[The following call for action was issued by Giiltan Kianak on behlaf of the Union of Southeastern Anatolia Region Municipalities.]
Union of Southeastern Anatolia Region Municialities
Urgent Call for Solidarity and Action
In the course of armed conflict that restarted in the Kurdish region of Turkey after general elections in June 2015, 186 civilians most of which are women or children have died so far, hundreds of them were injured and thousands of people were arrested. Concerning co-mayors who are mem bers of our union, 17 of them are now arrested while 25 of them were suspended from their duty and 6 of them were issued arrest warrants since July 2015. In order to end human rights violations in our region, there is an urgent need for revitalizing peace talks for resolution of Kurdish question in Tur key.
Since the August of this year, as a reaction to repressive policies of Turkish state that re surged, people`s assemblies in many Kurdish cities and towns voiced their demands for self-governance. These demands for self-governance, aiming at achieving decentralized structural transformation against centralism, were responded by Turkish government with disproportionate state-led violence. In Kurdish cities where demands were self-governance raised, especially in Cizre, Sur, Silvan, Nusaybin , Dargeçit, Silopi and Yüksekova, the Turkish government declared curfews which have continued for weeks during which civilians have been killed by Turkish security forces while mass migration of residents of cities under curfew continue. Even bodies of civilians killed by the Turkish state are not allowed to be buried for days due to the curfew and they were kept in houses. In addition to this, tens of civilians were targeted by Turkish snipers while those injured civilians were prevented from access to health care by security forces. Unfortunately, these developments still recur day by day in those above mentioned cities. As a result of ongoing armed conflicts, more than 200,000 people had to migrate from conflict zones and this number still increases. Moreover, historical buildings in Sur district of Diyarbakır city which were recognized by the UNESCO as the world heritage are also under danger due to armed clashes. So far, Kurşunlu Mosque and Pasha Hamam which were built in the 16th century were targeted by the Turkish security forces and physically destructed to an extent that restoration endeavors might never be enough in future.
Following re-escalation of armed conflict, 18 towns having population about 100K have witnessed curfews and 5 of these towns are still curfews areas as of 21st of December, 2015. More importantly, ongoing armed conflicts in urban areas has reached to a new and more detrimental stage by the 14th of December, 2015. Tanks and heavy weaponry which are only used in conventional warfare started to be used by Turkish Armed Forces in areas where hundred thousands of civilians live. The number of soldiers and police have increased drastically in recent weeks in our region. According to statistics given by Turkish state authorities, 14 generals, 26 colonels and 10 thousand soldiers were transferred only for the Şırnak city and 5 thousand more soldiers will be transferred in following days. In addition to this, National Education Directorates in Cizre and Silopi made an official call for teachers to leave those cities. Ministry of Health sent an official memorandum to hospitals in our region to have more personnel pouch and stock medical care equipment as much as possible. All peaceful demonstrations aiming at protesting curfews and human rights violation also faced police brutality and repression.
- International media agencies, reporters and journalists come conflict-zone in order to see and report what is happening on the ground;
- Both governmental and non-governmental organizations working on human rights send delegations to diagnose and report rights violations in the conflict zone;
- International delegations come to visit arrested co-mayors and monitor their imprisonment conditions as well as the judicial process;
- All international actors make an urgent call to all related parties for retreating armed forces from urban areas as well as heavy weaponry to make a bilateral ceasefire possible;
- All related governments end the silence and communicate with Turkish government for above mentioned to restart peace talks which continued for 2.5 years but ended in July, 2015.
Co-Chair of GABB
Co-Mayor of Diyarbakir Metropolitan Munciaplity
UNION OF SOUTHEASTERN ANATOLIA REGION MUNICIPALITIES
NOTICE: Data used in this letter relies on reports and press statements released by Human Rights Association and Diyarbakir Bar Association
APP.1: Basic Information on curfew areas as of 21st of December: Cizre / Sirnak:
Curfews declared for 5 times. The last one started on 14th of December, 2015 and continues since then. In total, Cizre remained under curfew for 21 days. Since July 2015, 39 people died in Cizre while 7 people were killed during the last curfew.
Silopi / Sirnak:
Curfews declared for 3 times. The last one started on 14th of December, 2015 and continues since then. In total, Silopi remained under curfew for 10 days. Since July 2015, 25 people died in Silopi while 10 people were killed during the last curfew.
Nusaybin / Mardin:
Curfews declared for 7 times. The last one started on 14th of December, 2015 and continues since then. In total, Nusaybin remained under curfew for 38 days. Since July 2015, 22 people died in Silopi while 2 people were killed during the last curfew.
Dargeçit / Mardin:
Curfews declared for 2 times. The last one started on 11th of December, 2015 and continues since then. In total, Nusaybin remained under curfew for 14 days. Since July 2015, 4 people died in Silopi while 2 people were killed during the last curfew.
Sur / Diyarbakir:
Curfews declared for 6 times. The last one started on 2nd of December, 2015 and continues since then. In total, Sur remained under curfew for 30 days. Since July 2015, 10people died in Surici while 5 people were killed during the last curfew.
APP .2: General Data on the Recent Armed Conflicts and Massacres
As of 10th of December, the number of guerillas, soldiers and policeman died is approximately 400.
100 people died during the bomb attack in Ankara on Peace March that took place on 10th of October, 2015
33 people died during the bomb attack in Suruc targeting socialist youth / Urfa on 20th of July, 2015
8 civilians died as a result of airstrikes launched by Turkish Warcraft on Qandil Mountains in Zergele Village on 1st of August, 2015
In total, 186 civilians died during curfews, protests and executions since July 2015