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New Texts Out Now: Alex Lubin and Marwan M. Kraidy, eds., American Studies Encounters the Middle East لاجئا DARS Media Roundup Announcing the 2016 Middle East Political Economy Book Prize Winners حول ملحمة جلجامش

New Texts Out Now: Karine Walther, Sacred Interests: The United States and the Islamic World, 1821-1921

Karine Walther, Sacred Interests: The United States and the Islamic World, 1821-1921. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2015.   Jadliyya (J): What made you write this book? Karine Walther (KW): As my parents ...

Between Slow and Sudden Death in Turkey

On 25 February 2017, the picture of a young male academic who committed suicide in Turkey went viral on the social media. The photo was hashtagged with #MehmetFatihTras and the line underneath the hashtag reads: “This is a murder. Try the ...

[المصدر موقع زنوبيا رسالة وطن]

دورنا في صناعة الظلام

ربيع علم الدين بعد الانتخابات الرئاسية مباشرة امتلأ حسابي على التويتر بالتعبيرات عن الصدمة والشكاوى. بدا كما لو أن العبارة المفضلة للجميع هي:"نحن أفضل من هذا”. لكنني اعتبرت هـذا الكلام خاطئاً، وفهمتُ منطقه الملتوي، والصدمة والأذى ...

UN Report Establishes Israeli Apartheid; Fallout Begins

This week the United Nations published a report that establishes Israel as an Apartheid regime. The UN Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) commissioned the report commissioned from the authors, Richard Falk and Virginia ...

الغرب والسوريون: مبيعات الأسلحة الأمريكية والأوروبية للشرق الأوسط 2011- 2014

كَثُر الحديث في أوروبا والولايات المتحدة في العامين المنصرمين حول أعباء استضافة اللاجئين السوريين وغير السوريين، بينما غاب ذكر منحى آخر من تورط البلدان الأجنبية في الصراع ألا وهو حجم مبيعاتها للسلاح في الشرق الأوسط. فبين عامي 2011 و2014، وبناءً على تقديرات متحفظة، فقد كسبت أوروبا 21 بليون يورو من صفقات تجارة السلاح إلى الشرق الأوسط بينما اَنفقت 19 بليون على استضافة ما يقارب مليون لاجئ سوري. يجدر هنا السؤال: بالرغم من إدراكهم تبعات تدفق السلاح في إطالة الحرب، هل إختار السياسيون الغربيون المقايضة بين جني الأرباح لصالح صانعي السلاح مقابل تحميل دافعي الضرائب نفقات استضافة اللاجئين؟ على امتداد حقبة الحرب السورية، سهلت الدول الغربية الحصول على السلاح الغربي المنشأ لكافة ...

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Vote Yes on MESA Bylaw Amendment: Roundtable by Elyse Semerdjian, John Chalcraft, and Asli Bali

[Geometric arabesque tiling on the underside of the dome of Hafiz Shirazi's tomb in Shiraz. Image by Pontecelo via Wikipedia]

[The general membership of the Middle East Studies Association (MESA) is currently voting on a bylaw amendment to strike the word "non-political" from its self-description and add a clause reaffirming the organization's committment to functioing as a 501(c)3 non-profit entity. The amendment was first introduced at the 2016 Annual Meeting, during which the Business Meeting voted 247-57 in favor of putting it up to a general membership vote. More than eleven former MESA presidents came out in support of the amendment in a joint letter. In the following roundtable, longtime MESA members Elyse Semerdjian, John Chalcroft, and Asli Bali share their thoughts on ...

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (February 21)

[The city of Sa'ada in the Sa'ada Governorate has been heavily hit by airstrikes in the first four months of the escalation of conflict in Yemen. Credit: OCHA / Philippe Kropf via Flickr]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to by Monday night of every week.] Regional and International Relations Somalia ‘plans to file legal complaint against UAE’ over Somaliland base “Farah said Emirati officials had bribed officials in Somaliland to get the deal through.”  Iran discovers major shale oil reserves in western province “The reserves are estimated to hold as much as ...

