Charlie Hebdo and the Borders of the Republic
Charlie Hebdo`s office immediately after the attack on the reviewers " West and democracy "," the core values of the French Republic "against a huge thrill to have doors undertaken against these attacks. This "republican" values in an unquestionably, that came up as a completely pure emanating from the origin. Moreover, Muslims demand forces to show that they share the sacred values of secularism and freedom of expression are also increasingly proliferated. With devastating irony, forced the Muslims, historically made to keep them out, their commitment to these values formed prove is required. The Republic, in fact, has always been a dark side, and today idealized freedoms, excluding the subject of France`s Muslims have emerged in the colonial context.
Financial Times "quoted from Tony Barbera whereas no illusion" North Africa exploitation toxic legacy inherited from the French nobody familiar [to Charlie Hebdo attacked] should not be surprised . " But still hypocritical history of French colonial history and republican values can not explain the situation we are in right now. Here is his analysis of the very phenomenon of colonialism. Other dynamics at stake, what we are faced only with France, who want to convince the West and a narcissism that is related to its value. So at the end of violence nor place nor recognize the border, read the events as an attack against the Republic is equivalent to playing the game of the killer in the end.
Colonial boundaries of freedom of expression
Famous freedom of the press law, which is always the law in force July 29, 1881, at the time when the Republic was proclaimed exclude the Muslim subjects. And colonial laws, including those in Algeria (Article 69), all French citizens while protecting the right to freedom of the press, French citizen of that is to protect the right to freedom of the press`s enormous population of the French colonial empire. Note here is not a simple question, because almost the same time, the French Parliament, he spent the Muslim Algerians are under pressure to get famous by another law. A shorter one month before June 28, 1881 law actually indigénat was a masterpiece of the system. Under the Wild a parallel system of law indigénat management, locals (Indigenes) just were not denied the right to freedom of the press, but also come together in the public domain, or to express their views against the French was not possible. Indigénat formal processes geçiştirerek foresaw a variety of sanctions and penalties.
Act colonized subjects of all religions throughout the empire in Africa and Asia but also leaves outside the context of Algeria is particularly instructive, since it is particularly targeting Muslims. In fact, all non-Muslim citizens of the French in Algeria is under the general rules. Muslims, both domestic and vassal terms (but not always) had come to broadly the same meaning. So "Muslim" was a legal category based on race is not connected to religion. When we see that in many cases the indigenous Muslims converted to Christianity remains even legally, that is not subject to citizen and still indigénat`n apartheid. Colonial Show all absurdity here is what we encountered where the exhibit .  famous 1905 law on the separation and the state church is supposedly available in Algeria, but does not apply in the end, because authorities to check if they preached what the mosque imams and the French State of the imams` The officer asks them to remain; this is so much independence.
Law on press freedom leads to an interesting situation; small settler population in 1871, the French citizenship to the Jews of Algeria, for example, develop a lively press life are free to print almost anything they want. Historian Didier Guignard by late 19th century publishing their per capita of the settlers in French Algeria, the period is already too much is not doubtful than the metropolis is productive.  However, Muslims are subjected to censorship and official intimidation: newspapers will enjoy for themselves the Algerian Muslims but it is also in a timid way, there is a daily publication in 1962 until independence, interests and early 20th centuries. Arabic are infected with many foreign publications of the Republic of other Muslim fanaticism in the Middle East-Mediterranean region so extreme is censored.
This censorship huge "security" apparatus, as will be called the dispositif of today is a part. Is to prevent a Muslim riots will spread to the general supposedly. Extremely brutal conquest of the then authorities, "a ring that was seized," he afraid to ensure freedom of expression to the Algerian Muslims. Because could örgütlenil against France. In short, the emergence of the French style of press freedom, violence, racism and colonization is associated with manic fear of Islam. Pirüpak was not before the French press freedom in no time. A value at the root of the Republic, "integration" is not the problem, it is just the opposite: It was built to exclude the voices of Muslim French law.
