded to the Rome Statute in late December 2014, analysts wrote a flurry of articles ...

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New Texts Out Now: Noura Erakat, Palestinian Refugees and the Syrian Uprising

Noura Erakat, “Palestinian Refugees and the Syrian Uprising: Filling the Protection Gap During Secondary Forced Displacement.” Oxford International Journal of Refugee Law 26.4 (2014). [Full text available online until June 2015.] Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this article? Noura Erakat (NE): I began to write this article as an LLM student in National Security at the Georgetown University Law Center. In the spring of 2012, I was enrolled in a research seminar on refugees, and at that point there ...

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Quick Thoughts on Syria's Humanitarian Crisis: A STATUS/الوضع Conversation with Omar Dahi

As the war in Syria rages on, and with attention turning towards ISIS, the humanitarian crisis in the country has been relegated to the sidelines. In this Quick Thoughts interview for Status (conducted in late-February 2015), Omar Dahi brings it back to the forefront by highlighting the extent and locations of the humanitarian needs across the country, how political circumstances manifest on the ground, and the regime's recent uptick in bombardment. Omar S. Dahi, associate professor of ...

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March Culture Bouquet

Jadaliyya’s Culture Bouquet returns with a March edition of art and literature. Included in this month’s batch are interviews with artists, monograph essays, and a translation of a short story by Ghassan Kanafani. With this series of art-related posts, stay tuned as Jadaliyya Culture expands its coverage of the North African and West Asian contemporary art scenes in the months to come with contributions from a new batch of experts in the field. In the meantime a sneak peek of what is to come can be found ...

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Kareem Risan: Archetypes

For more than twenty years, Kareem Risan has depicted his surroundings as richly painted surfaces free of temporal or spatial boundaries. Without references to the hermetic space of the canvas (or paper), Risan employs color as a compositional directive. The artist’s varying treatment of paint is emphasized with the opacity or radiance of particular hues, and becomes the primary source of tension in his works. Despite initial disorder, the divergent sections of the composition are synthesized, appearing ...

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Driven by Storms: An Interview with Sadik Alfraji and Nat Muller

Diluting the melancholic longing for unattainable dreams, which will only ever remain dreams, Sadik Alfraji injects the possibility of hope into his latest exhibition, currently on view at Ayyam Gallery Dubai’s Al Quoz outpost. Curated by Nat Muller, who also edited Alfraji’s first monograph, Driven by Storms (Ali’s Boat) stems from a drawing that the Netherlands-based artist received in 2009 from his nephew Ali. Alfraji drew on the aesthetics of Ali’s boat, symbolising a much-desired escape from the ...

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Last Week on Jadaliyya (March 23-29)

This is a selection of what you might have missed on Jadaliyya last week. It also includes a list of the most read articles and roundups. Progressively, we will be featuring more content on our "Last Week on Jadaliyya" series.   Gay Rights as Human Rights: Pinkwashing Homonationalism Picture an Arab Man "The Amir of Bahrain and the Beautiful Scottish Lady": Political Satire in the Arab World Snapshot: Palestinian Spring Yemen at ...

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