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خمس قصص قصيرة للكاتب الإسباني خوان خوسية مياس

[لوحة للفنان المصري سعيد الصدر]

الحيرة قبل أن أفتحَ غلاف هدية عيد ميلادي، سمعتُ رنينَ الهاتف داخل العلبة. لقد كان هاتفاً محمولاً. بسرعة أخذتُ الهاتف وسارعت بالرد وإذ بي أسمع قهقهة زوجتي من هاتف غرفة النوم. في تلك الليلة أرادت أن نتحدث عن حياتنا: السنوات التي قضيناها سويةً وأشياء من هذا القبيل. غير أنها أصرت على أن يكون ذلك عبر الهاتف، بحيث أنها ذهبت إلى غرفة النوم وعاودت مكالمتي منها في حين كنت أنا في غرفة الجلوس وقد علقت الهاتف على خصري. عندما انتهينا من الحديث بالهاتف، ذهبتُ إلى غرفة النوم ورأيتها جالسة على السرير غارقة في التفكير. قالت لي إنها أنهت حديثها للتو مع زوجها وإنها مترددة في الرجوع إليه وإن حالتنا أشعرتها بالذنب. أنا زوجها الوحيد، لذلك سارعت إلى تفسير ما قالته على أنه إثارة جنسية ...

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Extensive Syria Media Roundup (Jan 8 - Feb 19, 2017)

[A Syrian man reacts while standing on the rubble of his house while others look for survivors and bodies in the Tariq al-Bab district. Image by Nic6192131 via Flickr]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Syria and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Syria Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to by Monday night of every week.]    Inside Syria Eight Syrian Factions Merge ... Massacre in Azaz (8 January, 2017) Sources at the Syrian opposition announced on Saturday that eight large opposition factions had merged in the north of Syria under the name of “Leadership Council For Liberation Of Syria.” Syria's Civil War: Aleppo's heritage sites 'in danger' (12 January, ...

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Last Week on Jadaliyya (February 13-19)

This is a selection of what you might have missed on Jadaliyya last week. It also includes a list of the most read articles and roundups. Progressively, we will be featuring more content on our "Last Week on Jadaliyya" series. Remembering Husayn Muruwwah, the ‘Red Mujtahid’ اليأس كسلاح للاستبداد The Price of Love: Valentine’s Day in Egypt and Its Enemies

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Maghreb Media Roundup (February 19)

[Image from Azrou, Morocco. Image by Kaylee Steck]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Maghreb and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Maghreb Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to by Tuesday night of every week] Algeria Algeria free of landmines Algeria has officially declared itself free of landmines, meeting the nation’s obligations from the Ottawa conference. Un chercheur algérien fait une percée dans la lutte contre le cancer et… l’exploration de la planète Mars Algerian scientist Noureddine Melikchi has recently discovered a method of ...

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Perspectives on the Immigration Ban: A Town Hall with GMU Faculty

On Thursday, February 9 The Ali Vural Ak Center for Global Islamic Studies at George Mason University, in conjunction with the Middle East and Islamic Studies Program, hosted a town hall titled “Perspectives on the Immigration Ban.” The Center organized the town hall as a response to the confusion and questions surrounding Executive Order 13769, titled “Protection of The Nation from Foreign Terrorist Entry into the United States” and more commonly referred to as the “Muslim Ban,” signed on 27 January. The town hall brought together six Mason faculty members to put the ban under scrutiny from multiple angles in conversation with the audience. The first ...

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اليأس كسلاح للاستبداد

[لوحة ليوسف عبدلكي]

«الراديكاليّة الحقّيقيّة هي أن تجعل الأمل ممكناً، لا أن تجعل اليأس مُقْنِعاً.»  ريموند وليامز  تحل هذه الأيّام الذكرى السابعة لانطلاق الثورات العربيّة، والتي تسمّى أحياناً «الربيع العربي». ومهما اختلفنا حول كونها «ثورات» أو «انتفاضات»، فيستحسن  العزوف عن استخدام مصطلح «الربيع العربي». وذلك لأنه إشكاليّ ويرتبط بفرضيات خاطئة وبخطاب معيّن تترتب عليه تبعات سلبيّة سنتطرق لها. فلم يختر صانعو هذه الثورات هذا المصطلح ولا أطلقوه هم على ما قاموا به. بل جاء، عموماً، من «مراقبين» أجانب لم يفهم معظمهم جذور هذه الثورات ووقعها وآثارها. ولم يتعب هؤلاء أنفسهم بقراءتها ووضعها في سياقها التاريخي المحلّي الصحيح. وكان معظمهم قد شكّكوا، أصلاً، مثلهم مثل غالبية الأكاديميين ...