Thinking beyond France
However, the historical context of the early January events does not explain fully. This flashback only made in 1881, the "republican values" was necessary to leave a large kolaycılıkl to idealize those aside. Andrew also extremely problematic Hussey`n book The French Antifade `in colonial Algeria that claimed the contrary there is no direct continuity between January 2015. "Muslim" is no longer a category of French law and freedom of the press in Algeria are free from having their own problems, is an independent country. "Republican values" organizations first meaning of the altered countless challenge given to this issue and the limits set by the 1881 law probably has not entirely disappeared, but expanded. Charlie Hebdo Quasars the brothers behind the attack, Algerian origin, even though they are , was born in Paris and trained in Yemen . Charlie Hebdo kosher in connection with the attack that killed a police officer before taking the market all but pledged Amedy Coulibaly also was born in the south of Paris-Esso and holidays on a regular basis to Crete, to go Dominican Cumuriyet and Malaysia and was playing poker on the internet . These people individual routes, being radicalized in prison, understanding occurs Savruluş and marginalized, requires an understanding of the current situation is not in a solid form of the colonial past.
These events to argue that the colonial past due jihadis raises the risk to hero-worship as anti-imperialist fighters, this is a serious risk. This person geopolitical crisis they are part of a colonial prism unreadable. If the last year of the Western intervention in Syria as müdahalesizlig Financial also considered to be a dramatic drama that unfolds, how vocabulary can be seen that the resistance of imperialism and open to distortion from any direction. However, Iraqi jihadist movement, Syrian and Tunisian journalists systematically attack that is not possible to forget. Personally journalists in Algeria, the "dark decade" was fitted to systematically target called by Islamists in the nineties. Therefore, we should say that, under attack "French" tradition of freedom of expression is not really well, because all of these events indicated by the context hexagon (France) is exceeded.
Charlie Hebdo `in which journalists can curse of death, but it`s because the French expression is not worth to be superior or unique. Many perpetrators of colonial stereotypes of Muslim fanaticism on the Charlie Hebdo recently underlined that this is a racist and Islamophobic publications. I`m here now, "I Charlie`y I / I`m not Charlie" go into the discussion, because obviously a lot of lively debate on the limits of the freedom of expression and much more qualified than me about it and equipped orators available. At least Charlie Hebdo person reading them if they were, I would not read it. In response I would say that this happened was forcing us to move beyond the colonial thinking. Colonial administrators were Muslims think skulls are different. They had something to adhere to Islam skin and dictated the individual genes and occupied all areas. They borrow the title of telling Naomi Davidson`s latest book, "only Muslims" exceptions and not something else.
Today, many caused by the totalitarian point of view (and often from unexpected directions) we can witness the dangerous manipulation. Manipulation that all Muslims are dangerous and can not be relied on them we could stimulate the extreme right, of course. It could come from the jihadists, they say to us that Muslims are composed of a deadly war opened to the rest of the Muslim world in the final analysis. Trap here is the dual trap of thinking; exploited / exploiter, black / white, collaborative / insurgents. Politics in such a contraction, we need Charlie Hebdo "or" against "or" support "is nothing more than. I say: look at these events in France and the "Arabs" or invaders and to diagnose the arrival in the colonies faced a need to resist with all our might. Ottawa from Damascus, Sydney, and from there to Kabul, during what we in the West are neither East geopolitical turbulence. There is no place where we can escape. The limit or barricades to protect us from terrorism than or monitored.
This massacre was not an attack on freedom of expression in its own dark nook in French. Only one of the many attacks against freedom of expression around the world next door. Journalists in Charlie Hebdo, one way or another, although my hero Alamlarimsan, Iraq, Syria, murdered journalists too in Tunisia and Algeria. In 1993, the Algerian Armed Islamic Group killed by Tahath Djaout I want to remember the words: "I will not think of fear brought bandits cut your heating the priest in front of us; they have closed the road leading to the angel halo. I stood outside the range of your murdered blessing. You nailed on a door for you and view your horizon of hope extinguished the stove; Every tree is a coffin for you. "
 experts on the issue in the legal terminology separations are now beginning with extraordinary style. But here we are - in the context of the non-specialist audience - we stand on the details. Such distinctions Fevlilik, divorce, etc. As recognized by France because it is related to personal status is related to Islamic law. Time has caused many a fierce debate.
 Didi is Guignard, `L`abuse colonial de pouvoir dans l`Algérie, Paris: Presses Universitaires Paris-Ouest, 2010.
[Hilmi was translated into Turkish by the İlksen Mavitan. Text published in the original Jadaliyya to from here you can reach. An earlier version of this translation of Open Radio `was also released.]