[This bibliography was published as part of the Ottoman History Podcast’s “Books and Bibliographies” feature, a monthly series curated by Heather Hughes. More information about the series can be found here.]
This April marks the centennial of the beginning of the Armenian Genocide. Our monthly reading list includes a selection of books, dissertations, and articles in English pertaining to the history of Ottoman Armenians before, during, and after the First World War. Works about other Christian communities in Eastern Anatolia and the Middle East are also included. We hope this list will provide a useful starting point for those interested in the history of Ottoman Armenians, and we encourage readers to offer their own suggestions by sending links to books, articles, and dissertations from worldcat.org.
In addition to this reading list, we would like to draw attention the exciting web project called houshamadyan, which features a multimedia space for sharing images and other material related to the life of Ottoman Armenians. This project should be of interest not only for those who study the history of Ottoman Armenians but also for anyone interested in the life of town and country in Ottoman Anatolia. Some of the example links from houshamadyan include:
The houshamadyan website takes its name from an incredible genre of books called "houshamadyan" or "memory books," written primarily by Armenians in the diaspora. The houshamadyan site has furnished a great reading list of these books, most of which are composed in Armenian, which are a fantastic starting point was understanding how the generation of Armenians expelled from Anatolia sought to commemorate their villages and life there. Visit the houshamadyan page to see the complete list.
Aghanian, Denise. The Armenian Diaspora: Cohesion and Fracture. Lanham, MD.: University Press of America, 2007
Ahmad, Feroz. The Young Turks and the Ottoman Nationalities: Armenians, Greeks, Albanians, Jews, and Arabs, 1908-1918. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 2014.
Akçam, Taner. The Young Turks` Crime against Humanity: The Armenian Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing in the Ottoman Empire. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2012.
Akçam, Taner, and Ümit Kurt. The Spirit of the Laws: The Plunder of Wealth in the Armenian Genocide. New York: Bergahn Books, 2015
Alajaji, Sylvia. Music and the Armenian Diaspora: Searching for Home in Exile. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2015.
Aslanian, Sebouh D. From the Indian Ocean to the Mediterranean: The Global Trade Networks of Armenian Merchants from New Julfa. Berkeley: University Of CAornia Press, 2011.
Baum, Wilhelm, and Dietmar W. Winkler. The Church of the East: A Concise History. London: Routledge, 2010.
Bloxham, Donald. The Great Game of Genocide: Imperialism, Nationalism, and the Destruction of the Ottoman Armenians. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.
De Waal, T. Great Catastrophe: Armenians and Turks in the Shadow of Genocide. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015
Der, Matossian B. Shattered Dreams of Revolution: From Liberty to Violence in the Late Ottoman Empire. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2014.
Deringil, Selim. Conversion and Apostasy in the Late Ottoman Empire. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012.
Ekmekçioğlu, Lerna, and Melissa Bilal. Bir Adalet Feryadı: Osmanlı`dan Türkiye`ye Beş Ermeni Feminist Yazar, 1862-1933. İstanbul: Aras Yayıncılık, 2006.
Gaunt, David, Jan Bet̲-Şawoce, and Racho Donef. Massacres, Resistance, Protectors: Muslim-christian Relations in Eastern Anatolia During World War I. Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias Press, 2006.
Göçek, Fatma M. Denial of Violence: Ottoman Past, Turkish Present and Collective Violence against the Armenians, 1789-2009. New York: Oxford University Press, 2015.
Jirjis, Majdī, and Nabil Mankabadi. An Armenian Artist in Ottoman Egypt: Yuhanna Al-Armani and His Coptic Icons. Cairo: American University in Cairo Press, 2008.
Kaiser, Hilmar. The Extermination of Armenians in the Diarbekir Region. Istanbul: Istanbul Bilgi University Press, 2014
Kaligian, Dikran M. Armenian Organization and Ideology Under Ottoman Rule: 1908-1914. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 2009.
Kuyumjian, Rita S. Archeology of Madness: Komitas, Portrait of an Armenian Icon. Princeton, NJ: Gomidas Institute, 2001.
Kévorkian, Raymond H. The Armenian Genocide: A Complete History. London: I. B. Tauris, 2011.
Klein, Janet. The Margins of Empire: Kurdish Militias in the Ottoman Tribal Zone. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2011.
Krikorian, Mesrob K. Armenians in the Service of the Ottoman Empire, 1860-1908. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1977.
Maksudyan, Nazan. Orphans and Destitute Children in the Late Ottoman Empire. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2014.