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Six Years: Roundtable on Arab Uprisings

The Arab world has been fundamentally transformed in the past six years, as part of ongoing processes that are certain to continue for some time to come. Throughout this period Jadaliyya has been providing analysis of the Arab uprisings, in their varied manifestations and in all their dimensions. This has included the events and people who set this train in motion, and the struggles and aspirations of the many that participated. Also covered were the new forms of governance that came out of the ensuing struggles, and the ways in which regimes have sought to preserve, resurrect, or recalibrate the status quo. This is to say nothing of regional and international powers ...

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Why Space Matters in the Arab Uprisings (and Beyond)

[1945 map of Beirut]

Many non-scholarly and scholarly accounts on the societies, culture, and political economy of the Middle East post-“Arab Uprisings/Spring” still deal with cities and regions as mere repositories of social, cultural, political, and economic action—despite the spatial turn that has informed social sciences and humanities for more than three decades ago now. Indeed, they often overlook the shaping roles of the built and natural environments in the production of events unraveling in cities and regions of the Middle East. We thus read about cities and regions as backgrounds and contexts for processes and practices, rather than environments that have determining impacts ...

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Doubling Down: Jordan Six Years into the Arab Uprisings

[Another example of logo and design efforts at state propaganda in Jordan]

The political economy of Jordan today is characterized by greater degrees of authoritarianism and neoliberalism than was the case in 2010. Yet two trends in knowledge production on Jordan seem to claim otherwise. The first of these trends privileges narrowly defined security concerns. The second assumes the best of intentions by a core group of those in power. Whether through reporting or analysis, authors of either suasion typically ignore the machinations of authoritarianism and neoliberalism in Jordan, their varied effects on sociopolitical dynamics, and forms of resistance against both. Jordan did not feature the types of anti-regime mobilizations many of us ...

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أمومة (سيناريو مُحتمل) سمِعْنا أَصوات الْمسَلَّحين قَريب عَلينا صوتْهُم صار أَقْرَب وأَقْرَب  باهَتَتْنا إِمّي مَرّة واحْدِة وطَلَّعَت مِن جيبِتْها خَمس حَبّات صْغار لونْهُم أَصْفَر: "يلّا أَجا وَقْت الْحَبِّة" أَبي سَأَلْها: "حَبِّة شو هاي حَبيبتي؟" جاوَبَتُه: "هاي سُم فيران عيوني. بنِشْرَبُه كُلْنا وبِنْموت. ما حَدا يناقِشْني، لأنّي راح أَعْدِمه بِإيدي. يَلّا إِبْلَعوا، عَم يقَرْبوا." سأَلْت إِمي: "طيِّب ليه إِمّي؟" حَكَتلي وبسُرْعَة وكَأَنْها ...

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Media on Media Roundup (February 21)

This week’s Jadaliyya "Media on Media" roundup delves into several topics affecting the Middle East and North Africa region. Trump’s ‘Muslim ban’ continues to make headlines, prompting a series of interesting debates and discussions. Security researcher Ryan Lackey advises visa-holders affected by Trump’s "Muslim ban" on how to enter the U.S. with their digital privacy intact. The Washington Post discusses a German news story accusing a refugee "sex mob" of harassing ...

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دونالد ترامب والصراع في فلسطين

إزاء تصريحات الرئيس الأميركي دونالد ترمب حول الحل المنشود للصراع، خاصة خلال زيارة رئيس الوزراء الإسرائيلي الأخيرة للولايات المتحدة، قامت جوقة كبيرة في معظم وسائل الإعلام الرئيسية في الولايات المتحدة وفي عدد من الدول في أوروبا أيضا، بانتقاد الرئيس ترمب وشجب تصريحاته نظرا لأنهم فهموا منها أنه تخلى عن حل الدولتين. وأشار الكثير من المعلقين والكتاب أن ما تخلى عنه هو موقف الولايات المتحدة ومعظم الدول الأوروبية والعربية أيضا خلال العقود الثلاث الأخيرة على الأقل، وأن هذه سابقة خطيرة وموقف غير مسؤول حول الحل ...

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مختارات من الصحافة العربية 19 فبراير

مختارات من الصحافة العربية (من 1 حتى 7 فبراير) شبة الجزيرة العربية البحرين معتقلون سيقضون 3 سنوات في السجن بسبب "قنابل وهمية" قضت المحكمة الجنائية الرابعة بالسجن خمسة سنوات على أربعة متهمين بوضع هيكل محاك لأشكال المتفجرات على الشارع العام بالسهلة بالقرب من الجامعة العربية المفتوحة. "رايتس ووتش" تنتقد إعادة سلطات الاعتقال لـ "الأمن الوطني": روّع الأسر وعذّب المعتقلين أكدت المنظمة أن القرار الذي منح "جهاز الأمن الوطني" في البحرين سلطة اعتقال واحتجاز الأشخاص ...