Migliorino, Nicola. (Re)constructing Armenia in Lebanon and Syria: Ethno-cultural Diversity and the State in the Aftermath of a Refugee Crisis. New York: Berghahn Books, 2008
Panossian, Razmik. The Armenians: From Kings and Priests to Merchants and Commissars. London: C. Hurst & Co, 2006.
Roberts, Mary. Istanbul Exchanges: Ottomans, Orientalists, and Nineteenth-Century Visual Culture. Berkeley: University of CAornia Press, 2015.
Rodogno, Davide. Against Massacre: Humanitarian Interventions in the Ottoman Empire, 1815-1914. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2011.
Rowe, Victoria. A History of Armenian Women`s Writing, 1880-1922. London: Cambridge Scholars, 2003.
Salt, Jeremy. Imperialism, Evangelism, and the Ottoman Armenians, 1878-1896. London: F. Cass, 1993.
Sanjian, Avedis K. The Armenian Communities in Syria Under Ottoman Dominion. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1965.
Simēon, and George A. Bournoutian. The Travel Accounts of Simēon of Poland. Costa Mesa, CA: Mazda Publishers, 2007.
Suny, Ronald G. Looking Toward Ararat: Armenia in Modern History. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1993.
Suny, Ronald G. "They Can Live in the Desert but Nowhere Else": A History of the Armenian Genocide. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2015.
Üngör, Ugur U. The Making of Modern Turkey: Nation and State in Eastern Anatolia, 1913-1950. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.
Altınay, Ayşe G, Fethiye Çetin, and Maureen Freely. The Grandchildren: The Hidden Legacy of "Lost" Armenians in Turkey. Newark: Transaction Publishers, 2014
Boudjikanian-Keuroghlian, Aïda, and Roubina Artinian. Armenians of Lebanon: From Past Princesses and Refugees to Present-Day Community. Beirut: Haigazian University Press, 2009.
Braude, Benjamin. Christians and Jews in the Ottoman Empire. Boulder, Colorado : Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2013.
Cowe, S P. Ani: World Architectural Heritage of a Medieval Armenian Capital. Leuven, Belgium: Peeters, 2001
Freitag, Ulrike, Malte Fuhrmann, Nora Lafi, and Florian Riedler. The City in the Ottoman Empire: Migration and the Making of Urban Modernity. Hoboken: Taylor & Francis, 2010.
Ginkel, J J, den B. H. L. Murre-van, and Theo M. Lint. Redefining Christian Identity: Cultural Interaction in the Middle East Since the Rise of Islam. Leuven, Belgium: Uitgeverij Peeters en Departement Oosterse Studies, 2005.
Herzig, Edmund, and Marina Kurkchiyan. The Armenians: Past and Present in the Making of National Identity. New York: RoutledgeCurzon, 2005.
Hovannisian, Richard G. Armenian Van/vaspurakan. Costa Mesa, CA: Mazda Publishers, 2000.
Hovannisian, Richard G. Armenian Tigranakert/diarbekir and Edessa/urfa. Costa Mesa, CA: Mazda Publishers, 2006
Hovannisian, Richard G. Armenian Pontus: The Trebizond-Black Sea Communities. Costa Mesa, CA: Mazda Publishers, 2009.
Hovannisian, Richard G, and Simon Payaslian. Armenian Constantinople. Costa Mesa, CA: Mazda Publishers, 2010.
Hovannisian, Richard G. Armenian Kars and Ani. Costa Mesa, CA: Mazda Publishers, 2011
Hovannisian, Richard G. Armenian Smyrna/izmir: The Aegean Communities. Costa Mesa, CA: Mazda Publishers, 2012.
Jongerden, Joost, and Jelle Verheij. Social Relations in Ottoman Diyarbekir, 1870-1915. Leiden: Brill, 2012.
Nichanian, Marc, G M. Goshgarian, and Jeff Fort. Mourning Philology: Art and Religion at the Margins of the Ottoman Empire. New York: Fordham University Press, 2014
Schaller, Dominik J, and Jürgen Zimmerer. Late Ottoman Genocides: The Dissolution of the Ottoman Empire and Young Turkish Population and Extermination Policies. London: Routledge, 2009.
Suny, Ronald G, Fatma M. Göçek, and Norman M. Naimark. A Question of Genocide: Armenians and Turks at the End of the Ottoman Empire. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011.
Tachjian, Vahé. Ottoman Armenians: Life, Culture, Society. Berlin : A Houshamadyan Publication, 2014.
Theses and Dissertations
Altuġ, Seda. “Sectarianism in the Syrian Jazira: Community, Land and Violence in the Memories of World War I and the French Mandate (1915-1939).” 2011.
Bilal, Melissa. “‘Thou Need`st Not Weep, for I Have Wept Full Sore’: an Affective Genealogy of the Armenian Lullaby in Turkey.” 2013.
Gutman, David E. “Sojourners, Smugglers, and the State: Transhemispheric Migration Flows and the Politics of Mobility in Eastern Anatolia, 1888-1908.” 2012.
Shemmassian, Vahram L. “The Armenian Villagers of Musa Dagh: A Historical-Ethnographic Study, 1840-1915.” 1996.
Sims, Michael, and Yvonne Y. Haddad. “Congregationalist and Anglican Missionaries in Ottoman Hakkari and Tur Abdin.” 2013.
Biner, Zerrin Ozlem. "Acts Of Defacement, Memory Of Loss: Ghostly Effects Of The "Armenian Crisis" In Mardin, Southeastern Turkey." History & Memory 22.2 (2010): 68-94.
Biner, Zerrin Ozlem. "Multiple Imaginations Of The State: Understanding A Mobile Conflict About Justice And Accountability From The Perspective Of Assyrian-Syriac Communities." Citizenship Studies 15.3/4 (2011): 367-379.
Cankara, Murat. "Rethinking Ottoman Cross-Cultural Encounters: Turks And The Armenian Alphabet." Middle Eastern Studies 51.1 (2015): 1-16.
Kieser, Hans-Lukas. "Mission As Factor Of Change In Turkey (Nineteenth To First Half Of Twentieth Century)." Islam & Christian-Muslim Relations 13.4 (2002): 391-410.
Kaiser, Hilmar. "Regional Resistance To Central Government Policies: Ahmed Djemal Pasha, The Governors Of Aleppo, And Armenian Deportees In The Spring And Summer Of 1915." Journal of Genocide Research 12.3/4 (2010): 173-218.
Der, Matossian B. "From Bloodless Revolution to Bloody Counterrevolution: the Adana Massacres of 1909." Genocide Studies and Prevention 6.2 (2011): 152-173
Ekmekcioglu, Lerna. "A Climate for Abduction, a Climate for Redemption: the Politics of Inclusion During and After the Armenian Genocide." Comparative Studies in Society and History 55.3 (2013): 522-553.
Hovannisian, Richard G. 1974. “The Ebb and Flow of the Armenian Minority in the Arab Middle East.” Middle East Journal 28 (1): 19–32.
Kaplan, Sam. "Territorializing Armenians: Geo-Texts, And Political Imaginaries In French-Occupied Cilicia, 1919-1922." History & Anthropology 15.4 (2004): 399-423.
Lessersohn, Nora. "“Provincial Cosmopolitanism” In Late Ottoman Anatolia: An Armenian Shoemaker`s Memoir." Comparative Studies In Society & History 57.2 (2015): 528-556.
Maksudyan, Nazan. "Walls of Silence: Translating the Armenian Genocide into Turkish and Self-Censorship." Critique 37.4 (2009): 635-649.
Özbek, Nadir. "The Politics Of Taxation And The "Armenian Question" During The Late Ottoman Empire, 1876-1908." Comparative Studies In Society & History 54.4 (2012): 770-797.
Payaslian, Simon. “The Destruction of the Armenian Church During Genocide.” Genocide Studies and Prevention 1.2 (2006): 149-172.
Payaslian, Simon. "Diasporan Subalternities: The Armenian Community In Syria." Diaspora: A Journal of Transnational Studies 16.1/2 (2007): 92-132.
Riedler, Florian. “The City as a Stage for a Violent Spectacle: The Massacres of Armenians in Istanbul in 1895-96.” Freitag, Ulrike, Nelida Fuccaro, Nora Lafi, and Claudia Ghrawi. Urban Violence in the Middle East: Changing Cityscapes in the Transformation from Empire to Nation State. 2015
Tachjian, Vahé. "Gender, Nationalism, Exclusion: the Reintegration Process of Female Survivors of the Armenian Genocide." Nations and Nationalism 15.1 (2009): 60-80.
Ueno, Masayuki. "“For The Fatherland and The State’: Armenians Negotiate The Tanzimat Reforms." International Journal Of Middle East Studies 45.1 (2013): 93-109.
Watenpaugh, H.Z. "Preserving the Medieval City of Ani: Cultural Heritage between Contest and Reconciliation." Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 73.4 (2014): 528-555.
Watenpaugh, Keith David. “The League of Nations’ Rescue of Armenian Genocide Survivors and the Making of Modern Humanitarianism, 1920–1927,” American Historical Review 115, 5 (2010): 1315–39.
Watenpaugh, Keith David. "“Are There Any Children For Sale?’: Genocide And The Transfer of Armenian Children (1915–1922)." Journal of Human Rights 12.3 (2013): 283-295.