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Egypt Media Roundup (February 20)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Egypt and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Egypt Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to by Sunday night of every week.]  Political Rights Court calls on Interior Ministry to pursue HRW for ‘illegal’ operation in Egypt An Egyptian court called for the Interior Ministry to legally pursue the New ...

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Power, Sect, and State in Syria

A. Maria A. Kastrinou, Power, Sect and State in Syria: The Politics of Marriage and Identity amongst the Druze. London and New York: I.B. Tauris, 2016. How has Syria, a country that was deemed “stable” by analysts only years ago, become engulfed in an utterly brutal war? Under what circumstances does intercommunal cohesion turn into sectarian strife? Focusing on the fine line between violence and intimacy in a variety of different settings in pre-war Syria, Maria Kastrinou’s Power, Sect and State ...

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وطنُ الغريب جبينُهُ

 - ١ - يدُكِ الصغيرة ما تبقّى من بلادي. حجّتي كي لا أغادرَ، نِيَّتي ألّا أخونَ، وصبرُ أضلاعي على رُكَبِ الظلامْ. لا. لن أُشَبِّهها بنهرٍ بعدما صارت ينابيعُ الطفولة مقبرهْ. هي آخر الرايات في حرب البصيرةِ، أوَّلُ التسبيحِ في شجر المنامْ. مسّدتُها، وغفوتُ .. لا مستبشراً بغدٍ، ولا فزِعاً من اللهب المسوِّر بيتَنا. مالي وأشباحِ الخريف الحائماتِ على طلول الذاكرهْ؟ وطنُ الغريبِ جبينُهُ، وسلامُ روحي أنْ تُبادِلَكِ الطيورُ- إذا أزحتِ ستائرَ الليلِ- السلامْ. - ٢ - أكاد ألثم، إذا صلّيتُ، دمعةً ...

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Palestine Media Roundup (18 February)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Palestine and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Palestine Page Co-Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each roundup to] The Occupation Forces The Israeli Forces Have Closed Off A Critical Roadway In The Bethlehem Area Closing off the route used by thousands of commuters daily was allegedly due to a "significant ...

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Remembering Husayn Muruwwah, the ‘Red Mujtahid’

On 17 February 1987, during one of the bloodiest periods of the Lebanese Civil War (1975-1990), the prominent journalist, literary critic, intellectual, and activist Husayn Muruwwah (or Hussein Mroué[i]) was assassinated at his home in Ramlet al-Baida, West Beirut. Muruwwah left Lebanon at the age of fourteen to train at the Najaf hawza (seminary) in Iraq. He intended to follow in the footsteps of his father, who was a respected religious scholar and cleric. Yet after a multifaceted intellectual journey ...

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The ‘Arab Spring’ Never Happened (in English)

To investigate the trials and tribulations of the phrase “Arab Spring” for English-language audiences since 2010, it may be useful to start with a Google search—or, rather, a quick history of Google search results. If one looks at the top results for English-language searches using the term “Arab Spring” from 2010-2012, here is what you get:   A few things jump out, foremost among them the celebratory tone, accompanied by the desire to locate and attribute the credit for this “year of ...

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A Preface to A Critique of Instant Analysis and Scholarship on the Arab Uprisings

Much of the writing on the Arab uprisings continues to suffer from the new think-tank-ish, self-important, semi-casual, sloppy-analysis syndromes. It is as if having a platform and a mandate are sufficient to produce sound knowledge. For the most part, the proof is in the pudding. Follow platforms and individuals across time and space and this becomes clear: zigzagging and pendulum-swing judgments and analysis, driven more by events and politics than by historical and analytical depth. Worse still, this ...

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Specters of Palestine: Syrian Refugees in Lebanon

There are at least 1.5 million Syrian refugees in Lebanon, a number that represents a quarter of Lebanon’s total population. This is the highest concentration of Syrian refugees in the world. Syrians are not the only refugee population in Lebanon. When considered alongside Palestinian, Iraqi, Kurdish, and Sudanese refugees, the total refugee population easily represents a third of Lebanon’s current residents. Lebanon had no revolution, or sustained uprising, to contribute to the regional fervor that ...

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